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SCONE, sk[=o]n, _n._ (_Scot._) a soft cake fired on a griddle. [Perh. Gael.

_sgonn_, a shapeless mass.]

SCOON, sk[=oo]n, _v.t._ to skim along like a vessel: (_Scot._) to skip flat stones on the surface of water. [_Scun_.]

SCOOP, sk[=oo]p, _v.t._ to lift up, as water, with something hollow: to empty with a ladle: to make hollow: to dig out: to dredge for grain: to get before a rival newspaper in publishing some important piece of news.--_n._ anything hollow for scooping: a large hollow shovel or ladle: a banker's shovel: a coal-scuttle: a haul of money made in speculation: a place hollowed out: a sweeping stroke: (_Scot._) the peak of a cap: the act of beating another newspaper in publishing some news.--_ns._ SCOOP'ER, an engraver's tool; SCOOP'ING, the action of the right whale in feeding; SCOOP'-NET, a hand-net; SCOOP'-WHEEL, a wheel having buckets attached to its circumference, used for raising water. [Prob. Scand., Sw. _skopa_, a scoop; or Old Dut. _schoepe_, a shovel, Ger. _schuppe_, a shovel.]

SCOOT, sk[=oo]t, _v.i._ to make off with celerity.--_v.t._ (_Scot._) to squirt.--_n._ a sudden flow of water: a squirt. [A variant of _shoot_.]

SCOPA, sk[=o]'pa, _n._ (_entom._) a mass of stiff hairs like a brush.--_n._ SCOP[=A]'RIA, a genus of pyralid moths: a genus of gamopetalous plants--the West Indian _sweet bromweed_.--_adjs._ SCOP[=A]'RIOUS, scopiform; SC[=O]'PATE, covered with stiff hairs; SC[=O]PIF'EROUS, brushy; SC[=O]'PIFORM, broom-shaped.--_ns._ SCOP'ULA (_entom._), a small brush-like organ; SCOPUL[=A]'RIA, in a sponge, the besom-shaped spicule.--_adjs._ SCOP'[=U]LATE, broom-shaped; SCOP'[=U]LIFORM, scopiform; SCOP'[=U]LIPED, SC[=O]'PIPED, having brushy feet, as solitary bees. [L. _scopa_, twigs.]

SCOPE, sk[=o]p, _n._ that which one sees, space as far as one can see: room or opportunity for free outlook: space for action: the end before the mind: intention: length of cable at which a vessel rides at liberty: a target.--_adjs._ SCOPE'FUL, with a wide prospect; SCOPE'LESS, purposeless, useless. [It. _scopo_--Gr. _skopos_--_skopein_, to view.]

SCOPE, sk[=o]p, _n._ (_obs._) a bundle, as of twigs. [L. _scopa_, twigs.]

SCOPELIDae, sk[=o]-pel'i-d[=e], a family of deep-water teleostean fishes, the typical genus SCOP'ELUS. [Gr. _skopelos_, a rock.]

SCOPIDae, skop'i-d[=e], an African family of wading-birds, as the shadow-birds, the typical genus SC[=O]'PUS.

SCOPIOUS, sk[=o]'pi-us, _adj._ (_obs._) spacious.

SCOPPERIL, skop'e-ril, _n._ a top: teetotum: the bone-foundation of a button. [Ice. _skoppa_, to spin.]

SCOPS, skops, _n._ the screech-owl. [Gr. _sk[=o]ps_.]

SCOPTIC, skop'tik, _adj._ mocking: jesting. [_Scomm_.]

SCOPULOUS, skop'[=u]-lus, _adj._ full of rocks. [L. _scopulus_--Gr.

_skopelos_, a high rock.]

SCORBUTIC, -AL, skor-b[=u]'tik, -al, _adj._ pertaining to, resembling, or diseased with scurvy. [Low L. _scorbutus_, scurvy, prob. from Old Low Ger.

_schorbock_, scurvy, Old Dut. _scheurbuyck_, scurvy. Prob. orig. meaning 'rupture of the belly,' for Old Dut. _scheuren_, to tear, _buyck_ (mod.

Dut. _buik_), the belly.]

