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SCROW, skrow, _n._ a roll: a scroll: a writing: clippings from hides.


SCROYLE, skroil, _n._ (_Shak._) a scabby fellow: a mean fellow. [O. Fr.

_escrouelles_, scrofula--L. _scrofulae_.]

SCRUB, skrub, _v.t.._ to rub hard, esp. with something rough.--_v.i._ to be laborious and penurious:--_pr.p._ scrub'bing; _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ scrubbed.--_n._ one who works hard and lives meanly: anything small or mean: a worn-out brush: low underwood: a bush: a stunted shrub: a worthless horse.--_p.adj._ SCRUBBED (_Shak._)=_Scrubby_.--_ns._ SCRUB'BER, in Australia, an animal which breaks away from the herd: a machine for washing leather after the tanpit; SCRUB'BING; SCRUB'BING-BOARD, a wash-board; SCRUB'BING-BRUSH, a brush with short, stiff bristles; SCRUB'-BIRD, an Australian bird.--_adj._ SCRUB'BY, laborious and penurious: mean: small: stunted in growth: covered with scrub.--_ns._ SCRUB'-GRASS, the scouring-rush; SCRUB'-OAK, a name of three low American oaks; SCRUB'-RID'ER, one who rides in search of cattle that stray from the herd into the scrub; SCRUB'-ROB'IN, a bird inhabiting the Australian scrub; SCRUB'STONE, a species of calciferous sandstone; SCRUB'-TUR'KEY, a mound-bird; SCRUB'-WOOD, a small tree. [A.S. _scrob_, a shrub.]

SCRUFF, skruf, _n._ the nape of the neck.--Also SKRUFF. [A variant of _scuff_, _scuft_.]

SCRUFFY, skruf'i, _adj._ Same as SCURFY.

SCRUMPTIOUS, skrump'shus, _adj._ (_slang_) nice: fastidious: delightful.

SCRUNCH, skrunsh, _v.t.._ to crunch: to crush.--_n._ a harsh, crunching sound. [A variant of _crunch_.]

SCRUNT, skrunt, _n._ (_Scot._) a niggardly person.

SCRUPLE, skr[=oo]'pl, _n._ a small weight--in apothecaries' weight, 20 troy grains, 1/3 drachm, 1/24 ounce, and 1/288 of a troy pound: a very small quantity: reluctance to decide or act, as from motives of conscience: difficulty.--_v.i._ to hesitate in deciding or acting.--_n._ SCRU'PLER.--_adj._ SCRU'PULOUS, having scruples, doubts, or objections: conscientious: cautious: exact: captious.--_adv._ SCRU'PULOUSLY.--_ns._ SCRU'PULOUSNESS, SCRUPULOS'ITY, state of being scrupulous: doubt: niceness: precision. [Fr. _scrupule_--L. _scrupulus_, dim. of _scrupus_, a sharp stone, anxiety.]

SCRUTINY, skr[=oo]'ti-ni, _n._ careful or minute inquiry: critical examination: an examination of the votes given at an election for the purpose of correcting the poll: in the early Church, the examination in Lent of the Catechumens: (_R.C._) one of the methods of electing a pope, the others being _acclamation_ and _accession_.--_adj._ SCRU'TABLE.--_ns._ SCRUT[=A]'TION, scrutiny; SCRUT[=A]'TOR, a close examiner.--_v.t.._ SCRU'TINATE, to examine: to investigate.--_n._ SCRUTINEER', one who makes a scrutiny, or minute search or inquiry.--_v.t.._ SCRU'TINISE, to search minutely or closely: to examine carefully or critically: to investigate.--_n._ SCRU'TINISER.--_adj._ SCRU'TINOUS.--_adv._ SCRU'TINOUSLY.--SCRUTIN-DE-LISTE, a method of voting for the French Chamber of Deputies, in which the voter casts his ballot for the whole number of deputies allotted to his department, choosing the candidates in any combination he pleases--opp. to SCRUTIN D'ARRONDISSEMENT, in which method the voter votes only for his local candidate or candidates, the arrondissement being the basis of representation. [O. Fr. _scrutine_--L.

