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SECOND, sek'und, _adj._ immediately following the first: the ordinal of two: next in position: inferior: other: another: favourable.--_n._ one who, or that which, follows or is second: one who attends another in a duel or a prize-fight: a supporter: the 60th part of a minute of time, or of a degree.--_v.t._ to follow: to act as second: to assist: to encourage: to support the mover of a question or resolution: (_mus._) to sing second to: to put into temporary retirement in the army, as an officer when holding civil office (usually s[=e]cond').--_n._ SEC'OND-AD'VENTIST, one who lives in expectation of a second coming of Christ to establish a personal kingdom on earth, a premillenarian.--_adv._ SEC'ONDARILY, in a secondary manner or degree: (_B._) secondly.--_n._ SEC'ONDARINESS.--_adj._ SEC'ONDARY, following or coming after the first: second in position: inferior: subordinate: deputed.--_n._ a subordinate: a delegate or deputy.--_adjs._ SEC'OND-BEST, next to the best: best except one--(COME OFF SECOND-BEST, to get the worst of a contest); SEC'OND-CLASS, inferior to the first, as a second-class carriage.--_ns._ SEC'ONDER, one who seconds or supports; SEC'OND-FLOUR, flour of a coarser quality, seconds.--_adj._ SEC'OND-HAND, received as it were from the hand of a second person: not new: that has been used by another.--_n._ a hand for marking seconds on a clock or watch.--_adv._ SEC'ONDLY, in the second place.--_ns._ SEC'OND-MARK, the character " as the mark in mathematics for a second of arc, in architecture for inches, and as a sign for a second of time; SECON'DO, the lower part in a duet.--_adj._ SEC'OND-RATE, being second in power, size, rank, quality, or value.--_ns._ SEC'OND-SIGHT (see SIGHT); SEC'ONDS-PEN'DULUM, a pendulum which makes one oscillation per second of mean time.--SECONDARY EDUCATION, that which is higher than primary or elementary; SECONDARY FORMATION, ROCKS, STRATA, the Mesozoic strata; SECONDARY PLANET, a moon or satellite; SECONDARY SCHOOL, a school for higher education; SECOND CHILDHOOD, a condition of mental weakness often accompanying old age; SECOND COMING, the second coming of Christ, or Second Advent; SECOND COUSIN, the child of a cousin; SECOND ESTATE, the House of Lords; SECOND GUARD, an additional guard to a sword; SECOND STORY, in America, the second range of rooms from the first level, called in England the first floor; SECOND THOUGHTS, reconsideration. [Fr.,--L. _secundus_--_sequi_, _secutus_, to follow.]

SECRET, s[=e]'kret, _adj._ concealed from notice: removed from sight: unrevealed: hidden: secluded: retired: private: keeping secrets: reserved.--_n._ that which is concealed: anything unrevealed or unknown: privacy: the key or principle by which something is made clear: a form of steel skull-cap: one of the prayers in the Mass, immediately following the 'Orate, fratres,' said inaudibly by the celebrant: (_pl._) any prayers said secretly and not aloud: the parts of the body which are concealed.--_ns._ S[=E]'CRECY, the state of being secret: separation: concealment: retirement: privacy: fidelity to a secret: the keeping of secrets; S[=E]'CRETAGE, a process in dressing furs.--_adj._ S[=E]'CRET-FALSE (_Shak._), secretly false, while apparently sincere.--_adv._ S[=E]'CRETLY, in a secret manner: privately: unknown to others: inwardly.--_n._ S[=E]'CRETNESS, the state of being secret.--SECRET SERVICE, a department of government service.--OPEN SECRET, a secret which all may inquire into.

[Fr.,--L. _secretus_--_secern[)e]re_, _secretum_--_se-_, apart, _cern[)e]re_, to separate.]

SECRETARY, sek'r[=e]-t[=a]-ri, _n._ one employed to write for another: a public officer entrusted with the affairs of a department of government, or of a company, &c.: a piece of furniture for writing, with drawers, pigeon-holes, &c. (also SECRETAIRE').--_adj._ SECRET[=A]'RIAL, pertaining to a secretary or his duties.--_ns._ SECRET[=A]'RIATE, the official position of secretary; SEC'RETARY-BIRD a raptorial serpent-eating bird resembling the crane, found in South Africa and the East--from the tufts of feathers at the back of its head like pens stuck behind the ear; SEC'RETARYSHIP.