SCORCH, skorch, _v.t._ to burn slightly: to roast highly: to affect painfully with heat: to singe: to attack with virulence.--_v.i._ to be burned on the surface: to be dried up: (_slang_) to ride a bicycle furiously on a public highway.--_ns._ SCORCHED'-CAR'PET, -WING, British geometrid moths; SCORCH'ER, anything that scorches, a very caustic rebuke, criticism, &c.: one who rides a bicycle furiously on a road; SCORCH'ING.--_p.adj._ burning superficially: bitterly sarcastic, scathing.--_adv._ SCORCH'INGLY.--_n._ SCORCH'INGNESS. [O. Fr. _escorcher_, from Low L. _excorticare_--L. _ex_, off, _cortex_, _corticis_, bark; or prob. Scand., Norw. _skrekka_, to shrink.]

SCORDATO, sk[=o]r-da't[=o], _adj._ (_mus._) put out of tune.--_n._ SCORDAT[=U]'RA, in stringed musical instruments, an intentional departure from the normal tuning. [It.]

SCORE, sk[=o]r, _n._ a mark or notch for keeping count: a line drawn: the number twenty, once represented by a larger notch: a reckoning: a debt: the register of the various points of play in a game: account: reason: the original draught of a musical composition with all the parts, or its transcript.--_v.t._ to mark with notches or lines: to furrow: to set down: to charge: to engrave: to braid: to note: to enter: to make points, &c., in certain games.--_v.i._ to keep, or to run up, a score: to succeed in making points, &c., in a game.--_ns._ SC[=O]R'ER, one who keeps the marks in a game; SC[=O]R'ING, the act of one who, or that which, scores: a deep groove made by glacial action: the act of repeatedly bringing a racer and his rider to the starting-point, so as to get a fair start.--GO OFF AT SCORE, to make a spirited start; PAY OFF OLD SCORES, to repay old grudges; RUN UP A SCORE, to run up a debt. [A.S. _scor_--_sceran_ (pa.p. _scoren_), to shear.]

SCORIA, sk[=o]'ri-a, _n._ dross or slag left from metal or ores after being under fire: a genus of geometrid moths:--_pl._ SC[=O]'RIae, volcanic ashes.--_adjs._ SC[=O]'RIAC, SCORI[=A]'CEOUS.--_ns._ SCORIFIC[=A]'TION, the act or operation of reducing a body to scoria: a method of assaying by fusing the ore with metallic lead and borax in a scorifier; SCOR'IF[=I]ER, a flat dish used in such a form of assaying.--_adj._ SC[=O]'RIFORM, like scoria.--_v.t._ SC[=O]'RIFY, to reduce to slag.--_adj._ SC[=O]'RIOUS.

[L.,--Gr. _sk[=o]ria_.]

SCORN, skorn, _n._ disdain caused by a mean opinion of anything: extreme contempt: object of contempt.--_v.t._ to hold in extreme contempt: to disdain: to make a mock of.--_v.i._ to scoff: to jeer.--_n._ SCOR'NER, one who scorns: (_B._) one who scoffs at religion: a scoffer.--_adj._ SCORN'FUL, full of scorn: contemptuous: disdainful.--_adv._ SCORN'FULLY.--_ns._ SCORN'FULNESS; SCOR'NING.--LAUGH TO SCORN (_B._), to deride; THINK SCORN, to disdain or despise. [O. Fr. _escarn_, mockery--Old High Ger. _skern_, mockery.]

SCORODITE, skor'[=o]-d[=i]t, _n._ a hydrous arseniate of iron.--Also SKOR'ODITE. [Gr. _skorodon_, _skordon_, garlic.]

SCORPaeNA, skor-p[=e]'na, _n._ a genus of fishes, the typical genus of SCORPae'NIDae, a family including the rose-fish, the Californian rock-fish, and their allies. [L.,--Gr. _skorpaina_, a fish.]

SCORPER, skor'p[.e]r, _n._ a gouging-chisel [For _scauper_.]

