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SHY, sh[=i], _v.t._ to fling, throw, toss.--_v.i._ to jerk.--_n._ a throw, a fling: a gibe, sneer: a trial.

SI, s[=e], _n._ the syllable used for the seventh tone of the scale, or the leading tone.

SIALOGOGUE, s[=i]-al'o-gog, _n._ a drug which increases the secretion of saliva--also SIAL'AGOGUE.--_adjs._ SIALOGOG'IC (-goj'-); S[=I]'ALOID.--_n._ SIALORRH[=E]'A, excessive flow of saliva. [Gr. _sialon_, saliva, _ag[=o]gos_, leading--_agein_, to lead.]

SIAMANG, s[=e]'a-mang, _n._ the largest of the gibbons, found in Sumatra and Malacca. [Malay.]

SIAMESE, s[=i]-am-[=e]z', _adj._ pertaining or belonging to _Siam_, a country of Asia.--_n._ a native of Siam.--SIAMESE TWINS, two famous Siamese men (1811-74), joined from their birth by a cartilaginous band.

SIB, SIBBE, sib, _adj._ (_Spens._) related by blood, akin.--_n._ a blood relation: a close ally. [A.S. _sibb_, relationship; Gr. _sippe_.]

SIBERIAN, s[=i]-b[=e]'ri-an, _adj._ pertaining to _Siberia_, a country of Asia.--_n._ a native of Siberia.--_n._ SIB[=E]'RITE, rubellite from Siberia.

SIBILANCE, sib'i-lans, _n._ a hissing sound--also SIB'ILANCY.--_adj._ SIB'ILANT, making a hissing sound.--_n._ a sibilant letter, as _s_ and _z_.--_v.t._ SIB'IL[=A]TE, to pronounce with a hissing sound.--_n._ SIBIL[=A]'TION, a hissing sound.--_adjs._ SIB'ILATORY, SIB'ILOUS, hissing, sibilant. [L. _sibil[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_, to hiss.]

SIBYL, sib'il, _n._ in ancient mythology, one of certain women possessing powers of divination and prophecy: a prophetess, an old sorceress.--_adjs._ SIBYL'LIC, SIB'YLLINE, pertaining to, uttered, or written by sibyls: prophetical.--_n._ SIB'YLLIST, a believer in the so-called sibylline prophecies.--SIBYLLINE ORACLES, a series of pretended prophecies in Greek hexameters, written by Alexandrian Jews and Christians, and supposed to date from the 2d century B.C. down to the 3d century A.D., or, according to Ewald, even the 6th. [L.,--Gr. _sibylla_, not 'she who reveals the will of Zeus,' _Dios boul[=e]_. The root is _sib-_, as in L. _per-sibus_, acute, Gr. _sophos_, wise.]

SIC, sik, _adv._ so, thus--printed within brackets in quoted matter to show that the original is being correctly reproduced, even though incorrect or wrong.--SIC PASSIM, so throughout.

SIC, sik, SICCAN, sik'an, _adj._ Scotch forms of _such_.--_adj._ SIC'-LIKE, for _such-like_, of the same kind.

SICAMBRIAN, si-kam'bri-an, _n._ one of a powerful ancient German tribe.

SICANIAN, si-k[=a]'ni-an, _adj._ pertaining to the _Sicanians_, an aboriginal pre-Aryan race in Sicily.

SICCA, sik'a, _adj._ newly coined. [Hind.]

SICCATE, sik'[=a]t, _v.t._ to dry.--_n._ SICC[=A]'TION.--_adj._ SICC'ATIVE, drying: causing to dry.--_n._ SICCITY (sik'si-ti), dryness. [L.

_sicc[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_--_siccus_, dry.]

SICE, s[=i]s, _n._ the number six at dice.

SICE, SYCE, s[=i]s, _n._ a groom, a mounted attendant.--Also SAICE. [Hind, _s[=a]is_--Ar. _s[=a]is_.]

SICELIOT, si-sel'i-ot, _adj._ pertaining to the _Siceliots_, the colonies of immigrant Greeks in Sicily, who gradually became assimilated with the native _Siculi_--also SIKEL'IOT.--_n._ a Greek settler in Sicily: a Siculian.

SICH, sich, _adj._ (_Spens._) such.

SICILIAN, si-sil'yan, _adj._ of or pertaining to Sicily, an island south of Italy.--_n._ a native of Sicily.--_ns._ SICILIa'NO, a Sicilian popular dance in slow movement, also the music for such; SICILIENNE', a ribbed silk fabric.--SICILIAN VESPERS, the massacre of the French in Sicily on Easter Monday 1282--at the first stroke of the vesper-bell.

