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_escars_ (Fr. _echars_), niggardly--Low L. _scarpsus_=_ex-carpsus_, for L.

_excerptus_, pa.p. of _excerp[=e]re_--_ex_, out of, _carp[=e]re_, to pick.]

SCARD, skard, _n._ a shard or fragment.

SCARDAFELLA, skar-da-fel'a, _n._ an American genus containing the ground-doves.

SCARE, sk[=a]r, _v.t._ to drive away by frightening: to strike with sudden terror: to startle, to affright.--_n._ an imaginary alarm: a sudden panic.--_adj._ lean, scanty.--_ns._ SCARE'-BABE, a bugbear; SCARE'-BUG; SCARE'CROW, anything set up to scare away crows or other birds: a vain cause of terror: a person meanly clad: the black tern; SCARE'-FIRE, a fire-alarm: a conflagration. [M. E. _skerren_--_skerre_, frightened--Ice.

_skjarr_, timid.]

SCARF, skarf, _n._ a light decorative piece of dress worn loosely on the shoulders or as a band about the neck: a light handkerchief for the neck: a cravat:--_pl._ SCARFS, SCARVES (_obs._).--_v.t._ to cover, as if with a scarf.--_adj._ SCARFED, decorated with pendants.--_ns._ SCARF'-PIN, an ornamental pin worn in a scarf; SCARF'-RING, an ornamental ring through which the ends or a scarf are drawn. [A.S. _scearfe_, a piece; Dut.

_scherf_, a shred.]

SCARF, skarf, _v.t._ to join two pieces of timber endwise, so that they may appear to be used as one: to flay the skin from a whale.--_n._ in carpentry, a joint whose ends are united so as to form a continuous piece.--_ns._ SCAR'FING; SCARF'ING-MACHINE', a machine for shaving the ends of leather belting to a feather edge; SCARF'-JOINT, a joint made by overlapping two pieces of timber that will fit each other; SCARF'-LOOM, a figure loom for weaving fabrics. [Scand., Sw. _skarf_, Norw. _skarv_, a joint; cf. Ger. _scherben_, to cut small; conn. with _shear_, v.]

SCARF, skarf, _n._ the cormorant--(_Scot._) SCART, SKART. [Ice. _skarfr_.]

SCARFSKIN, skarf'skin, _n._ the surface skin. [_Scurf_.]

SCARIDae, skar'i-d[=e], a family of fishes including the parrot-fish.--Also SC[=A]'RUS. [Gr. _skaros_.]

SCARIFY, skar'i-f[=i], _v.t._ to scratch or slightly cut the skin, to make small cuts with a lancet, so as to draw blood: to loosen and stir together the soil: to harrow the feelings:--_pa.t._ and _pa.p._ scar'if[=i]ed.--_ns._ SCARIFIC[=A]'TION, act of scarifying; SCARIFIC[=A]'TOR, an instrument with several lancets for scarifying or making slight incisions in the operation of cupping; SCAR'IFIER, one who scarifies: an instrument used for scarifying the soil, esp. a grubber with prongs. [Fr. _scarifier_--L. _scarific[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_--Gr.

_skariphasthai_--skariphos, an etching tool.]

SCARIOUS, sk[=a]'ri-us, _adj._ (_bot._) thin, dry, membranaceous: (_zool._) scaly, scurfy.

SCARITID, skar'i-tid, _adj._ pertaining to carabid beetles of _Scarites_ or related genera.

SCARLATINA, skar-la-t[=e]'na, _n._ a dangerous and highly-contagious fever, so named from the scarlet rash or eruption which accompanies it--also SCAR'LET-F[=E]VER.--_adjs._ SCARLATI'NAL, SCARLATI'NOUS.

SCARLET, skar'let, _n._ a bright-red colour: scarlet cloth.--_adj._ of the colour called scarlet: dressed in scarlet.--_v.t._ to redden.--_ns._ SCAR'LET-AD'MIRAL, the red-admiral, a butterfly; SCAR'LET-BEAN, the scarlet-runner; SCAR'LET-F[=E]'VER, a contagious febrile disease (see SCARLATINA); SCAR'LET-HAT, a cardinal's hat; SCAR'LET-LIGHT'NING, the scarlet lychnis: the red valerian; SCAR'LET-RUN'NER, a bean with scarlet flowers which runs up any support; SCAR'LET-SNAKE, a bright-red harmless snake of the southern states of the American Union; SCAR'LET-T[=I]'GER, a British moth; SCAR'LET-WOM'AN, the woman referred to in Rev. xvii. 4, 5--Pagan Rome, Papal Rome, or a personification of the World in its anti-Christian sense. [O. Fr. _escarlate_ (Fr. _ecarlate_), through Low L.

_scarlatum_--Pers. _saqal[=a]t_, scarlet cloth.]

SCARMAGE, skar'm[=a]j, _n._ (_Spens._) same as Skirmish.--Also SCAR'MOGE.

SCARN-BEE, skarn'-b[=e], _n._ (prov.) a dung-beetle. [Sharn.]

SCARP, skarp, _n._ (_her._) a diminutive of the bend sinister, half its width: (_obs._) a shoulder-belt. [O. Fr. _escarpe_, escharpe: cf. _Scarf_ (1).]

SCARP, skarp, _n._ (_fort._) any steep slope (same as Escarp).--_v.t._ to cut down a slope so as to render it impassable.--_adj._ SCARPED. [O. Fr.

_escarpe_--It. _scarpa_--Old High Ger. _scharf_; cf. _Sharp_.]

SCARPINES, skar'pinz, an instrument of torture resembling the boot.

[Fr. _escarpins_, shoes.]