_scrutinium_--_scrut[=a]ri_, to search even to the rags--_scruta_, rags, trash.]

SCRUTO, skr[=oo]'t[=o], _n._ a movable trap in theatres.

SCRUTOIRE=_Escritoire_ (q.v.).

SCRUZE, skr[=oo]z, _v.t._ (_Spens._) to squeeze. [_Scrouge_.]

SCRY, skr[=i], _v.t._ (_Spens._) to descry:--_pa.t._ scryde. [Formed by aphaeresis from _descry_.]

SCRY, skr[=i], _v.t._ (_Scot._) to proclaim.--_n._ a cry: a flock of wild-fowl.

SCUD, skud, _v.i._ to run quickly: (_naut._) to run before the wind in a gale: (_Scot._) to throw flat stones so as to skip along the water.--_v.t._ to skelp: (_Scot._) to slap:--_pr.p._ scud'ding; _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ scud'ded.--_n._ act of moving quickly: loose, vapoury clouds driven swiftly along: a swift runner: a beach flea: a form of garden hoe: a slap, a sharp stroke.--_n._ SCUD'DER, one who, or that which, scuds. [Scand., Dan.

_skyde_, to shoot; cf. A.S. _sce[=o]tan_, to shoot.]

SCUDDICK, skud'ik, _n._ (_slang_) anything of small value: a shilling.--Also SCUTT'OCK.

SCUDDLE, skud'l, _v.i._ (_Scot._) to drudge.--_v.t._ to cleanse: to wash.--_n._ SCUD'LER, a scullion.

SCUDO, sk[=oo]'d[=o], _n._ an Italian silver coin of different values, usually worth about 4s.: the space within the outer rim of the bezel of a ring:--_pl._ SCU'DI. [It.,--L. _scutum_, a shield.]

SCUFF, skuf, _n._ (_prov._) a form of _scruff_ or _scuft_.

SCUFF, skuf, _v.i._ to shuffle along the ground.--_v.t._ (_Scot._) to graze slightly. [Sw. _skuffa_, to shove.]

SCUFF, skuf, _n._ a scurf: a scale.

SCUFFLE, skuf'l, _v.i._ to struggle closely: to fight confusedly.--_n._ a struggle in which the combatants grapple closely: any confused contest.--_n._ SCUFF'LER, one who, or that which, scuffles. [A freq. of Sw.

_skuffa_, to shove, _skuff_, a blow.]

SCUFFY, skuf'i, _adj._ having lost the original freshness: shabby, out of elbows, seedy.

SCUFT, skuft, _n._ (_prov._) the nape of the neck.--Also SCUFF, SCRUFF.

[Ice. _skopt_, _skoft_, the hair.]

SCULDUDDERY, skul-dud'e-ri, _n._ (_Scot._) grossness, obscenity, bawdry.--_adj._ bawdy.


SCULL, skul, _n._ a short, light, spoon-bladed oar: a small boat: a cock-boat.--_v.t._ to propel a boat with a pair of sculls or light oars by one man--in fresh water: to drive a boat onward with one oar, worked like a screw over the stern.--_ns._ SCULL'ER, one who sculls: a small boat rowed by two sculls pulled by one man; SCULL'ING. [Scand.; Ice. _scal_, a hollow, Sw. _sklig_, concave.]

SCULL, skul, _n._ (_Milt._) a shoal of fish. [_Shoal_.]

SCULLERY, skul'[.e]r-i, _n._ the place for dishes and other kitchen utensils. [Skeat explains as _sculler-y_, _sculler_ being a remarkable variant of _swiller_, due to Scand. influence. Others refer to O. Fr.

_escuelier_--Low L. _scutellarius_--L. _scutella_, a tray.]

