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SCAZON, sk[=a]'zon, _n._ in ancient prosody, a metre, the rhythm of which is imperfect toward the close of the line or period. [Gr. _skaz[=o]n_, limping.]

SCELERATE, sel'e-r[=a]t, _adj._ (_obs._) wicked, villainous.--_n._ a villain--also SCEL'ERAT.--_adjs._ SCEL'EROUS, SCELES'TIC. [O. Fr.--L.

_sceleratus_--_scelus_, crime.]

SCELIDES, sel'i-d[=e]z, the posterior limbs of a mammal.--_n._ SCEL'IDOSAUR, a dinosaur of the genus Scelidosaurus.--_adjs._ SCELIDOSAU'RIAN; SCELIDOSAU' SCELIDOSAU'RIDae, a family of mailed dinosaurs.--_ns._ SCELIDOSAU'RUS, the typical genus of Scelidosauridae; SCELIO (s[=e]'li-[=o]), a genus of hymenopterous insects parasitic in the eggs of grasshoppers and locusts; SCELOP'ORUS (_U.S._), the common brown fence-lizard. [Gr. _skelis_, _skelidos_, a leg.]

SCELP, skelp, _n._ long strips of iron used in forming a gun-barrel.--Also SKELP.

SCENA, s[=e]'na, _n._ the stage of an ancient theatre (_pl._ SCENae, s[=e]'n[=e]): an elaborate dramatic solo (It., pron. sh[=a]'na; pl.

SCE'NE).--_n._ SCENARIO (she-na'ri-[=o]), a skeleton libretto of a dramatic work. [L.]

SCEND, send, _n._ the upward angular displacement of a vessel--opposed to _Pitch_, the correlative downward movement.--_v.i._ to heave upward. [A corr. of _send_, influenced by _ascend_.]

SCENE, s[=e]n, _n._ a picture of the place of an action: a large painted view: place of action, occurrence, or exhibition: the part of a play acted without change of place: (_orig._) the stage of a theatre on which the actors perform: a series of landscape events connected and exhibited: a number of objects presented to the view at once: spectacle: view: any unseemly or ill-timed display of strong feeling between persons.--_v.t._ to exhibit: to display.--_ns._ SCENE'-DOCK, the space in a theatre adjoining the stage, where scenery is stored when not in use; SCENE'-MAN, one who manages the scenery in a theatre; SCENE'-PAINT'ER, one whose employment it is to paint scenery for theatres; SC[=E]'NERY, the painted representation on a stage: the appearance of anything presented to the eye: general aspect of a landscape; SCENE'-SHIFT'ER (same as SCENE-MAN).--_adjs._ SC[=E]'NIC, -AL, pertaining to scenery: dramatic: theatrical.--_adv._ SC[=E]'NICALLY.--_adjs._ SC[=E]NOGRAPH'IC, -AL, drawn in perspective.--_adv._ SC[=E]NOGRAPH'ICALLY.--_n._ SC[=E]NOG'RAPHY, the art of perspective: representation in perspective.--BEHIND THE SCENES, at the back of the visible stage; MAKE A SCENE, to make a noisy or otherwise unwelcome exhibition of feeling. [L. _scena_--Gr. _sk[=e]n[=e]_, a covered place, a stage.]

SCENT, sent, _v.t._ to discern by the sense of smell: to perfume: to have some suspicion of.--_v.i._ to become odoriferous: to smell.--_n._ a perfume: odour: sense of smell: chase followed by the scent: course of pursuit: scraps of paper strewed on the ground by the pursued in the boys'

game of hare and hounds.--_ns._ SCENT'-BAG, the pouch of an animal which secretes an odoriferous substance; SCENT'-BOTT'LE, a small bottle for holding perfume; SCENT'-BOX.--_adjs._ SCENT'ED, perfumed; SCENT'FUL, highly odoriferous: quick of scent: having a good nose, as a dog.--_n._ SCENT'-GLAND, a glandular organ which secretes such substances as musk or castoreum.--_adv._ SCENT'INGLY, allusively: not directly.--_adj._ SCENT'LESS, having no scent or smell: destructive of scent.--_ns._ SCENT'-OR'GAN, a scent-gland; SCENT'-VASE, a vessel with a pierced cover designed to contain perfumes. [Fr. _sentir_--L. _sent[=i]re_, to feel.]

SCEPTIC, -AL, SKEPTIC, -AL, skep'tik, -al, _adj._ pertaining to the philosophical school in ancient Greece of Pyrrho and his successors: doubting: hesitating to admit the certainty of doctrines or principles: (_theol._) doubting or denying the truth of revelation.--_ns._ SCEP'SIS, SKEP'SIS, philosophic doubt; SCEP'TIC, one who is sceptical: (_theol._) one who doubts or denies the existence of God or the truths of revelation.--_adv._ SCEP'TICALLY.--_n._ SCEP'TICALNESS.--_v.i._ SCEP'TICISE, to act the sceptic.--_n._ SCEP'TICISM, that condition in which the mind is before it has arrived at conclusive opinions: doubt: the doctrine that no facts can be certainly known: agnosticism: (_theol._) doubt of the existence of God or the truth of revelation. [L.

