SEAH, s[=e]'a, _n._ a Jewish dry-measure containing nearly fourteen pints.
SEAL, s[=e]l, _n._ an engraved stamp for impressing the wax which closes a letter, &c.: the wax or other substance so impressed: that which makes fast or secure: that which authenticates or ratifies: assurance: the water left standing in the trap of a drain or sewer, preventing the upward flow of gas: the sigil or signature of a plant, &c., in medieval medicine: the sign of the cross, baptism, confirmation, the ineffaceable character supposed to be left on the soul by some sacraments.--_v.t._ to fasten with a seal: to set a seal to: to mark with a stamp: to make fast: to confirm: to keep secure: to close the chinks of: to secure against an escape of air or gas by means of a dip-pipe: to accept: to sign with the cross, to baptise or confirm.--_adj._ SEALED, certified by a seal: inaccessible.--_ns._ SEAL'-ENGRAV'ING, the art of engraving seals; SEAL'ER, one who seals: an inspector of stamps; SEAL'ING, confirmation by a seal; SEAL'ING-DAY (_Shak._), a day for sealing anything; SEAL'ING-WAX, wax for sealing letters, &c.--also SEAL'-WAX; SEAL'-PIPE, a dip-pipe; SEAL'-PRESS, a stamp bearing dies for embossing any device upon paper or lead; SEAL'-RING (_Shak._), a signet-ring; SEAL'-WORT, Solomon's seal.--SEAL OF THE FISHERMAN, the papal privy seal impressed on wax, representing St Peter fishing.--GREAT SEAL, the state seal of the United Kingdom; LEADEN SEAL, a disc of lead pierced with two holes through which are passed the ends of a twisted wire; PRIVY SEAL, the seal appended to grants, and in Scotland authenticating royal grants of personal rights; SET ONE'S SEAL TO, to give one's authority or assent to; UNDER SEAL, authenticated. [O. Fr. _seel_--L.
_sigillum_, dim. of _signum_, a mark.]
SEAL, s[=e]l, _n._ the name commonly applied to all the _Pinnipedia_ except the morse or walrus--carnivorous mammals adapted to a marine existence; the two great families are _Phocidae_ (without external ears) and _Otariidae_ (having distinct though small external ears): (_her._) a bearing representing a creature something like a walrus.--_v.t._ to hunt seals.--_ns._ SEAL'-BIRD, the slender-billed shear-water; SEAL'ER, a man or a ship engaged in the seal-fishery; SEAL'ERY, a seal-fishing station: seal-fishery; SEAL'-FLOW'ER, the bleeding heart; SEAL'ING, SEAL'-FISH'ING, the act of catching seals; SEAL'-ROCK'ERY, a place where many seals breed; SEAL'SKIN, the prepared fur of the fur-seal used for women's jackets, a garment made of this.--SEALSKIN CLOTH, a cloth made of mohair with a nap, and dyed to resemble the fur of the seal. [A.S. _seolh_; Ice. _selr_, Sw.
SEAM, s[=e]m, _n._ (_Shak._) grease, hog's lard.--_v.t._ to grease. [O. Fr.
_sain_--L. _sagina_, grease.]
SEAM, s[=e]m, _n._ that which is sewed: a piece of plain sewing: the line formed by the sewing together of two pieces: a line of union: a vein or stratum of metal, ore, coal, &c.: a suture: (_geol._) a thin layer between thicker strata.--_v.t._ to unite by a seam: to sew: to make a seam in.--_ns._ SEAM'ER, one who seams; SEAM'ING-LACE, a galloon, braiding, gold lace, &c. to sew upon seams in upholstery; SEAM'ING-MACHINE', a power-tool for bending sheet-metal as required: a machine used to join fabrics lengthwise preparatory to printing, &c.--_adj._ SEAM'LESS, without a seam: woven throughout.--_ns._ SEAM'-PRESS'ER, an implement used to press down the newly-ploughed furrow: a goose or iron used by tailors to flatten the seams of cloth; SEAM'-RENT, a rent along a seam; SEAM'-ROLL'ER, in leather-working, a rubber for flattening down the edges of seams; SEAM'-RUBB'ER; SEAM'-SET, a grooved punch used by tinmen; SEAM'STER, one who sews:--_fem._ SEAM'STRESS; SEAM'STRESSY (_Sterne_), sewing.--_adj._ SEAM'Y, having a seam or seams.--_n._ SEAM'Y-SIDE, the worst side or view of anything.--WHITE SEAM (_Scot._), underclothing in the process of making.