SCORPION, skor'pi-un, _n._ a name applicable to any member of the family _Scorpionidae_, included along with spiders, mites, &c. in the heterogeneous class _Arachnida_--they have an elongated body, claws like the lobster, and a poisonous sting in the tail: one of the signs of the zodiac: (_B._) a whip with points like a scorpion's tail: an old military engine: any person of virulent hatred or animosity.--_n._ SCOR'PIO, a scorpion: (_astron._) a constellation and the eighth sign of the zodiac.--_adj._ SCOR'PIOID, curled like the tail of a scorpion.--_n._ SCOR'PION-BUG, a large predacious SCORPI[=O]'NES, true scorpions, a sub-order of _Arachnida_.--_ns._ SCOR'PION-FISH, a sea-scorpion; SCOR'PION-FLY, an insect having its abdomen curled like a scorpion; SCOR'PION-GRASS, the forget-me-not: the mouse-ear; SCORPION'IDA, an order of _Arachnida_, containing the Scorpiones or true scorpions; SCOR'PION-LOB'STER, a long-tailed crustacean; SCOR'PION-PLANT, a Javan orchid with large creamy flower supposed to resemble a spider; SCOR'PION-SHELL, a gasteropod distinguished by long, channelled spines; SCOR'PION-SP[=I]'DER, a whip-scorpion; SCOR'PION-WORT, a leguminous plant native of southern Europe; SCORPI[=U]'RUS, a genus of leguminous plants named scorpion's tail.

[Fr.,--L. _scorpio_--Gr. _skorpios_.]

SCORSE. Same as SCOURSE (2).

SCORTATORY, skor'ta-t[=o]-ri, _adj._ pertaining to lewdness. [L.

_scortator_, a fornicator--_scortum_, a whore.]

SCORZA, skor'za, _n._ a variety of epidote. [It.]

SCORZONERA, skor-z[=o]-n[=e]'ra, _n._ a genus of Old World herbs of the Aster family--_Viper's Grass_. [It., _scorza_, bark, _nera_, black, fem. of _nero_--L. _niger_, black.]

SCOT, skot, _n._ a payment, esp. a customary tax--also SHOT.--_adj._ SCOT'-FREE, free from scot or payment: untaxed: unhurt, safe.--SCOT AND LOT, an old legal phrase embracing all parochial assessments for the poor, the church, lighting, cleansing, and watching. [A.S. _scot_, _sceot_--_sceotan_, to shoot.]

SCOT, skot, _n._ a native of _Scotland_: one of the Scoti or Scots, a Celtic race who migrated from Ireland--the original _Scotia_--before the end of the 5th century.--_n._ SC[=O]'TIA, Scotland.--SCOTS GREYS, a famous regiment of dragoons, established in 1683; SCOTS GUARDS, the Scottish force which served the kings of France from 1418 down to the battle of Minden (1759), nominally retained, however, down to 1830: a well-known regiment of Guards in the British army, formerly Scots Fusiliers.--POUND SCOTS, 1s. 8d.

[A.S. _Scottas_, the Scots. Further ety. quite uncertain, whether Gael.

_sguit_, a wanderer, Gr. _Skyth[=e]s_, a Scythian, &c.]

SCOTCH, skoch, _adj._ pertaining to _Scotland_, its people, language, customs, products, &c.--also SCOT'TISH, SCOTS.--_n._ the dialect of English spoken in Lowland Scotland: (_coll._) Scotch whisky.--_ns._ SCOTCH'-HOP, a child's game: hop-scotch; SCOTCH'MAN, SCOTS'MAN, a native of Scotland.--SCOTCH AMULET, a British geometrid moth; SCOTCH AND ENGLISH, the boys' game of prisoner's base; SCOTCH BARLEY, pot or hulled barley; SCOTCH BLUEBELL, the harebell; SCOTCH BONNETS, the fairy-ring mushroom; SCOTCH BROTH, broth made with pot-barley and plenty of various vegetables chopped small; SCOTCH CAP, the wild black raspberry; SCOTCH CATCH, or SNAP, the peculiarity in Scotch music of the first of two tones played to the same beat being the shorter; SCOTCH CURLIES, a variety of kale; SCOTCH FIR, or PINE, the only species of pine indigenous to Britain, valuable for its timber, turpentine, tar, &c.; SCOTCH KALE, a variety of kale; SCOTCH MIST, a mist like fine rain; SCOTCH PEBBLES, varieties of agate and jasper; SCOTCH THISTLE, the national emblem of Scotland.

