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_usus-fructus_--_usus_, use, _fructus_, fruit.]

USURP, [=u]-zurp', _v.t._ to take possession of by force without right.--_n._ USURP[=A]'TION, act of usurping: unlawful seizure and possession: intrusion into an office.--_adj._ USUR'PATORY.--_ns._ USUR'P[=A]TRIX, a female usurper; USUR'PATURE, usurpation.--_adv._ USUR'PEDLY.--_n._ USUR'PER.--_adj._ USUR'PING.--_adv._ USUR'PINGLY.

[Fr.,--L. _usurp[=a]re_, perh. contr. from _usu-rap[)e]re_, to seize to one's own use--_usus_, use, _rap[)e]re_, to seize; or from _usum rump[)e]re_, to break a use.]

USURY, [=u]'zh[=u]-ri, _n._ the taking of iniquitous or illegal interest on a loan, formerly interest of any kind on money lent.--_v.i._ U'SURE (_Shak._), to practise usury.--_n._ U'SURER (_orig._, and in _B._), any money-lender for interest: one who practises usury.--_adj._ US[=U]'RIOUS.--_adv._ US[=U]'RIOUSLY.--_n._ US[=U]'RIOUSNESS. [L.

_usura_--_uti_, _usus_, to use.]

UTA, [=u]'ta, _n._ a genus of small American lizards. [From _Utah_.]

UTAS, [=u]'tas, _n._ (_obs._) the time between a festival and the eighth day after it: festivity, stir.--Also U'TIS. [Through O. Fr. from L. _octo_, eight.]

UTENSIL, [=u]-ten'sil, _n._ an instrument or vessel used in common life.

[Fr. _utensile_--L. _utensilis_, fit for use--_uti_, to use.]

UTERINE, [=u]'te-rin, _adj._ pertaining to the womb: born of the same mother by a different father.--_ns._ UTER[=I]'TIS, inflammation of the womb; U'TEROGEST[=A]'TION, the progressive development of the embryo within the womb; UTEROM[=A]'NIA, nymphomania; U'TERUS, the womb. [Fr. _uterin_--L.

_uterinis_--_uterus_, the womb.]

UTGARD, ut'gard, _n._ (_Scand. myth._) the abode of the giant _Utgard-_Loki on the other side of the great sea which surrounds Midgard, the earth.

UTILISE, [=u]'ti-l[=i]z, _v.t._ to make useful: to put to profitable use.--_adj._ U'TIL[=I]SABLE.--_ns._ UTILIS[=A]'TION; U'TILISER; UTIL'ITY, usefulness: profit: a useful thing; UTIL'ITY-MAN, an actor of one of the least important parts in a play. [Fr. _utiliser_--L. _uti_.]

UTILITARIAN, [=u]-til-i-t[=a]'ri-an, _adj._ consisting in, or pertaining to, utility or to utilitarianism.--_n._ one who holds utilitarianism.--_v.t._ UTILIT[=A]'RIANISE, to make to serve a utilitarian purpose.--_ns._ UTILIT[=A]'RIANISM, the ethical theory which finds the basis of moral distinctions in the utility of actions, i.e. their fitness to produce happiness.

UTMOST, ut'm[=o]st, _adj._ outmost: farthest out: most distant: last: in the greatest degree: highest.--_n._ the greatest that can be: the greatest effort. [A.S. _utemest_, formed with double superlative suffix _-m-est_ from _ute_, out.]

UTOPIAN, [=u]-t[=o]'pi-an, _adj._ imaginary: fanciful: chimerical.--_n._ one who advocates impracticable reforms or who expects an impossible state of perfection in society.--_ns._ UT[=O]'PIANISER; UT[=O]'PIANISM; UT[=O]'PIAST.--_adj._ UTOP'ICAL (_obs._).--_ns._ U'T[=O]PISM, utopianism; U'T[=O]PIST, a utopian. [From _Utopia_, lit. 'nowhere'--Gr. _ou_, not, _topos_, place, an imaginary island represented by Sir T. More in his famous political romance, or rather satire (Lat. 1516, Eng. 1551), as enjoying perfection in politics, laws, &c., community of goods, freedom of creed, &c.]

UTRAQUISM, [=u]'tra-kwizm, _n._ the doctrine of the U'TRAQUISTS or Calixtines, who asserted the right to communicate in both kinds--_sub utraque specie_.

UTRICLE, [=u]'tri-kl, _n._ a little bag, bladder, or cell.--_adjs._ UTRIC'[=U]LAR, UTRIC'[=U]LATE, containing or furnished with utricles; UTRIC[=U]LIF'EROUS, producing utricles; UTRIC'[=U]LIFORM, shaped like a utricle; UTRIC'[=U]LOID; UTRIC'[=U]LOSE.--_n._ UTRIC'[=U]LUS, any small pear-shaped sac. [L. _utriculus_, dim. of _uter_, _utris_, a bag.]

UTRICULARIA, [=u]-trik-[=u]-l[=a]'ri-a, _n._ the genus of bladderworts. [L.