[A.S. _seam_--_siwian_, to sew; Dut. _zoom_, Ger. _saum_.]
SEAM, s[=e]m, _n._ a load for a pack-horse, eight bushels of grain. [A.S.
_seam_, a burden--L. _sagma_--Gr. _sagma_, a pack-saddle.]
SEAMED, s[=e]md, _adj._ in falconry, not in good condition. [Prob. related to _Seam_ (1).]
SEAN, s[=e]n, _n._ a drag-net: a seine. [_Seine_.]
SeANCE, s[=a]'angs, _n._ a sitting, as of some public body: a sitting for consideration or inquiry, esp. a meeting of spiritualists for the consultation of spirits. [Fr.,--L. _sed[=e]re_, to sit.]
SEANNACHIE, sen'a-h[=e], _n._ a bard among the Scottish Highlanders who recited the traditions of a clan.--Also SEANN'ACHY, SENN'ACHIE. [Gael.
SEAR, s[=e]r, _n._ the catch in a gun-lock by which it is held at cock or half-cock: a part of a gun-lock.--_n._ SEAR'-SPRING, a spring in a gun-lock. [O. Fr. _serre_--L. _sera_, a bar.]
SEAR, s[=e]r, _v.t._ to dry up: to burn to dryness on the surface: to scorch: to cauterise: to render callous or insensible.--_adj._ dry, withered.--_adj._ SEARED, dried up: burned: hardened.--_ns._ SEARED'NESS, hardness, insensibility; SEAR'NESS, dryness; SEAR'WOOD, wood dry enough to burn. [A.S. _sear_, dry, _searian_, to dry up; Low Ger. _soor_, Dut.
SEARCE, sers, _v.t._ (_Scot._) to sift through a sieve.--_n._ a sieve.
SEARCH, s[.e]rch, _v.t._ to look round to find: to seek; to examine: to inspect: to explore: to put to the test: to probe.--_v.i._ to seek for: to make inquiry.--_n._ the act of seeking or looking for: examination: inquiry: investigation: pursuit.--_adj._ SEARCH'ABLE, capable of being searched.--_ns._ SEARCH'ABLENESS, the state or quality of being searchable; SEARCH'ER, a seeker: an inquirer or examiner: a custom-house officer: an officer who formerly apprehended idlers on the street during church hours in Scotland: a sieve or strainer.--_adj._ SEARCH'ING, looking over closely: penetrating: trying: severe.--_adv._ SEARCH'INGLY.--_n._ SEARCH'INGNESS, the quality of being searching, penetrating, or severe.--_adj._ SEARCH'LESS, unsearchable.--_ns._ SEARCH'-LIGHT, an electric arc-light used on board ship and in military operations; SEARCH'-WARR'ANT, a legal warrant authorising a search for stolen goods, &c.--RIGHT OF SEARCH, the right claimed by one nation to authorise the commanders of their cruisers to search private merchant-vessels for articles contraband of war. [O. Fr.
_cercher_ (Fr. _chercher_)--L. _circ[=a]re_, to go about--_circus_, a circle.]
SEASE, s[=e]z, _v.t._ (_Spens._) to seize.
