SCREAM, skr[=e]m, _v.i._ to cry out with a shrill cry, as in fear or pain: to shriek.--_n._ a shrill, sudden cry, as in fear or pain: a shriek.--_n._ SCREAM'ER, one who screams: a genus of South American birds about the size of the turkey, with loud, harsh cry: (_U.S. slang_) a bouncer.--SCREAMING FARCE, one highly ludicrous. [Scand., Ice. _skraema_, Sw. _skramma_, to fear; cf. _Screech_, _Shriek_.]
SCREE, skr[=e], _n._ debris at the base of a cliff.--Also SCREES. [Ice.
_skritha_, a landslip--_skritha_, creep.]
SCREE, skr[=e], _n._ (_Scot._) a coarse sieve.
SCREECH, skr[=e]ch, _v.i._ to utter a harsh, shrill, and sudden cry.--_n._ a harsh, shrill, and sudden cry.--_ns._ SCREECH'ER, the swift; SCREECH'-HAWK, the night-jar; SCREECH'-MAR'TIN, the swift; SCREECH'-OWL, a kind of screeching owl: the missel-thrush: the barn-owl; SCREECH'-THRUSH, the missel-thrush.--_adj._ SCREECH'Y, shrill and harsh, like a screech: loud-mouthed. [M. E. _scriken_--Scand., Ice. _shraekja_, to shriek; cf.
Gael. _sgreach_, to shriek.]
SCREED, skr[=e]d, _n._ a piece torn off: a shred: a long tirade: (_Scot._) a strip of mortar: a rent, a tear.--_v.t._ to repeat glibly. [A.S.
_screade_, a shred.]
SCREEN, skr[=e]n, _n._ that which shelters from danger or observation, that which protects from heat, cold, or the sun: (_Scot._) a large scarf: an enclosure or partition of wood, stone, or metal work, common in churches, shutting off chapels from the nave, separating the nave from the choir, &c.: a coarse riddle for sifting coal, &c.--_v.t._ to shelter or conceal: to pass through a coarse riddle.--_n._ SCREEN'ING-MACHINE', an apparatus for sifting coal.--_n.pl._ SCREEN'INGS, the refuse matter after sifting.
[O. Fr. _escren_ (Fr. _ecran_), from Old High Ger. _scranna_, a court; Ger.
_schranne_, a bench.]
SCREEVER, skr[=e]v'[.e]r, _n._ one who writes begging letters.--_v.t._ SCREEVE, to write such.--_n._ SCREEV'ING, the writing of begging letters: drawing with coloured chalks on the pavement for coppers.
SCREW, skr[=oo], _n._ a cylinder with a spiral groove or ridge on either its outer or inner surface, used as a fastening and as a mechanical power: a screw-propeller: a turn or twist to one side: a penny packet of tobacco put up in a paper twisted at both ends: a stingy fellow, an extortioner, a skinflint: a broken-winded horse: pressure: (_U.S. slang_) a professor who requires students to work hard: salary, [Illustration] wages.--_v.t._ to apply a screw to: to press with a screw: to twist: to oppress by extortion: to force: to squeeze.--_ns._ SCREW'-BOLT, a bolt threaded at one end for a nut; SCREW'-CUT'TER, a hand-tool for cutting screws; SCREW'-DRIV'ER, an instrument for driving or turning screw-nails.--_adj._ SCREWED (_slang_), tipsy, tight.--_ns._ SCREW'-EL'EVATOR, a dentist's instrument: a surgeon's instrument for forcing open the jaws; SCREW'ER.--_adj._ SCREW'ING, exacting: close.--_ns._ SCREW'-JACK (same as JACKSCREW); SCREW'-KEY, a lever for turning the nut of a screw; SCREW'-MACHINE', a machine for making screws; SCREW'-NAIL, a nail made in the form of a screw; SCREW'-PILE, a pile forced into the ground, and held there by a peculiar kind of screw at the lower extremity; SCREW'-PINE, a plant of the tropical genus _Pandanus_, or of the screw-pine family--from the screw-like arrangement of the clustered leaves; SCREW'-PLATE, a plate of steel in which are a [Illustration] graduated series of holes, with internal screws used in forming external screws; SCREW'-POD, the screw-bean SCREW'-PRESS, a press in which the force is applied by means of a screw; SCREW'-PROPEL'LER, a screw or spiral-bladed wheel at the stern of steam-vessels for propelling them: a steamer so propelled; SCREW'-RUDD'ER, an application of the screw for the purpose of steering; SCREW'-STAIR, a spiral staircase: a hanging stair; SCREW'-STEAM'ER, a steamer propelled by a screw; SCREW'STONE, a wheelstone: a fossil screw; SCREW'-THREAD, the spiral ridge on the cylinder of a male screw, or on the inner surface of a female screw; SCREW'-VALVE, a stop-cock opened and shut by means of a screw instead of a spigot; SCREW'-VEN'TILATOR, a ventilating [Illustration] apparatus; SCREW'-WORM, the larva of a blow-fly; SCREW'-WRENCH, a tool for grasping the flat sides of the heads of large screws.--_adj._ SCREW'Y, exacting: close: worthless.--A SCREW LOOSE, something defective. [Earlier _scrue_. O. Fr.