SECRETE, s[=e]-kr[=e]t', _v.t._ to make secret: to hide: to conceal: to produce from the circulating fluids, as the blood in animals, the sap in vegetables.--_adj._ separate, S[=E]CR[=E]'TA, the products of secretion.--_n._ S[=E]CR[=E]'TION, the act of secreting or separating from a circulating fluid: that which is so secreted.--_adj._ S[=E]CR[=E]'TIONAL.--_n._ S[=E]'CRETIST, a dealer in secrets.--_adjs._ S[=E]CRETI'TIOUS, produced by secretion; S[=E]CR[=E]'TIVE, tending to, or causing, secretion: given to secrecy or to keeping secrets.--_adv._ S[=E]CR[=E]'TIVELY.--_ns._ S[=E]CR[=E]'TIVENESS, a phrenological organ supposed to indicate a turn for secrecy and concealment; S[=E]CR[=E]'TOR, a secreting organ.--_adj._ S[=E]CR[=E]'TORY, performing the office of secretion.--SECRETING GLANDS, true glands; SECRETING ORGANS, certain specialised organs of plants. [L. _secern[)e]re_, _secretum_.]

SECT, sekt, _n._ a body of men who unite in holding some particular views, esp. in religion and philosophy: those who dissent from an established church: a denomination: a school of philosophy: a party: faction: apparel: a part cut off.--_adj._ SECT[=A]'RIAN, pertaining to, or peculiar to, a sect: bigotedly devoted to the interests of a sect, narrow, exclusive (also SECT[=A]'RIAL).--_n._ one of a sect: one strongly imbued with the characteristics of a sect.--_v.t._ SECT[=A]'RIANISE.--_ns._ SECT[=A]'RIANISM, quality or character of a sectarian: excessive devotion to a sect; SEC'TARIST; SEC'TARY, one of a sect: a dissenter; SECT[=A]'TOR (_obs._), an adherent of a school or party; SEC'TIST; SECT'-MAS'TER, the leader of a sect.--SECTARIAL MARKS, emblems marked on the foreheads of the different sects in India. [Fr. _secte_--L. _secta_, a school of philosophy--_sec[=a]re_, _sectum_, to cut off.]

SECTANT, sek'tant, _n._ a portion of space cut off from the rest by three planes, but extending to infinity.

SECTION, sek'shun, _n._ act of cutting: a division: a portion: a distinct part of a book: the plan of any object cut through, as it were, to show its interior: the line formed by the intersection of two surfaces: the surface formed when a solid is cut by a plane: one of the squares, each containing 640 acres, into which the public lands of the United States are divided: (_zool._) a group: the sign --, as a mark of reference.--_v.t._ to divide into sections, as a ship; to reduce to the degree of thinness required for study with the microscope.--_adjs._ SEC'TILE, SEC'TIVE, capable of being cut.--_n._ SECTIL'ITY.--_adj._ SEC'TIONAL, pertaining to a section or distinct part: local.--_n._ SEC'TIONALISM, the spirit of a class, commercial or political.--_adv._ SEC'TIONALLY.--_ns._ SEC'TION-BEAM, in warping, a roller which receives the yarn from the spools; SEC'TION-CUT'TER, an instrument used for making sections for microscopic work.--_v.t._ SEC'TIONISE, to render sectional in scope or spirit.--_ns._ SEC'TION-LIN'ER, a draftsman's instrument for ruling parallel lines; SEC'TION-PLANE, a cut surface; SEC'TIOPLANOG'RAPHY, a method of laying down the sections of engineering work in railways; SEC'TIUNCLE, a petty sect.

SECTOR, sek'tur, _n._ that which cuts: that which is cut off: a portion of the circle between two radii and the intercepted arc: a mathematical instrument for finding a fourth proportional: an astronomical instrument: (_mech._) a toothed gear, the face of which is the arc of a circle.--_adjs._ SEC'TORAL; SECT[=O]'RIAL, adapted or intended for cutting.--_n._ a scissor-tooth. [L. _sector_--_sec[=a]re_, to cut.]

SECULAR, sek'[=u]-lar, _adj._ pertaining to an age or generation: coming or observed only once in a century: permanent: lay or civil, as opposed to clerical: (_geol._) gradually becoming appreciable in the course of ages: pertaining to the present world, or to things not spiritual: not bound by monastic rules.--_n._ a layman: an ecclesiastic, as a parish priest, not bound by monastic rules.--_n._ SECULARISA'TION, the state of being secularised.--_v.t._ SEC'ULARISE, to make secular: to convert from spiritual to common use.--_ns._ SEC'ULARISM; SEC'ULARIST, one who, discarding religious belief and worship, applies himself exclusively to the things of this life: one who holds that education should be apart from religion; SECULAR'ITY, state of being secular or worldly: worldliness.--_adv._ SEC'ULARLY.--_n._ SEC'ULARNESS. [L.

