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ZERUMBET, z[=e]-rum'bet, _n._ an East Indian drug, the cassumunar--sometimes for the round zedoary.

ZEST, zest, _n._ something that gives a relish: relish. [Fr. _zeste_, skin of an orange or lemon used to give a flavour--L. _schistus_--Gr.

_schistos_, cleft, divided--_schizein_, to cleave.]

ZETA, z[=e]'ta, _n._ a small closet or parlour, the sexton's room over the porch of a church. [Gr. _diaita_, a dwelling.]

ZETETIC, z[=e]-tet'ik, _adj._ proceeding by inquiry.--_n._ a seeker, the name taken by some of the Pyrrhonists. [Gr. _z[=e]t[=e]tikos_--_z[=e]tein_, to seek.]

ZEUGLODON, z[=u]g'l[=o]-don, _n._ a fossil whale-like mammal, so named by Owen from the yoke-like double-rooted formation of its cheek teeth.--_adj._ and _n._ ZEUG' ZEUGLODON'TIA, a suborder of _Cetacea_, represented by the zeuglodonts. [Gr. _zeugl[=e]_, the strap or loop of the yoke, _odous_, _-ontos_, a tooth.]

ZEUGMA, z[=u]g'ma, _n._ (_gram._) a figure by which an adjective or verb which agrees with a nearer word is, by way of supplement, referred also to another more remote, whether grammatically corresponding or not.--_adj._ ZEUGMAT'IC. [Gr.,--_zeugnunai_, to yoke.]

ZEUS, z[=u]s, _n._ the greatest of the national deities of Greece, son of Cronos (Saturn) and Rhea, brother of Poseidon (Neptune), Hades (Pluto), Hestia (Vesta), Demeter (Ceres), and Hera (Juno). His consort was Hera; his supreme seat, Mount Olympus in Thessaly. [Gr.]

ZEUXITE, z[=u]ks'[=i]t, _n._ a ferriferous tourmaline. [Gr.,--_zeuxis_, joining--_zeugnunai_, to yoke.]

ZIAMET, zi-a'met, _n._ a large military fief under the Turkish feudal system. [Turk.]

ZIBELINE, zib'e-lin, _adj._ pertaining to the sable.--_n._ the fur of the sable. [_Sable_.]

ZIBET, zib'et, _n._ an Asiatic or Indian civet. [_Civet_.]

ZIGANKA, zi-gan'ka, _n._ a Russian country-dance, the music for such, usually quick, with a drone bass. [Russ.]

ZIGZAG, zig'zag, _n._ a short, sharp turning.--_adj._ having short, sharp turns, bent from side to side.--_v.t._ to form with short turns:--_pr.p._ zig'zagging; _pa.p._ zig'zagged.--_adv._ with frequent sharp turns--also ZIG'ZAGGY.--_n._ ZIGZAG'GERY, angular crookedness.--_adj._ ZIG'ZAGGY, zigzag. [Fr. _zig-zag_--Ger. _zick-zack_, _zacke_, a sharp point.]

ZILLAH, zil'a, _n._ the technical name for the administrative districts into which British India is divided, each of which has in the older provinces a Collector (or Collector and Magistrate combined), a Sessions Judge, &c., and in the newer provinces, such as the Punjab and British Burma, a Deputy Commissioner. [Properly Ar. (in Indian pronunciation) _zila_, 'a rib,' thence 'a side,' 'a district.']

ZIMB, zimb, _n._ an Abyssinian dipterous insect, like the tsetse, hurtful to cattle. [Ar. _zimb_, a fly.]

ZIMBI, zim'bi, _n._ a money-cowry. [East Ind.]

ZIMENT-WATER, zi-ment'-wa't[.e]r, _n._ water found in copper-mines.

ZIMOCCA, zi-mok'a, _n._ a fine quality of bath-sponge.