SEASON, s[=e]'zn, _n._ one of the four periods of the year: the usual or proper time for anything: any particular time: any period of time, esp. of some continuance, but not long: seasoning, relish.--_v.t._ to mature: to prepare for use: to accustom or fit for use by any process: to fit for the taste: to give relish to: to mingle: to moderate, temper, or qualify by admixture: to inure, imbue, tinge, or taint: to preserve from decay.--_v.i._ to become seasoned or matured: to grow fit for use: to become inured.--_adj._ SEA'SONABLE, happening in due season: occurring in good, suitable, or proper time: timely, opportune.--_n._ SEA'SONABLENESS.--_adv._ SEA'SONABLY.--_adj._ SEA'SONAL.--_adv._ SEA'SONALLY.--_n._ SEA'SONER, one who, or that which, seasons: a sailor, &c., who hires for the season: a loafer, a beach-comber.--SEASON TICKET (see TICKET).--CLOSE SEASON, close time; IN SEASON, ripe, fit and ready for use: allowed to be killed, fit to be eaten, edible; IN SEASON AND OUT OF SEASON, at all times; OUT OF SEASON, inopportune; THE FOUR SEASONS, the ember or fast days of the Church on days set apart in each of the four seasons. [O. Fr. _seson_ (Fr. _saison_)--L. _satio_, _-onis_, seedtime.]
SEASONING, s[=e]'zn-ing, _n._ that which is added to food to give it greater relish: anything added to increase enjoyment: in diamond-cutting, the charging of the laps or wheels with diamond dust and oil.--_n._ SEA'SONING-TUB, a trough in which dough is set to rise.--_adj._ SEA'SONLESS, without relish: insipid.
SEAT, s[=e]t, _n._ that on which one sits: a chair, bench, &c.: the place or room where one sits, as in church, at a theatre, &c.: site: a place where anything is settled or established: post of authority: station: abode: a mansion: that part of the body or of a garment on which one sits: posture or situation on horseback: a right to sit: membership: sitting-room: a sitting: a sitting of eggs.--_v.t._ to place on a seat: to cause to sit down: to place in any situation, site, &c.: to establish: to fix: to assign a seat to: to furnish with seats: to fit accurately: to repair by making a seat new.--_v.i._ to lie down.--_ns._ SEAT'-BACK, a loose ornamental covering for the back of a sofa or chair; SEAT'-EARTH, in coal-mining, the bed of clay by which many coal-seams are underlain.--_p.adj._ SEAT'ED, fixed, confirmed, located.--_ns._ SEAT'-FAS'TENER, in a wagon, the screw-clamp for securing the seat to the body; SEAT'ING, the act of furnishing with seats: haircloth: in shipbuilding, that part of the floor which rests on the keel; SEAT'-LOCK, the lock of a reversible seat in railroad cars; SEAT'-RAIL, a cross-piece between the legs, below the seat, of a chair, &c.; SEAT'-WORM, a pin-worm.--SEAT OF THE SOUL, the sensorium.--TAKE A SEAT, to sit down.
[A.S. _s['ae]t_, an ambush--_sittan_, to seat; or more prob. Ice. _saeti_, a seat--_sat_, pa.t. of _sitja_, to sit.]
SEAVE, s[=e]v, _n._ a wick made of rush.--_adj._ SEAV'Y, overgrown with rushes.
SEAX, s[=e]'aks, _n._ a curved, one-edged sword, used by Germanic and Celtic peoples: (_her._) a bearing representing a weapon like the seax.
SEBACEOUS, s[=e]-b[=a]'shus, _adj._ pertaining to or secreting fat or fatty matter: (_bot._) like tallow or wax, as the secretions of certain plants.--_adj._ S[=E]BAC'IC, pertaining to or obtained from fat.--_n._ S[=E]'B[=A]TE, a salt formed by the combination of sebacic acid with a base.--_adj._ S[=E]BIF'EROUS, sebaceous.--_n._ S[=E]BORRH[=E]'A, a disease of the sebaceous glands with excessive secretion--also S[=E]BORRHOE'A.--_adj._ S[=E]BORRH[=E]'IC.--_n._ S[=E]'BUM, the secretion of the sebaceous glands. [Low L. _sebaceus_--_sebum_, tallow.]
