TILT, tilt, _v.i._ to ride against another and thrust with a lance: to thrust or fight with a lance or rapier: to fall into a sloping posture, to heel over.--_v.t._ to point or thrust with, as a lance: to slant: to raise one end of: to forge with a tilt-hammer.--_n._ a thrust: in the Middle Ages, an exercise in which combatants rode against each other with lances: inclination forward, dip, slant.--_ns._ TILT'ER; TILT'-HAMM'ER, a heavy hammer used in ironworks, which is tilted or lifted by means of projections on the axis of a wheel; TILT'ING; TILT'-YARD, a place for tilting. [A.S.
_tealt_, tottering; Ice. _tolta_, to trot; Ger. _zelter_.]
TILTH, tilth, _n._ cultivation: cultivated land: the depth of soil turned up in cultivation. [From _till_ (3).]
TIMARIOT, ti-ma'ri-ot, _n._ a soldier of the Turkish feudal militia. [Turk.
TIMBAL, tim'bal, _n._ a kettledrum. [Fr.,--It. _timballo_.]
TIMBALE, tang-bal', _n._ a dish of fowl or fish pounded and mixed with white of egg, sweet cream, &c., poured into a mould. [Fr.]
TIMBER, tim'b[.e]r, _n._ wood for building purposes: the trunk of a tree: material for any structure: one of the larger pieces of the framework of a house, ship, &c.: one of the planks forming the sides and roof of a gallery in a mine.--_v.t._ to furnish with timber or beams.--_p.adj._ TIM'BERED, furnished with timber: (_Shak._) built, formed, contrived: (_Spens._) made like timber, massive.--_ns._ TIM'BERING, timber materials; TIM'BER-MAN, one responsible for the timbers in a mine; TIM'BER-TOES, a person with a wooden leg; TIM'BER-TREE, a tree suitable for timber; TIM'BER-YARD, a yard or place where timber is stored. [A.S. _timber_, building, wood; Ger.
_zimmer_, an apartment.]
TIMBRE, tim'b[.e]r, _n._ tone, character, or quality of a musical sound.
[O. Fr.,--L. _tympanum_, a drum.]
TIMBREL, tim'brel, _n._ an ancient musical instrument, carried in the hand, apparently like a tambourine.--_adj._ TIM'BRELLED (_Milt._), sung to the sound of the timbrel. [O. Fr. _timbre_--L. _tympanum_, a drum.]
TIMBROLOGY, tim-brol'[=o]-ji, _n._ the study of postage-stamps.--_n._ TIMBROPH'ILY, love for this harmless pursuit. [Fr. _timbre_, postage-stamp, _-ology_.]
TIME, t[=i]m, _n._ a point at which, or period during which, things happen: a season or proper time: an opportunity: absolute duration: an interval: past time: the duration of one's life: allotted period: repetition of anything or mention with reference to repetition: musical measure, or rate of movement: a measured interval in verse: (_gram._) the relation of a verb with regard to tense: the umpire's call in prize-fights, &c.: hour of travail: the state of things at any period, usually in _pl._: the history of the world, as opposed to eternity: addition of a thing to itself.--_v.t._ to do at the proper season: to regulate as to time: (_mus._) to measure.--_v.i._ to keep or beat time.--_ns._ TIME'-BALL, a ball arranged to drop from the summit of a pole at a particular time; TIME'-BARGAIN, a contract to buy or sell merchandise or stock at a certain time in the future.--_adjs._ TIME'-BEGUIL'ING, making the time pass quickly; TIME'-BETT'ERING, improving the state of things as time goes on; TIME'-BEWAST'ED (_Shak._), wasted or worn by time.--_ns._ TIME'-BILL, a time-table; TIME'-BOOK, a book for keeping an account of the time men have worked; TIME'-CARD, a card bearing a time-table: a card with blank spaces for workmen's hours, &c., being filled in; TIME'-FUSE, a fuse calculated to burn a definite length of time; TIME'-GUN, a gun which is fired by means of a mechanical contrivance and a current of electricity at a particular time.--_adj._ TIME'-HON'OURED, honoured for a long time: venerable on account of antiquity.--_ns._ TIME'IST, TIM'IST, a musical performer in relation to his sense for time; TIME'-KEEP'ER, a clock, watch, or other instrument for keeping or marking time: one who keeps the time of workmen.