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VERTICILLATE, ver-ti-sil'[=a]t, _adj._ (_bot._) arranged round the stalk in a ring or whorl, as leaves or flowers, whorled.--_n._ VER'TICIL, a whorl.

[Low L. _verticillatus_--_verticillus_, dim. of _vertex_.]

VERTIGO, ver'ti-g[=o], or ver-t[=i]'g[=o], _n._ a sensation of giddiness: dizziness.--_adjs._ VERTIGINATE (ver-tij'-), VERTIG'INOUS, turning round: affected with vertigo: giddy.--_adv._ VERTIG'INOUSLY.--_n._ VERTIG'INOUSNESS. [L.,--_vert[)e]re_, to turn.]

VERTU, old spelling of virtue.--_adj._ VER'TUOUS (_Spens._), possessing virtue or power.

VERTUMNUS, ver-tum'nus, _n._ an ancient Roman divinity of gardens and orchards, a spring god.

VERULAMIAN, v[.e]r-[=u]-l[=a]'mi-an, _adj._ of or pertaining to St Albans, or Francis Bacon, Baron _Verulam_, Viscount St Albans (1561-1626). [L.

_Verulamium_, an ancient British city near the site of St Albans.]

VERULED, ver'[=oo]ld, _adj._ (_her._) ringed, as a horn, in a different tincture.--_n._ VER'ULES (_her._), a bearing consisting of a series of concentric rings, one within another. [_Virole_.]

VERVAIN, ver'v[=a]n, _n._ a plant of the genus _Verbena_--credited with efficacy in love-philtres, good against witches, &c. [O. Fr. _verveine_--L.


VERVE, verv, _n._ the enthusiasm which animates a poet or artist: animation: energy. [Fr.]

VERVELLE, ver-vel', _n._ the loop that secured the camail in medieval armour. [Fr.]

VERVELS, verv'elz, small rings attached to the ends of the jesses of a hawk, through which the leash is passed that fastens the hawk to its block.--_adj._ VERV'ELLED. [Fr. _vervelle_.]

VERVET, ver'vet, _n._ a South African monkey.

VERY, ver'i, _adj._ true (now used chiefly in an intensive sense): real (so in _B._): actual--sometimes used in superlative form VER'IEST.--_adv._ in a high degree.--IN VERY DEED, of a truth, certainly. [Older form _veray_--O.

Fr. _verai_ (Fr. _vrai_), from L. _verax_, _veracis_, speaking truly--_verus_, true; cf. Ger. _wahr_.]

VESALIAN, v[=e]-s[=a]'li-an, _adj._ connected with the name of the anatomist Andreas _Vesalius_ (1514-64).

VESANIA, v[=e]-s[=a]'ni-a, _n._ insanity.

VESICA, v[=e]-s[=i]'ka, _n._ (_anat._) a bladder, sac, esp. the urinary bladder:--_pl._ VESICae (v[=e]-s[=i]'s[=e]).--_adjs._ VES'ICAL, of or pertaining to a vesica; VES'ICANT, blistering.--_n._ a substance that vesicates or raises blisters.--_v.t._ VES'IC[=A]TE, to raise blisters on:--_pr.p._ ves'ic[=a]ting; _pa.p._ ves'ic[=a]ted.--_ns._ VESIC[=A]'TION, the act or process of raising blisters on the skin; VES'IC[=A]TORY (same as VESICANT); VES'ICLE, a small bladder or blister: a small cavity in an animal body; (_bot._) a bladder-like cell; V[=E]SIC'[=U]LA, a vesicle.--_adj._ V[=E]SIC'ULAR.--_adv._ V[=E]SIC'[=U]LARLY.--_n._ V[=E]SIC[=U]L[=A]'TION, formation of vesicles.--_adjs._ V[=E]SIC[=U]LIF'EROUS, bearing vesicles; V[=E]SIC'[=U]LIFORM; V[=E]SIC'[=U]LOSE, V[=E]SIC'[=U]LOUS, V[=E]SIC'[=U]L[=A]TE, pertaining to or full of vesicles: full of interstices: having little glands on the surface.--VESICA PISCIS (a fish's bladder), a symbol of Christ, an oval aureole surrounding the entire upright figure, supposed to contain an allusion to the sacred Christian emblem, the _ichthys_. [L., bladder.]

VESPER, ves'p[.e]r, _n._ the evening star, Venus: the evening: (_pl._) the last but one of the seven canonical hours: evensong, evening service generally.--_adj._ VES'PERAL, pertaining to the evening or to vespers.--_n._ VES'PER-BELL, the bell that summons to vespers.--_adjs._ VES'PERTINE, VES'PERTINAL, of or pertaining to the evening: (_bot._) opening in the evening: (_zool._) active in the evening.--SICILIAN VESPERS (see SICILIAN). [Fr.,--L.; Gr. _hesperos_.]

VESPERTILIO, ves-p[.e]r-til'i-[=o], _n._ a Linnaean genus of mammals, of order _Primates_--the modern order _Chiroptera_.--_adj._ VESPERTIL'IONINE.

