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_scincus_--Gr. _skingkos_, a kind of lizard, _eidos_, form.]

SCINDAPSUS, sin-dap'sus, _n._ a genus of climbing plants.

SCINTILLA, sin-til'a, _n._ a spark: a glimmer: the least particle: a trace: a genus of bivalve molluscs: a genus of lepidopterous insects.--_adjs._ SCIN'TILLANT; SCIN'TILLANTE (_mus._), brilliant.--_v.i._ SCIN'TILLATE, to throw out sparks: to sparkle.--_n._ SCINTILL[=A]'TION, act of throwing out sparks: shining with a twinkling light.--_adj._ SCINTILLES'CENT, scintillating feebly.--_n._ SCINTILLOM'ETER, an instrument for measuring the intensity of scintillation of the stars. [L., a spark.]

SCIOGRAPHY, s[=i]-og'ra-fi, _n._ Same as SCIAGRAPHY.

SCIOLISM, s[=i]'[=o]-lizm, _n._ superficial knowledge.--_n._ SC[=I]'OLIST, one who knows anything superficially: a pretender to science.--_adjs._ SC[=I]OLIS'TIC, pertaining to, or partaking of, sciolism: pertaining to, or resembling, a sciolist; SC[=I]'OLOUS. [L. _sciolus_, dim. of _scius_, knowing--_sc[=i]re_, to know.]

SCIOLTO, shi-ol't[=o], _adj._ (_mus._) free, unrestrained. [It.]

SCIOMACHY, s[=i]-om'a-ki, _n._ a battle or fighting with shadows: imaginary or futile combat.--Also SCIAM'ACHY. [Gr. _skiamachia_, _skiomachia_--_skia_, shadow, _mach[=e]_, battle.]

SCIOMANCY, s[=i]'[=o]-man-si, _n._ divination by means of the shades of the dead.

SCION, s[=i]'on, _n._ a cutting or twig for grafting: a young member of a family: a descendant. [O. Fr. _sion_, _cion_--L. _section-em_, a cutting--_sec[=a]re_, to cut.]

SCIOPTIC, s[=i]-op'tik, _adj._ noting a certain optical arrangement for forming images in a darkened room, consisting of a globe with a lens fitted to a camera, and made to turn like the eye--also SCIOP'TRIC.--_ns._ SCIOP'TICON; SCIOP'TICS. [Gr. _skia_, shadow, _optikos_, pertaining to sight.]

SCIOTHEISM, s[=i]'[=o]-th[=e]-izm, _n._ ancestor-worship.


SCIOUS, sc[=i]'us, _adj._ (_obs._) knowing.

SCIRE FACIAS, s[=i]'re f[=a]'shi-as, _n._ (_law_) a writ to enforce the execution of judgments, or to quash them.

SCIRPUS, sir'pus, _n._ a genus of monocotyledonous plants, including the bulrushes. [L., a rush.]

SCIRRHUS, skir'us, or sir'us, _n._ (_med._) a hardened gland forming a tumour: a hardening, esp. that preceding cancer.--_adjs._ SCIRR'HOID, resembling scirrhus; SCIRR'HOUS, hardened, proceeding from scirrhus.

[L.,--Gr. _skirros_, _skiros_, a tumour.]

SCIRTOPOD, sir't[=o]-pod, _adj._ having limbs fitted for SCIRTOP'ODA, an order of saltatorial rotifers. [Gr. _skirtan_, leap, _pous_, foot.]

SCISCITATION, sis-i-t[=a]'shun, _n._ (_obs._) the act of inquiry: demand.

[L.,--_sciscit[=a]ri_, to inquire--_scisc[)e]re_, to seek to know--_sc[=i]re_, to know.]

SCISSEL, sis'el, _n._ the clippings of various metals: scrap--also SCISS'IL. [O. Fr. _cisaille_--_ciseler_--_cisel_, a chisel (q.v.). The spelling has been adapted in the interests of a fancied connection with L.

_scind[)e]re_, _scissum_, to divide.]

SCISSORS, siz'orz, a cutting instrument consisting of two blades fastened at the middle: shears.--_v.i._ SCISE, s[=i]z (_obs._), to cut: to penetrate.--_adjs._ SCISS'IBLE, SCISS'ILE, capable of being cut.--_ns._ SCIS'SION, the act of cutting: division: splitting; SCISSIPAR'ITY, reproduction by fission.--_v.t._ SCISS'OR, to cut with scissors.--_ns._ SCISS'OR-BILL, a skimmer; SCISS'OR-TAIL, an American bird, the scissor-tailed fly-catcher; SCISS'OR-TOOTH, the sectorial tooth of a carnivore which cuts against its fellow; SCISS[=U]'RA (_anat._), a fissure, a cleft; SCIS'SURE, a cleft: a fissure: a rupture: a division; SCISSUREL'LA, a genus of gasteropods with a shell deeply cut. [Formerly written _cisors_--O. Fr. _cisoires_, conn. with Fr. _ciseaux_, scissors, from Late L. _cisorium_, a cutting instrument--L. _caed[)e]re_, _caesum_, to cut.]

