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SAGATHY, sag'a-thi, _n._ (_obs._) a woollen stuff. [Fr. _sagatis_--L.

_saga_, a mantle.]

SAGE, s[=a]j, _n._ any plant of genus _Salvia_, of the mint family, esp.

Common or Garden Sage, used for flavouring meats.--_ns._ SAGE'-APP'LE, a gall formed on a species of sage; SAGE'-BREAD, bread baked from dough mixed with a strong infusion of sage in milk; SAGE'-BRUSH, a collective name of various shrubby species of Artemisia in the western United States; SAGE'-COCK, -GROUSE, a large North American grouse; SAGE'-GREEN, a gray slightly mixed with pure green; SAGE'-RABB'IT, a small hare or rabbit abounding in North America; SAGE'-ROSE, a plant of the genus Cistus: an evergreen shrub of tropical America; SAGE'-SPARR'OW, a fringilline bird characteristic of the sage-brush of North America; SAGE'-THRESH'ER, the mountain mocking-bird of west North America; SAGE'-WILL'OW, a dwarf American willow.--_adj._ S[=A]'GY, full of, or seasoned with, sage.--APPLE-BEARING SAGE, a native of southern Europe, with large reddish or purple bracts, and bearing on its branches large gall-nuts; MEADOW SAGE, or _Meadow clary_, a common ornament of meadows in the south of England, with bluish-purple flowers; OIL OF SAGE, an essential oil, yielded by the sage, once much used in liniments against rheumatism. [O. Fr. _sauge_ (It.

_salvia_)--L. _salvia_--_salvus_, safe.]

SAGE, s[=a]j, _adj._ discriminating, discerning, wise: well judged.--_n._ a wise man: a man of gravity and wisdom.--_adv._ SAGE'LY.--_n._ SAGE'NESS.--SEVEN SAGES, or WISE MEN (see SEVEN). [Fr. _sage_ (It.

_saggio_, _savio_), from a L. _sapius_ (seen in _ne-sapius_), wise--_sap[)e]re_, to be wise.]

SAGENE, s[=a]'j[=e]n, _n._ a fishing-net. [L.,--Gr. _sag[=e]n[=e]_.]

SAGENE, s[=a]'j[=e]n, _n._ a Russian unit of long measure, of seven English feet.

SAGENITE, s[=a]j'en-[=i]t, _n._ acicular crystals of rutile occurring in reticulated forms embedded in quartz.--_adj._ SAGENIT'IC. [Gr.

_sag[=e]n[=e]_, a drag-net.]

SAGERETIA, saj-e-r[=e]'ti-a, _n._ a genus of polypetalous plants belonging to the buckthorn order. [Named from Aug. _Sageret_, 1763-1852.]

SAGESSE, sazh-es', _n._ wisdom. [Fr.]

SAGGAR, SAGGER, sag'ar, -[.e]r, _n._ a box of hard pottery in which porcelain is enclosed for baking--also _v.t._--_ns._ SAGG'ARD; SAGG'AR-HOUSE, a house in which unbaked vessels are put into saggars.


SAGINA, sa-j[=i]'na, _n._ a genus of polypetalous plants of the pink family.--_v.t._ SAG'INATE, to pamper: to fatten.--_n._ SAGIN[=A]'TION. [L.

_sagin[=a]re_, to fatten.]

SAGITTA, saj'it-a, _n._ a northern constellation--the Arrow: a genus of small pelagic worms.--_adj._ SAG'ITTAL, arrow-shaped: (_anat._) straight, pertaining to the sagittal suture.--_adv._ SAG'ITTALLY.--_ns._ SAGITT[=A]'RIA, a genus of aquatic plants, some species with sagittate leaves and white flowers; SAGITT[=A]'RIUS, the Archer, one of the signs of the zodiac; SAG'ITTARY, a centaur: a public building in Venice.--_adj._ of or like an arrow.--_adjs._ SAG'ITT[=A]TE, -D, Shaped like an arrow-head, as a leaf; SAGITTILING'UAL, having a long slender tongue, as a woodpecker. [L.

_sagitta_, an arrow.]

SAGO, s[=a]'go, _n._ a nutritive farinaceous substance produced from the pith of several East Indian palms.--_n._ S[=A]'GO-PALM. [Malay _s[=a]gu_.]

SAGRA, s[=a]'gra, _n._ a genus of phytophagous beetles of brilliant colours.

SAGUARO, sa-gwar'[=o], _n._ the giant cactus.

SAGUIN, sag'win, _n._ a South American monkey.--Also SAG'OIN, SAG'OUIN.

SAGUINUS, sag-[=u]-[=i]'nus, _n._ a genus of South American marmosets.

SAGUM, s[=a]'gum, _n._ a military cloak worn by ancient Roman soldiers.

[L., prob. of Celt. origin.]

SAHIB, sa'ib, _n._ a term of respect given in India to persons of rank and to Europeans. [Hind. _s[=a]hib_--Ar. _s[=a]hib_.]

SAHLITE, sa'l[=i]t, _n._ a variety of augite, from the silver-mines of _Sahla_ in Sweden.

