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WARE, w[=a]r, _adj._ aware.--_v.t._ to take care of. [_Wary_.]

WARE, w[=a]r, in _B._ _pa.t._ of wear.

WARELESS, w[=a]r'les, _adj._ (_Spens._) unwary, incautious: unperceived.

WARELY, w[=a]r'li, _adv._ (_Spens._) warily.

WARHABLE, wawr'a-bl, _adj._ (_Spens._) fit for war.

WARIATED, w[=a]'ri-[=a]-ted, _adj._ (_her._) varriated.


WARIMENT, w[=a]r'i-ment, _n._ (_Spens._) wariness.

WARISON, WARRISON, war'i-son, _n._ (_obs._) healing: reward--used by Scott erroneously for a note of assault. [O. Fr.,--_warir_, to guard.]

WARK, wawrk, _n._ (_Spens._) work.

WARLOCK, wawr'lok, _n._ a sorcerer, a wizard.--_n._ WAR'LOCKRY, sorcery.

[A.S. _w['ae]rloga_, a breaker of an agreement--_w['ae]r_, a compact, _leogan_, to lie.]

WARM, wawrm, _adj._ having moderate heat, hot: subject to heat: zealous: easily excited: violent: enthusiastic: intimate, close: fresh, of a scent: (_coll._) comfortable, well-off: (_coll._) indelicate.--_v.t._ to make warm: to interest: to excite: (_coll._) to beat.--_v.i._ to become warm or ardent.--_n._ (_coll._) a heating.--_adj._ WARM'-BLOOD'ED, having warm blood: generous, passionate.--_n._ WAR'MER.--_adj._ WARM'-HEART'ED, having warm affections: affectionate: hearty.--_ns._ WARM'-HEART'EDNESS; WAR'MING, act of warming: (_slang_) a beating; WAR'MING-PAN, a covered pan, with a long handle, for holding live-coals to warm a bed: a person put into a situation to hold it till another is able to take it.--_adv._ WARM'LY.--_ns._ WARM'NESS; WARMTH, moderate heat: geniality: earnestness, moderate or growing anger: the bright effect of warm colours.--WARM COLOURS (_paint._), colours of which the basis is yellow or red. [A.S. _wearm_; Ger. _warm_.]

WARN, wawrn, _v.t._ to make wary or aware: to put on ward or guard: to give notice of danger: to caution against: to admonish: (_Spens._) to defend.--_ns._ WAR'NER; WAR'NING, caution against danger, &c.: admonition: previous notice: notice to quit, notice of the termination of an engagement, &c.: summons, call.--_adj._ of threatening aspect.--_adv._ WAR'NINGLY. [A.S. _warnian_; cf. Ice. _varna_, to warn, forbid, Ger.

_warnen_; allied to _ward_, _beware_, _wary_.]

WARP, wawrp, _v.t._ to turn: to twist out of shape: to turn from the right course: to pervert: to move a vessel by hauling on warps or ropes attached to buoys, other ships, anchors, &c.: to improve land by distributing on it, by means of embankments, canals, flood-gates, &c., the alluvial mud brought down by rivers: (_rare_) to change.--_v.i._ to be twisted out of a straight direction: to bend: to swerve: to move with a bending motion.--_n._ alluvial sediment: the threads stretched out lengthwise in a loom to be crossed by a woof: a rope used in towing.--_adj._ WARPED, twisted by shrinking: perverted.--_ns._ WAR'PER; WAR'PING; WAR'PING-BANK, a bank to retain water in the process of warping land; WAR'PING-HOOK, a ropemakers'

hook used in twisting rope-yarns; WAR'PING-POST, a post in a rope-walk, used in warping rope-yarn. [A.S. _weorpan_, _werpan_; Ger. _werfen_, to cast; conn. with Ice. _varpa_, to throw--_varp_, a casting, a throw with a net.]

WARRAGAL, war'a-gal, _n._ the Australian dingo: an Australian horse run wild.--Also WAR'RI-GAL.