SCIURIDae, s[=i]-[=u]'ri-d[=e], _n._ a family of rodent mammals containing the squirrels and their allies.--_adjs._ SC[=I]'[=U]RINE, SC[=I]'[=U]ROID.--_ns._ SCI[=U]ROP'TERUS, one of two genera of flying squirrels; SCI[=U]'RUS, a genus of _Sciuridae_, the arboreal squirrels. [Gr.


SCLATE, skl[=a]t, _n._ an obs. or prov. form of _slate_.


SCLERA, skl[=e]'ra, _n._ the sclerotic coat of the eye-ball.--_n._ SCL[=E]'RAGOGY, severe discipline.--_adj._ SCL[=E]'RAL.--_ns._ SCL[=E]RAN'THUS, a genus of apetalous plants, including the knawel or German knot-grass; SCLERE, in sponges, a skeletal element; SCL[=E]RENCH'YMA, the hard parts of corals or plants.--_adj._ SCLERENCHYM'ATOUS.--_ns._ SCL[=E]'RIA, a genus of monocotyledonous plants, of the sedge family; SCLER[=I]'ASIS, sclerodermia; SCL[=E]'RITE, any hard part of the integument of arthropods.--_adj._ SCLERIT'IC.--_n._ SCL[=E]'ROBASE, a dense corneous mass, as in red coral.--_adj._ SCLEROB[=A]'SIC.--_ns._ SCL[=E]ROBR[=A]'CHIA, an order of brachiopods; SCL[=E]'RODERM, hardened integument or exo-skeleton, esp. of a coral: a SCLERODER'MATA, the scaly reptiles: the madrepores.--_n._ SCL[=E]RODER'MIA, a chronic non-inflammatory affection of the skin, which becomes thick and rigid.--_adjs._ SCLERODER'MIC, SCLERODER'MOUS, SCLERODERMIT'IC.--_ns._ SCLERODER'MITE; SCL[=E]'ROGEN, the thickening matter of woody cells, as in walnut-shells, &c.--_adjs._ SCLEROG'ENOUS, producing sclerous tissue: mail-cheeked, as a fish; SCL[=E]'ROID, hard, scleritic.--_ns._ SCL[=E]R[=O]'MA, sclerosis; SCL[=E]ROM[=E]'NINX, the dura mater; SCL[=E]ROM'ETER, an instrument for measuring the hardness of a mineral.--_adjs._ SCL[=E]R[=O]'SAL, SCL[=E]'ROSED.--_ns._ SCL[=E]R[=O]'SIS, a hardening: (_bot._) the induration of a tissue; SCL[=E]ROS'TOMA, a genus of nematode worms; SCL[=E]R[=O]'TAL, a bone of the eye-ball.--_adj._ relating to such.--_adj._ SCL[=E]ROT'IC, hard, firm, applied esp. to the outer membrane of the eye-ball: pertaining to sclerosis: relating to ergot.--_n._ the outermost membrane of the eye-ball.--_ns._ SCL[=E]ROT[=I]'TIS, inflammation of the sclerotic; SCL[=E]R[=O]'TIUM, a hard, multicellular tuber-like body formed towards the end of the vegetative season by the close union of the ordinary mycelial filaments of Fungi.--_adjs._ SCL[=E]'ROUS, hard or indurated: ossified or bony; SCL[=E]RUR'INE, having stiff, hard tail-feathers, as a bird of the genus _Sclerurus_. [Gr. _skl[=e]ros_, hard.]

SCOAT, sk[=o]t, _v.t._ to prop, to block, to scotch, as a wheel.--Also SCOTE. [O. Fr. _ascouter_--_ascot_, a branch--Teut., Old High Ger. _scuz_, a shoot; Ger. _schuss_.]

SCOBBY, skob'i, _n._ the chaffinch.--Also SC[=O]'BY.

SCOBS, skobz, _n._ sawdust: shavings: dross of metals.--_adj._ SCOB'IFORM, resembling sawdust or raspings.--_n._ SCOB[=I]'NA, the pedicle of the spikelets of grasses. [L. _scobis_--_scab[)e]re_, to scrape.]

SCOFF, skof, _v.t._ to mock: to treat with scorn.--_v.i._ to show contempt or scorn: to deride, taunt, gibe.--_n._ an expression of scorn or contempt: an object of scoffing.--_n._ SCOFF'ER.--_adv._ SCOFF'INGLY, in a scoffing manner: with mockery or contempt. [Old Fris. _schof_; Ice. _skaup_, cf. Old Dut. _schoppen_, to scoff.]

