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WEE, w[=e], _n._ a short distance, a short time.--_adj._ tiny. [Scand. form of _way_; Dan. _vei_, Ice. _vegr_; not conn. with Ger. _wenig_, little.]

WEED, w[=e]d, _n._ any useless plant of small growth: anything useless or troublesome; a sorry animal, a worthless fellow: (_coll._) a cigar.--_v.t._ to free from weeds: to remove anything hurtful or offensive.--_adjs._ WEED'ED, WEED'-GROWN, overgrown with weeds.--_n._ WEED' WEED'ER-CLIPS (_Scot._), shears for weeding.--_ns._ WEED'ERY, a place full of weeds; WEED'INESS; WEED'ING-CHIS'EL, -FOR'CEPS, -FORK, -HOOK, -TONGS (_pl._) garden implements of varying forms for destroying weeds.--_adjs._ WEED'LESS; WEED'Y, weed-like, consisting of weeds; worthless. [A.S. _weod_, an herb.]

WEED, w[=e]d, _n._ a garment, esp. in _pl._ a widow's mourning apparel.--_adj._ WEED'Y, clad in widow's mourning. [A.S. _w['ae]d_, clothing; Old High Ger. _w[=a]t_, cloth; cf. _leinwand_.]

WEED, w[=e]d, _n._ (_Scot._) a popular name for any sudden illness, cold, or relapse with febrile symptoms in women after confinement or nursing: lymphangitis in the horse.--Also WEID.

WEEK, w[=e]k, _n._ the space of seven days, esp. from Sunday to Sunday: the six working days of the week.--_n._ WEEK'DAY, any day of the week except Sunday.--_adj._ WEEK'LY, coming, happening, or done once a week.--_adv._ once a week.--_n._ a publication appearing once a week.--WEEK ABOUT, in alternate periods of seven days.--A PROPHETIC WEEK (_B._), seven years; A WEEK OF SUNDAYS (_coll._), seven weeks: a long time; FEAST OF WEEKS, a Jewish festival lasting seven weeks; GREAT WEEK, HOLY WEEK, PASSION WEEK, the week preceding Easter Sunday; THIS DAY WEEK, a week from to-day. [A.S.

_wice_; Dut. _week_, Ger. _woche_.]

WEEK, w[=e]k, _n._ (_Spens._). Same as WICK.

WEEL, w[=e]l, _n._ a whirlpool. [A.S. _w['ae]l_.]

WEEL, w[=e]l, _n._ (_prov._) a trap or snare for fish: (_her._) a bearing resembling such.

WEEL, w[=e]l, _adv._ (_Scot._) well.

WEEM, w[=e]m, _n._ (_Scot._) a subterranean dwelling.

WEEN, w[=e]n, _v.i._ to think or fancy. [A.S. _wenan_--_wen_ (Ger. _wahn_), expectation, hope.]

WEEP, w[=e]p, _v.i._ to express grief by shedding tears: to wail or lament: to drip, rain: to be pendent, as a _weeping_ willow.--_v.t._ to lament: to pour forth:--_pa.t._ and _pa.p._ wept.--_n._ WEEP'ER, one who weeps: a white border round the sleeve of a mourning dress: a crape hat-band: a widow's crape-veil: anything pendent.--_adj._ WEEP'ING, drooping the branches (as it were through grief).--_ns._ WEEP'ING-ASH, a variety of the common European ash, with drooping branches; WEEP'ING-BIRCH, a variety of the white birch, with drooping branches.--_adv._ WEEP'INGLY.--_adj._ WEEP'ING-RIPE (_Shak._), ripe or ready for tears.--_ns._ WEEP'ING-ROCK, a rock through which water percolates slowly; WEEP'ING-SPRING, a spring from which water escapes slowly; WEEP'ING-TREE, a tree with long pendulous branches; WEEP'ING-WILL'OW (see WILLOW).--_adj._ WEEP'Y, oozy. [A.S.

_wepan_--_wop_, clamour; allied to Goth. _wopjan_.]

WEET, WEET'ING, WEET'INGLY, WEET'LESS, obsolete form of wit, &c.

WEET, dialectal form of _wet_.

WEEVER, w[=e]'v[.e]r, _n._ a genus of fishes (_Trachinus_) of which two species are British, with sharp dorsal and opercular spines capable of inflicting serious wounds.--Also _Sting-fish_. [Perh. conn. with L.


WEEVIL, w[=e]v'il, _n._ a popular name for a large number of beetles, with the anterior part of the head prolonged into a beak or proboscis, feeding upon plants: any insect injurious to stored grain.--_adjs._ WEEV'ILED, WEEV'ILLED, WEEV'ILY, WEEV'ILLY, infested by weevils. [A.S. _wifel_; Ger.