VESPIARY, ves'pi-a-ri, _n._ a hornet's nest.--_adj._ VES'PIFORM, VES'PINE, wasp-like.

VESSEL, ves'el, _n._ a vase or utensil for holding something: a hollow structure made to float on water, used for conveyance, &c.: a tube in which fluids, as blood, &c., are contained: a person considered as an agent of God.--THE WEAKER VESSEL, a phrase colloquially applied to a woman, in allusion to 1 Pet. iii. 7. [O. Fr. _vessel_ (Fr. _vaisseau_)--L.

_vascellum_, dim. of _vas_, a vase.]

VEST, vest, _n._ that which is put on as dress: a garment: a waistcoat: formerly a cassock-like garment: a kind of close jacket worn by women, an extra piece or trimming on the front of the bodice of a woman's gown, often V-shaped: a knitted or woven undergarment: (_arch._) a vestment.--_v.t._ to clothe: to invest: (_law_) to give fixed right of possession.-_v.i._ to descend or to take effect, as a right.--_adj._ VES'TED, clothed, wearing robes of ceremony: not contingent or suspended, hence (_law_) already acquired: denoting a present absolute right.--_n._ VES'TIARY (_obs._), a wardrobe: (_rare_) garb, clothing:--_pl._ VES'TIARIES.--_n._ VES'TING, cloth for men's waistcoats.--VEST IN INTEREST, to devolve as matter of right without reference to immediate right of possession. [Fr. _veste_--L.


VESTA, ves'ta, _n._ among the Romans, the chaste goddess that presided over the family, in whose temple the sacred fire was continually kept burning: the fourth planetoid discovered in 1807: a match or waxlight:--_pl._ VES'TAS.--_adj._ VES'TAL, pertaining to or consecrated to the service of Vesta: chaste: pure.--_n._ in the ancient Roman religion, one of the six patrician virgins consecrated to Vesta: a virgin, a nun, a woman of spotless chastity.

VESTIBULE, ves'ti-b[=u]l, _n._ an open court or porch before a house: a hall next the entrance to a house: (_anat._) a small bony cavity forming part of the ear--also VESTIB'-[=U]LUM.--_v.t._ to furnish with a vestibule.--_adjs._ VESTIB'[=U]LAR, VESTIB'[=U]L[=A]TE. [Fr.,--L.

_vestibulum_--traced by some to _ve_, apart, _stabulum_, abode; by others to _vestis_, garment, as being the place where the outer clothing is put on or off in entering or leaving a house.]

VESTIGE, ves'tij, _n._ a track or footprint: traces or remains of something: (_biol._) an organ or tissue which still survives but has lost the utility it possessed, but corresponding to a useful part in an organism of lower type.--_adjs._ VESTI'GIAL, VESTI'GIARY.--_n._ VESTI'GIUM (_anat._, _biol._), a vestige. [Fr.,--L. _vestigium_--_vestig[=a]re_, to track.]

VESTIMENT, ves'ti-ment, _n._ (_Spens._)=_Vestment_.

VESTITURE, ves'ti-t[=u]r, _n._ the hairs, scales, &c. covering a surface.

VESTLET, vest'let, _n._ a tubicolous sea-anemone of genus _Cerianthus_.

VESTMENT, vest'ment, _n._ something put on, a garment: a long outer robe: (_pl._) articles of dress worn by the clergy during divine service and the administration of the sacraments--_amice_, _alb_, _girdle_, _maniple_, _stole_, _chasuble_, &c.: covering of the altar. [L.

_vestimentum_--_vest[=i]re_, to clothe--_vestis_, a garment.]

VESTRY, ves'tri, _n._ a room adjoining a church in which the vestments are kept and parochial meetings held, any small room attached to a church: in English parishes, a meeting of the ratepayers to elect parish officers, to assess church-rates, and to manage the property of the parish, the incumbent acting as chairman.--_adj._ VES'TRAL.--_ns._ VES'TRY-CLERK, an officer chosen by the vestry who keeps the parish accounts and books; VES'TRYMAN, a member of a vestry.--SELECT VESTRY, a board consisting of representatives of the ratepayers, as opposed to the _common vestry_ or assembly of all the ratepayers. [Fr.,--L. _vestiarium_--_vestiarius_, belonging to clothes--_vestis_, a garment.]

VESTURE, ves't[=u]r, _n._ clothing: dress: a robe: integument.--_v.t._ to clothe, robe.--_adjs._ VES'T[=U]RAL; VES'T[=U]RED.--_n._ VES'T[=U]RER, one who has charge of ecclesiastical vestments.

VESUVIAN, v[=e]-s[=u]'vi-an, _adj._ pertaining or relating to _Vesuvius_, a volcano near Naples.--_n._ a kind of match used in lighting cigars, &c.--_n._ VES[=U]'VIAN[=I]TE, a mineral allied to garnet, sometimes called pyramidal garnet, found in volcanic and primitive rocks, and so called because frequent in masses ejected from Vesuvius--also Idocrase.--_v.t._ VES[=U]'VIATE, to burst forth like an eruption.