_scepticus_--Gr. _skeptikos_, thoughtful, _skeptesthai_, to consider.]

SCEPTRE, sep't[.e]r, _n._ the staff or baton borne by kings as an emblem of authority: royal power.--_v.t._ to invest with royal power.--_adjs._ SCEP'TRAL, regal; SCEP'TRED, bearing a sceptre: regal.--_n._ SCEP'TREDOM, reign.--_adjs._ SCEP'TRELESS, powerless, as a sceptreless king; SCEP'TRY, bearing a sceptre, royal. [L. _sceptrum_--Gr. _sk[=e]ptron_--_sk[=e]ptein_, to lean.]

SCERNE, s[.e]rn, _v.t._ (_obs._) to discern. [_Discern_.]

SCEUOPHYLACIUM, sk[=u]-[=o]-fi-l[=a]'shi-um, _n._ (_Gr. Church_) the repository of the sacred vessels.--_n._ SCEUOPH'YLAX, a sacristan, church treasurer. [Gr. _skeuos_, a vessel, _phylax_, a watcher.]

SCHaeFFERIA, shef-f[=e]'ri-a, _n._ a genus of polypetalous plants, the yellow-wood. [Named from _Schaeffer_, an 18th-cent. German botanist.]

SCHALENBLENDE, sha'len-blend, _n._ a variety of native zinc-sulphide.

[Ger., _schale_, shell, _blende_, blende.]

SCHAPPE, shap'pe, _n._ a fabric woven from spun silk.

SCHEDIASM, sk[=e]'di-azm, _n._ cursory writing on a loose sheet. [Gr.

_schediasma_--_schedon_, near.]

SCHEDULE, shed'[=u]l, _n._ a piece of paper containing some writing: a list, inventory, or table.--_v.t._ to place in a schedule or list. [O. Fr.

_schedule_ (Fr. _cedule_)--L. _schedula_, dim. of _scheda_, a strip of papyrus--L. _scind[)e]re_, to cleave; or from Gr. _sched[=e]_, a leaf.]

SCHEELITE, sh[=e]'l[=i]t, _n._ native calcium tungstate. [From the Swedish chemist, K. W. _Scheele_ (1742-86).]


SCHELLY, shel'i, _n._ a white fish.

SCHELM, skelm, _n._ (_Scot._) a rascal.--Also SCHEL'LUM, SHELM, SKEL'LUM.

[O. Fr. _schelme_--Old High Ger. _scalmo_, plague; cf. Ger. _schelm_, a rogue.]

SCHELTOPUSIK, shel'to-p[=u]-sik, _n._ a Russian lizard.

SCHEMA, sk[=e]'ma, _n._ the image of the thing with which the imagination aids the understanding in its procedure: scheme, plan, outline generally: a diagrammatic outline or synopsis of anything: (_Gr. Church_) the monastic habit.--_adj._ SCHEMAT'IC.--_v.t._ SCH[=E]'MATISE, to arrange in outline.--_v.i._ to make a plan in outline.--_ns._ SCH[=E]'MATISM, form or outline of a thing: (_astrol._) the combination of the heavenly bodies; SCH[=E]'MATIST, a projector.

SCHEME, sk[=e]m, _n._ plan: something contrived to be done: purpose: plot: a combination of things by design: a specific organisation for some end: an illustrative diagram: a system: a statement in tabular form: a representation of the aspect of the heavenly bodies at a given time.--_v.t._ to plan: to contrive.--_v.i._ to form a plan.--_n._ SCHEME'-ARCH, an arch less than a semicircle.--_adj._ SCHEME'FUL.--_n._ SCH[=E]'MER.--_adj._ SCH[=E]'MING, given to forming schemes: intriguing.--_adv._ SCH[=E]'MINGLY, by scheming.--_n._ SCH[=E]'MIST, a schemer: an astrologer.--_adj._ SCH[=E]'MY, cunning: intriguing. [L.

_schema_--Gr. _sch[=e]ma_, form--_echein_, _sch[=e]sein_, to hold.]

SCHEPEN, sk[=a]'pen, _n._ a Dutch magistrate. [Dut.]

SCHEROMA, ske-r[=o]'ma, _n._ inflammation of the eye without discharge.

[Gr. _x[=e]ros_, dry.]

SCHERZO, sker'ts[=o], _n._ (_mus._) a passage or movement of a lively character, forming part of a musical composition of some length, as a symphony, quartette, or sonata.--_adj._ SCHERZAN'DO, playful. [It.

