TREMATODA, trem-a-t[=o]'da, _n.pl._ a class of flat-worms whose members are parasitic in or on a great variety of animals, the body unsegmented, leaf-like or more or less cylindrical, and provided with adhesive suckers.--_n._ TREM'ATODE, one of the foregoing--also TREM'ATOID.--_adj._ TREM'ATOID, suctorial. [Gr. _tr[=e]mat[=o]d[=e]s_, porous--_tr[=e]ma_, a hole.]
TREMBLE, trem'bl, _v.i._ to shake, as from fear, cold, or weakness: to shiver: to shake, as sound.--_n._ the act of trembling: a morbid trembling.--_ns._ TREM'BLEMENT; TREM'BLER; TREM'BLING.--_adv._ TREM'BLINGLY.--_n._ TREM'BLING-POP'LAR, the aspen.--_adj._ TREM'BLY, tremulous.--_adv._ tremulously.--_adjs._ TREM'[=U]LANT, TREM'[=U]LOUS, trembling: affected with fear: quivering.--_adv._ TREM'[=U]LOUSLY.--_n._ TREM'[=U]LOUSNESS. [O. Fr. _trembler_--L. _tremulus_, trembling--_trem[)e]re_, to shake.]
TREMELLA, tr[=e]-mel'a, _n._ a genus of fungi, of the division _Hymenomycetes_, soft and gelatinous, mostly growing on decaying wood--_Witches' Meat_, _Fairy Butter_.--_adjs._ TREM'ELLOID, TREM'ELLOSE.
TREMENDOUS, tr[=e]-men'dus, _adj._ such as astonishes or terrifies by its force or greatness: dreadful.--_adv._ TREMEN'DOUSLY.--_n._ TREMEN'DOUSNESS.
TREMEX, tr[=e]'meks, _n._ a genus of hymenopterous insects. [Gr.
_tr[=e]ma_, a hole.]
TREMOLITE, trem'[=o]-l[=i]t, _n._ one of the amphibole group of minerals, composed of silica, magnesia, and lime, occurring usually in long prisms, white or gray, vitreous, translucent to opaque, usually associated with crystalline schistose rocks.--_adj._ TREMOLIT'IC. [From the Val _Tremola_ in the Alps.]
TREMOLO, trem'[=o]-l[=o], _n._ (_mus._) a tremulous effect suggesting passion: the device in an organ by which this is produced--also TREM'OLANT, TREM'ULANT.--_adv._ TREMOLAN'DO, in a tremulous manner. [It.]
TREMOR, trem'or, _n._ a shaking or quivering, any involuntary shaking.--_adj._ TREM'ORLESS. [_Tremble_.]
TRENCH, trensh, _v.t._ to dig a ditch: to dig deeply with the spade or plough.--_v.i._ to encroach.--_n._ a long narrow cut in the earth: (_fort._) an excavation to interrupt the approach of an enemy: an excavated approach made by besiegers.--_n._ TREN'CHANCY, causticity.--_adjs._ TREN'CHANT, TREN'CHING, cutting: sharp: severe--(_Spens._) TREN'CHAND.--_ns._ TREN'CHER; TRENCH'-PLOUGH, a plough for trenching or turning up the land more deeply than usual.--_v.t._ to plough with a trench-plough. [O. Fr. _trencher_ (Fr. _trancher_), acc. to Littre from L.
_trunc[=a]re_, to maim--_truncus_, maimed.]
TRENCHER, tren'sh[.e]r, _n._ a wooden plate formerly used for cutting meat on at meals: the table: food: pleasures of the table.--_ns._ TREN'CHER-CAP, a style of college-cap: a mortar-board; TREN'CHER-FRIEND (_Shak._), one who frequents the table of another, a parasite; TREN'CHER-KNIGHT, -MAN (_Shak._), one who can do feats in the way of eating, a feeder; TREN'CHER-MATE, a table-companion, parasite. [O. Fr.
_trenchoir_--_trencher_, to cut.]
TREND, trend, _v.i._ to tend, to run, to go in a particular direction: to incline, lean.--_n._ tendency. [A.S. _trendan_.]
TRENTAL, tren'tal, _n._ a service of thirty masses for thirty days, one each day, for a deceased person. [Low L. _trentale_--L. _triginta_, thirty.]