_secularis_--_seculum_, an age, a generation.]

SECUND, s[=e]'kund, _n._ (_bot._, _zool._) unilateral.

SECUNDARIUS, sek-un-d[=a]'ri-us, _n._ a lay-vicar.

SECUNDATE, s[=e]-kun'd[=a]t, _v.t._ to make prosperous.--_n._ SECUND[=A]'TION.

SECUNDINE, sek'un-din, _n._ the afterbirth: (_bot._) inner coat of an ovule, within the primine.

SECUNDOGENITURE, s[=e]-kun'do-jen'i-t[=u]r, _n._ the right of inheritance pertaining to a second son.

SEOUNDUM, s[=e]-kun'dum, _prep._ according to.--SECUNDUM ARTEM, artificially: skilfully: professionally; SECUNDUM NATURAM, naturally; SECUNDUM QUID, in some respects only; SECUNDUM VERITATEM, universally valid.

SECURE, s[=e]-k[=u]r', _adj._ without care or anxiety, careless (_B._): free from fear or danger: safe: confident: incautious: in safe keeping: of such strength as to ensure safety.--_v.t._ to make safe: to guard from danger: to seize and confine: to get hold of: to make one's self master of: (_obs._) to plight or pledge: to render certain: to guarantee: to fasten.--_adj._ SEC[=U]R'ABLE, that may be secured.--_n._ SECUR'ANCE, assurance, confirmation.--_adv._ SEC[=U]RE'LY.--_ns._ SEC[=U]RE'MENT; SEC[=U]RE'NESS; SEC[=U]R'ER, one who, or that which, secures or protects; SEC[=U]R'ITAN, one who dwells in fancied security; SEC[=U]R'ITY, state of being secure: freedom from fear: carelessness: protection: certainty: a pledge: (_pl._) bonds or certificates in evidence of debt or property.--SECURE ARMS, to guard the firearms from becoming wet. [L.

_securus_--_se-_ (for _sine_), without, _cura_, care.]

SECURICULA, sek-[=u]'-rik'[=u]-la, _n._ a little ax, a votive offering in this form.

SECURIFER, s[=e]-k[=u]'ri-f[.e]r, _n._ a sawfly.--_adjs._ SEC[=U]RIF'EROUS; SEC[=U]'RIFORM, axe-shaped.

SECURIGERA, sek-[=u]-rij'e-ra, _n._ a genus of leguminous plants--the _hatchet-vetch_, _axe-fitch_.

SECURIPALPI, s[=e]-k[=u]r-i-pal'p[=i], _n._ a group of beetles.

SECURITE, sek'[=u]r-[=i]t, _n._ a modern high explosive in the form of a yellowish powder.

SED, sed, _n._ a line fastening a fish-hook: a snood.


SEDAN, s[=e]-dan', _n._ a covered chair for one, carried on two poles, generally by two bearers: a hand-barrow for fish. [Invented at _Sedan_, in France.]

SEDATE, s[=e]-d[=a]t', _adj._ quiet: serene: serious.--_adv._ SED[=A]TE'LY.--_n._ SED[=A]TE'NESS, composure: tranquillity.--_adj._ SED'ATIVE, tending to make sedate: moderating: allaying irritation or pain.--_n._ a medicine that allays irritation or pain. [L. _sed[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_, to seat, akin to _sed[=e]re_, to sit.]

SE DEFENDENDO, s[=e] d[=e]-fen-den'd[=o], _n._ the plea of a person charged with slaying another, that it was in his own defence.

SEDENTARIA, sed-en-t[=a]'ri-a, the tubicolous worms: the sedentary spiders.

SEDENTARY, sed'en-t[=a]-ri, _adj._ sitting much: passed chiefly in sitting: requiring much sitting: inactive: (_zool._) not migratory: not errant: lying in wait, as a spider: not free-swimming: motionless, as a protozoan.--_adj._ S[=E]'DENT, at rest.--_adv._ SED'ENTARILY.--_n._ SED'ENTARINESS. [L. _sedentarius_--_sed[=e]re_, to sit.]