SICK, sik, _adj._ affected with disease: ill: inclined to vomit: disgusted: infirm: disordered: pining: depressed: indicating sickness: poor in quality: out of repair.--_v.i._ (_Shak._) to grow sick.--_ns._ SICK'-BAY, -BERTH, a compartment on a troop-ship, &c., for sick and wounded; SICK'-BED, a bed on which a person lies sick.--_adj._ SICK'-BRAINED, mentally deranged.--_v.t._ SICK'EN, to make sick: to disgust: to make weary of anything.--_v.i._ to become sick: to be disgusted: to become disgusting or tedious: to become weakened.--_n._ SICK'ENER, any cause of disgust.--_adj._ SICK'ENING, causing sickness or disgust, loathsome.--_n._ a scum which forms on the surface of mercury from grease, sulphides, arsenides, &c.--_adv._ SICK'ENINGLY.--_adj._ SICK'-FALL'EN (_Shak._), struck down with sickness.--_ns._ SICK'-FLAG, a yellow flag indicating disease on board a ship; SICK'-HEAD'ACHE, headache accompanied with nausea.--_adj._ SICK'ISH, somewhat sick.--_adv._ SICK'ISHLY.--_ns._ SICK'ISHNESS; SICK'-LEAVE, leave of absence from duty owing to sickness.--_adj._ SICK'LIED (_Shak._), tainted with the hue of sickness or disease.--_adv._ SICK'LILY, in a sickly manner.--_ns._ SICK'LINESS, the state of being sickly, or of appearing so; SICK'-LIST, a list containing the names of the sick.--_adjs._ SICK'-LISTED, entered on the sick-list; SICK'LY, inclined to sickness: unhealthy: somewhat sick: weak: languid: producing disease: mawkish: feeble, mentally weak.--_adv._ in a sick manner: feebly.--_v.t._ (_obs._) to make sickly or sickly-looking.--_ns._ SICK'NESS, state of being sick, disease: disorder of the stomach: an enfeebled state of anything; SICK'-REPORT', a return regularly made of the state of the sick; SICK'-ROOM, a room to which a person is confined by sickness.--_adj._ SICK'-THOUGHT'ED (_Shak._), love-sick. [A.S. _seoc_; Ger.

_siech_, Dut. _ziek_.]

SICK, sik, _v.t._ to set upon, chase: to incite to attack. [A variant of _seek_.]

SICKER, sik'[.e]r, _adj._ (_Scot._) sure, certain, firm.--_adv._ (_Spens._) surely, certainly--also SICC'AR.--_n._ SICK'ERNESS (_Spens._), the state of being sicker or certain. [A.S. _siker_--L. _securus_; Ger. _sicher_.]

SICKLE, sik'l, _n._ a hooked instrument for cutting grain.--_n._ SIC'KLE-BILL, a name applied to various birds with sickle-shaped bill.--_adj._ SIC'KLED, bearing a sickle.--_ns._ SIC'KLE-FEATH'ER, one of the sickle-shaped middle feathers of the domestic cock; SIC'KLEMAN, one who uses a sickle, a reaper.--_adj._ SIC'KLE-SHAPED.--_n._ SIC'KLE-WORT, the self-heal. [A.S. _sicol_, _sicel_--L. _secula_, a sickle--_sec[=a]re_, to cut.]

SICSAC, sik'sak, _n._ the Egyptian courser, crocodile-bird, or black-headed plover.--Also _Ziczac_.

SICULIAN, si-k[=u]'li-an, _adj._ pertaining to the _Siculi_, an ancient and most probably Aryan race of southern Italy who colonised Sicily.--_adjs._ SIC'ULO-AR[=A]'BIAN; SIC'ULO-P[=U]'NIC.

SICYOS, sis'i-os, _n._ a genus of plants of the order _Cucurbitaceae_, the gourd family.

SIDA, s[=i]'da, _n._ a large genus of downy herbs of the mallow family.


SIDDHA, sid'da, _n._ one who has attained to SID'DHI, accomplishment or perfection.--_n._ SIDDHAR'TA, an epithet of Buddha. [Sans.]

SIDDOW, sid'[=o], _adj._ (_prov._) soft, pulpy.

