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TRAGUS, tr[=a]'gus, _n._ a small prominence at the entrance of the external ear: a corresponding process in bats, &c. [Gr. _tragos_.]

TRAIK, tr[=a]k, _v.i._ (_Scot._) to wander about, to get lost: to decline in health.--_n._ a misfortune: the mutton of sheep that have died of disease or accident.--_adj._ TRAIK'ET, worn out.--TRAIK AFTER, to dangle after.

TRAIL, tr[=a]l, _v.t._ to draw along the ground: to hunt by tracking: to draw out, lead on: to tread down, as grass, by walking through: to carry, as a musket or pike, in an oblique forward position, the breech or the butt near the ground.--_v.i._ to be drawn out in length, to hang or drag loosely behind: to run or climb as a plant: to move with slow sweeping motion: to drag one's self lazily along.--_n._ anything drawn out in length: track followed by the hunter.--_ns._ TRAIL'ER, one who trails: a climbing plant: a carriage dragged (or trailed) behind another to which the motive power is applied; TRAIL'-NET, a drag-net. [O. Fr. _traail_--Low L. _trahale_--L.

_traha_, a sledge--_trah[)e]re_, to draw.]

TRAIN, tr[=a]n, _v.t._ to draw along: to allure: to educate: to discipline: to tame for use, as animals: to cause to grow properly: to prepare men for athletic feats, or horses for the race.--_v.i._ to exercise, to prepare one's self for anything: to be under drill: to travel by train: (_coll._) to be on intimate terms with.--_n._ that which is drawn along after something else: the part of a dress which trails behind the wearer: a retinue: a series: process: a clue, trace: a line of gunpowder to fire a charge: a line of carriages on a railway: a set of wheels acting on each other, for transmitting motion: a string of animals, &c.: a lure, stratagem.--_adj._ TRAIN'ABLE, capable of being trained.--_ns._ TRAIN'-BAND, a band of citizens trained to bear arms; TRAIN'-BEAR'ER, one who bears or holds up a train, as of a robe or gown.--_adj._ TRAINED, formed by training, skilled.--_ns._ TRAIN'ER, one who prepares men for athletic feats, horses for a race, or the like; TRAIN'ING, practical education in any profession, art, or handicraft: the method adopted by athletes for developing their physical strength, endurance, or dexterity, or to qualify them for victory in competitive trials of skill, races, matches, &c.--including both bodily exercise and regulated dieting; TRAIN'ING-COL'LEGE, -SCHOOL, the same as _Normal school_ (see NORM); TRAIN'ING-SHIP, a ship equipped with instructors, &c., to train boys for the sea; TRAIN'-MILE, one of the aggregate number of miles traversed by the trains of any system--a unit of calculation.--TRAIN FINE, to discipline the body to a high pitch of effectiveness: to train the intellectual powers.

[Fr. _train_, _trainer_, through Low L. forms from L. _trah[)e]re_, to draw.]

TRAIN-OIL, tr[=a]n'-oil, _n._ whale-oil extracted from the blubber by boiling. [Old Dut. _traen_, whale-oil.]


TRAIT, tr[=a], or tr[=a]t, _n._ a drawing: a touch: a feature. [Fr.,--L.

_tractus_, _trah[)e]re_, to draw.]

TRAITOR, tr[=a]'tur, _n._ one who, being trusted, betrays: one guilty of treason: a deceiver:--_fem._ TRAIT'RESS.--_n._ TRAIT'ORISM.--_adv._ TRAIT'ORLY (_Shak._).--_adj._ TRAIT'OROUS, like a traitor: perfidious: treasonable.--_adv._ TRAIT'OROUSLY.--_n._ TRAIT'OROUSNESS. [Fr.

_traitre_--L. _traditor_--_trad[)e]re_, to give up.]

TRAJECTORY, tra-jek't[=o]-ri, _n._ the curve described by a body (as a planet or a projectile) under the action of given forces.--_v.t._ TRAJECT', to throw across.--_ns._ TRAJ'ECT, a ferry: transmission; TRAJEC'TION, a crossing. [From L. _trajic[)e]re_, _-jectum_--_trans_, across, _jac[)e]re_, to throw.]