_utriculus_, a bag.]

UTRIFORM, [=u]'tri-form, _adj._ having the shape of a leather bottle. [L.

_uter_, a leather bottle, _forma_, form.]

UTTER, ut'[.e]r, _adj._ farthest out: extreme: total: perfect.--_adv._ UTT'ERLY.--_n._ UTT'ERNESS, quality of being extreme. [A.S. _utor_, outer--_ut_, out.]

UTTER, ut'[.e]r, _v.t._ to circulate: to publish abroad: to speak.--_adj._ UTT'ERABLE, that may be uttered or expressed.--_ns._ UTT'ERABLENESS; UTT'ERANCE, act of uttering: manner of speaking: pronunciation: expression; UTT'ERER; UTT'ERING, circulation.--_adj._ UTT'ERLESS, that cannot be uttered in words. [A.S. _utian_, to put out--_ut_, out.]

UTTERANCE, ut'[.e]r-ans, _n._ (_Shak._) extremity, deadly contention. [Fr.

_outrance_--_outre_, beyond--L. _ultra_, beyond.]

UTTERMOST, ut'[.e]r-m[=o]st, _adj._ farthest out: utmost.--_n._ the greatest degree. [Same as _utmost_, the _r_ being intrusive, and _t_ being doubled on the analogy of _utter_.]

UVA, [=u]'va, _n._ a name for such succulent indehiscent fruits as have a central placenta. [L. _uva_, a cluster of grapes.]

UVEA, [=u]'v[=e]-a, _n._ the vascular tunic of the eye--iris, ciliary body, and choroid.--_adjs._ U'VEAL, U'VEOUS. [L. _uva_, a bunch of grapes.]

UVEOUS, [=u]'v[=e]-us, _adj._ resembling a grape. [From L. _uva_, a grape.]

UVULA, [=u]'v[=u]-la, _n._ the fleshy conical body suspended from the palate over the back part of the tongue.--_adj._ U'V[=U]LAR.--_adv._ U'V[=U]LARLY, with thick utterance. [L. _uva_, a bunch of grapes.]

UXORIOUS, uk-s[=o]'ri-us, _adj._ excessively or submissively fond of a wife.--_adjs._ UX[=O]'RIAL, pertaining to a wife; UX[=O]'RICIDAL, pertaining to uxoricide.--_n._ UX[=O]'RICIDE, one who kills his wife: the killing of a wife.--_adv._ UX[=O]'RIOUSLY.--_n._ UX[=O]'RIOUSNESS. [L.

_uxorius_--_uxor_, a wife.]

UZBEG, uz'beg, _n._ a member of the Turkish family of Tartars in Turkestan, their blood in some places mixed with a Tajik (or Aryan) strain, elsewhere with Kiptchak, Kalmuck, and Kirghiz elements.

V the twenty-second letter of our alphabet, a differentiated form of _U_--in sound it is a labio-dental and closely related to _F_. As a Roman numeral V=5; [=V]=5000.

VACANT, v[=a]'kant, _adj._ empty: free: not occupied by an incumbent or possessor: not occupied with study, &c.: thoughtless, inane.--_n._ V[=A]'CANCY, emptiness: idleness: empty space, void or gap between bodies: a situation unoccupied: (_Shak._) unoccupied or leisure time.--_adv._ V[=A]'CANTLY.--_v.t._ VAC[=A]TE', to leave empty: to quit possession of: (_obs._) to annul, to make useless.--_ns._ VAC[=A]'TION, a vacating or making void or invalid: freedom from, duty, &c.: recess: break in the sittings of law-courts: school and college holidays; VAC[=A]'TIONIST, one travelling for pleasure.--_adj._ VAC[=A]'TIONLESS.--_n._ VAC[=A]'TUR, the act of annulling in law. [Fr.,--L. _vacans_, _-antis_, pr.p. of _vac[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_, to be empty.]

VACCINATE, vak'si-n[=a]t, _v.t._ to inoculate with the cowpox as a preventive against smallpox.--_adjs._ VACCIG'ENOUS, producing vaccine; VAC'CINAL, pertaining to vaccine or to vaccination.--_ns._ VACCIN[=A]'TION; VAC'CIN[=A]TOR, one who vaccinates.--_adj._ VAC'CINE, pertaining to or derived from cows: of or relating to vaccinia or vaccination.--_n._ the virus of cowpox or vaccinia used in the process of vaccination.--_n._ VACCIN'IA, an eruptive disease occurring in cattle--also VACC[=I]'NA. [L.

_vacc[=i]nus_--_vacca_, a cow.]

VACHERY, vash'[.e]r-i, _n._ a dairy.

VACILLATE, vas'i-l[=a]t, _v.i._ to sway to and fro: to waver: to be unsteady.--_adjs._ VAC'ILLANT, vacillating; VAC'ILL[=A]TING, inclined to fluctuate: wavering: unsteady.--_adv._ VAC'ILL[=A]TINGLY.--_n._ VACILL[=A]'TION, act of vacillating.--_adj._ VAC'ILL[=A]TORY, wavering. [L.