SIDE, s[=i]d, _n._ the edge or border of anything: the surface of a solid: a part of a thing as seen by the eye: region, part: the part of an animal between the hip and shoulder: any party, interest, or opinion opposed to another: faction: line of descent: at billiards, a certain bias or kind of spinning motion given to a ball by striking it sidewise: (_slang_) a pretentious and supercilious manner, swagger.--_adj._ being on or toward the side: lateral: indirect.--_v.i._ to embrace the opinion or cause of one party against another.--_v.t._ (_Spens._) to be on the same side with, to support: to cut into sides: to push aside, to set SIDE'ARMS, arms or weapons worn on the side, as a sword or bayonet.--_ns._ SIDE'-BEAM, either of the working-beams of a marine engine, placed below the crank-shaft, on each side of the cylinder, instead of a central beam above the crank-shaft; SIDE'BOARD, a piece of furniture on one side of a dining-room for holding dishes, &c.: (_pl._) side-whiskers, stiff standing collars (_slang_) SIDE'-BONES, enlargements situated above the quarters of a horse's feet, resulting from the conversion into bone of the elastic lateral cartilages.--_ns._ SIDE'BOX, a box or seat at the side of a theatre; SIDE'-CHAP'EL, a chapel in an aisle or at the side of a church; SIDE'-COMB, a small comb used to keep a lock of hair in place at the side of a woman's head; SIDE'-COUS'IN, a distant relative; SIDE'-CUT, a cut from the side, an indirect attack; SIDE'-CUT'TING, an excavation of earth along the side of a railway or canal to obtain material for an embankment.--_adj._ SID'ED, having a side: flattened on one or more sides.--_ns._ SIDE'-DISH, any supplementary dish at a dinner, &c., specially flavoured; SIDE'-DRUM, a small double-headed drum in military bands; SIDE'-GLANCE, a glance to one side; SIDE'-IS'SUE, a subordinate issue aside from the main business; SIDE'LIGHT, light coming from the side, any incidental illustration: a window, as opposed to a sky-light, a window above or at the side of a door: one of the red or green lights carried on the side of a vessel under way at night; SIDE'-LINE, a line attached to the side of anything: any additional or extra line of goods sold by a commercial traveller: (_pl._) the ropes binding the fore and hind feet on the same side of a horse.--_adj._ SIDE'LING, inclining to a side, sloping.--_adv._ sidewise, aslant.--_n._ SIDE'LOCK, a separate lock of hair worn at the side of the head.--_adj._ SIDE'LONG, oblique: not straight.--_adv._ in the direction of the side: obliquely.--_n._ the slope of a hill.--_ns._ SIDE'-NOTE, a marginal note on a page, as opposed to a foot-note; SIDE'-PART'NER (_U.S._), one who shares a duty or employment with another alongside or alternately; SID'ER, a partisan: one living in any particular quarter of a city; SIDE'-ROD, a coupling-rod of a locomotive: either of the rods of a side-beam engine connecting the cross-head on the piston-rod with the working-beam: either of the rods of a side-beam engine connecting the working-beams with the cross-head of the air-pump; SIDE'SADD'LE, a saddle for women sitting, not astride, but with both feet on one side; SIDE'SADDLE-FLOWER, a name sometimes given to a plant of the genus _Sarracenia_; SIDE'-SCREW, a screw on the front edge of a carpenter's bench to hold the work fast: one of the screws fastening the lockplate of a gun to the stock; SIDE'-SCRIP'TION (_Scots law_), an old method of authenticating deeds written on several sheets of paper pasted together, by signing the name across each junction; SIDE'-SEAT, a seat in a vehicle with the back against its side; SIDE'-SHOW, an exhibition subordinate to a larger one; SIDE'-SLEEVE (_Shak._), a loose hanging sleeve; SIDE'-SLIP, an oblique offshoot: a bastard; SIDES'MAN, a deputy churchwarden: (_Milt._) a partisan.--_adj._ SIDE'-SPLIT'TING, affecting the sides convulsively, as in boisterous laughter.--_ns._ SIDE'-STROKE, a stroke given sideways; SIDE'-T[=A]'BLE, a table placed usually against the wall; SIDE'-VIEW, a view on or from one side; SIDE'-WALK, a foot-walk beside a street or road.--_advs._ SIDE'WAYS, SIDE'WISE, toward or on one side.--_adj._ SIDE'-WHEEL, having side or paddle wheels.--_ns._ SIDE'-WIND, a wind blowing laterally: any indirect influence or means; S[=I]D'ING, a short line of rails on which wagons are shunted from the main-line.--_v.i._ S[=I]'DLE, to go or move side-foremost.--_v.t._ to cause to move sideways.--SIDE BY SIDE, placed with sides near each other.--CHOOSE SIDES, to pick out opposing parties to contend with each other; RIGHT, or WRONG, SIDE, the side of anything (cloth, leather, &c.) intended to be turned outward or inward respectively; TAKE A SIDE, to join one party in opposition to another; TAKE SIDES, to range one's self with one or other of contending parties; TO ONE SIDE, having a lateral inclination: out of sight. [A.S. _side_; Ger. _seite_, Dut. _zijde_.]