VET., vet, _n._ (_coll._) an abbreviation from _veterinary_ (_surgeon_).

VETCH, vech, _n._ a genus of plants, mostly climbing, some cultivated for fodder, esp. the tare.--_n._ VETCH'LING, a name of various vetch-like plants.--_adj._ VETCH'Y, abounding with vetches: (_Spens._) consisting of vetches. [O.Fr. _veche_ (Fr. _vesce_)--L. _vicia_, akin to _vinc[=i]re_, to bind.]

VETERAN, vet'e-ran, _adj._ old, experienced: long exercised, esp. in military life.--_n._ one long exercised in any service, esp. in war.--_v.t._ VET'ERANISE, to make veteran.--_v.i._ (_U.S._) to re-enlist for military service. [L. _veteranus_--_vetus_, _veteris_, old.]

VETERINARY, vet'e-ri-na-ri, _adj._ pertaining to the art of treating the diseases of domestic animals: professing or practising this art.--_n._ one skilled in the diseases of domestic animals.--Also VETERIN[=A]'RIAN. [L.

_veterinarius_--_veterina_ (_bestia_), a beast of burden.]

VETIVER, vet'i-v[.e]r, _n._ the dried roots of the cuscus-grass, with an odour like sandalwood--making baskets, fans, and mats,

VETO, v[=e]'t[=o], _n._ any authoritative prohibition: the power of rejecting or forbidding:--_pl._ VETOES (v[=e]'t[=o]z).--_v.t._ to reject by a veto: to withhold assent to.--ABSOLUTE VETO, a veto without restriction.

[L. _vet[=a]re_, to forbid.]

VETTURA, vet-t[=oo]'ra, _n._ an Italian four-wheeled carriage.--_n._ VETTURINO (vet-t[=oo]-r[=e]'n[=o]), one who drives or lends for hire a vettura:--_pl._ VETTURI'NI. [It.,--L. _vectura_, a carrying--_veh[)e]re_, to convey.]

VETUST, v[=e]-tust', _adj._ old. [L. _vetustus_--_vetus_, old.]

VEX, veks, _v.t._ to harass: to torment: to irritate by small provocations: to agitate: to contest.--_v.i._ (_obs._) to be vexed.--_n._ (_Scot._) a trouble.--_n._ VEX[=A]'TION, a vexing: state of being vexed: trouble: a teasing annoyance: uneasiness.--_adj._ VEX[=A]'TIOUS, causing vexation or annoyance: harassing: full of trouble.--_adv._ VEX[=A]'TIOUSLY.--_n._ VEX[=A]'TIOUSNESS.--_adj._ VEXED, amazed.--_n._ VEX'ER.--_adj._ VEX'ING.--_adv._ VEX'INGLY, so as to vex or annoy.--_n._ VEX'INGNESS.--VEXATIOUS SUIT (_law_), a suit begun without justifiable cause. [Fr. _vexer_--L. _vex[=a]re_, to shake, annoy--_veh[)e]re_. to carry.]

VEXILLUM, vek-sil'um, _n._ in the ancient Roman army, a standard, the troop serving under such a standard: (_eccles._) a processional banner: (_bot._) the large posterior petal of a papilionaceous flower--also VEX'IL; the web or vane of a feather:--_pl._ VEXILL'A.--_adjs._ VEX'ILLAR, VEX'ILLARY.--_ns._ VEX'ILLARY, VEX'ILL[=A]TOR, a standard-bearer.--_adj._ VEX'ILLATE, having vexilla.--_n._ VEXILL[=A]'TION, a company under one vexillum. [L., 'an ensign'--_veh[)e]re_, to carry.]

VIA, v[=i]'a, or v[=e]'a, _n._ a highway, a road, a route--_via London_=by way of London: a natural passage of the body.--_n._ VIAM'ETER, an odometer.--_adj._ VIAT' VIAT'ICALS, military baggage.--VIA DOLOROSA, the Way of Calvary (see STATION); VIA LACTEA, the Milky-Way or Galaxy; VIA MEDIA, the midway course or mean between popular Protestantism and Roman Catholicism which Newman almost down to 1845 succeeded in believing that the Anglican divines of the 17th century had taken up.--PRIMae VIae, the first or main passages, the alimentary canal, the bowels; SECUNDae VIae, the lacteal or chyliferous vessels.

VIA, v[=e]'a, _interj._ away! off! either in command or defiance. [It.,--L.

_via_, way.]

VIABLE, v[=i]'a-bl, _adj._ capable of living.--_n._ VIABIL'ITY. [Fr., through Low L.--L. _vita_, life.]

VIADUCT, v[=i]'a-dukt, _n._ a road or railway carried by a structure over a valley, river, &c. [L. _via_, a way, _duc[)e]re_, _ductum_, to lead, bring.]

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