SCOGANISM, sk[=o]'gan-izm, _n._ a scurrilous jesting. [From _Scogan_, the name of a famous jester.]

SCOGIE, sk[=o]'ji, _n._ (_Scot._) a kitchen drudge.

SCOLD, sk[=o]ld, _v.i._ to rail in a loud and violent manner: to find fault.--_v.t._ to chide rudely: to rebuke in words.--_n._ a rude, clamorous woman: a termagant.--_ns._ SCOLD'ER; SCOLD'ING, railing: a rating; SCOLD'ING-STOOL, a cucking-stool. [Old Dut. _scheldan_; Ger. _schelten_, to brawl, to scold.]

SCOLECIDA, sk[=o]-les'i-da, _n._ a class of worms consisting of the wheel-animalcules, turbellarians, trematode worms, &c.--_adj._ SCOLEC'IFORM.--_ns._ SCOLEC[=I]'NA, a group of annelids typified by the earth-worm--also SCOLE[=I]'NA; SCOL'EC[=I]TE, a hydrous silicate of aluminium and calcium.--_adjs._ SCOL[=E]'COID, like a scolex; SCOL[=E]COPH'AGOUS, worm-eating, as a bird.--_n._ SCOLECOPH'AGUS, a genus of birds including the maggot-eaters or rusty SCOLECOPHID'IA, a division of angiostomous serpents.--_adj._ SCOLECOPHID'IAN, worm-like, as a snake.--_n._ SC[=O]'LEX, the embryo of an entozoic worm. [Gr. _sk[=o]l[=e]x_, a worm.]

SCOLIA, sk[=o]-li-a, _n._ a genus of fossorial hymenopterous insects. [Gr.

_sk[=o]los_, a prickle.]

SCOLIODON, sk[=o]-l[=i]'[=o]-don, _n._ the genus containing the oblique-toothed sharks. [Gr. _skolios_, oblique, _odous_, _odontis_, a tooth.]

SCOLISOIS, skol-i-[=o]'sis, _n._ lateral curvature of the spinal column.--_adj._ SCOLIOT'IC. [Gr.,--_skolios_, oblique.]

SCOLITE, sk[=o]'l[=i]t, _n._ a fossil worm or its trace. [Gr. _skolios_, oblique.]


SCOLOPACEOUS, skol-[=o]-p[=a]'shi-us, _adj._ resembling a SCOLOPAC'IDae, a family of wading-birds containing snipes, &c.--_adjs._ SCOL'OPACINE, SCOL'OPACOID.--_n._ SCOL'OPAX. [L. _scolopax_, a snipe.]

SCOLOPENDRA, skol-[=o]-pen'dra, _n._ a genus of _Myriapoda_, having a long, slender, depressed body, protected by coriaceous plates, and having at least twenty-one pairs of legs: (_Spens._) an imaginary fish or sea-monster.--_adj._ SCOLOPEN'DRIFORM, SCOLOPEN'DRINE.--_n._ SCOLOPEN'DRIUM, a genus of asplenioid ferns, generally called _Hart's-tongue_. [L.,--Gr. _skolopendra_, a milliped.]

SCOLYTUS, skol'i-tus, _n._ typical genus of SCOLYT'IDae, a family of bark beetles.--_adj._ SCOL'YTOID. [Gr. _skolyptein_, to strip.]

SCOMBER, skom'b[.e]r, _n._ a genus of acanthopterygian fishes typical of the family _Scombridae_, to which belong mackerel, tunnies, bonitos, &c.--_ns._ SCOMBER'ESOX, the mackerel pikes, saury pikes, or sauries; SCOMBEROM'ORUS, the Spanish mackerel and related species.--_adjs._ SCOM'BRIFORM, SCOM'BRID, -AL, SCOM'BROID. [L.,--Gr. _skombros_, a mackerel.]

SCOMFISH, skom'fish, _v.t._ (_Scot._) to suffocate by bad air: to nauseate: to discomfit.--_v.i._ to be suffocated. [A corr. of obs.


SCOMM, skom, _n._ (_obs._) a flout: a buffoon. [L. _scomma_--Gr.

_sk[=o]mma_, a jest.]

SCONCE, skons, _n._ a bulwark: a small fort: a protective headpiece, hence the head, the skull, brains, wits: a covered stall: a fine: a seat in an old-fashioned open chimney-place, a chimney-seat: a fragment of an icefloe.--_v.t._ to fortify: to tax, to fine lightly, at Oxford and Cambridge, for some irregularity. [O. Fr. _esconcer_, to conceal--L.

_abscond[)e]re_, _absconsum_.]

SCONCE, skons, _n._ the part of a candlestick for the candle: a hanging candlestick with a mirror to reflect the light: a lantern. [O. Fr.

_esconse_--Low L. _absconsa_, a dark-lantern--_abscond[)e]re_, to hide.]


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