TRAM, tram, _n._ a tramway or tramway-line: a four-wheeled coal-wagon in pits: a beam, bar, the shaft of a cart, barrow, &c.--_ns._ TRAM'-CAR, a tramway-car; TRAM'POT, the socket in which an upright spindle is stepped; TRAM'-ROAD, TRAM'WAY, a road or way for carriages or wagons to run along easily; TRAM'WAY-CAR, a carriage for conveying passengers along the public streets, running on rails, drawn by horses or impelled by cable traction, electrical power, or steam. [Prov. Eng. _tram_, a beam, is prob. cog. with Sw. dial. _tromm_, a log, Low Ger. _traam_, a beam, &c.]

TRAMMEL, tram'el, _n._ a net used in fowling and fishing: shackles for making a horse amble: anything that confines.--_v.t._ to shackle: to confine:--_pr.p._ tramm'elling; _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ tramm'elled.--_n._ TRAMM'ELLER. [O. Fr. _tramail_, a net--Low L. _tramacula_, from L. _tres_, three, _macula_, a mesh.]

TRAMONTANE, tra-mon't[=a]n, _adj._ lying beyond the mountains (originally the Alps), from Rome: foreign: uncivilised.--_n._ TRAMONTa'NA, the north wind. [L. _trans_, beyond, _mons_, _montis_, a mountain.]

TRAMP, tramp, _v.t._ to tread, to travel over on foot: (_Scot._) to tread clothes in a tub of water so as to cleanse them.--_v.i._ to walk, to go on foot: to wander about as a vagrant.--_n._ a foot-journey: a vagrant: a plate of iron worn by diggers under the hollow of the foot to save the shoe.--_n._ TRAMP'ER.--_vs.i._ TRAM'POUS, TRAM'POOSE, to tramp about.--_n._ TRAMP'-PICK, an iron pick forced by the foot into the ground. [M. E.

_trampen_; an extension of _trap_, _trip_; cf. Ger. _trampen_.]

TRAMPLE, tramp'l, _v.t._ to tread under foot: to tread with pride, to insult.--_v.i._ to tread in contempt: to tread forcibly and rapidly.--_n._ a trampling.--_n._ TRAMP'LER. [A freq. of _tramp_.]

TRANCE, trans, _n._ a morbid sleep, differing from natural repose in duration, in profound insensibility, &c.--the concomitant or symptom of diseases of the nervous system, particularly hysteria: catalepsy.--_adv._ TRANCED (_Shak._), lying in a trance or ecstasy.--_adv._ TRANC'EDLY. [Fr.

_transe_--L. _transitum_--_trans-[=i]re_, to go across, in Late L. to die.]

TRANECT, tra-nekt', _n._ (_Shak._) a ferry. [L. _trans_, across, _nect[)e]re_, to join.]

TRANGLE, trang'gl, _n._ (_her._) one of the diminutives of the fesse.

TRANGRAM, trang'gram, _n._ a trumpery gimcrack.--Also TRANK'UM.

TRANK, trangk, _n._ an oblong piece of skin from which the pieces for a glove are cut.

TRANKA, trang'ka, _n._ a long cylindrical box balanced on their feet by jugglers.

TRANQUIL, trang'kwil, _adj._ quiet: peaceful.--_n._ TRANQUILLIS[=A]'TION.--_v.t._ TRAN'QUILISE, to make tranquil.--_n._ TRANQUILL[=I]'SER.--_adv._ TRAN'QUILLISINGLY.--_n._ TRANQUILL'ITY.--_adv._ TRAN'QUILLY.--_n._ TRAN'QUILNESS, state of being tranquil: quietness.

[Fr.,--L. _tranquillus_.]

TRANSACT, trans-akt', _v.t._ to manage: to perform.--_v.i._ to manage anything.--_ns._ TRANSAC'TION, act of transacting: management of any affair: an affair: (_pl._) the reports or publications of certain learned societies; TRANSAC'TOR. [L. _transactum_, pa.p. of _transig[)e]re_--_trans_, through, _ag[)e]re_, carry on.]