--_adj._ TIME'LESS, done at an improper time, unseasonable: (_Shak._) done before the proper time.--_adv._ TIME'LESSLY, before the proper time: unseasonably.--_n._ TIME'LINESS.--_adj._ TIME'LY, in good time: sufficiently early: (_obs._) keeping time.--_adv._ early, soon.--_adjs._ TIME'LY-PART'ED (_Shak._), having died in time--i.e. at a natural time; TIME'OUS, in Scot. legal phraseology, in good time: seasonable.--_adv._ TIME'OUSLY, in good time.--_ns._ TIME'PIECE, a piece of machinery for keeping time, esp. a clock for a mantel-piece; TIME'-PLEAS'ER (_Shak._), one who complies with prevailing opinions, whatever they be; TIME'-SERV'ER, one who serves or meanly suits his opinions to the times.--_adj._ TIME'-SERVING, complying with the spirit of the times or with present power.--_n._ mean compliance with the spirit of the times or with present power.--_ns._ TIME'-T[=A]'BLE, a table or list showing the times of certain things, as trains, steamers, &c.; TIME'-THRUST, a thrust made in fencing at the moment the opponent draws breath for his thrust; TIME'-WORK, labour paid for by the hour or the day--opp. to _Piece-work_.--_adjs._ TIME'-WORN, worn or decayed by time; TIM'OUS (_Bacon_), timely.--TIME OUT OF MIND, from time immemorial.--APPARENT TIME, true solar time as shown by a carefully adjusted sun-dial; ASTRONOMICAL TIME, the time past mean noon of that day, and reckoned on to twenty-four hours in mean time; AT TIMES, at distinct intervals: occasionally; BE MASTER OF ONE'S TIME, to be free to do what one likes; CIVIL TIME, common time, or mean time, in which the day begins at midnight, and is divided into equal portions of twelve hours each; FILL TIME, to book vacant dates; IN TIME, TIME ENOUGH, in good season, sufficiently early; KEEP TIME, to indicate the time correctly: to make any regular rhythmical movements at the same time with others; LOSE TIME, to let time pass without making use of it: to run slow--of a watch, &c.; MAKE TIME, to recover lost time: to perform in a certain time; MEAN TIME, the mean or average of apparent time, as shown by a good clock; SIDEREAL TIME, the portion of a sidereal day which has elapsed since the transit of the first point of Aries; SOLAR TIME, time as shown by the sun or sun-dial; THE TIME BEING, the present time. [A.S. _tima_; cf. Ice. _timi_; and _Tide_.]
TIMENOGUY, t[=i]-men'[=o]-g[=i], _n._ (_naut._) a rope stretched so as to prevent gear from getting fouled.
TIMID, tim'id, _adj._ fearful: wanting courage: faint-hearted.--_n._ TIMID'ITY, quality or state of being timid: want of courage.--_adv._ TIM'IDLY.--_n._ TIM'IDNESS.--_adv._ TIMOR[=O]'SO (_mus._), timid, hesitating, to be so rendered.--_adj._ TIM'OROUS, timid: indicating fear.--_adv._ TIM'OROUSLY.--_n._ TIM'OROUSNESS.--_adj._ TIM'ORSOME (_Scot._), easily frightened. [Fr.,--L. _timidus_--_tim[=e]re_, to fear.]
TIMOCRACY, t[=i]-mok'r[=a]-si, _n._ a form of government in which a certain amount of property is a necessary qualification for office.--_adj._ TIMOCRAT'IC. [Gr. _timokratia_--_tim[=e]_, honour, _kratein_, to rule.]
TIMON, t[=i]'mon, _n._ (_obs._) a helm.--_n._ TIMONEER', a helmsman. [L.
_temo_, a beam.]
TIMONIST, t[=i]'mon-ist, _n._ a misanthrope--from _Timon_ of Athens, the hero of Shakespeare's play so named which was based upon the story in Plutarch's Life of Alcibiades, as in North's translation.--_v.i._ T[=I]'MONISE, to play the misanthrope.
TIMOTHY, tim'[=o]-thi, _n._ timothy-grass, the name commonly given to _Phleum pratense_, a grass much valued for feeding cattle--called also _Cat's-tail grass_ or _Meadow cat's-tail_. [So named from _Timothy_ Hanson, who introduced it to America about 1720.]
TIMPANO, tim'pa-n[=o], _n._ an orchestral kettledrum:--_pl._ TIM'PANI.--Also TYM'PANO. [It.]
TIM-WHISKY, tim'-hwis'ki, _n._ a kind of light one-horse chaise.