WARRANT, wor'ant, _v.t._ to guarantee or make secure: to give assurance against harm to: to authorise: to maintain: to assure.--_n._ that which warrants or authorises: a commission giving authority: a writ for arresting a person or for carrying a judgment into execution: security: in the army and navy, a writ or authority inferior to a commission: in coal-mining, under-clay.--_n._ WARR'ANDICE (_Scot._), warranty, a clause in a deed by which the grantor binds himself to make good to the grantee the right conveyed.--_adj._ WARR'ANTABLE, authorised by warrant or right: justifiable: of sufficient age to be hunted.--_n._ WARR'ANTABLENESS.--_adv._ WARR'ANTABLY.--_adj._ WARR'ANTED.--_ns._ WARR'ANTEE, one to whom warrant is given; WARR'ANTER, -OR, one who warrants; WARR'ANTING; WARR'ANTISE (_Shak._), warrant, authority: promise; WARR'ANT-OFF'ICER, in the army and navy, an officer holding a warrant, being the highest rank open to seamen and ordinary soldiers under ordinary circumstances; WARR'ANTY, a legal warrant or deed of security: a guarantee: authority.--WARRANT OF ARREST, ATTACHMENT, a writ authorising the arrest of a person or the seizure of property.--DISTRESS WARRANT, warrant authorising distraining of goods; GENERAL WARRANT, a warrant directed against suspected persons generally; GENERAL WARRANTY, a warranty against the claims of all and every person; JUSTICE'S WARRANT, warrant of a justice of the peace to arrest a suspected criminal; SPECIAL WARRANTY, warrant against the claims of a particular person. [O. Fr. _warantir_ (Fr. _garantir_), perh. conn.

with _warir_, to defend--Old High Ger. _warjan_, _werjan_.]

WARRAY, wawr'[=a], _v.t._ (_Spens._) to make war upon.

WARRE, wor, _adj._ (_Spens._) worse.

WARREN, wor'en, _n._ a piece of ground kept for breeding game or rabbits: (_law_) a right of enclosure (extending to hares, rabbits, partridges, &c.) by prescription or grant from the Crown.--_n._ WARR'ENER, the keeper of a warren. [O. Fr. _warenne_ (Fr. _garenne_)--_warir_, to defend.]

WART, wawrt, _n._ a small, hard excrescence on the skin: a protuberance on trees.--_adj._ WART'ED.--_n._ WART'-HOG, a kind of hog found in Africa, having a very large head and the cheeks furnished with large wart-like excrescences.--_adj._ WART'LESS.--_ns._ WART'WEED, the sun-spurge; WART'WORT, a common name for certain lichens having a warty thallus: the wart-cress or swine-cress, the cud-weed.--_adj._ WART'Y, like a wart: overgrown with warts. [A.S. _wearte_; Ger. _warze_; prob. allied to L.


WARTH, wawrth, _n._ (_prov._) a ford.

WARY, w[=a]'ri, _adj._ warding or guarding against deception, &c.: cautious.--_adj._ WARE'FUL, careful.--_n._ WARE'FULNESS.--_adv._ W[=A]'RILY.--_n._ W[=A]'RINESS. [Longer form of _ware_ (2). See AWARE.]

WAS, woz, used as _pa.t._ of _be_. [A.S. _waes_, _w['ae]re_--_wesan_, to remain, be; Goth. _wisan_, pa.t. _was_, to remain; Ice. _vera_, pa.t.


WASE, w[=a]z, _n._ (_prov._) a wisp of hay, straw, &c.: a pad on the head to ease the pressure of a burden.