SAI, sa'i, _n._ a South American monkey. [Braz.]

SAIBLING, s[=a]b'ling, _n._ the char.

SAIC, sa'ik, _n._ a Turkish or Grecian vessel common in the Levant. [Fr.

_saque_--Turk. _sh[=a][=i]qa_.]

SAID, sed, _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ of _say_: the before-mentioned, as the said witness.

SAIGA, s[=i]'ga, _n._ a west Asian antelope. [Russ.]


SAIL, s[=a]l, _n._ a sheet of canvas, &c., spread to catch the wind, by which a ship is driven forward: a ship or ships: a trip in a vessel: a fleet: arm of a windmill: speed: a journey.--_v.i._ to be moved by sails: to go by water: to begin a voyage: to glide or float smoothly along.--_v.t._ to navigate: to pass in a ship: to fly through.--_adj._ SAIL'ABLE, navigable.--_n._ SAIL'-BOAT, a boat propelled by a sail.--_adjs._ SAIL'-BORNE; SAIL'-BROAD (_Milt._), broad or spreading like a sail.--_n._ SAIL'-CLOTH, a strong cloth for sails.--_adj._ SAILED, having sails set.--_ns._ SAIL'ER, a sailor: a boat or ship with respect to its mode of sailing, or its speed; SAIL'-FISH, the basking shark: the quill-back; SAIL'-FLUKE, the whiff; SAIL'-HOOP, a mast-hoop; SAIL'ING, act of sailing: motion of a vessel on water: act of directing a ship's course: the term applied to the different ways in which the path of a ship at sea, and the variations of its geographical position, are represented on paper, as _great circle sailing_, _Mercator's sailing_, _middle latitude sailing_, _oblique sailing_, _parallel sailing_, _plane sailing_; SAIL'ING-ICE, an ice-pack through which a sailing-vessel can force her SAIL'ING-INSTRUC'TIONS, written directions by the officer of a convoy to the masters of ships under his care.--_n._ SAIL'ING-MAS'TER, a former name for the navigating officer of a war-ship.--_adj._ SAIL'LESS, destitute of sails.--_ns._ SAIL'-LIZ'ARD, a large lizard having a crested tail; SAIL'-LOFT, a loft where sails are cut out and made; SAIL'-M[=A]K'ER, a maker of sails: in the United States navy, an officer who takes charge of the sails; SAIL'OR, one who sails in or navigates a ship: a seaman; SAIL'OR-FISH, a sword-fish; SAIL'OR-MAN, a seaman; SAIL'OR-PLANT, the strawberry geranium; SAIL'OR'S-CHOICE, the pin-fish: the pig-fish; SAIL'OR'S-PURSE, an egg-pouch of rays and sharks; SAIL'-ROOM, a room in a vessel where sails are stowed.--_adj._ SAIL'Y, like a sail.--_n._ SAIL'-YARD, the yard on which sails are STAY'-SAILS, triangular sails, suspended on the ropes which stay the masts upon the foresides--from the jib-boom, bowsprit, and deck in the case of the foremast, and from the deck in the case of the mainmast.--SAIL CLOSE TO THE WIND, to run great risk; SAILORS' HOME, an institution where sailors may lodge, or aged and infirm sailors be permanently cared for.--AFTER SAIL, the sails carried on the mainmast and mizzen-mast; FORE-AND-AFT SAILS, those set parallel to the keel of a ship, as opp. to SQUARE SAILS, those set across the ship; FULL SAIL, with all sails set; MAKE SAIL, to spread more canvas, in sailing; SET SAIL, to spread the sails, to begin a voyage; SHORTEN SAIL, to reduce its extent; STRIKE SAIL, to lower the sail or sails: (_Shak._) to abate one's pretensions of pomp or superiority; TAKE THE WIND OUT OF ONE'S SAILS, to deprive one of an advantage; UNDER SAIL, having the sails spread. [A.S. _segel_, cf. Dut. _zeil_, Ger. _segel_.]

SAIMIRI, s[=i]'mi-ri, _n._ a squirrel monkey.

SAIN, s[=a]'in (_Shak._), _pa.p._ of _say_.

SAIN, s[=a]n, _v.t._ (_Scot._) to bless so as to protect from evil. [A.S.

_segnian_--L. _sign[=a]re_--_signum_, mark.]

SAINFOIN, s[=a]n'foin, _n._ a leguminous fodder-plant.--Also SAINT'FOIN.

[Fr., _sain_, wholesome, _foin_, hay--L. _sanum foenum_.]