TRENTE-ET-QUARANTE. See ROUGE-ET-NOIR.
TREPAN, tr[=e]-pan', _v.t._ to ensnare:--_pr.p._ trepan'ning: _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ trepanned'. [Same as _trapan_, of which it is an erroneous spelling.]
TREPAN, tr[=e]-pan', _n._ (_surg._) a small cylindrical saw used in perforating the skull: a powerful rock-boring tool.--_v.t._ to remove a circular piece of the skull with a trepan, in order to relieve the brain from pressure or irritation.--_ns._ TREPAN[=A]'TION, TREPAN'NING; TREPAN'NER. [Fr.,--Low L. _trepanum_--Gr. _tryp[)a]non_--_trypan_, to bore.]
TREPANG, tr[=e]-pang', _n._ the Malay name for a species of Holothuria, much esteemed in China as a food delicacy--_beche-de-mer_, sea-slug.
TREPHINE, tre-f[=e]n', or tre-f[=i]n', _n._ the modern trepan, having a little sharp borer called the centre-pin.--_v.t._ to perforate with the trephine.
TREPIDATION, trep-i-d[=a]'-shun, _n._ a state of confused hurry or alarm: an involuntary trembling.--_adj._ TREP'ID, quaking. [L. _trepid[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_, to hurry with alarm--_trepidus_, restless.]
TRESPASS, tres'pas, _v.i._ to pass over a limit or boundary: to enter unlawfully upon another's land: to inconvenience by importunity: to intrude: to injure or annoy another: to sin.--_n._ act of trespassing: any injury to another's person or property: a sin.--_ns._ TRES'PASSER; TRES'PASS-OFF'ERING, an offering in expiation of a trespass or sin (See Lev. xiv. 12-18). [O. Fr. _trespasser_ (Fr. _trepasser_)--L. _trans_, across, _pass[=a]re_, to pass.]
TRESS, tres, _n._ a lock or curl of hair: a ringlet (esp. in _pl._)--_v.t._ to form into tresses.--_adjs._ TRESSED, having tresses: formed into tresses or ringlets: curled; TRESS'Y, pertaining to tresses, like tresses. [Fr.
_tresse_, through Low L. _tricia_, _trica_, from Gr. _tricha_, threefold--_treis_, three.]
TRESSURE, tresh'[=u]r, _n._ (_her._) a subordinary, half the breadth of the orle, and usually borne double, and flowered and counter-flowered with fleurs-de-lis.--_p.adj._ TRES'SURED, having a tressure: arranged in the form of, or occupying the position of, a tressure. [Fr., from _tresser_, to plait.]
TRESTLE, tres'l, _n._ a movable support fastened to a top-piece: the frame of a table--also, TRESS'EL.--_ns._ TREST (_Scot._), a beam: a stool; TRES'TLE-BRIDGE, one whose bed rests on framed sections or trestles; TRES'TLE-WORK, a series of trestles forming a viaduct. [O. Fr. _trestel_ (_treteau_); ety. dub.; perh. through a Low L. dim. from L. _transtrum_, a beam.]
TRET, tret, _n._ an allowance to purchasers of 4 lb. on every 104 lb. for waste. [Norm. Fr. _trett_, deduction (Fr. _trait_)--O. Fr. _traire_--L.
_trah[)e]re_, to draw.]
TREVISS, trev'is, _n._ a bar or beam separating stalls: a stall itself. [O.
Fr. _travers_, across.]
TREWS, tr[=oo]z, _n.pl._ trousers, esp. of tartan cloth.--_n._ TREWS'MAN, one wearing trews. [Ir. _trius_, Gael. _triubhas_. Cf. _Trousers_.]
TREY, tr[=a], _n._ (_Shak._) a three at cards or dice: a card or die of three spots. [O. Fr. _treis_--L. _tres_, three.]
TRIABLE, tr[=i]'a-bl, _adj._ subject to legal trial.--_n._ TR[=I]'ABLENESS.
TRIACT, tr[=i]'akt, _adj._ having three rays.--Also TRIAC'TINAL, TR[=I]'ACTINE.