WASH, wosh, _v.t._ to cleanse with water: to overflow: to waste away by the action of water: to cover with a thin coat of metal or paint: in mining, to separate from earth by means of water.--_v.i._ to cleanse one's self, to cleanse clothes with water: to stand water, of clothes: (_coll._) to stand the test.--_n._ a washing: the break of waves on the shore: the rough water left behind by a moving vessel: the shallow part of a river or arm of the sea: a marsh or fen: alluvial matter: waste liquor, refuse of food, &c.: that with which anything is washed: a lotion: a thin coat of paint, metal, &c.: (_slang_) a fictitious kind of sale of stock or other securities between parties of one interest, or by a broker who is at once the buyer and the seller, and who minds his own interest rather than that of his clients.--_adj._ WASH'ABLE.--_ns._ WASH'-BALL, a ball of toilet-soap; WASH'-B[=A]'SIN, -BOWL, WASH'HAND B[=A]'SIN, a bowl in which to wash face and hands; WASH'-BOARD, a corrugated board for rubbing clothes on in washing: a thin plank placed on a boat's gunwale to prevent the sea from breaking over: a board round the bottom of the walls of a room; WASH'-BOTT'LE, a bottle used by chemists for washing chemical preparations and instruments; WASH'-CLOTH, a piece of cloth used in washing; WASH'-DIRT, earth rich enough in metal to pay for washing; WASH'ER, one who washes: a flat ring of iron or leather between the nave of a wheel and the linch-pin, under the head of a screw, &c.--v.t to lift with washers; WASH'ERMAN, a man who washes clothes, esp. for hire:--_fem._ WASH'ERWOMAN; WASH'-GILD'ING, a gilding made with an amalgam of gold from which the mercury is driven off by heat, leaving a coating of gold; WASH'-HOUSE, WASH'ING-HOUSE, a house for washing clothes in; WASH'INESS, state of being watery, weakness, worthlessness; WASH'ING, the act of cleansing by water: the clothes washed, esp. at one time: what is washed; WAS'HING-MACHINE', a machine for washing clothes; WASH'ING-POW'DER, a powdered preparation used in washing clothes; WASH'ING-UP, WASH'-UP, cleaning up; WASH'-LEATH'ER, split sheepskin prepared with oil in imitation of chamois, and used for household purposes: buff leather for regimental belts.--_adj._ WASH'-OFF, that will not stand washing.--_ns._ WASH'-OUT, an erosion of earth by the action of water, the hole made by such; WASH'-POT, a vessel for washing; WASH'-STAND, WASH'HAND STAND, a piece of furniture for holding ewer, basin, and other requisites for washing a person; WASH'-TUB, a tub for washing clothes.--_adj._ WASH'Y, watery, moist: thin, feeble.--_n._ RAIN'-WASH, a washing away by the force of rain: a deposit formed by rain. [A.S. _wascan_; Ice. _vaska_, Ger.


WASHINGTONIA, wosh-ing-t[=o]'ni-a, _n._ a Californian genus of palms, valued for ornament in lawns--from George _Washington_ (1732-99).

WASP, wosp, _n._ a popular name for Hymenopterous insects belonging to the family _Vespidae_, or to closely related families--(Wasps are generally more slender and much less hairy than bees, and their stinging organ--an ovipositor--resembles that of bees in structure and mode of action): a petulant and spiteful person.--_adjs._ WAS'PISH, like a wasp: having a slender waist like a wasp: quick to resent an affront; WAS'PISH-HEAD'ED (_Shak._), passionate.--_adv._ WAS'PISHLY.--_n._ WAS'PISHNESS.--_adjs._ WASP'-TONGUED (_Shak._), biting in tongue, shrewish; WASP'-WAIST'ED, very slender waisted, laced tightly; WAS'PY, waspish. [A.S. _waesp_, _waeps_; Ger.

_wespe_, L. _vespa_.]

WASSAIL, wos'[=a]l, _n._ the salutation uttered in drinking a person's health, a festive occasion: a drunken bout: a liquor consisting of ale with roasted apples, sugar, nutmeg, and toast, once much used on festive occasions.--_v.i._ to hold a wassail or merry drinking-meeting: to drink to the health of.--_ns._ WASS'AIL-BOUT, a carouse; WASS'AIL-BOWL, -CUP, a cup from which healths were drunk; WASS'AILER, one who wassails or drinks wassail: a reveller. [A.S. _wes hal_, 'may you be in health,' the salutation used in pledging another, which the Normans transferred to mean 'a carousal.']

WASSERMAN, wos'[.e]r-man, _n._ (_Spens._) a sea-monster, shaped like a man.

[Ger. _wasser_, water, _mann_, man.]

WAST, wost, _pa.t._ 2d pers. sing. of the verb _be_.