_escrou_, prob. L. _scrobem_, accus. of _scrobs_, a hole; or Low Ger.
_schruve_, Dut. _schroef_, Ice. _skrufa_, Ger. _schraube_.]
SCRIBBET, skrib'et, _n._ a painter's pencil.
SCRIBBLE, skrib'l, _v.t._ to scratch or write carelessly: to fill with worthless writing.--_v.i._ to write carelessly: to scrawl.--_n._ careless writing: a scrawl.--_ns._ SCRIBB'LER, a petty author; SCRIBB'LING, the act of writing hastily or carelessly.--_adv._ SCRIBB'LINGLY.--_n.pl._ SCRIBB'LINGS. [A freq. of _scribe_.]
SCRIBBLE, skrib'l, _v.t._ to card roughly, as wool.--_ns._ SCRIBB'LER, a machine for doing this, or a person who tends such; SCRIBB'LING, the first carding of wool or cotton; SCRIBB'LING-MACHINE', a coarse form of carding-machine. [Scand., Sw. _skrubbla_, to card.]
SCRIBBLE-SCRABBLE, skrib'l-skrab'l, _n._ an ungainly fellow. [Reduplicated from _scrabble_.]
SCRIBE, skr[=i]b, _n._ a writer: a public or official writer: a clerk, amanuensis, secretary: (_B._) an expounder and teacher of the Mosaic and traditional law: a pointed instrument to mark lines on wood, &c.--_v.t._ to write: to record: to mark.--_adjs._ SCR[=I]'BABLE, capable of being written upon; SCRIB[=A]'CIOUS, given to writing.--_n._ SCRIB[=A]'CIOUSNESS.--_adj._ SCR[=I]'BAL, pertaining to a scribe.--_ns._ SCR[=I]'BING; SCR[=I]'BING-COM'PASS, an instrument used in saddlery and cooper-work; SCR[=I]'BISM. [Fr.,--L. _scriba_--_scrib[)e]re_, to write.]
SCRIEVE, skr[=e]v, _v.i._ (_Scot._) to glide swiftly along. [Scand., Ice.
_skrefa_--_skref_, a stride.]
SCRIGGLE, skrig'l, _v.i._ to writhe: to wriggle.--_n._ a wriggling. [Prob.
Ice. _shrika_, to slip; Ger. _schrecken_, Dut. _schrikken_, to terrify.]
SCRIKE, skr[=i]k, _v.i._ (_Spens._) to shriek.
SCRIM, skrim, _n._ cloth used for linings.
SCRIME, skr[=i]m, _v.i._ to fence.--_n._ SCR[=I]'MER (_Shak._), a fencer.
[Fr. _escrimer_, to fence; cf. _Skirmish_.]
SCRIMMAGE, skrim'[=a]j, _n._ a skirmish: a general fight: a tussle. [Prob.
a corr. of _skirmish_.]
SCRIMP, skrimp, _v.t._ to make too small or short: to limit or shorten: to straiten.--_adj._ short, scanty.--_adj._ SCRIMP'ED, pinched.--_adv._ SCRIMP'LY, hardly: scarcely.--_n._ SCRIMP'NESS.--_adj._ SCRIMP'Y, scanty.
[A.S. _scrimpan_; allied to _scrimman_, to shrink, and _scrincan_, to shrivel up.]
SCRIMSHAW, skrim'shaw, _v.t._ to engrave fanciful designs on shells, whales' teeth, &c.--_n._ any shell or the like fancifully engraved.
SCRINE, skr[=i]n, _n._ (_Spens._) a cabinet for papers, a shrine. [O. Fr.
_escrin_--L. _scrinium_, a shrine.]
SCRINGE, skrinj, _v.i._ to cringe. [A form of _shrink_.]
SCRIP, skrip, _n._ that which is written: a piece of paper containing writing: a certificate of stock or shares in any joint-stock company subscribed or allotted.--_ns._ SCRIP'-COM'PANY, a company having shares which pass by delivery; SCRIP'-HOLD'ER, one whose title to stock is a written certificate. [A variant of _script_--L. _scrib[)e]re_, _scriptum_, to write.]
SCRIP, skrip, _n._ a small bag: a satchel: a pilgrim's pouch: (_her._) a bearing representing a pouch.--_n._ SCRIP'PAGE (_Shak._), contents of a scrip. [Ice. _skreppa_, a bag; Ger. _scherbe_, a shred.]
SCRIPT, skript, _n._ (_print._) type like written letters: a writing: (_law_) an original document: handwriting.--_n._ SCRIP'TION, a handwriting.
[O. Fr. _escript_--L. _scriptum_--_scrib[)e]re_, to write.]