SAINT, s[=a]nt, _n._ a sanctified or holy person: one eminent for piety: one of the blessed dead: one canonised by the R.C. Church: an image of a saint: an angel: (_pl._) Israelites as a people: Christians generally.--_v.t._ to salute as a saint.--_adj._ SAINT'ED, made a saint: holy: sacred: gone to heaven: canonised.--_n._ SAINT'HOOD.--_adj._ SAINT'ISH, somewhat saintly, or affectedly so.--_n._ SAINT'ISM, the character or quality of a saint: sanctimoniousness.--_adjs._ SAINT'-LIKE, SAINT'LY, like or becoming a saint.--_adv._ SAINT'LILY.--_n._ SAINT'LINESS.--_adj._ SAINT'-SEEM'ING, appearing like a saint.--_n._ SAINT'SHIP, the character of a saint.--SAINT'S DAY, a day set apart for the commemoration of a particular saint; ST AGNES'S FLOWER, the snowflake; ST ANDREW'S CROSS, a North American shrub; ST ANDREW'S DAY, 30th November; ST ANTHONY'S FIRE, erysipelas; ST ANTHONY'S NUT, the pig-nut or hawk-nut; ST AUDREY'S NECKLACE, a string of holy stones; ST BARBARA'S CRESS, the yellow rocket; ST BARNABY'S THISTLE, the English star-thistle; ST BENNET'S HERB, the herb bennet; ST BERNARD, a kind of dog; ST BLASE'S DISEASE, quinsy; ST CASSIAN BEDS, a division of the Triassic series; ST CRISPIN'S DAY, 25th October; ST DAVID'S DAY, 1st March; ST DOMINGO DUCK, a West Indian duck; ST DOMINGO GREBE, the smallest grebe in America; ST ELMO'S FIRE (see ELMO'S FIRE); ST GEORGE'S DAY, 23d April; ST GEORGE'S ENSIGN, the distinguishing flag of the British navy, a red cross on a white field; ST HUBERT'S DISEASE, hydrophobia; ST JOHN'S BREAD, the carob bean: ergot of rye; ST JOHN'S DAY, 27th December; ST JOHN'S HAWK, a blackish variety of the rough-legged buzzard; ST JULIEN, an esteemed red Bordeaux wine from the Medoc region; ST LEGER, the name of a race run at Doncaster, so called since 1778 from Col. _St Leger_; ST LUKE'S SUMMER, a period of pleasant weather about the middle of October; ST MARTIN'S EVIL, drunkenness; ST MARTIN'S SUMMER, a season of mild, damp weather in late autumn; ST NICHOLAS'S DAY, 6th December; ST PATRICK'S DAY, 17th March; ST PETER'S FINGER, a belemnite; ST PETER'S FISH, the dory; ST PETER'S WORT, a name of several plants; ST PIERRE GROUP, a thick mass of shales in the upper Missouri region; ST SWITHIN'S DAY, 15th July; ST VALENTINE'S DAY, 14th February; ST VITUS'S DANCE, chorea.--ALL-SAINTS' DAY, a feast observed by the Latin Church on 1st November, in the Greek Church on the first Sunday after Pentecost; COMMUNION OF THE SAINTS, the spiritual fellowship of all true believers, the blessed dead as well as the faithful living, mystically united in each other in Christ; INTERCESSION, PERSEVERANCE, OF SAINTS (see INTERCESSION, PERSEVERANCE); LATTER-DAY SAINTS, the Mormons' name for themselves; PATRON SAINT, a saint who is regarded as a protector, as St George of England, St Andrew of Scotland, St Patrick of Ireland, St David of Wales, St Denis of France, St James of Spain, St Nicholas of Russia, St Stephen of Hungary, St Mark of Venice, &c. [Fr.,--L. _sanctus_, holy.]

SAINT-SIMONISM, s[=a]nt-s[=i]'mon-izm, _n._ the socialistic system founded by the Comte de _Saint-Simon_ (1760-1825).--_ns._ SAINT-SIM[=O]'NIAN (also _adj._); SAINT-SIM[=O]'NIANISM; SAINT-S[=I]'MONIST.

SAIR, s[=a]r, _adj._ (_Scot._) sore.--_adv._ SAIR'LY.

SAIR, s[=a]r, _v.t._ to serve: to fit: to satisfy: to give alms.--_n._ SAIR'ING, as much as serves the turn: enough.

SAITH, seth, _v.t._ and _v.i._ 3d pers. sing. pres. indic. of _say_.

SAITH, s[=a]th, _n._ (_Scot._) the coalfish. [Gael. _savidhean._]

SAIVA, s[=i]'va, _n._ a votary of _Siva_.--_n._ SAI'VISM.

SAJOU, sa-j[=oo]', _n._ a South American monkey.

SAKE, sak'e, _n._ a Japanese fermented liquor made from rice: a generic name for all spirituous liquors.

SAKE, s[=a]k, _n._ cause: account: regard, as 'for my sake': contention: fault: purpose.--FOR OLD SAKE'S SAKE, for the sake of old times, for auld langsyne. [A.S. _sacu_, strife, a lawsuit; Dut. _zaak_, Ger. _sache;_ A.S.

_sacan_, to strive, Goth. _sakan._ _Seek_ is a doublet.]

SAKER, s[=a]'k[.e]r, _n._ a species of falcon: a species of cannon.

[Fr.,--Low L. _falco sacer_, sacred falcon.]

SAKI, sak'i, _n._ a genus of long-tailed South American monkeys.

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