WASTE, w[=a]st, _adj._ empty, desert: desolate: useless, vain: stripped: lying unused: unproductive.--_v.t._ to lay waste or make desolate: to destroy: to wear out gradually: to squander: to diminish: to impair.--_v.i._ to be diminished: to dwindle: to be consumed.--_n._ act of wasting: useless expenditure: superfluous material, stuff left over: loss: destruction: that which is wasted or waste: uncultivated country: desert: refuse, as of coal, &c.: decay, decline: (_law_) natural but permanent injury to the inheritance.--_ns._ W[=A]S'TAGE, loss by use, natural decay; WASTE'-BAS'KET, WASTE'PAPER-BAS'KET, a basket for holding useless scraps of paper; WASTE'-BOOK, a book in which merchants make entries of transactions in order as they occur, and for a temporary purpose.--_adj._ WASTE'FUL, full of waste: destructive: lavish: (_Spens._) desolate.--_adv._ WASTE'FULLY.--_ns._ WASTE'FULNESS; WASTE'-GATE, a gate for discharging surplus water from a dam, &c.; W[=A]S'TEN (_Spens._), a desert; WASTE'NESS (_B._), devastation; WASTE'-PIPE, a pipe for carrying off waste or surplus water; W[=A]S'TER, one who or that which wastes: a spendthrift: a destroyer: an article spoilt in the making.--_adj._ W[=A]S'TING, devastating: enfeebling--(WASTING INVESTMENTS, stocks redeemable on a certain date at a fixed price, for which a premium above the redemption price is paid).--_ns._ W[=A]S'TING, devastation; W[=A]S'TREL, refuse: anything neglected, a neglected child: (_dial._) a profligate; W[=A]S'TRY (_Scot._), prodigality.--_adj._ improvident.--WASTE LANDS, uncultivated and unprofitable tracts in populous and cultivated countries; WASTE TIME, to employ time unprofitably or not at all.--RUN TO WASTE, to become incapable or useless.--UTILISATION OF WASTE PRODUCTS, the putting to other use of such material as is rendered either wholly or partially useless in the manufacture of articles and products--e.g. _waste-silk_ is now a valuable raw material for a large spun-silk industry. [O. Fr. _wast_, _gaste_--L.

_vastus_, waste; cf. A.S. _weste_, Ger. _wust_, desolate.]

WASTEL-BREAD, w[=a]s'tel-bred, _n._ bread made from the finest of the flour. [O. Fr. _wastel_, pastry--Old High Ger. _wastel_, a cake, and _bread_.]

WASTER, w[=a]s't[.e]r, _n._ a wooden sword for practising fencing with: (_Scot._) a leister.--PLAY AT WASTERS, to practise fencing. [Ety. dub.]

WAT, wot, _n._ (_Shak._) a hare.

WAT, wot, _adj._ (_Scot._) drunken. [_Wet_.]

WATCH, woch, _n._ act of looking out: close observation: guard: one who watches or those who watch: a sentry: a pocket timepiece: the place where a guard is kept: a division of the night: time of watching, esp. in a ship, a division of a ship's crew into two or three sections, so that one set of men may have charge of the vessel while the others rest. (The day and night are divided into watches of four hours each, except the period from 4 to 8 P.M., which is divided into two _dog-watches_ of two hours' duration each).--_v.i._ to look with attention: to keep guard: to look out: to attend the sick by night: to inspect, keep guard over (with _over_).--_v.t._ to keep in view: to give heed to: to have in keeping: to guard: to wait for, detect by lying in wait: (_Shak._) to keep from sleep.--_ns._ WATCH'-BILL, a list of the officers and crew of a ship, as divided into watches, with their several stations; WATCH'-BOX, a sentry-box; WATCH'CASE, the outer case of a watch: (_Shak._) a sentry-box; WATCH'-CLOCK, a watchman's clock; WATCH'-DOG, a dog kept to guard premises and property; WATCH'ER, one who watches; WATCH'-FIRE, a night-fire acting as a signal: a fire for the use of a watching-party, sentinels, scouts, &c.--_adj._ WATCH'FUL, careful to watch or observe: attentive: circumspect: cautious.--_adv._ WATCH'FULLY.--_ns._ WATCH'FULNESS; WATCH'-GLASS, a sand-glass: the glass covering of the face of a watch; WATCH'-GUARD, a watch-chain of any material; WATCH'-GUN, a gun fired at the changing of the watch, as on a ship; WATCH'-HOUSE, a house in which a guard is placed: a lock-up, detaining office; WATCH'-JEW'EL, a jewel used in the works of a watch for lessening friction; WATCH'-KEY, a key for winding a watch; WATCH'-LIGHT, a light used for watching or sitting up in the night; WATCH'-M[=A]K'ER, one who makes and repairs watches; WATCH'-M[=A]K'ING; WATCH'MAN, a man who watches or guards, esp. the streets of a city at night; WATCH'-MEET'ING, a religious meeting to welcome in the New Year, held on the night before, called the WATCH'-NIGHT; WATCH'-OFF'ICER, the officer in charge of the ship during a watch, also called OFFICER OF THE WATCH; WATCH'-P[=A]'PER, a round piece of paper, often decorated, put inside the outer case of a watch to prevent rubbing; WATCH'-POCK'ET, a small pocket for holding a watch; WATCH'-SPRING, the mainspring of a watch; WATCH'-TOW'ER, a tower on which a sentinel is placed to watch or keep guard against the approach of an enemy; WATCH'WORD, the password to be given to a watch or sentry: any signal: a maxim, rallying-cry.--WATCH AND WARD, the old custom of watching by night and by day in towns and cities: uninterrupted vigilance.--THE BLACK WATCH, the 42d and 73d Regiments, now the 1st and 2d Battalions of the Black Watch or Royal Highlanders. [A.S.

