SAKIEH, sak'i-e, _n._ a Persian wheel used in Egypt for raising water.--Also SAK'IA, [Ar. _saqieh._]
SAL, sal, _n._ a large gregarious timber tree of north India, with hard, dark-brown, coarse-grained, durable wood. [Hind. _s[=a]l._]
SAL, sal, _n._ salt, used in chemistry and pharmacy with various adjectives, as SAL'-ALEM'BROTH, a solution of equal parts of corrosive sublimate and ammonium chloride--also _Salt of wisdom;_ SAL'-AMM[=O]'NIAC, chloride of ammonium, with a sharp, saline taste; SAL'-SEIGNETTE', Rochelle salt; SAL'-VOLAT'ILE, a solution of carbonate of ammonia in alcohol--a common remedy for faintness. [L.]
SALAAM, SALAM, sa-lam', _n._ a word of salutation in the East, chiefly among Mohammedans: homage.--_v.i._ to perform the salaam. [Ar. _sal[=a]m,_ peace; Heb. _shal[=a]m,_ to be safe.]
SALABLE, SALABLENESS, SALABLY. Same as SALEABLE, &c. See SALE.
SALACIOUS, sal-[=a]'shi-us, _adj._ lustful: lecherous.--_adv._ SAL[=A]'CIOUSLY, lustfully: lecherously.--_ns._ SAL[=A]'CIOUSNESS, SALAC'ITY, lust, lecherousness. [L. _salax_--_sal[=i]re,_ to leap.]
SALAD, sal'ad, _n._ a preparation of raw herbs (lettuce, endive, chicory, celery, mustard and cress, water-cress, onions, radishes, tomatoes, chervil, &c.) cut up and seasoned with salt, vinegar, &c.: a dish of some kind of meat, chopped, seasoned, and mixed with a salad.--_ns._ SALAD-BUR'NET, the common burnet, used as a salad; SAL'ADING, herbs for salads: the making of salads; SAL'AD-OIL, olive-oil, used in dressing salads; SAL'AD-PLATE, a small plate for salad; SAL'AD-ROCK'ET, the garden rocket; SAL'AD-SPOON, a large and long-handled spoon for stirring and mixing salads, made of wood or other material not affected by vinegar.--SALAD DAYS, days of youthful inexperience. [Fr. _salade_--Old It.
_salata_--_salare,_ to salt--L. _sal,_ salt.]
SALAGRAMMA, sa-la-gra'ma, _n._ a stone sacred to Vishnu.
SALAL-BERRY, sal'al-ber'i, _n._ a berry-like plant of California, about the size of a common grape.
SALAM. See SALAAM.
SALAMANDER, sal'a-man-d[.e]r, _n._ a genus of tailed Amphibians, nearly related to the newts, harmless, but long dreaded as poisonous, once supposed able to live in fire: (_her._) a four-legged creature with a long tail surrounded by flames: a poker used red-hot for kindling fires: a hot metal plate for browning meat, &c.--_adjs._ SALAMAN'DRIFORM; SALAMAN'DRINE, like a salamander: enduring fire; SALAMAN'DROID--also _n._ [Fr.
_salamandre_--L.,--Gr. _salamandra;_ of Eastern origin.]
SALAMBA, sa-lam'ba, _n._ a contrivance for fishing used at Manila and elsewhere in the East.
SALAMIS, sal'a-mis, _n._ a genus of lepidopterous insects.
SALANGANE, sal'ang-g[=a]n, _n._ a Chinese swift which constructs edible nests.
SALARY, sal'a-ri, _n._ a recompense for services: wages.--_v.t._ to pay a salary.--_adj._ SAL'ARIED, receiving a salary. [O. Fr. _salarie_ (Fr.
_salaire_, It. _salario_)--L. _salarium_, salt-money, _sal_, salt]
SALDA, sal'da, _n._ a genus of true bugs.