WEFT, weft, _n._ the threads woven into and crossing the warp--also WOOF.--_n._ WEFT'AGE, texture. [A.S. _weft_--_wefan_, to weave.]

WEFT, weft, _n._ (_Spens._) a waif, a castaway.

WEFTE, weft, (_Spens._) was wafted, avoided.

WEIGH. w[=a], _v.t._ to compare by the balance: to find the heaviness of: to be equal to in heaviness: to bear up, to raise, esp. a ship's anchor: to ponder in the mind: to consider worthy of notice.--_v.i._ to have weight: to be considered of importance: to press heavily: to weigh anchor, get under sail.--_adj._ WEIGH'ABLE, capable of being weighed.--_ns._ WEIGH'AGE, rate paid for the weighing of goods; WEIGH'-BAUK (_Scot._), the beam of a balance: (_pl._) a pair of scales; WEIGH'-BOARD (same as WAY-BOARD); WEIGH'-BRIDGE, a machine for weighing carts with their loads.--_p.adj._ WEIGHED (_Bacon_), experienced.--_ns._ WEIGH'ER, an officer who weighs articles or tests weights; WEIGH'-HOUSE, a public building for weighing goods, ascertaining the tonnage of boats, &c.; WEIGH'ING; WEIGH'ING-CAGE, a cage in which live animals are weighed; WEIGH'ING-MACHINE', a machine or apparatus for weighing heavy goods; WEIGHT, the heaviness of a thing when weighed, or the amount which anything weighs: the force with which a body is attracted to the earth, measured by the mass into the acceleration: a mass of metal adjusted to a standard and used for finding weight: anything heavy: a ponderous mass: pressure: importance: power: impressiveness: in mining, subsidence of the roof due to overhead pressure, also called WEIGH'TING.--_v.t._ to make more heavy.--_adv._ WEIGH'TILY.--_n._ WEIGH'TINESS.--_adjs._ WEIGHT'LESS; WEIGH'TY.--WEIGH DOWN, to depress: (_Shak._) to preponderate over; WEIGH IN, to ascertain one's weight before a contest, as a horse-race; WEIGHT OF METAL, total weight of iron thrown at one discharge from a ship's guns.--DEAD WEIGHT (see DEAD). [A.S. _wegan_, to carry; Ger. _wiegen_; L. _veh[)e]re_, to carry.]

WEIGH, w[=a], _n._ a very common misspelling of _way_ in the phrase 'Under way,' through confusion with the phrase 'To weigh anchor.'

WEIR, WEAR, w[=e]r, _n._ a dam across a river: a fence of stakes set in a stream for catching fish. [A.S. _wer_, an enclosure, allied to _werian_, to protect; cf. Ger. _wehr_, a dam, _wehren_, to ward.]

WEIRD, w[=e]rd, _n._ fate: that which comes to pass: a spell or charm.--_adj._ skilled in witchcraft: unearthly, uncanny.--_v.t._ to destine, doom, adjure.--_adv._ WEIRD'LY.--_n._ WEIRD'NESS.--DREE ONE'S WEIRD (see DREE).--THE WEIRD SISTERS, the Fates. [A.S. _wyrd_, fate--_weorthan_, to become; Ger. _werden_.]

WEISM, w[=e]'izm, _n._ inordinate use of the pronoun _we_.

WEISMANNISM, v[=i]s'man-izm, _n._ the doctrine in biology of August _Weismann_ (born 1834)--that acquired characters are not transmitted, function and environment affecting the individual only, not the species, the sole source of evolutionary change being the intermingling of germ-plasma which occurs in fertilisation, and the condition of progress being found in the action of natural selection on the germinal variations which thus arise.


WELCOME, wel'kum, _adj._ received with gladness: admitted willingly: causing gladness: free to enjoy.--_n._ kindly reception.--_v.t._ to receive with kindness: to entertain hospitably.--_ns._ WEL'COMENESS; WEL'COMER, one who welcomes.--BID A WELCOME, to receive with professions of kindness.

[Scand., Ice. _velkominn_--_vel_, well, _kominn_, pa.p. of _koma_, to come.]

WELD, weld, _n._ a scentless species of mignonette, yielding a yellow dye--(_Scot._) WALD. [Cf. Ger. _wau_.]