_waecce_--_wacan_, wake.]

WATCHET, woch'et, _adj._ (_Spens._) pale-blue. [M. E. _wachet_, perh. conn.

ultimately with _woad_.]

WATER, waw't[.e]r, _n._ in a state of purity, at ordinary temperatures, a clear transparent liquid, perfectly neutral in its reaction, and devoid of taste or smell: any collection of such, as the ocean, a lake, river, &c.: mineral water: tears: saliva: eye-water: urine: transparency, lustre, as of a diamond: (_pl._) waves.--_v.t._ to wet, overflow, or supply with water: to wet and press so as to give a wavy appearance to: to increase the nominal capital of a company by the issue of new shares without a corresponding increase of actual capital.--_v.i._ to shed water: to gather saliva, noting strong craving: to take in water.--_ns._ WA'TERAGE, money paid for a journey by water; WA'TER-BAG, the bag-like compartment in which the camel stores water; WA'TER-BAIL'IFF, a custom-house officer who inspects ships on reaching or leaving a port: a person appointed to guard the fish in a protected piece of water; WA'TER-BAROM'ETER, a barometer in which water is substituted for mercury; WA'TER-BARR'EL, -CASK, a barrel, cask, for holding water; WA'TER-BATH, a bath composed of water: a vessel containing warm water used for chemical purposes; WA'TER-BATT'ERY, a voltaic battery in which the electrolyte is water: (_fort._) a battery nearly on a level with the water; WA'TER-BEAR'ER, one who carries water: (_astron._) a sign of the zodiac; WA'TER-BED, an india-rubber mattress filled with water, used by invalids to prevent bed-sores; WA'TER-BELL'OWS, a form of blower used in gas-machines, and formerly to supply a blast for furnaces; WA'TER-BIRD, a bird that frequents the water; WA'TER-BIS'CUIT, a biscuit made of flour and water; WA'TER-BLINK, a spot of cloud hanging over open water in arctic regions; WA'TER-BOAT, a boat carrying water in bulk to supply ships; WA'TER-BOAT'MAN, a kind of aquatic bug.--_adj._ WA'TER-BORNE, conveyed in a boat.--_ns._ WA'TER-BOTT'LE, a glass, rubber, &c. bottle for carrying water; WA'TER-BRASH, an affection consisting of a hot sensation in the stomach with eructations of an acrid burning liquid; WA'TER-BREAK, a ripple; WA'TER-BROSE (_Scot._), brose made of meal and water alone; WA'TER-BUCK, an African water-antelope; WA'TER-BUG, a species of hemipterous insects found in ponds and still water; WA'TER-BUTT, a large barrel for rain-water, usually kept out of doors; WA'TER-CARR'IAGE, carriage or conveyance by water; WA'TER-CART, a cart for conveying water, esp. for the purpose of watering streets or roads; WA'TER-CELL, one of several small paunches in a camel used for storing water: a voltaic cell containing pure water; WA'TER-CEMENT', hydraulic cement; WA'TER-CHEST'NUT (_Marron d'eau_), the name given in France to the edible seeds of the _Trapa natans_; WA'TER-CLOCK, a clock which is made to go by the fall of water; WA'TER-CLOS'ET, a closet used as a privy, in which the discharges are carried off by water; WA'TER-COCK, the kora, a large East Indian gallinule; WA'TER-COL'OUR, a colour or pigment diluted with water and gum, instead of oil: a painting in such a colour or colours; WA'TER-COL'OURIST, a painter in water-colours; WA'TER-COOL'ER, a machine for cooling water or for keeping water cool; WA'TER-CORE, an apple with watery-looking core: in founding, a hollow core through which water may be passed; WA'TERCOURSE, a course or channel for water; WA'TER-CRAFT, boats plying on the water; WA'TER-CRANE, a crane for turning water from a railway-tank into a locomotive tender; WA'TER-CRESS, a small plant growing in watery places, much esteemed as a salad, and used as a preventive of scurvy; WA'TER-CURE, medical treatment by means of water; WA'TER-DECK, a decorated canvas cover for a dragoon's saddle; WA'TER-DEER, a small Chinese musk-deer of aquatic habits: in Africa, one of the chevrotains; WA'TER-DOC'TOR, a hydropathist: one who divines diseases from the urine; WA'TER-DOG, a dog accustomed to the water: a variety of the common dog valuable to sportsmen in hunting water-fowl on account of its aquatic habits: (_coll._) an experienced sailor: (_pl._) small irregular floating clouds supposed to indicate rain; WA'TER-DRAIN, a channel through which water runs; WA'TER-DRAIN'AGE; WA'TER-DRINK'ER, a drinker of water: a teetotaler; WA'TER-DROP, a drop of water: a tear; WA'TER-DROP'WORT, a genus of umbelliferous plants.