_vacill[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_.]

VACUOUS, vak'[=u]-us, _adj._ empty, void: without intelligence, unexpressive.--_v.t._ VAC'U[=A]TE, to make empty.--_ns._ VACU[=A]'TION; VAC'UIST, one who thinks there are empty spaces in nature; VAC[=U]'ITY, emptiness: space unoccupied: idleness, listlessness; VAC'U[=O]LE, a very small cavity in the tissue of organisms; VAC'UOUSNESS; VAC'[=U]UM, vacant or empty space: a space empty or devoid of all matter:--_pl._ VAC'[=U]A; VAC'[=U]UM-BRAKE, a brake working on the principle of keeping up a vacuum in a continuous pipe or pipes extending under the train, and in brake-cylinders connected to them under each vehicle, the air being sucked out by ejectors or pumps on the locomotive; VAC'[=U]UM-GAUGE, a gauge for indicating to what extent a vacuum is produced; VAC'[=U]UM-PAN, a vessel for boiling saccharine juices in a partial vacuum in sugar-making; VAC'[=U]UM-TUBE, a sealed glass tube in which a vacuum has been made, employed to examine the effects of a discharge of electricity through air or gas rarefied or exhausted. [L. _vacuus_, empty.]

VADE, v[=a]d, _v.i._ (_Shak._) to fade. [_Fade_.]

VADE-MECUM, v[=a]'d[=e]-m[=e]'kum, _n._ a hand-book, pocket-companion. [L., 'go with me'--_vad[)e]re_, to go, _me_, abl. of _ego_, I, _cum_, with.]

VADIUM, v[=a]'di-um, _n._ (_Scots law_) a wad or surety. [L. _vas_, _vadis_.]

VAG, vag, _n._ (_prov._) turf for fuel.

VAGABOND, vag'a-bond, _adj._ wandering: having no settled home: driven to and fro: unsettled.--_n._ one who wanders without any settled habitation: a wandering, idle fellow: a scamp, a rascal.--_n._ VAG'ABONDAGE.--_v.t._ VAG'ABONDISE, to wander like a vagabond.--_adj._ VAG'ABONDISH.--_n._ VAG'ABONDISM. [Fr.,--Low L.,--_vag[=a]ri_, to wander--_vagus_, wandering.]

VAGARY, va-g[=a]'ri, _n._ a wandering of the thoughts: a wild freak: a whim:--_pl._ VAG[=A]'RIES.--_n._ VAG[=A]'RIAN, a person with vagaries.--_adjs._ VAG[=A]'RIOUS; VAG[=A]'RISH.--_n._ VAGAR'ITY, irregularity, capriciousness.

VAGINA, v[=a]-j[=i]'na, _n._ (_anat._) the canal or passage which leads from the external orifice to the uterus, a sheath, case: the upper part of the pedestal of a terminus: (_bot._) a leaf-stalk when it becomes thin and rolls round the stem to which it then forms a stalk, as in grasses.--_adjs._ VAG'INAL; VAG'INANT (_bot._), investing as a sheath; VAG'IN[=A]TE, -D (_bot._), invested by the tubular base of a leaf or leaf-stalk, as a stem: denoting a certain order of sheathed polypes; VAGINIC'OLINE, VAGINIC'OLOUS, living in a vagina; VAGINIF'EROUS, bearing a vagina; VAGINIPENN'ATE, VAGINOPENN'OUS, sheath-winged.--_ns._ VAGINIS'MUS, spasmodic contraction of the vagina; VAGIN[=I]'TIS, inflammation of the vagina; VAGINOT'OMY, cutting of the vagina; VAGIN'[=U]LA, VAG'INULE, a diminutive vagina.--_adj._ VAGIN'ULATE, having a vaginula, sheathed. [L., 'a sheath.']

VAGITUS, v[=a]-j[=i]'tus, _n._ the cry of a new-born child.

[L.,--_vag[=i]re_, to cry.]

VAGOUS, v[=a]'gus, _adj._ wandering.

VAGRANT, v[=a]'grant, _adj._ wandering without any settled dwelling: unsettled: uncertain, erratic: (_med._) wandering.--_n._ one who has no settled home: an idle or disorderly person: a beggar.--_ns._ V[=A]'GRANCY, V[=A]'GRANTNESS (_rare_), the state of being a vagrant: life and habits of a vagrant.--_adv._ V[=A]'GRANTLY. [L. _vagans_, _-antis_, pr.p. of _vag[=a]ri_, to wander; with _r_ intruded.]

VAGROM, v[=a]'grom, (_Shak._) Dogberry's perverted spelling and pronunciation of _vagrant_.

VAGUE, v[=a]g, _adj._ unsettled: indefinite: uncertain: of doubtful origin: not thinking clearly.--_v.i._ (_obs._) to wander.--_n._ indefinite expanse.--_adv._ VAGUE'LY.--_n._ VAGUE'NESS. [Fr.,--L. _vagus_, wandering.]

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