SE-BAPTIST, s[=e]-bap'tist, _n._ one who baptises himself.
SEBASTOMANIA, s[=e]-bas-t[=o]-m[=a]'ni-a, _n._ religious insanity. [Gr.
_sebastos_, reverenced, _mania_, madness.]
SEBAT, s[=e]-bat', _n._ the fifth month of the Jewish civil year, and the eleventh of the ecclesiastical year, falling in part of January and February.
SEBESTEN, s[=e]-bes'ten, _n._ a tree with plum-like fruit.--Also SEBES'TAN.
SEBILLA, s[=e]-bil'a, _n._ in stone-cutting, a wooden bowl for holding the water used in sawing, &c. [Fr.]
SEBUNDY, s[=e]-bun'di, _n._ a native soldier or local militiaman in India.--Also SEBUN'DEE. [Hind.]
SEC, sek, _adj._ dry, of wines. [Fr.]
SEC., sek, _n._ an abbreviation of _secretary_, _secant_, _second_; also of _secundum_, according to.
SECABILITY, sek-a-bil'i-ti, _n._ capability of being divided. [L.
_sec[=a]re_, to cut.]
SECALE, s[=e]-k[=a]'l[=e], _n._ a genus of grasses including rye.
SECAMONE, sek-a-m[=o]'n[=e], _n._ a genus of shrubby climbers.
SECANT, s[=e]'kant, _adj._ cutting: dividing.--_n._ a line that cuts another: a straight line from the centre of a circle to one extremity of an arc, produced till it meets the tangent to the other extremity.--_n._ S[=E]'CANCY. [L. _secans_, _secantis_, pr.p. _of sec[=a]re_, to cut.]
SECCO, sek'k[=o], _n._ (_mus._) unaccompanied: plain. [It.]
SECEDE, s[=e]-s[=e]d', _v.i._ to go away: to separate one's self: to withdraw from fellowship or association.--_ns._ SEC[=E]'DER, one who secedes: one of a body of Presbyterians who seceded from the Church of Scotland about 1733; SECES'SION, the act of seceding: withdrawal: departure; SECES'SIONISM, the doctrine of secession; SECES'SIONIST, one who maintains the principle of secession.--WAR OF SECESSION, in United States history, the civil war (1860-65) which resulted from the attempted withdrawal of eleven Southern States from the United States. [L.
_seced[)e]re_, _secessum_--_se-_, away, _ced[)e]re_, to go.]
SECERN, s[=e]-sern', _v.i._ and _v.t._ to separate: to distinguish: to secrete.--_adj._ SECER'NENT.--_n._ SECERN'MENT. [L. _secern[)e]re_, _secretum_, to separate.]
SECESH, s[=e]-sesh', _n._ and _adj._ (_U.S. slang_) secessionist.--_n._ SECESH'ER.
SECESSIVE, s[=e]-ses'iv, _adj._ set apart: isolated.
SECHIUM, s[=e]'ki-um, _n._ a genus of gourds. [Prob. Gr. _s[=e]kos_, an enclosure.]
SECKEL, sek'el, _n._ a variety of pear.
SECLUDE, s[=e]-kl[=oo]d', _v.i._ to shut apart: to keep apart.--_adj._ S[=E]CLUD'ED, retired: withdrawn from observation.--_adv._ S[=E]CLUD'EDLY.--_ns._ S[=E]CLU'SION, the act of secluding: a shutting out: the state of being secluded or apart: separation: retirement: privacy: solitude; S[=E]CLU'SIONIST.--_adj._ S[=E]CLU'SIVE. [L. _seclud[)e]re_, _seclusum_--_se-_, apart, _claud[)e]re_, to shut.]
SECOHM, sek'[=o]m, _n._ the practical unit of electrical self-induction--now more commonly _Henry_.--_n._ SEC'OHMM[=E]TER, an instrument for measuring the coefficient, of electrical self-induction.
[_Sec_ (_ond_) and _ohm_, the unit of resistance.]