ZINC, zingk, _n._ a bluish-white metal, breaking with a crystalline fracture--when chemically pure it is malleable and ductile at ordinary temperature, but ordinary zinc is so only at temperatures above 212 Fahr.--_v.t._ to cover with zinc.--_ns._ ZINC'-AM'YL, a colourless transparent liquid, composed of zinc and amyl; ZINC'-BLENDE, sphalerite, native sulphide of zinc; ZINC'-BLOOM, hydrozincite; ZINC-COL'IC, a colic caused by the slow poison of zinc-oxide; ZINC'-[=E]'THYL, a colourless volatile liquid, composed of zinc and the radical ethyl.--_adjs._ ZINCIF'EROUS, ZINKIF'EROUS, containing or producing zinc.--_ns._ ZINC'ITE, a native oxide of zinc, brittle, translucent, deep red; ZINCKIFIC[=A]'TION, ZINKIFIC[=A]'TION, the process of coating or impregnating an object with zinc.--_vs.t._ ZINCK'IFY, ZINK'IFY, to cover or impregnate with zinc.--_adjs._ ZINCK'Y, ZINK'Y, pertaining to zinc: looking like zinc.--_n._ ZINC'-METH'YL, a mobile stinking liquid, spontaneously inflammable, resembling zinc-ethyl.--_adj._ ZINC'OID, like zinc.--_ns._ ZINCOL'YSIS, a mode of decomposition caused by an electric current; ZINC'OLYTE, a body decomposable by electricity; ZINC'OTYPE, a zincograph.--_adj._ ZINC'OUS, pertaining to zinc.--_ns._ ZINC'-WHITE, zinc oxide used as a pigment; ZINC'-WORK'ER. [Ger. _zink_, prob. allied to _zinn_, tin.]

ZINCALI, zin'ka-li, _n._ a name in Spain for the Gipsies, akin to _Zingaro_ (q.v.).

ZINCKENITE, zing'ken-[=i]t, _n._ a grayish mineral consisting of the sulphides of antimony and lead. [Named from the German metallurgist _Zincken_ (1790-1862).]

ZINCO, zing'k[=o], _n._ a familiar abbreviation for _zincograph_.--_v.i._ to produce a plate for printing by the zincographic process.

ZINCODE, zing'k[=o]d, _n._ the negative pole of a voltaic battery: the anode of an electrolytic cell.

ZINCOGRAPHY, zing-kog'ra-fi, _n._ a process of etching on zinc (or copper) by which black and white pictures of all kinds can be reproduced as surface-blocks for printing by the ordinary letterpress process--in the etching the _whites_, and not the _black lines_ as in the ordinary etching, are eaten away.--_ns._ ZINC'OGRAPH, a plate or picture produced by zincography; ZINCOG'RAPHER, one who makes zincographic plates.--_adjs._ ZINCOGRAPH'IC, -AL. [_Zinc_, Gr. _graphein_, to write.]

ZINGARO, zing'ga-r[=o], _n._ a name in Italy for the Gipsies;--_pl._ ZING'ARI, ZING'ANE.--Also ZING'ANO. [Cf. the Ger. _Zigeuner_, Czech _Cingan_ or _Cigan_, Magyar _Cigany_.]

ZINGEL, zing'el, _n._ a fish of the perch family, found in the Danube.


ZINGIBERACEae, zin'ji-be-r[=a]'s[=e]-[=e], a natural order of about 470 species of perennial tropical herbs, with horizontal thickened root-stock and cone-like inflorescence--the typical genus ZIN'GIBER.--_adjs._ ZINGIBER[=A]'CEOUS, ZINZIBER[=A]'CEOUS. [L.

_zingiber_--Gr. _zingiberis_, ginger.]

ZINKE, tsing'ke, _n._ an old wind instrument like a cornet, of wood or horn, with seven finger-holes. [Ger.]

ZION, z[=i]'on, _n._ Jerusalem: the Israelitish theocracy: the Christian Church: heaven.--_adv._ Z[=I]'ONWARD, heavenward. [Gr. _Zi[=o]n_--Heb.

_ts[=i]y[=o]n_, a hill.]

ZIP, zip, _n._ the ping or sound of a bullet striking anything or whizzing through the air. [Imit.]

ZIPHIINae, zif-i-[=i]'n[=e], a subfamily of _Physteridae_, the ziphioid or ziphiiform cetaceans--the typical genus ZIPH' ZIPHI[=I]'Dae, the _ziphiinae_ rated as a family apart from _Physteridae_, and divided into _Ziphiinae_ and _Anarnacinae_.--_adjs._ ZIPHI[=I]'FORM; ZIPH'IOID. [Gr. _xiphios_, the sword-fish--_xiphos_, a sword.]

ZIRCONIUM, zir-k[=o]'ni-um, _n._ the metallic constituent of the earth ZIRC[=O]'NIA, which is found in association with silica in the minerals ZIR'CON and _hyacinth_, and is obtained only in Ceylon, one district of the Ural, and southern Norway.--_n._ ZIR'CONITE, a variety of zircon. [Ar.