--_adj._ WA'TERED, marked with wavy lines like those made by water--(WATERED STOCKS, a term applied to securities whose nominal amount has been increased without any corresponding payment in cash).--_ns._ WA'TER-EL'EVATOR, a device for raising water to a level: a lift that works by water; WA'TER-EN'GINE, an engine for raising water: an engine for extinguishing fires; WA'TERER, one who waters: a vessel for watering with; WA'TERFALL, a fall or perpendicular descent of a body of water: a cataract or cascade: (_coll._) a neck-tie, a chignon; WA'TER-FLAG, the yellow iris; WA'TER-FLEA, the common name for minute aquatic crustaceans; WA'TER-FLOOD, an inundation; WA'TER-FLOW, current of water.--_adj._ WA'TER-FLOW'ING, streaming.--_ns._ WA'TER-FLY, an aquatic insect: (_Shak._) an insignificant, troublesome person; WA'TER-FOWL, a fowl that frequents water; WA'TER-FRAME, Arkwright's spinning-frame, which was driven by water; WA'TER-GALL, a watery appearance in the sky accompanying the rainbow: a pit or cavity made by a torrent of water; WA'TER-GAS, a gas partly derived from the decomposition of steam; WA'TER-GATE, a flood-gate: a gate admitting to a river or other body of water; WA'TER-GAUGE, -GAGE, an instrument for gauging or measuring the quantity or height of water; WA'TER-GILDING=_Wash-gilding_; WA'TER-GLASS, a water-clock: an instrument for making observations beneath the surface of water: soluble glass; WA'TER-GOD, a deity presiding over some tract of water; WA'TER-GRU'EL, gruel made of water and meal, &c., eaten without milk; WA'TER-GUARD, river, harbour, or coast police; WA'TER-HAMM'ER, the noise made by the sudden stoppage of moving water in a pipe: an air vacuum containing some water: (_med._) a metal hammer heated in water and applied to the skin as a counter-irritant; WA'TER-HEN, the moorhen; WA'TER-HOLE, a reservoir for water, a water-pool; WA'TERINESS; WA'TERING, act of one who waters: the art or process of giving a wavy, ornamental appearance; WA'TERING-CALL, a cavalry trumpet-signal to water horses; WA'TERING-CAN, -POT, a vessel used for watering plants; WA'TERING-HOUSE, a place where cab-horses are watered; WA'TERING-PLACE, a place where water may be obtained: a place to which people resort to drink mineral water, for bathing, &c.; WA'TERING-TROUGH, a trough in which horses and cattle drink.--_adj._ WA'TERISH, resembling, abounding in, water: somewhat watery: thin.--_ns._ WA'TERISHNESS; WA'TER-JACK'ET, a casing containing water placed around anything to keep it cool--also WA'TER-BOX and WA'TER-MAN'TLE; WA'TER-KEL'PIE, a malignant water-spirit, generally in the form of a horse, which delights to drown unwary travellers; WA'TER-LEM'ON, a species of passion-flower; WA'TER-LENS, a simple lens formed by placing a few drops of water in a small brass cell with blackened sides and a glass bottom.--_adj._ WA'TERLESS, lacking water.--_ns._ WA'TER-LEV'EL, the level formed by the surface of still water: a levelling instrument in which water is used; WA'TER-LIL'Y, a name commonly given to the different species of _Nymphaea_ and _Nuphar_, and also of _Nelumbium_, all genera of the natural order _Nymphaeaceae_, and indeed often extended to all the plants of that order--of the three British species all have heart-shaped leaves, floating on the water; WA'TER-LINE, the line on a ship to which the water rises: a water-mark.--_adj._ WA'TER-LOGGED, rendered log-like or unmanageable from being filled with water.