TRANSALPINE, trans-al'pin, _adj._ beyond the _Alps_ (in regard to Rome).

[L. _transalpinus_--_trans_, beyond, _Alpinus_, pertaining to the Alps.]

TRANSATLANTIC, trans-at-lan'tik, _adj._ beyond the Atlantic Ocean: crossing the Atlantic.

TRANSCEND, tran-send', _v.t._ to rise above: to surmount: to surpass: to exceed.--_ns._ TRANSCEN'DENCE, TRANSCEN'DENCY.--_adjs._ TRANSCEN'DENT, transcending: superior or supreme in excellence: surpassing others: as applicable to _being_, relating to the absolute, transcending all limitation--as applicable to _knowledge_, pertaining to what transcends experience, being given _a priori_: beyond human knowledge: abstrusely speculative, fantastic; TRANSCENDEN'TAL, transcending: supereminent, surpassing others: concerned with what is independent of experience: vague.--_v.t._ TRANSCENDEN'TALISE.--_ns._ TRANSCENDEN'TALISM, the investigation of what is _a priori_ in human knowledge, or independent of experience: that which is vague and illusive in philosophy: the American reaction against Puritan prejudices, humdrum orthodoxy, old-fashioned metaphysics, materialistic philistinism, and materialism--best associated with the name of R. W. Emerson (1803-82); TRANSCENDEN'TALIST.--_advs._ TRANSCENDEN'TALLY; TRANSCEN'DENTLY.--_n._ TRANSCEN'DENTNESS. [L. _trans_, beyond, _scand[)e]re_, to climb.]

TRANSCRIBE, tran-skr[=i]b', _v.t._ to write over from one book into another: to copy.--_ns._ TRANSCRIB'ER; TRANS'CRIPT, that which is transcribed: a copy; TRANSCRIP'TION, the act of copying: a transcript: a copy.--_adjs._ TRANSCRIP'TIONAL; TRANSCRIP'TIVE.--_adv._ TRANSCRIP'TIVELY.

[L. _transcrib[)e]re_, _-scriptum_--_trans_, over, _scrib[)e]re_, to write.]

TRANSCURRENT, trans-kur'ent, _adj._ passing transversely, as the postfrena of a beetle.

TRANSDUCTOR, trans-duk'tor, _n._ that which draws across, esp. a muscle of the great-toe.--_n._ TRANSDUC'TION, the act of carrying over.

TRANSENNA, tran-sen'a, _n._ a lattice-grating for enclosing shrines, as those of martyrs, while yet allowing the coffer to be seen.

TRANSEPT, tran'sept, _n._ one of the wings or cross-aisles of a church, at right angles to the nave. [L. _trans_, across, _septum_, an enclosure--_sepes_, a hedge.]

TRANSFARD, trans-fard', _p.adj._ (_Spens._) transferred.

TRANSFER, trans-f[.e]r', _v.t._ to carry or bring over: to convey to another place: to remove: to transport:--_pr.p._ transfer'ring; _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ transferred'.--_ns._ TRANS'FER, the act of transferring: the conveyance of anything from one person or place to another: that which is transferred; TRANSFERABIL'ITY, TRANSFERRIBIL'ITY.--_adjs._ TRANSFER'ABLE, TRANSFER'RIBLE, that may be transferred or conveyed from one place or person to another.--_ns._ TRANS'FER-BOOK, a register of the transfer of property, shares, &c.; TRANS'FER-DAY, one of certain regular days for registering transfer of bank-stock and government funds at the Bank of England; TRANSFER[=EE]', the person to whom a thing is transferred; TRANS'FERENCE, the act of transferring or conveying from one person or place to another: passage from one place to another; TRANS'FER-P[=A]'PER, a kind of prepared paper used for transferring impressions with copying-presses, &c.; TRANSFER'RER. [L. _trans_, across, _ferre_, to carry.]