_zark[=u]n_, vermilion--Pers. _zarg[=u]n_, gold-coloured.]

ZITHER, z[=i]th'[.e]r, _n._ the cithern, the modern representative of the ancient _cithara_, a popular and common instrument in Tyrol--a flat stringed instrument, having a wooden frame and flat sounding-board with from twenty-nine to forty-two strings, placed on a table or on the knees, the strings played by the right hand, the thumb being armed with a metallic _plectrum_.--Also ZITH'ERN. [Ger.]

ZIZANIA, z[=i]-z[=a]'ni-a, _n._ a genus of tall aquatic grasses, of tribe _Oryzeae_--_wild_, _water_, or _Indian rice_. [Gr. _zizanion_, darnel.]

ZIZEL, ziz'el, _n._ a European ground squirrel, type of a genus mainly American.--Also _Suslik_.

ZIZYPHUS, ziz'i-fus, _n._ a genus of shrubs or trees of the buckthorn family, mostly native to tropical Asia and America--the jujube-tree.

[L.,--Gr. _zizyphos_.]

ZOANTHARIA, z[=o]-an-th[=a]'ri-a, a division of _Actinozoa_, including the sea-anemones, &c.--_adj._ and _n._ ZOANTH[=A]'RIAN.

ZOANTHROPY, z[=o]-an'thr[=o]-pi, _n._ a form of mental delusion in which a man believes himself to be a beast--the devout divine, Simon Browne (1680-1732), under this belief devoted himself to the making of a dictionary--'I am doing nothing,' he says, 'that requires a reasonable soul: I am making a dictionary.'--_adj._ Z[=O]ANTHROP'IC. [Gr. _z[=o]on_, an animal, _anthr[=o]pos_, a man.]

ZOANTHUS, z[=o]-an'thus, _n._ the typical genus of _Zoanthidae_, a family of hexacoralline actinozoans. [Gr. _z[=o]on_, an animal, _anthos_, a flower.]

ZOARIUM, z[=o]-[=a]'ri-um, _n._ the colony of the polypides of a polyzoan.

[Gr. _z[=o]arion_, dim. of _z[=o]on_, an animal.]

ZOBO, z[=o]'b[=o], _n._ a name used in the semi-Tibetan tracts of the Himalaya for hybrids between the yak bull and the ordinary hill cow, much used in transport and agriculture.--Also ZH[=O]'BO, DS[=O]'MO. [Tibetan.]

ZOCCO, zok'[=o], _n._ a socle.--Also ZOCC'OLO. [It.,--L. _soccus_, a sock.]

ZODIAC, z[=o]'di-ak, _n._ an imaginary belt in the heavens, having as its mesial line the ecliptic or apparent path of the sun, and containing the twelve constellations, called signs of the zodiac. The constellations, with the appropriate symbols of the corresponding signs, are as follows: Aries (_Ram_), [Aries]; Taurus (_Bull_), [Taurus]; Gemini (_Twins_), [Gemini]; Cancer (_Crab_), [Cancer]; Leo (_Lion_), [Leo]; Virgo (_Virgin_), [Virgo]; Libra (_Balance_), [Libra]; Scorpio (_Scorpion_), [Scorpio]; Sagittarius (_Archer_), [Sagittarius]; Capricornus (_Goat_), [Capricornus]; Aquarius (_Water-bearer_), [Aquarius]; Pisces (_Fishes_), [Pisces].--_adj._ ZOD[=I]'ACAL.--ZODIACAL LIGHT, a singular appearance seen after sunset or before sunrise, at all seasons of the year in low latitudes, but rarely in Great Britain, except in March, April, and May in the evenings, and six months later in the mornings. [Fr. _zodiaque_--L. _zodiacus_--Gr.

_z[=o]diakos_, belonging to animals--_z[=o]dion_, dim. of _z[=o]on_, an animal, _zaein_, to live.]

ZOeA, z[=o]-[=e]'a, _n._ a larval stage of certain decapod crustaceans--also called the _copepod_ stage preceding the _megalopa_ stage--also ZOOE'A:--_pl._ ZOe'ae.--_adjs._ ZOe'AL, ZOOE'AL; Z[=O]'eFORM.

[Gr. _z[=o]on_, an animal.]

ZOeTIC, z[=o]-et'ik, _adj._ vital. [Gr. _z[=o][=e]_, life.]

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