_scherzo_, a jest, _scherzare_, to play--Teut.; Mid. High Ger. _scherz_ (Ger. _scherz_, Dut. _scherts_), jest.]

SCHESIS, sk[=e]'sis, _n._ habitude.--_adj._ SCHET'IC, constitutional: habitual. [Gr.,--_echein_, to have.]

SCHIAVONE, ski-a-v[=o]'ne, _n._ a backed, hilted broadsword of the 17th century. [It., the Doge's bodyguard, the _Schiavoni_ or Slavs being armed with it.]

SCHIEDAM, sk[=e]-dam', _n._ Hollands gin, named from the town near Rotterdam where it is chiefly made.

SCHILLER, shil'[.e]r, _n._ the peculiar bronze-like lustre observed in certain minerals, as hypersthene, &c., due to internal reflection.--_ns._ SCHILLERIS[=A]'TION, the process by which microscopic crystals have been developed in other minerals so as to give a submetallic sheen by internal reflection; SCHILL'ERITE, or SCHILL'ER-SPAR rock, enstatite schillerised.


SCHINDYLESIS, skin-di-l[=e]'sis, _n._ an articulation formed by the fitting of one bone into a groove in another, as in the sphenoid bone and vomer.--_adj._ SCHINDYLET'IC. [Gr.,--_schindylein_; to cleave, _schizein_, to cleave.]

SCHINUS, sk[=i]'nus, _n._ a genus of South American trees, of order _Anacardiaceae_, the leaves yielding abundantly a fragrant, resinous, or turpentine-like fluid. [Gr. _schinos_, the mastic-tree.]

SCHIPPERKE, ship'p[.e]r-ke, _n._ a breed of dogs of the same group as the Eskimo and Pomeranian dog, but with almost no tail, favourites of the Belgian bargees. [Flem., 'little skipper.']

S-CHISEL, es-chiz'el, _n._ a cutting tool in well-boring.

SCHISIOPHONE, skiz'i-[=o]-f[=o]n, _n._ an induction balance for detecting flaws in iron rails. [Gr. _schisis_, a cleaving, _ph[=o]n[=e]_, sound.]

SCHISM, sizm, _n._ a separation in a church, from diversity of opinion or discipline, breach of unity without justifiable cause, also the tendency towards such.--_ns._ SCHIS'MA (_mus._), the difference between a pure and an equally tempered fifth; SCHISMAT'IC, one who separates from a church on account of difference of opinion.--_adjs._ SCHISMAT'IC, -AL, tending to, or of the nature of, schism.--_adv._ SCHISMAT'ICALLY.--_n._ SCHISMAT'ICALNESS.--_v.i._ SCHIS'MATISE, to practise schism: to make a breach in the communion of the church:--_pr.p._ schis'mat[=i]sing; _pa.p._ schis'mat[=i]sed.--GREAT, or GREEK, SCHISM, the separation of the Greek Church from the Latin, finally completed in 1054; WESTERN SCHISM, the division in the Western Church on the appointment by the Romans of Urban VI. to the papal chair in 1378, while the French cardinals elected Clement VII.--healed on the election of Martin V. by the Council of Constance in 1417. [L. _schisma_--Gr. _schizein_, to split.]

SCHIST, shist, _n._ a term properly applied to crystalline rocks with a foliated structure, as mica-schist, hornblende-schist, &c.--indurated clay-rocks with a fissile structure are sometimes erroneously described as schists.--_adjs._ SCHIST[=A]'CEOUS, slate-gray; SCHIST'IC, SCHIST'OUS, SCHIST'OSE, like schist: slaty.--_n._ SCHISTOS'ITY, quality of being schistose. [Fr. _schiste_--Gr. _schistos_--_schizein_, to split.]

SCHIZaeA, sk[=i]-z[=e]'a, _n._ a genus of ferns, with sporangia ovate, sessile, and arranged in spikes or panicles. [Gr. _schizein_, to split.]

SCHIZOCARP, skiz'[=o]-karp, _n._ a dry fruit which splits at maturity into several closed one-seeded portions.--_adj._ SCHIZOCAR'POUS. [Gr.

_schizein_, to cleave, _karpos_, fruit.]

SCHIZOCEPHALY, skiz-[=o]-sef'a-li, _n._ the practice of preserving the heads of warriors among Maoris, &c. [Gr. _schizein_, to cleave, _kephal[=e]_, the head.]

SCHIZOCOELE, skiz'[=o]-s[=e]l, _n._ a term applied to the perivisceral cavity of the _Invertebrata_, when formed by a splitting of the mesoblast.--_adj._ SCHIZOCOE'LOUS. [Gr, _schizein_, to cleave, _koilia_, a hollow.]

SCHIZODON, skiz'[=o]-don, _n._ a genus of South American octodont rodents.

[Gr. _schizein_, to cleave, _odous_, odontos, a tooth.]

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