SCULLION, skul'yun, _n._ a servant in the scullery: a servant for drudgery-work: a mean fellow.--_adj._ SCULL'IONLY (_Milt._), like a scullion: low, base. [Not allied to _scullery_. O. Fr. _escouillon_, a dish-clout--L. _scopa_, a broom.]

SCULP, skulp, _v.t._ to carve: to engrave: to flay.--SCULP'SIT, he engraved or carved it--often abbreviated to SC.

SCULPIN, skul'pin, _n._ (_slang_) a mischief-making fellow: a name given to the Dragonet, and also in the United States to various marine species of Cottus or Bull-head.--Also SKUL'PIN.

SCULPTURE, skulp't[=u]r, _n._ the act of carving figures in wood, stone, &c.: carved-work: an engraving.--_v.t._ to carve: to form, as a piece of sculpture.--_n._ SCULP'TOR, one who carves figures:--_fem._ SCULP'TRESS.--_adj._ SCULP'T[=U]RAL, belonging to sculpture.--_adv._ SCULP'T[=U]RALLY.--_adjs._ SCULP'T[=U]RED, carved, engraved: (_bot._, _zool._) having elevated marks on the surface; SCULPT[=U]RESQUE', chiselled: clean cut: statue-like. [Fr.,--L. _sculptura_--_sculp[)e]re_, _sculptum_, to carve.]

SCULSH, skulsh, _n._ rubbish: lollypops.

SCUM, skum, _n._ foam or froth: the extraneous matter rising to the surface of liquids, esp. when boiled or fermented: refuse: offscourings, dregs.--_v.t._ to take the scum from: to skim:--_pr.p._ scum'ming; _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ scummed.--_n._ SCUM'MER, an implement used in SCUM'MINGS, skimmings.--_adj._ SCUM'MY, covered with scum. [Scand., Dan. _skum_, froth; Ger. _schaum_, foam.]

SCUMBER, skum'b[.e]r, _v.i._ to defecate, a hunting term applied to foxes.--_n._ fox-dung.--Also SCOM'BER. [Prob. O. Fr. _escumbrier_, to disencumber.]

SCUMBLE, skum'bl, _v.t._ to apply opaque or semi-opaque colours very thinly over other colours, to modify the effect.--_n._ SCUM'BLING, a mode of obtaining a softened effect in painting by overlaying too bright colours with a very thin coating of a neutral tint. [Freq. of _scum_.]

SCUN, skun, _v.i._ to skim, as a stone thrown aslant on the water.--_v.t._ to cause to skip.--Also SCON, SCOON. [Scand., prob. _skunna_; Dan.

_skynde_, to hasten.]

SCUNNER, skun'[.e]r, _v.i._ (_Scot._) to become nauseated: to feel loathing.--_n._ a loathing, any fantastic prejudice. [A.S. _scunian_, to shun.]

SCUP, skup, _n._ (_Amer._) a swing.--_v.i._ to swing. [Dut. _schop_, a swing; Ger. _schupf_, a push.]

SCUP, skup, _n._ a sparoid fish, the porgy.

SCUPPER, skup'[.e]r, _n._ a hole in the side of a ship to carry off water from the deck (often _pl._).--_ns._ SCUPP'ER-HOLE, a scupper; SCUPP'ER-HOSE, a pipe of leather, &c., attached to the mouth of a scupper on the outside, to let the water run out and keep water from entering; SCUPP'ER-PLUG, a plug to stop a scupper. [O. Fr. _escopir_, to spit out--L.

_exspu[)e]re_--_ex-_, out, _spu[)e]re_, to spit; or prob. from Dut.

_schoppen_, to scoop away.]

SCUPPERNONG, skup'[.e]r-nong, _n._ a cultivated variety of the muscadine, bullace, or southern fox-grape of the United States. [Amer. Ind.]

SCUPPET, skup'et, _n._ a shovel.--Also SCOPP'ET.

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