TRANSFIGURATION, trans-fig-[=u]r-[=a]'shun, _n._ a change of form.--_v.t._ TRANSFIG'URE (_rare_), to change the figure or form of: to change the appearance of--also TRANSFIG'[=U]R[=A]TE.--_n._ TRANSFIG'UREMENT.--THE TRANSFIGURATION, the supernatural change in the appearance of Christ, described in Matt. xvii.: a festival on 6th August, in commemoration of it.

TRANSFIX, trans-fiks', _v.t._ to pierce through.--_n._ TRANSFIS'SION, cross-section.--_adj._ TRANSFIXED'.--_n._ TRANSFIX'ION.

TRANSFLUENT, trans'fl[=oo]-ent, _adj._ flowing through.--_n._ TRANSFLUX', a flowing through.

TRANSFORATE, trans'f[=o]-r[=a]t, _v.t._ to bore through.--_n._ TRANSFOR[=A]'TION.

TRANSFORM, trans-form', _v.t._ to change the shape of: to change into another substance: to change the disposition.--_v.i._ to be changed in form or substance.--_adj._ TRANSFOR'MABLE.--_ns._ TRANSFORM[=A]'TION, change of form or substance, metamorphosis: the change of one metal into another: (_path._) any morbid change in a part; TRANSFORM[=A]'TION-SCENE, any scene on the stage which changes in presence of the audience.--_adj._ TRANSFOR'MATIVE.--_ns._ TRANSFOR'M[=A]TOR, TRANSFOR'MER.--_p.adj._ TRANSFOR'MING, effecting, or able to effect, a change of form or state.--_ns._ TRANSFOR'MISM, the theory of the development of one species from another; TRANSFOR'MIST.--_adj._ TRANSFORMIS'TIC.

TRANSFRONTIER, trans-fron't[=e]r, _adj._ beyond the frontier.

TRANSFUGE, trans'f[=u]j, _n._ a deserter.--Also TRANSF[=U]'GITIVE. [L.

_transfuga_, a deserter.]

TRANSFUND, trans-fund', _v.t._ to transfuse.

TRANSFUSE, trans-f[=u]z', _v.t._ to pour out into another vessel: to cause to pass from one to another: to cause to be imbibed.--_n._ TRANSF[=U]'SER.--_adj._ TRANSF[=U]'SIBLE, capable of being transfused.--_ns._ TRANSF[=U]'SION, the act of transfusing, esp. blood from the veins of one animal into another; TRANSF[=U]'SIONIST.--_adj._ TRANSF[=U]'SIVE, tending or having power to transfuse.--_adv._ TRANSF[=U]'SIVELY. [L. _trans_, over, _fund[)e]re_, _fusum_, to pour.]

TRANSGRESS, trans-gres', _v.t._ to pass beyond a limit: to break, as a law.--_v.i._ to offend by violating a law: to sin.--_adj._ TRANSGRES'SIBLE.--_n._ TRANSGRES'SION, the act of transgressing: violation of a law or command: offence: fault: crime: sin.--_adjs._ TRANSGRES'SIONAL; TRANSGRES'SIVE.--_adv._ TRANSGRES'SIVELY.--_n._ TRANSGRES'SOR, one who transgresses: one who violates a law or command: a sinner. [L. _trans_, across, _gradi_, _gressus_, to step.]

TRANSHIP, tran-ship', _v.t._ to convey from one ship into another, or from one conveyance to another.--_ns._ TRANSHIP'MENT; TRANSHIP'PER; TRANSHIP'PING.

TRANSHUMAN, trans-h[=u]'man, _adj._ more than human.--_v.t._ TRANSH[=U]'MANISE, to elevate into a higher or heavenly nature.

TRANSIENT, tran'shent, _adj._ passing: of short duration: not lasting: momentary: (_mus._) intermediate.--_ns._ TRAN'SIENCE, TRAN'SIENCY, transientness.--_adv._ TRAN'SIENTLY.--_n._ TRAN'SIENTNESS. [L.

_transiens_--_trans_, across, _[=i]re_, _itum_, to go.]

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