SALE, s[=a]l, _n._ act of selling: the exchange of anything for money: power or opportunity of selling: demand: public showing of goods to sell: auction.--_adj._ SALE'ABLE, that may be sold: in good demand.--_n._ SALE'ABLENESS.--_adv._ SALE'ABLY.--_ns._ SALE'ROOM, an auction-room; SALES'MAN, a man who sells goods:--_fem._ SALES'WOMAN.--_adj._ SALE'-TONGUED, mercenary.--_n.pl._ SALE'WARES, merchandise.--_n._ SALE'WORK, work or things made for sale, or merely for sale: work carelessly done.--FORCED SALE, a sale compelled by a creditor; TERMS OF SALE, the conditions imposed on a purchaser. [Scand., Ice. _sala_.]
SALE, s[=a]l, _n._ (_Spens._) a kind of basket-like net, made of sallows or willows. [A.S. _sealh_, willow.]
SALEBROUS, sal'[=e]-brus, _adj._ rough, rugged.--_n._ SALEBROS'ITY.
[Fr.,--L. _salebrosus_, rough.]
SALEP, sal'ep, _n._ the dried tubers of _Orchis mascula_: the food prepared from it.--Also SAL'OP. [Ar.]
SALERATUS, sal-e-r[=a]'tus, _n._ sodium bicarbonate, used in baking-powders.--Also SALaeR[=A]'TUS. [L. _sal aeratus_, aerated salt.]
SALEWE, sal-[=u]', _v.t._ (_Spens._) to salute. [_Salute_.]
SALIAN, s[=a]'li-an, _adj._ pertaining to a tribe of Franks on the lower Rhine.--_n._ one of this tribe.--_adj._ SAL'IC, denoting a law among the Salian Franks limiting the succession of certain lands to males--extended in the 14th century to the succession to the crown of France. [Fr.
_salique_--Low L. _Lex salica_.]
SALIAN, s[=a]'li-an, _adj._ pertaining to the _Salii_ or priests of Mars in ancient Rome.--SALIAN HYMNS, songs sung by these, with dances, &c.
SALIANT, s[=a]l'i-ant, _adj._ Same as SALIENT.
SALIAUNCE, sal-i-ans', _n._ (_Spens._). See SALIENCE.
SALICETUM, sal-i-s[=e]'tum, _n._ a thicket of willows:--_pl._ SALIC[=E]'TUMS, SALIC[=E]'TA.
SALICIN, -E, sal'i-sin, _n._ a bitter crystalline glucoside, obtained from the bark of willows and poplars.--_n._ SAL'ICYL[=A]TE, a salt of salicylic acid.--_adjs._ SAL'ICYL[=A]TED, combined with salicylic acid; SALICY'LIC, obtained from the willow.--SALICYLATE OF SODIUM, a product occurring in small white crystals, used very largely in acute rheumatism. [L. _salix_, _salicis_, a willow.]
SALICORNIA, sal-i-kor'ni-a, _n._ a genus of apetalous plants--the _glass-wort_, _marsh-samphire_. [Fr.,--L. _sal_, salt, _cornu_, a horn.]
SALIENT, s[=a]'li-ent, _adj._ leaping or springing: (_fort._) projecting outwards, as an angle: prominent: striking: (_geom._) denoting any angle less than two right angles: (_her._) of a beast of prey nearly rampant.--_n._ S[=A]'LIENCE, the quality or condition of being salient: projection: (_Spens._) a leaping, assaulting, onslaught.--_adv._ S[=A]'LIENTLY. [Fr.,--L. _saliens_, _-entis_, pr.p. of _sal[=i]re_, to leap.]
SALIeRE, sa-ly[=a]r', _n._ a saltcellar. [Fr.]
SALIFEROUS, s[=a]-lif'[.e]r-us, _adj._ bearing salt.--SALIFEROUS SYSTEM, the Triassic, from its rich deposits. [L. _sal_, _salis_, salt, _ferre_, to bear.]
SALIFY, sal'i-f[=i], _v.t._ to combine with an acid in order to make a salt:--_pa.t._ and _pa.p._ sal'ified.--_adj._ SALIF[=I]'ABLE.--_n._ SALIFIC[=A]'TION, the act of salifying.