SCARRED, skard, _adj._ marked by scars.--_n._ SCAR'RING, a scar: a mark.--_adj._ SCAR'RY, bearing or pertaining to scars: having scars.

SCART, skart, _v.t._ (_Scot._) to scratch: to scrape.--_n._ a slight wound: a dash or stroke: a niggard: a poor-looking creature.--_adj._ SCART'-FREE.

SCARUS, sk[=a]'rus, _n._ a genus of fishes including the parrot-wrasses.


SCARY, sk[=a]r'i, _adj._ causing fright: timid: fluttered.

SCAT, SCATT, skat, _n._ a tax in the Shetland Islands.--_ns._ SCAT'HOLD, open ground for pasture; SCAT'LAND, land which paid duty for rights of pasture and peat. [A.S. _sceat_, a coin; Dut. _schat_, Ger. _schatz_.]

SCAT, skat, _interj._ be off!--_v.t._ to scare away.

SCAT, skat, _n._ (_prov._) a brisk shower of rain.--_adj._ SCAT'TY, showery. [Prob. conn. with _scud_.]

SCATCH, skach, _n._ a bit for bridles. [Fr. _escache_.]

SCATCHES, skach'ez, stilts used for walking in dirty places. [O.

Fr. _eschace_--Old Flem. _schaetse_, a high shoe; Dut. _schaats_, pl.

_schaatsen_, skates.]

SCATE. Same as _Skate_, a fish.

SCATH, SCATHE, sk[=a]th, _n._ damage, injury: waste.--_v.t._ to injure.--_adj._ SCATHE'FUL, destructive.--_n._ SCATHE'FULNESS, disadvantage: destructiveness.--_adj._ SC[=A]'THING, damaging; blasting: scorching.--_adv._ SC[=A]'THINGLY.--_adjs._ SC[=A]TH'LESS, without injury; SC[=A]'THY (_Scot._), mischievous: dangerous. [A.S. _sceathu_; Ger.

_schade_, injury.]

SCATOLOGY, sk[=a]-tol'[=o]-ji, _n._ the knowledge of fossil excrement or coprolites: knowledge of the usages of primitive peoples about excrements, human and other.--_adj._ SCATOLOG'ICAL.--_ns._ SCAT'OMANCY, SCATOS'COPY, divination of disease by inspection of excrement; SCATOPH'AGA, the SCATOPHAG'IDae, a family of acanthopterygian fishes.--_adj._ SCATOPH'AGOUS, feeding on excrement. [Gr. _sk[=o]r_, skatos, dung, logia--legein, to speak; manteia, divination; skopein, to view; phagein, to eat.]

SCATTER, skat'[.e]r, _v.t._ to disperse in all directions: to throw loosely about: to strew: to sprinkle: to dispel: to put to flight: to drop: to throw shot too loosely.--_v.i._ to be dispersed or dissipated.--_n._ SCATT'ERBRAIN, a thoughtless, giddy person.--_adjs._ SCATT'ER-BRAINED, giddy; SCATT'ERED, widely separated: wandering: distracted: irregular.--_ns._ SCATT'ERER, one who or that which scatters; SCATT'ER-GOOD, a spendthrift; SCATT'ER-GUN, a shot-gun; SCATT'ERING, something scattered: dispersion: that which has been scattered: the irregular reflection of light from a surface not perfectly smooth.--_adj._ dispersing: rare, sporadic: diversified.--_adv._ SCATT'ERINGLY, in a dispersed manner: here and there.--_ns._ SCATT'ERLING (_Spens._), one who has no fixed abode: a vagabond; SCATT'ERMOUCH, any Latin or Levantine, in Pacific slang.--_adj._ SCATT'ERY, dispersed: sparse: few and far between.

[A.S. _scateran_, scaterian; cf. _Shatter_.]

SCATURIENT, sk[=a]-t[=u]'ri-ent, _adj._ gushing like water from a fountain.

[L. _scatur[=i]re_, to gush out.]

SCAUD, skad, _v.t._ (_Scot._) to scald: to scold.

SCAUP, skawp, _n._ a sea-duck of genus Aythya, of northern regions, related to the pochard. [Ice. _skalp_--in _skalp-haena_.]

SCAUPER, skaw'p[.e]r, _n._ a tool with semicircular face, used by engravers. [Prob. scalper.]

SCAUR, skar, a Scotch form of scare.

SCAUR, skawr, _n._ a precipitous bank or rock.--Also SCAR. [_Scar_.]

SCAURY, ska'ri, _n._ a young gull in Shetland. [Scand., Sw. _skiura_.]

SCAVAGE, skav'[=a]j, _n._ a duty or toll anciently exacted by mayors, &c., on goods exposed for sale.

SCAVENGER, skav'en-j[.e]r, _n._ one who cleans the streets: an animal which feeds on carrion: a child employed to pick up loose cotton from the floor in a cotton-mill.--_ns._ SCAV'AGERY, street-cleansing; SCAV'AGING.--_v.t._ SCAV'ENGE, to cleanse.--_ns._ SCAV'ENGER-BEE'TLE, a beetle which acts as a scavenger; SCAV'ENGER-CRAB, any crab which feeds on decaying animal matter; SCAV'ENGERING; SCAV'ENGERISM; SCAV'ENGERY.--SCAVENGER'S DAUGHTER, an instrument of torture by pressure with an iron hoop, invented by Sir W.

Skevington, Lieutenant of the Tower under Henry VIII. [Orig. _scavager_, an inspector of goods for sale, and also of the streets; from _scavage_, duty on goods for sale--A.S. _sceawian_, to inspect; cf. _Show_.]

SCAVERNICK, skav'[.e]r-nik, _n._ (_Cornish_) a hare.

SCAVILONES, skav'i-l[=o]nz, men's drawers worn in the sixteenth century under the hose.

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