SEDERUNT, s[=e]-d[=e]'runt, _n._ in Scotland, the sitting of a court.--ACTS OF SEDERUNT, ordinances of the Scottish Court of Session. [L., 'they sat'--_sed[=e]re_, to sit.]

SEDES IMPEDITA, s[=e]'dez im-p[=e]-d[=i]'ta, a term for a papal or episcopal see when there is a partial cessation by the incumbent of his episcopal duties.--SEDES VACANS (s[=e]-dez v[=a]'kanz), a term of canon law to designate a papal or episcopal see when vacant.

SEDGE, sej, _n._ a kind of flag or coarse grass growing in swamps and rivers.--_adj._ SEDGED, composed of sedge or flags.--_ns._ SEDGE'-HEN, a marsh-hen; SEDGE'-WAR'BLER, a reed-warbler, the sedge-wren.--_adj._ SEDG'Y, overgrown with sedge. [Older form _seg_--A.S. _secg_; cf. Low Ger.


SEDGE, sej, _n._ a flock of herons, bitterns, or cranes. [A variant of _siege_.]

SEDIGITATED, s[=e]-dij'i-t[=a]-ted, _adj._ having six fingers on one hand.


SEDILIUM, s[=e]-dil'i-um, _n._ one of a row of seats in a Roman amphitheatre: a seat in the chancel of a church near the altar for the officiating clergyman--sometimes S[=E]D[=I]'LE:--_pl._ S[=E]DIL'IA. [L.]

SEDIMENT, sed'i-ment, _n._ what settles at the bottom of a liquid: dregs.--_adj._ SEDIMEN'TARY, pertaining to, consisting of, or formed by sediment.--_n._ SEDIMENT[=A]'TION. [L. _sedimentum_--_sed[=e]re_, to sit.]

SEDITION, s[=e]-dish'un, _n._ insurrection: any offence against the State next to treason.--_n._ S[=E]DI'TIONARY, an inciter to sedition.--_adj._ SEDI'TIOUS, pertaining to, or exciting, sedition: turbulent.--_adv._ S[=E]DI'TIOUSLY.--_n._ SEDI'TIOUSNESS. [Fr.,--L. _seditio_--_se-_, away, _[=i]re_, _[=i]tum_, to go.]

SEDUCE, s[=e]-d[=u]s', _v.t._ to draw aside from rectitude: to entice: to corrupt: to cause a woman to surrender her chastity through persuasion, entreaty, under promise of marriage, &c.--_ns._ S[=E]D[=U]CE'MENT, act of seducing or drawing aside: allurement; S[=E]D[=U]'CER.--_adj._ S[=E]D[=U]'CIBLE.--_adv._ S[=E]D[=U]'CINGLY.--_n._ S[=E]DUC'TION, act of seducing or enticing from virtue, any enticement to evil: the act of fraudulently depriving an unmarried woman of her chastity.--_adj._ S[=E]DUC'TIVE, tending to seduce or draw aside: assiduous.--_adv._ S[=E]DUC'TIVELY.--_ns._ S[=E]DUC'TIVENESS; S[=E]DUC'TOR, one who leads astray. [L. _seduc[)e]re_--_se-_, aside, _duc[)e]re_, _ductum_, to lead.]

SEDULOUS, sed'[=u]-lus, _adj._ diligent: constant.--_ns._ S[=E]D[=U]'LITY, SED'ULOUSNESS.--_adv._ SED'ULOUSLY. [L. _sedulus_--_sed[=e]re_, to sit.]

SEDUM, s[=e]'dum, _n._ a genus of polypetalous plants, as stone-crop. [L., a house-leek.]

SEE, s[=e], _n._ the seat or jurisdiction of a bishop or archbishop: a throne.--HOLY SEE, the papal court. [O. Fr. _se_, _siet_--L.

_sedes_--_sed[=e]re_, to sit.]

SEE, s[=e], _v.t._ to perceive by the eye: to observe: to discover: to remark: to bring about as a result: to wait upon, escort: to receive: to consult for any particular purpose: to suffer, experience: to meet and accept by staking a similar sum: to visit: to discern: to understand.--_v.i._ to look or inquire: to be attentive: to apprehend: to consider:--_pa.t_. saw; _pa.p._ seen.--_interj._ look! behold!--_adj._ SEE'ABLE, capable of being seen.--_n._ S[=E]'ER, one who sees or who foresees, a prophet.--SEE ABOUT A THING, to consider it; SEE ONE THROUGH, to aid in accomplishing or doing, esp. something difficult or dangerous; SEE OUT, to see to the end: to outdo; SEE THROUGH ONE, to understand one thoroughly; SEE TO, to look after: (_B._) to behold; SEE TO IT, look well to it.--HAVE SOON ONE'S BEST DAYS, to be now on the decline; LET ME SEE, a phrase employed to express consideration. [A.S. _seon_; Ger. _sehen_, Dut.