WELD, weld, _v.t._ to join together as iron or steel by hammering, when softened by heat: to join closely.--_v.i._ to undergo welding.--_n._ a welded joint.--_n._ WELDABIL'ITY.--_adj._ WEL'DABLE.--_ns._ WEL'DER; WEL'DING; WELD'-[=I]'RON, wrought-iron.--_adj._ WELD'LESS, having no welds.--_n._ WELD'-STEEL, puddled steel. [Scand., Sw. _valla_, orig. to well up, and so cog. with A.S. _weallan_, to boil; Ger. _wallen_.]

WELD, weld, _v.t._ (_Spens._) to wield.

WELDER, wel'd[.e]r, _n._ a land-tenant holding under the farmer or middleman. [Ir.]

WELFARE, wel'f[=a]r, _n._ state of faring or doing well: freedom from any calamity, &c.: enjoyment of health, &c.: prosperity.

WELK, welk, _v.i._ (_obs._) to wither, to shrivel or shrink: to decline.--_v.t._ to contract, shorten, or impair: to form into wrinkles or ridges. [From a root seen in Old High Ger. _welc_ (Ger. _welk_), moist.]

WELKIN, wel'kin, _n._ the sky or region of clouds.--_adj._ (_Shak._) sky-blue. [A.S. _wolcnu_, pl. of _wolcen_, cloud, air, sky; Ger. _wolke_, cloud.]

WELL, wel, _n._ a rise of water from the earth: a spring: a pit in the earth whence a supply of water is obtained: an enclosure in a ship's hold round the pumps: the open space in the middle of a staircase: a cavity: an eddy.--_v.i._ to issue forth, as water from the earth: to spring.--_ns._ WELL'-BOAT, -SMACK, a fishing-boat having a well; WELL'-BOR'ING, sinking wells by drilling through rock; WELL'-BUCK'ET, a vessel for drawing up water from a well; WELL'-CURB, the stone ring built round the mouth of a well; WELL'-DECK, an enclosed space on the deck of a ship; WELL'-DRAIN, a pit drawing the water from wet land; WELL'-DRESS'ING, the festal decoration of wells and springs, as at Tissington in Derbyshire on Ascension-day, &c.; WELL'-HEAD, the source of a spring; WELL'-HOLE, the pit or shaft of a well; WELL'-HOUSE, a room built over a well; WELL'ING, an outpouring; WELL'-ROOM, a room enclosing a mineral well: a cavity in a boat for collecting leakage and rain-water; WELL'-SINK'ER, one who digs wells; WELL'-SINK'ING, the act of boring for water; WELL'-SPRING, a fountain.--THE WELLS, any place where mineral wells are situated. [A.S. _wella_--_weallan_, to boil; cf. Ice.

_vella_, to boil.]

WELL, wel, _adj._ good in condition: fortunate: comfortable: in health.--_n._ (_Spens._) good health, fortune.--_adv._ in a proper manner: rightly: thoroughly: favourably: conveniently: to a considerable extent: conscientiously: so be it (as a sign of assent).--_adjs._ WELL'-ACQUAINT'ED, having intimate personal knowledge; WELL'-ADVISED', prudent.--_adv._ WELL'-ANEAR' (_Shak._), very soon.--_adj._ WELL'-APPOINT'ED, in good trim.--_n._ WELL'-APPOINT'EDNESS'.--_adjs._ WELL'-BAL'ANCED, properly adjusted; WELL'-BEH[=A]VED', becoming in manner.--_n._ WELL'-B[=E]'ING, state of being well, welfare.--_adjs._ WELL'-BELOVED', very dear; WELL'-BESEEM'ING, properly becoming; WELL'-BESEEN' (_Spens._), showy in appearance; WELL'-BORN, born of a good or respectable family: not of mean birth; WELL'-BREATHED, strong of lung; WELL'-BRED, educated to polished manners: of good stock; WELL'-CONDI'TIONED, in a desirable condition; WELL'-CONDUCT'ED, properly led: acting properly; WELL'-DISPOSED', favourable.--_ns._ WELL'-DO'ER, a benefactor; WELL'-DO'ING, a doing of what is right or good.--_adjs._ WELL'-EARNED, thoroughly deserved; WELL'-ED'UCATED, having a good education; WELL'-FAMED, famous; WELL-F[=A]'VOURED, good-looking; WELL'-FED, fat; WELL'-FOUND, commendable; WELL'-FOUND'ED, highly probable; WELL'-GRACED, popular; WELL'-GROUND'ED, very likely; WELL'-INFORMED', full of varied information; WELL'-INTEN'TIONED, of upright intentions or purpose; WELL'-JUDGED, correctly calculated; WELL'-KNIT, strongly framed; WELL'-KNOWN, fully known: celebrated: notorious; WELL'-LIK'ING (_Shak._), in good condition: clever, smart; WELL'-LOOK'ING, good-looking; WELL'-MANN'ERED, polite: obedient; WELL'-MARKED, obvious, decided; WELL'-MEAN'ING, well-intentioned; WELL'-MEANT, rightly intended; WELL'-MIND'ED, favourably inclined.--_adv._ WELL'-NIGH, nearly: almost.--_adjs._ WELL'-OR'DERED, correctly governed; WELL'-PLEAS'ING, acceptable; WELL'-PLIGHT'ED (_Spens._), well folded; WELL'-PROPOR'TIONED, having correct proportions; WELL'-READ, of extensive reading; WELL'-REG'ULATED, well-ordered; WELL'-RESPECT'ED, highly esteemed; WELL-ROUND'ED, symmetrical; WELL'-SEEN (_Shak._), experienced, skilful; WELL'-SET, properly arranged: fitly put together; WELL'-SP[=O]'KEN, spoken properly: graceful in speech; WELL'-TEM'PERED (_mus._), tuned in equal temperament; WELL'-THEWED (_Spens._), well-educated, well-mannered, of good disposition; WELL'-TIM'BERED, furnished with much timber; WELL'-TIMED, opportune: keeping accurate time; WELL'-TO-DO, prosperous; WELL'-TURNED, accurately rounded or fashioned; WELL'-WARR'ANTED, having good credit.--_ns._ WELL'-WILL'ER, -WISH'ER, one who wills or wishes well.--_adjs._ WELL'-WISHED (_Shak._), held in good-will; WELL'-WON, honestly gained; WELL'-WORN, worn threadbare: (_rare_) becomingly worn.--_adv._ WELL'Y (_prov._), well-nigh.--WELL DONE, a word of praise, bravely! nobly! WELL ENOUGH, in a moderate but sufficient degree; WELL MET (see MEET); WELL OFF, in good circumstances; WELL SAID, well done! WELL UP (_coll._), well versed in, well acquainted with (with _in_).--AS WELL AS (see AS); JUST AS WELL, all the same: so much the better. [A.S. _wel_; cog.