--_ns._ WA'TER-LOT, a lot of ground which is under water; WA'TER-MAIN, a great subterranean pipe supplying water in cities; WA'TERMAN, a man who plies a boat on water for hire: a boatman: a ferryman: a neat oarsman; WA'TERMANSHIP, oarsmanship; WA'TERMARK, a mark showing the height to which water has risen: a tide-mark: a mark wrought into paper, denoting its size or its manufacturer.--_v.t._ to mark with water-marks.--_ns._ WA'TER-MEAD'OW, a meadow periodically overflowed by a stream; WA'TER-MEL'ON, a plant having a spherical, pulpy, pleasantly flavoured fruit, the fruit itself; WA'TER-ME'TER, an instrument measuring the quantity of water passing through it: an instrument for measuring evaporation; WA'TER-MILL, a mill driven by water; WA'TER-MOLE, the desman: a duck-mole or duck-billed platypus; WA'TER-MONK'EY, an earthenware jar for keeping drinking-water in hot climates, round, with narrow neck--also _Monkey-jar_; WA'TER-M[=O]'TOR, any water-wheel or turbine, esp. any small motor driven by water under pressure; WA'TER-NIX'Y, a spirit inhabiting water; WA'TER-NYMPH, a Naiad; WA'TER-OU'SEL, the dipper; WA'TER-PARS'NIP, a plant of the aquatic genus _Sium_--the skirret; WA'TER-PART'ING (same as WATERSHED); WA'TER-PHONE, an instrument for detecting leaks in pipes; WA'TER-PIPE, a pipe for conveying water; WA'TER-PLANE, a plane passing through a vessel when afloat; WA'TER-PLANT, a plant which grows in water; WA'TER-PLATE, a plate having a double bottom and a space for hot water, used to keep food warm; WA'TER-P[=O]'LO, an aquatic game played by swimmers in swimming-baths, at piers, &c., the sides numbering seven each--a goal-keeper, two backs, one half-back, and three forwards; WA'TER-POT, a pot or vessel for holding water; WA'TER-POW'ER, the power of water, employed to move machinery, &c.; WA'TER-POX, varicella; WA'TER-PRIV'ILEGE, the right to the use of water, esp. for machinery.--_adj._ WA'TERPROOF, proof against water: not permitting water to enter.--_n._ anything with such qualities: a garment of some waterproof substance, like india-rubber.--_ns._ WA'TERPROOFING, the act of making any substance impervious to water: the material with which a thing is made waterproof, as caoutchouc; WA'TER-PUMP, a pump for water, used humorously of the eyes; WA'TER-PUR'PIE (_Scot._), brook-lime, a species of _Veronica_; WA'TER-RAIL, the common rail of Europe; WA'TER-RAM, a hydraulic ram; WA'TER-RAT, the popular name of the water-vole: the American musk-rat; WA'TER-RATE, a rate or tax for the supply of water; WA'TER-ROUTE, a stream, lake, &c. used as a means of travel; WA'TER-RUG (_Shak._), a kind of dog; WA'TERSHED, the line which separates two river-basins: a district from which several rivers rise; WA'TER-SIDE, the brink of water: the sea-shore; WA'TER-SMOKE, water evaporating as visible mist; WA'TER-SNAKE, a snake frequenting the water; WA'TER-SOL'DIER, an aquatic plant (_Stratiotes alodes_) common in lakes and ditches in the east of England; WA'TER-SPAN'IEL (see SPANIEL); WA'TER-SP[=I]'DER, an aquatic spider; WA'TERSPOUT, a pipe from which water spouts: a moving spout or column of water, often seen at sea, and sometimes on land; WA'TER-SPRIN'KLE (_Spens._), a water-pot; WA'TER-SPRITE, a spirit inhabiting the water.--_adj._ WA'TER-STAND'ING (_Shak._), containing water, tearful.--_ns._ WA'TER-STRID'ER, any aquatic heteropterous insect of the family _Hydrobatidae_; WA'TER-SUPPLY', the obtaining and distribution of sufficient water to the inhabitants of a town: the amount of water thus distributed; WA'TER-T[=A]'BLE, a moulding or other projection in the wall of a building to throw off the water; WA'TER-TANK, a tank or cistern for holding water; WA'TER-TAP, a tap or cock used for letting out water; WA'TER-THERMOM'ETER, a thermometer filled with water instead of mercury, and used for showing the point at which water acquires its greatest density; WA'TER-THIEF (_Shak._), a pirate.