SCOTCH, skoch, _v.t._ to cut or wound slightly: to notch.--_n._ a notch, scratch.--_n._ SCOTCH'ING, a method of dressing stone with a pick.--SCOTCHED-COLLOPS, or (erroneously) SCOTCH-COLLOPS, beef-steaks fried with onions. [Related to _scutch_, _scratch_.]

SCOTCH, skoch, _n._ a strut or drag for a wheel.--_v.t._ to prop or block with such.--_n._ SCOTE, a prop.--_v.t._ to stop or block.

SCOTER, sk[=o]'t[.e]r, _n._ a genus of northern sea-ducks, with bill gibbous at the base. [Prob. Ice. _skoti_--_skjota_, to shoot.]

SCOTIA, sk[=o]'ti-a, _n._ a concave moulding, as the base of a pillar. [Gr.

_skotia_,--_skotos_, darkness.]

SCOTICE, skot'i-s[=e], _adv._ in the Scotch language or manner.--_n._ SCOT'ICISM=_Scotticism_.

SCOTISM, sk[=o]'tizm, _n._ the metaphysical system of Johannes Duns _Scotus_, a native of Dunstane in Northumberland, Dun or Down in the north of Ireland, or Dunse in Berwickshire (1265 or 1274-1308), the great assailant of the method of Aquinas in seeking in speculation instead of in practice the foundation of Christian theology--his theological descendants were the Franciscans, in opposition to the Dominicans, who followed Aquinas.--_n._ SC[=O]'TIST, a follower of Duns Scotus.--_adj._ SCOTIS'TIC.

SCOTOGRAPH, skot'[=o]-graf, _n._ an instrument for writing in the dark, or for the use of the blind.--_ns._ SCOT[=O]'MA, a defect in the vision (_obs._ SCOT'OMY); SCOT'OPHIS, a genus of carinated serpents of North America; SCOTOR'NIS, a genus of African birds with very long tails; SCOT'OSCOPE, a night-glass. [Gr. _skotos_, darkness, _graphein_, to write.]

SCOTTICISM, skot'i-sizm, _n._ a Scotch idiom.--_v.t._ SCOTT'ICISE.--_n._ SCOTTIFIC[=A]'TION.--_v.t._ SCOTT'IFY (_coll._), to give Scotch character to.

SCOUNDREL, skown'drel, _n._ a low worthless fellow: a rascal: a man without principle.--_ns._ SCOUN'DRELDOM, scoundrels collectively; SCOUN'DRELISM, baseness, rascality.--_adv._ SCOUN'DRELLY. [For _scunner-el_, one who scunners, or who causes scunnering--A.S. _scunian_, to shun.]

SCOUP, skowp, _v.i._ (_Scot._) to run: to scamper. [Related to _skip_.]

SCOUR, skowr, _v.t._ to clean by rubbing with something rough: to cleanse from grease or dirt: to remove by rubbing: to cleanse by a current: to search thoroughly by scrubbing: to cleanse by brushing: to purge drastically.--_n._ the action of a strong current in a narrow channel: violent purging.--_ns._ SCOUR'AGE, refuse water after scouring; SCOUR'ER, drastic cathartic; SCOUR'ING, in angling, the freshening of angle-worms for bait by putting them in clean sand; SCOUR'ING-BALL, a ball composed of soap, &c., for removing stains of SCOUR'ING-DROPS, a mixture of oil of turpentine and oil of lemon used for removing stains.--_ns._ SCOUR'ING-RUSH, one of the horse-tails; SCOUR'ING-STOCK, in woollen manufacture, an apparatus in which cloths are treated to remove the oil and to cleanse them in the process of manufacture. [O. Fr.

_escurer_--L. _excur[=a]re_, to take great care of.]

SCOUR, skowr, _v.i._ to run with swiftness: to scurry along.--_v.t._ to run quickly over.--_n._ SCOUR'ER, a footpad. [O. Fr. _escourre_--L.

_excurr[)e]re_, to run forth.]

SCOURGE, skurj, _n._ a whip made of leather thongs: an instrument of punishment: a punishment: means of punishment.--_v.t._ to whip severely: to punish in order to correct.--_n._ SCOUR'GER, a flagellant. [O. Fr.

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