SCRIPTORIUM, skrip-t[=o]'ri-um, _n._ a writing-room, esp. that in a monastery.--_adj._ SCRIP'TORY, written.
SCRIPTURE, skrip't[=u]r, _n._ sacred writing: the Bible: a writing: a deed: any sacred writing.--_adj._ SCRIP'TURAL, contained in Scripture: according to Scripture: biblical: written.--_ns._ SCRIP'TURALISM, literal adherence to the Scriptures; SCRIP'TURALIST, a literalist in his obedience to the letter of Scripture, a student of Scripture.--_adv._ SCRIP'TURALLY.--_ns._ SCRIP'TURALNESS; SCRIP'TURE-READ'ER, an evangelist who reads the Bible in cottages, barracks, &c.; SCRIP'TURIST, one versed in Scripture.--THE SCRIPTURES, the Bible. [L. _scriptura_--_scrib[)e]re_, to write.]
SCRITCH, skrich, _n._ a screech or shrill cry: a thrush. [A variant of _screech_.]
SCRIVANO, skriv-a'n[=o], _n._ a writer: a clerk. [It.]
SCRIVE, skr[=i]v, _v.t._ to describe: to draw a line with a pointed tool.
SCRIVENER, skriv'en-[.e]r, _n._ a scribe: a copyist: one who draws up contracts, &c.: one who receives the money of others to lay it out at interest.--_n._ SCRIV'ENERSHIP. [O. Fr. _escrivain_ (Fr. _ecrivain_)--Low L. _scribanus_--L. _scriba_, a scribe.]
SCROBE, skr[=o]b, _n._ a groove in the rostrum of weevils or curculios, or on the outer side of the mandible.--_adjs._ SCROBIC'ULATE, -D, having numerous shallow depressions.--_n._ SCROBIC'ULUS (_anat._), a pit or depression. [L. _scrobis_, a ditch.]
SCROD, skrod, _v.t._ to shred.--_n._ a young codfish.--_n._ SCROD'GILL, an instrument for taking fish. [_Shred_.]
SCRODDLE, skrod'l, _v.t._ to variegate, as pottery in different colours.--SCRODDLED WARE, mottled pottery.
SCROFULA, skrof'[=u]-la, _n._ a disease with chronic swellings of the glands in various parts of the body, esp. the neck, tending to suppurate: the king's evil.--_adjs._ SCROFULIT'IC, SCROF'ULOUS, pertaining to, resembling, or affected with scrofula.--_adv._ SCROF'ULOUSLY.--_n._ SCROF'ULOUSNESS. [L. _scrofulae_--_scrofula_, a little pig, dim. of _scrofa_, a sow.]
SCROG, skrog, _n._ (_Scot._) a stunted bush: a thicket: brushwood: (_her._) a branch.--_adjs._ SCROG'GIE, SCROG'GY, covered with underwood. [_Scrag_.]
SCROLL, skr[=o]l, _n._ a roll of paper or parchment: a writing in the form of a roll: a rough draft of anything: a schedule: a flourish added to a person's signature as a substitute for a seal: in hydraulics, a spiral water-way placed round a turbine to regulate the flow of water: (_anat._) a turbinate bone: (_archit._) a spiral ornament, the volute of the Ionic and Corinthian capitals.--_v.t._ to draft: to write in rough outline.--_adj._ SCROLLED, formed into a scroll: ornamented with scrolls.--_ns._ SCROLL'-HEAD, an ornamental piece at the bow of a vessel; SCROLL'-WHEEL, a cog-wheel in the form of a scroll; SCROLL'-WORK, ornamental work of scroll-like character. [O. Fr. _escroue_, acc. to Skeat from Old Dut.
_schroode_, a shred.]
SCROOP, skr[=oo]p, _v.i._ to emit a harsh sound: to creak.--_n._ any crisp sound like that made when a bundle of yarn is tightly twisted. [Imit.]
SCROPHULARIA, skrof-[=u]-l[=a]'ri-a, _n._ the _figwort_ genus of herbs, type of the _Scrophulariaceae_ or _Scrophularineae_, a natural order containing almost 2000 known species, chiefly herbaceous and half-shrubby plants--_Digitalis_ or _Fox-glove_, _Calceolaria_, _Mimulus_, _Antirrhinum_ or _Snap-dragon_, _Veronica_ or _Speedwell_, and _Euphrasia_ or _Eye-bright_, &c.
SCROTUM, skr[=o]'tum, _n._ the bag which contains the testicles.--_adjs._ SCR[=O]'TAL, relating to the scrotum; SCR[=O]'TIFORM, formed like a double bag.--_ns._ SCROT[=I]'TIS, inflammation of the scrotum; SCR[=O]'TOCELE, a scrotal hernia. [L.]
SCROUGE, skrowj, _v.t.._ to squeeze: to crowd--also SCROOGE, SCRUDGE.--_n._ SCROU'GER, a whopper: something large. [Variant forms of _shrug_.]