SALINE, s[=a]'l[=i]n, or s[=a]-l[=i]n', _adj._ consisting of, or containing, salt: partaking of the qualities of salt.--_n._ an effervescent powder used as a gentle aperient: a salt-spring.--_ns._ SAL[=I]'NA, salt-works; SALIN[=A]'TION, the act of washing in salt liquor; SAL'INE, SAL'IN, a salt, reddish substance obtained from the ashes of potato-leaves; SALINE'NESS.--_adjs._ SALINIF'EROUS; SALIN'IFORM.--_ns._ SALIN'ITY; SALINOM'ETER, SALIM'ETER, a hydrometer for measuring the amount of salt in any given solution.--_adj._ SAL[=I]'NO-TERRENE', composed of salt and earth.--_v.t._ SAL'ITE, to season with salt.--_n._ SAL'ITRAL, a place where saltpetre occurs. [Fr.,--L. _salinus_--_sal_, salt.]
SALIQUE, sal'ik, or sa-l[=e]k'. Same as SALIC (see SALIAN).
SALIVA, sa-l[=i]'va, _n._ the spittle, one of the digestive fluids, mainly the product of the salivary glands.--_adjs._ SAL[=I]'VAL, SAL'IVANT, producing salivation.--_n._ SAL[=I]'VA-PUMP, a device for carrying off the accumulating saliva.--_adj._ SA'LIVARY, pertaining to, secreting, or containing saliva.--_n._ that which produces salivation.--_v.t._ SAL'IV[=A]TE, to produce an unusual amount of saliva.--_n._ SALIV[=A]'TION, an unusual flow of saliva.--_adj._ SAL'IVOUS, like spittle. [Fr.,--L., allied to Gr. _sialon_, saliva.]
SALIX, s[=a]'liks, _n._ a genus of apetalous trees and shrubs, the willows.
SALLEE-MAN, sal'[=e]-man, _n._ a Moorish pirate.--Also SALL'EE-R[=O]'VER.
[_Sallee_, on the coast of Morocco.]
SALLET, sal'et, _n._ a light kind of helmet of the 15th century, with projection behind, used by foot-soldiers. [O. Fr. _salade_, through It.
_celata_, a helmet, from L. _caelata_, figured--_cael[=a]re_, to engrave.]
SALLIE, sal'i, _n._ (_Scot._) a hired mourner at a funeral.
SALLOW, sal'[=o], _n._ a tree or low shrub of the willow kind--(_Scot._) SAUCH.--_adj._ SALL'OWY, abounding in sallows. [A.S. _sealh_; Ger. _sahl_.]
SALLOW, sal'[=o], _adj._ of a pale, yellowish colour.--_v.t._ to tinge with a sallow colour.--_adj._ SALL'OWISH, somewhat sallow.--_ns._ SALL'OW-KITT'EN, a kind of puss-moth; SALL'OW-MOTH, a British moth of a pale-yellow colour; SALL'OWNESS.--_adj._ SALL'OWY. [A.S. _salo_, _salu_; cf. Dut. _zaluw_, and Old High Ger. _salo_.]
SALLY, sal'i, _n._ a leaping or bursting out: a sudden rushing forth of troops to attack besiegers: excursion: outburst of fancy, wit, &c.: levity: a projection.--_v.i._ to rush out suddenly: to mount:--_pa.t._ and _pa.p._ sall'ied.--_n._ SALL'Y-PORT, a passage by which a garrison may make a sally: a large port for the escape of a crew when a fire-ship is set on fire. [Fr. _saillie_--_saillir_ (It. _salire_)--L. _salire_, to leap.]
SALLY, sal'i, _n._ a kind of stone-fly: a wren.--_n._ SALL'YPICK'ER, one of several different warblers.
SALLY-LUNN, sal'i-lun, _n._ a sweet spongy tea-cake. [From the name of a girl who sold them in the streets of Bath about the close of the 18th century.]
SALLY-WOOD, sal'i-w[=oo]d, _n._ willow-wood.