GEBEL, JEBEL (Ar.), 'a mountain;' as _Gib_raltar, _Jebel_-Mukattam.
GILL (Scand.), 'a ravine;' as Butter_gill_, Orms_gill_.
GLEN (Gael.), GLYN (W.), 'a narrow valley;' as _Glen_coe, _Glen_garry, _Glyn_neath, _Gla_morgan.
GORM (Gael.), 'green' or 'blue;' as Cairn_gorm_.
GUADA, the name given to the rivers in Spain by the Moors, from the Ar.
_wad[=i]_, 'a ravine;' as in _Guada_lquivir (_Wad[=i]-'l-keb[=i]r_, 'the great river'), _Guad_iana.
GWEN (Celt.), 'white;' as Der_went_, _Vent_nor, Cor_wen_; GWENT (Celt.), 'a plain;' Latinised into _venta_, as _Venta_ Belgarum (now _Win_chester), formerly Caer_gwent_.
GWY. See WY.
HALL (Teut.), 'a stone house;' as Eccles_hall_, Wals_all_; (in Germany) a _salt_-work, as _Halle_, _Hall_stadt. [See _Hall_ in Dict.]
HAM (A.S., Ger. _heim_), 'a home;' as Bucking_ham_, Clap_ham_, Hex_ham_, Trond_hjem_, Hildes_heim_, Hoch_heim_, Edn_am_, Edr_om_, Houn_am_.
HAR, HAER (Teut.), 'the army;' as _Har_wich, _Hers_tall, _Har_bottle.
HAUGH, HEUGH, a particular Scotch form and use of _Haw_ (A.S. _haga_), perhaps due to the Ice. form _hagi_, a pasture. The meaning is generally a low-lying meadow between hills or on the banks of a stream, and it is noticeable that in Scotch use _How_ and _Hope_ have frequently the same sense. A _Hope_, however, is properly a hollow, esp. the upper end of a narrow mountain valley, while a _How_ is a low hill (Ice. _haugr_, 'a mound'). Cf. _Hob_kirk, _How_wood, _Hu_tton, Fox _How_.
HAY, HAIGH (Teut.), a place surrounded by a '_hedge_;' as Rothwell _Haigh_, _Hague_.
HISSAR (Turk.), 'a castle;' as Kara-_hissar_.
HITHE (A.S.), 'haven;' as _Hythe_, Lam_beth_=Loam_hithe_ (the 'clayey haven').
HO (Chin.), 'river;' as Pei_ho_.
HOANG, WHANG (Chin.), 'yellow;' as _Hoang_-ho, _Whang_-Hai.
HOLM (Scand., &c.), 'an island in a lake or river,' 'a plain near a river;'
as Stock_holm_, Flat_holm_, Lang_holm_.
HOLT (Teut.), 'a wood;' as Bags_hot_, Alders_hot_, _Hol_stein. [See _Holt_ in Dict.]
HORN (Teut.), 'a peak;' as Schreck_horn_, Matter_horn_.
HURST (A.S. _hyrst_), 'a wood;' as Lynd_hurst_.
ING (A.S.), a suffix denoting _son_, in pl. 'a family' or 'tribe;' as Warr_ing_ton ('the town of the Warrings'), Hadd_ing_ton. [See _-ing_ in list of suffixes.]
INNIS or ENNIS (Celt.), INCH in Scotland, an island; as _Inch_colm ('the island of St Columba'); _Ennis_killen, _Ennis_more, _Innis_fallen, in Ireland.
INVER (Gael.), 'the mouth of a river;' as _Inver_ness, _Inver_aray, _Inner_leithen. This is supposed to be the Gaelic form (_inbhir_) corresponding to the Brythonic _aber-_; and it is at any rate certain that in Wales there are scores of _abers-_, but of _invers-_ not a solitary one; while on the west coast of Scotland and north of Inverness _aber-_ barely exists.
KALAT, KALAH (Ar.), 'a castle;' as _Khelat_, _Cala_horrah.
KARA (Turk.), 'black;' as _Kara_kum ('black sand'), _Kara_ Hissar ('black castle').
KENN (Gael.), KIN (Ir.), 'a head;' as _Ken_more, _Can_tire, _Kinn_aird, _Kin_ross, _Kin_sale, _Ken_t. _Kin_ or _Cin_, older _cind_, is really a survival of the old dative or locative of Gael. _ceann_ (W. _penn_), 'head,' 'promontory,' as in _Kin_aldie, _Kin_buck, _Kin_glassie, _Kin_loch, _Kin_gussie, _Kin_noul. See Ceann.
KIL (Gael. _cill_, really a survival of the old dative of _ceall_, a hermit's cell--L. _cella_, then a church, esp. a parish church--the proper form is seen in Lochnan-_ceal_, 'loch of the churches,' in Mull); as _Kil_bride, _Kil_chattan, _Kil_donan, _Kil_marnock; Icolm_kill_, 'the island (_I_) of Columba of the church.'
KIL (Gael. _coil_), 'a wood,' 'a corner;' as in _Kil_drummy, _Kil_ham.
KIRJATH (Heb.), GADR (Phoenician), 'an enclosure,' 'a fortified place;' as _Kirjath_-Arba, _Car_thage, _Cad_es or _Cad_iz.
KIRK (North Eng. and Scand.), KIRCHE (Ger.); as Sel_kirk_, _Kirk_wall, _Kirk_cudbright, _Kirch_heim, Funf_kirchen_. [See _Church_ in Dict.]
KIZIL (Turk.), 'red.'
KNOCK. See Cnoc.
LAX (Scand.; Ger. _lachs_), 'a salmon'; as Loch _Lax_ford in Sutherland; the _Lax_ay in the Hebrides and in Man; _Lax_weir on the Shannon.
LEAMHAN (Ir. and Gael.; pron. _lavawn_), 'the elm-tree;' as in _Leven_, _Lennox_, _Laune_.
LEA, LEE, LEY (A.S. _leah_), 'a meadow;' Had_leigh_, Water_loo_.
LINN (Celt.), 'a waterfall;' as _Lynn_ Regis in Norfolk; Ros_lin_, 'the promontory (_ross_) at the fall;' _Lin_lithgow, _Lin_ton.
LIS (Celt.), 'an enclosure,' 'a fort,' 'a garden;' as _Lis_more ('the great enclosure' or 'garden').
LLAN (W.), 'an enclosure,' 'a church;' as _Llan_daff ('the church on the Taff').
LLANO (Sp.), 'a plain.'
LOCH, LOUGH (Gael.), 'a lake.'
LOW and LAW (A.S. _hlaw_, _hlaew_),'a rising ground;' as Houns_low_, Lud_low_, and numerous _laws_ in Scotland. [Cog. with Goth. _hlaiw_, a mound, and perh. allied to L. _clivus_, a slope.]
MAGH (Celt.), 'a plain;' as Ar_magh_, _May_nooth.
MARK (Teut.), 'a boundary;' Den_mark_, _Merc_ia, _Murc_ia.
MARKT (Ger.), 'a market;' as Bibert_markt_.