SIDE, s[=i]d, _adj._ (_Scot._) wide, large: far. [A.S. _sid_, spacious.]

SIDEREAL, s[=i]-d[=e]'r[=e]-al, _adj._ relating to a star or stars: starry: (_astron._) measured by the apparent motion of the stars.--_adj._ SID'ERAL (_Milt._), relating to the stars: baleful, from astrology.--_n._ SIDER[=A]'TION, a sudden deprivation of sense, as a stroke of apoplexy: a blast of plants.--SIDEREAL DAY, the time between two successive upper culminations of a fixed star or of the vernal equinox, shorter than a solar day; SIDEREAL YEAR (see YEAR). [L. _sidus_, _sideris_, a star.]

SIDERITE, sid'[.e]r-[=i]t, _n._ the lodestone: native iron protocarbonate--also _Chalybite_, _Spathic_ or _Sparry iron_, _Junckerite_.

[L. _sideritis_, the lodestone--Gr. _sid[=e]rit[=e]s_, of iron--_sid[=e]ros_, iron.]

SIDEROGRAPHY, sid-[.e]r-og'ra-fi, _n._ steel-engraving.--_adjs._ SIDEROGRAPH'IC, -AL.--_n._ SIDEROG'RAPHIST. [Gr. _sid[=e]ros_, iron, _graphein_, engrave.]

SIDEROLITE, sid'e-r[=o]-l[=i]t, _n._ a meteorite composed chiefly of iron.

[Gr. _sid[=e]ros_, iron, _lithos_, stone.]

SIDEROMANCY, sid'[.e]r-[=o]-mans-i, _n._ divination by burning straws, &c., on a red-hot plate of iron. [Gr. _sid[=e]ros_, iron, _manteia_, divination.]

SIDEROSCOPE, sid'[.e]r-o-sk[=o]p, _n._ an instrument for detecting minute degrees of magnetism by means of a combination of magnetic needles. [Gr.

_sid[=e]ros_, iron, _skopein_, to view.]

SIDEROSTAT, sid'e-r[=o]-stat, _n._ a heliostat adapted to sidereal time.--_adj._ SIDEROSTAT'IC. [L. _sidus_, _sideris_ a star, Gr. _statos_, standing.]

SIEGE, s[=e]j, _n._ a sitting down with an army round or before a fortified place in order to take it by force: a continued endeavour to gain possession: (_Shak._) a seat, throne, station: (_Shak._) excrement: the floor of a glass-furnace: a workman's bench.--_v.t._ to lay siege to.--_ns._ SIEGE'-PIECE, a coin, generally of unusual shape and rude workmanship, issued in a besieged place during stress of siege; SIEGE'-TRAIN, the materials carried by an army for the purpose of laying siege to a place.--STATE OF SIEGE, a condition of things in which civil law is suspended or made subordinate to military law; MINOR STATE OF SIEGE, a modification of the more severe rule in cases of merely domestic trouble.

[O. Fr. _sege_ (Fr. _siege_), seat--Low L. _assedium_=L. _obsidium_, a siege--_sed[=e]re_, to sit.]

SIELD, s[=e]ld (_Spens._). Cieled.

SIENESE, si-e-n[=e]z', _adj._ pertaining to _Siena_, or _Sienna_, in central Italy, or its school of painting in the 13th and 14th centuries.


SIENNA, si-en'a, _n._ a fine orange-red pigment used in oil and water-colour painting. [It. _terra di Siena_, Sienna earth.]

SIERRA, s[=e]-er'ra, _n._ a ridge of mountains: a scombroid fish. [Sp., usually derived from L. _serra_, a saw. Some suggest Ar. _sehrah_, a desert place, whence also _Sahara_.]

SIESTA, si-es'ta, _n._ a short sleep taken about midday or after dinner.

[Sp.,--L. _sexta_ (_hora_), the _sixth_ (hour) after sunrise, the hour of noon.]

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