--_adj._ WA'TER-TIGHT, so tight as not to admit water nor let it escape--(WATER-TIGHT COMPARTMENT, a division of a ship's hull or other sub-aqueous structure so formed that water cannot enter it from any other part; see BULKHEAD).--_ns._ WA'TER-TUBE, a pipe for rain-water; WA'TER-TWIST, a kind of cotton-twist, first made by the water-frame; WA'TER-V[=I]'OLET, a plant of the genus _Hottonia_; WA'TER-VOLE, the common European water-rat; WA'TER-WAG'TAIL, a wagtail, the pied wagtail; WA'TER-WAY (_naut._) a series of pieces of timber, extending round a ship at the junction of the decks with the sides, pierced by scuppers to carry off the water: a water-route; WA'TERWHEEL, a wheel moved by water: an engine for raising water; WA'TERWORK (mostly in _pl._) any work or engine by which water is furnished, as to a town, &c.: a textile fabric, used like tapestry: (_slang_) used humorously of shedding tears.--_adj._ WA'TER-WORN, worn by the action of water.--_n._ WA'TER-WRAITH, a water-spirit supposed to portend death.--_adj._ WA'TERY, pertaining to or like water: thin or transparent: tasteless: weak, vapid: affecting water (of the moon, as governing the tide): (_Shak._) eager.--_ns._ HIGH'-WA'TER, HIGH'-WA'TER-MARK (see HIGH); LOW'-WA'TER (see LOW); LOW'-WA'TER-MARK, the limit of water at low tide: the lowest point of anything.--WATER OF LIFE, spiritual refreshment: (_Scot._) whisky; WATER ON THE BRAIN, knee, an accumulation of serous fluid in the cranial cavity, knee-joint; WATERED SILK, silk on which a changeable pattern has been worked by means of pressing and moistening.--ABOVE WATER, out of trouble; AERATED WATER (see AERATE); APOLLINARIS WATER, an agreeable table-water, obtained in Rhenish Prussia; BAG OF WATERS, the foetal membranes, filled with _liquor amnii_, which dilate the mouth of the womb; CAST A PERSON'S WATER, to examine urine to aid in the diagnosis of disease; DEEP WATER, or WATERS, water too deep for safety, sore trouble, distress; FIRST WATER, the highest degree of fineness in a diamond, &c., hence the highest rank generally; HOLD WATER, to be correct or well-grounded, to stand investigation; HOLY WATER, water used symbolically as a means of purification; LIKE WATER, with the quick, full flow of water: extravagantly, recklessly; MAKE THE MOUTH WATER, to arouse in any one a strong desire for a thing--from the gathering of saliva in the mouth at the prospect of a savoury morsel; MAKE WATER, to micturate; MINERAL WATER (see MINERAL); OIL ON TROUBLED WATERS, anything that allays or assuages, from the effect of pouring oil on rough water; TREAD WATER, to keep the head above water by an up-and-down movement of the feet; UNDER WATER, below the surface; WHITE WATER, breakers, foaming water. [A.S. _waeter_; Dut. _water_, Ger. _wasser_; Gr. _hyd[=o]r_, L. _udus_, wet, _unda_, a wave, Sans.

_udan_, water.]

WATLING STREET, wat'ling stret, _n._ one of the great Roman highways of Britain, commencing at Dover, passing through Canterbury and Rochester to London, and thence to Chester and York, and northwards in two branches to Carlisle and the Wall in the neighbourhood of Newcastle.

WATT, wot, _n._ the practical unit of electrical activity or power--from James _Watt_ (1736-1819).

WATTEAU BODICE, wat'[=o] bod'is, _n._ a bodice with a square opening at the neck resembling the costumes in the paintings of the French artist Antoine _Watteau_ (1684-1721).

WATTLE, wot'l, _n._ a twig or flexible rod: a hurdle: the fleshy excrescence under the throat of a cock or a turkey: one of various Australian acacias.--_v.t._ to bind with wattles or twigs: to form by plaiting twigs.--_n._ WATT'LE-BIRD, a wattled honey-eater of Australia.--_adj._ WATT'LED, having wattles like a bird.--_n._ WATT'LING, a construction made by interweaving twigs. [A.S. _watel_, _watul_, a hurdle.]

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