SEE-BRIGHT, s[=e]'-br[=i]t, _n._ the common clary.

SEE-CATCHIE, s[=e]'-kach'i, _n._ the male fur-seal.

SEE-CAWK, s[=e]'-kawk, _n._ the common American skunk.

SEED, s[=e]d, _n._ the thing sown: the male fecundating fluid, semen, sperm, milt, spat, the substance produced by plants and animals from which new plants and animals are generated: first principle: original: descendants: children: race: red-seed: a small bubble formed in imperfectly fused glass.--_v.i._ to produce seed: to grow to maturity.--_v.t._ to sow: to plant: to graft.--_ns._ SEED'-BAG, a bag for seeds; SEED'-BED, a piece of ground for receiving seed; SEED'-BIRD, the water-wagtail; SEED'-BUD, the bud or germ of the seed; SEED'-CAKE, a sweet cake containing aromatic seeds; SEED'-COAT, the exterior coat of a seed; SEED'-COD, a basket for holding seed; SEED'-COR'AL, coral in small and irregular pieces; SEED'-CORN, corn to be used for sowing; SEED'-CRUSH'ER, an instrument for crushing seeds to express the oil; SEED'-DOWN, the down on cotton, &c.; SEED'-DRILL, a machine for sowing seed in rows; SEED'-EAT'ER, a granivorous bird.--_adj._ SEED'ED, bearing seed, full-grown: sown: (_her._) having the stamens indicated.--_ns._ SEED'-EMBROI'DERY, embroidery in which seeds form parts of the design; SEED'ER, a seed-drill: an apparatus for removing seeds from fruit: a seed-fish; SEED'-FIELD, a field in which seed is raised; SEED'-FINCH, a South American finch; SEED'-FISH, roe or spawn; SEED'-FOWL, a bird that feeds on grain.--_adj._ SEED'FUL, rich in promise.--_ns._ SEED'-GALL, a small gall; SEED'-GRAIN, corn for seed.--_adv._ SEED'ILY.--_ns._ SEED'INESS, the state of being seedy: shabbiness: exhaustion; SEED'ING; SEED'ING-MACHINE', an agricultural machine for sowing; SEED'ING-PLOUGH, a plough fitted with a hopper from which seed is automatically deposited; SEED'-LAC (see LAC, 2); SEED'-LEAF, a cotyledon; SEED'-LEAP, a seed-basket.--_adj._ SEED'LESS, having no seeds.--_ns._ SEED'LING a plant reared from the seed--also _adj._; SEED'-LOBE, a cotyledon or seed-leaf; SEED'NESS (_Shak._), seedtime; SEED'-OIL, oil expressed from SEED'-OY'STERS, very young oysters; SEED'-PEARLS, very small or imperfect pearls strung together on horse-hair and attached to mother-of-pearl, &c., for ornament--used also in the composition of electuaries, &c.--_ns._ SEED'-PLANT'ER, a seeder for planting seed on hills; SEED'-PLOT, a piece of nursery-ground, a hot-bed; SEED'-SHEET, the sheet containing the seed of the sower; SEEDS'MAN, one who deals in seeds: a sower:--_pl._ SEEDS'MEN; SEED'-SOW'ER, a broadcast seeding-machine; SEED'-STALK, the funiculus; SEED'-TICK, a young tick; SEED'TIME, the time or season for sowing seed; SEED'-VESS'EL, the pericarp which contains the seeds; SEED'-WEEV'IL, a small weevil which infests seeds; SEED'-WOOL, cotton-wool from which the seeds have not been removed.--_adj._ SEED'Y, abounding with seed: run to seed: having the flavour of seeds: worn out: out of sorts, looking or feeling unwell: shabby.--_n._ SEED'Y-TOE, a diseased condition of a horse's foot. [A.S.

_s['ae]d_--_sawan_, to sow; Ice. _sadh_, Ger. _saat_.]

SEEING, s[=e]'ing, _n._ sight: vision.--_conj._ since: because: taking into account.--_n._ SEE'ING-STONE (_obs._), a looking-glass, a divining crystal.

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