TRIAD, tr[=i]'ad, _n._ the union of three: a Welsh composition arranged in groups of three: an association of three kindred deities.--_adj._ TRIAD'IC.--_n._ TR[=I]'ADIST, a composer of triads. [L. _trias_, _triadis_--Gr. _trias_, _triados_--_treis_, three.]
TRIADELPHOUS, tr[=i]-a-del'fus, _adj._ (_bot._) having stamens united into three bundles. [Gr. _treis_, _tria_, three, _adelphos_, a brother.]
TRIAGE, tr[=i]'[=a]j, _n._ what is picked out, esp. broken coffee-beans.
TRIAL, tr[=i]'al, _n._ a trying: the act of trying: examination by a test: the state of being tried: suffering: temptation: judicial examination: attempt: a piece of ware used to test the heat of a kiln.--_ns._ TR[=I]'AL-DAY (_Shak._), day of trial; TR[=I]'AL-FIRE (_Shak._), a fire for trying or proving; TR[=I]'AL-TRIP, an experimental trip of a new vessel, to test her sailing-powers, &c.--ON TRIAL, on probation, as an experiment.
TRIALISM, tr[=i]'a-lizm, _n._ the doctrine of the existence of body, soul, and spirit in man.--_ns._ TR[=I]AL'ITY, threeness; TR[=I]'ALOGUE, a colloquy of three persons.
TRIANDRIA, tr[=i]-an'dri-a, _n._ an order of plants having three equal stamens.--_n._ TRIAN'DER, such a plant.--_adjs._ TRIAN'DRIAN, TRIAN'DROUS.
[Gr. _treis_, _tria_, three, _an[=e]r_, _andros_, a male.]
TRIANGLE, tr[=i]'ang-gl, _n._ (_math._) a plane figure with three angles and three sides: a musical instrument of percussion, formed of a steel rod bent in triangle-form, open at one angle: a frame of three halberds stuck in the ground to which soldiers were formerly bound to be flogged (generally _pl._).--_adjs._ TR[=I]'ANGLED, TRIANG'[=U]LAR, having three angles.--_n._ TRIANG[=U]LAR'ITY.--_adv._ TRIANG'[=U]LARLY.--_v.t._ TRIANG'[=U]L[=A]TE, to survey by means of a series of triangles.--_adv._ TRIANG'[=U]L[=A]TELY.--_n._ TRIANG[=U]L[=A]'TION, act of triangulating: the series of triangles so used.--_adj._ TRIANG'[=U]LOID. [Fr.,--L.
_triangulum_--_tres_, three, _angulus_, an angle.]
TRIAPSAL, tr[=i]-ap'sal, _adj._ having three apses.--Also TRIAP'SIDAL.
TRIARCHY, tr[=i]'ar-ki, _n._ government by three persons: a state governed by three persons. [Gr. _triarchia_--_treis_, _tria_, three, _arch[=e]_, beginning, sovereignty.]
TRIARIAN, tr[=i]-[=a]'ri-an, _adj._ of the third rank.
TRIAS, tr[=i]'as, _n._ (_geol._) the oldest group of the Mesozoic or Secondary strata, formerly associated with the Permian rocks under the name of the New Red Sandstone.--_adj._ TRIAS'SIC. [So called by the German geologists, from their threefold grouping of the system, from Gr. _trias_, union of three.]
TRIATOMIC, tr[=i]-a-tom'ik, _adj._ consisting of three atoms: trivalent.
TRIAXIAL, tr[=i]-ak'si-al, _adj._ having three axes.--_n._ TRIAX'ON. [L.
_tres_, _tri-_, three, _axis_, axis.]
TRIBASIC, tr[=i]-b[=a]'sik, _adj._ having three hydrogen atoms replaceable by equivalents of a base--of some acids.
TRIBBLE, trib'l, _n._ a horizontal frame for drying paper, having wires stretched across it.
TRIBE, tr[=i]b, _n._ an aggregate of stocks--a stock being an aggregate of persons considered to be kindred--or an aggregate of families, forming a community usually under the government of a chief: a number of things having certain common qualities.--_adj._ TRIB'AL.--_n._ TRIB'ALISM.--_adv._ TRIB'ALLY.--_ns._ TRIBE'LET; TRIBES'MAN. [L. _tribus_, orig. applied to one of the three divisions of the ancient Roman people--_tri-_, _tres_, three.]