with Goth. _vaila_, Ger. _wohl_, from the root of _will_.]

WELLADAY, wel'a-d[=a], WELLAWAY, wel'a-w[=a], _interjs._ alas! [Corr. from M. E. _weylaway_--A.S. _wa_, _la_, _wa_, 'woe, lo! woe.']

WELLINGTONIA, wel-ing-t[=o]'ni-a, _n._ the largest of existing trees, a native of California--the same as SEQUOIA (q.v.).

WELLINGTONS, wel'ing-tonz, _n._ a kind of riding-boots covering the knee in front, but cut away behind: a shorter closely-fitting boot, worn under the trousers. [Named after the great Duke of _Wellington_.]

WELSH, welsh, _adj._ pertaining to _Wales_ or its the inhabitants of Wales:--_sing._ their language.--_ns._ WELSH'-HARP, a large instrument, furnished with three rows of strings, two tuned in unison and in the diatonic scale, the third in the sharps and flats of the chromatic; WELSH'-HOOK, an old weapon, like the bill; WELSH'MAN, a native of WALES; WELSH'-ON'ION, the cibol, a perennial plant with a garlic taste; WELSH'-RABB'IT (see RABBIT). [A.S. _welisc_, foreign--_wealh_ (pl.

_wealas_), a foreigner, esp. the Celts or Welshmen.]

WELSH, welsh, _v.t._ and _v.i._ to run off from a race-course without settling or paying one's bets--also WELCH.--_ns._ WELSH'ER, WELCH'ER.

[Perh. in allusion to the alleged bad faith of Welshmen.]

WELT, welt, _n._ a kind of hem or edging round a shoe: (_coll._) a weal.--_v.t._ to furnish with a welt: to flog severely.--_adj._ WELT'ED.--_n._ WELT'ING. [W. _gwald_, a hem.]

WELT, welt, _v.i._ (_prov._) to decay: to become stringy. [_Wilt_.]

WELTER, wel't[.e]r, _v.i._ to roll or tumble about, to wallow about, esp.

in dirt: to lie in some floating substance.--_v.t._ to make way in a weltering manner.--_n._ a tossing about, a state of turmoil.--_adj._ WEL'TERING. [M. E. _walten_, to roll over--A.S. _wealtan_, to roll.]

WELTER-WEIGHT, wel't[.e]r-w[=a]t, _n._ an unusually heavy weight, carried mostly in steeple-chases and hurdle-races.--_n._ WEL'TER-RACE, a race in which such weights are WEL'TER-STAKES, the stakes in a welter-race. [Perh. from _welter_, in allusion to the less free motion; others trace to _swelter_, from the heating of the heavily weighted horses.]

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