TIN, tin, _n._ a silvery-white, non-elastic, easily fusible, and malleable metal: (_slang_) money: a vessel of tin, a can, &c.--_adj._ made of tin.--_v.t._ to cover or overlay with tin or tinfoil: to pack in tins:--_pr.p._ tin'ning; _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ tinned.--_ns._ TIN'MAN, TIN'NER, a tinsmith; TIN'NING, the art of coating with tin, or of repairing tin-ware: the act of packing in tin cans for preservation.--_adj._ TIN'NY, like tin.--_n._ a small vessel of tin.--_ns._ TIN'-PLATE, thin sheet-iron coated with tin; TIN'-SMITH, a manufacturer of tin vessels: a worker in tin: a dealer in tin-ware; TIN'-TYPE, a ferrotype; TIN'-WARE, articles made of tin.--_ns.pl._ TIN'WITTS, dressed tin ore containing pyrites, &c.; TIN'-WORKS, works for working tin. [A.S. _tin_; Ice. _tin_, Ger. _zinn_.]
TINAMOU, tin'a-m[=oo], _n._ a South American genus of birds sometimes called partridges, but really more akin to bustards, and having affinities with the rhea and emu. [Fr.,--native name.]
TINCAL, TINKAL, ting'kal, _n._ crude borax. [Malay.]
TINCHEL, tin'chel, _n._ a circle of men who close in round a herd of deer.--Also TIN'CHIL. [Gael. _timchioll_, a circuit.]
TINCTURE, tingk't[=u]r, _n._ a tinge or shade of colour: a slight taste added to anything: (_med._) a solution of any substance in or by means of spirit of wine: (_her._) one of the metals, colours, or furs in achievements.--_v.t._ to tinge: to imbue: to mix with anything foreign.--_adj._ TINCT (_Spens._), tinged, coloured.--_n._ (_Tenn._) colour, stain, spot.--_adj._ TINCT[=O]'RIAL, giving a tinge: colouring. [L.
TIND, tind, _v.t._ (_Spens._) to kindle. [A.S. _tendan_.]
TINDAL, tin'dal, _n._ a native petty-officer of lascars.
TINDER, tin'd[.e]r, _n._ anything used for kindling fire from a spark.--_n._ TIN'DER-BOX, a box in which tinder is kept.--_adjs._ TIN'DER-LIKE (_Shak._), inflammable as tinder; TIN'DERY, irascible. [A.S.
_tynder_; Ice. _tundr_, Ger. _zunder_. The root is found in A.S. _tendan_, Ger. _zunden_, to kindle.]
TINE, t[=i]n, _n._ the spike of a fork or harrow, or of a deer's antler.--_adj._ T[=I]NED, furnished with spikes. [A.S. _tind_, a point; cog. with Ice. _tind-r_, a tooth, a prickle; and prob. conn. with _tooth_.]
TINE, t[=i]n, _v.t._ (_Spens._) same as TIND.--_v.i._ (_Spens._) to rage, to smart.
TINE, t[=i]n, _n._ (_Spens._). Same as TEEN.
TINE, t[=i]n, _v.t._ (_Scot._) to lose.--_v.i._ to be lost, to perish. [M.
E. _tinen_, _tynen_--Scand., Ice. _tna_, to lose.]
TINE, t[=i]n, _v.t._ and _v.i._ (_prov._) to enclose. [A.S. _tnan_, to surround.]
TINE, t[=i]n, _n._ (_prov._) a wild vetch or tare.
TINEA, tin'[=e]-a, _n._ the generic name of certain diseases of the skin caused by the growth of microscopic fungi: a genus of small moths of the family _Tineidae_ and superfamily _Tineina_.--_adj._ TIN'[=E]ID, relating to these moths. [L., a worm.]
TINFOIL, tin'foil, _n._ tin in thin leaves for wrapping articles.--_v.t._ to cover with such.
TING, ting, _v.t._ and _v.i._ to tinkle like a bell.--_n._ a sharp sound, a tinkling.--_n._ TING'-A-LING, the sound of a bell tinkling--used adverbially.
TINGE, tinj, _v.t._ to tint or colour: to mix with something: to give in some degree the qualities of a substance.--_n._ a small amount of colour or taste infused into another substance. [L. _ting[)e]re_, _tinctum_; conn.
with Gr. _tenggein_, to wet, to stain.]
TINGI, ting'gi, _n._ a Brazilian tree whose seeds yield soap.--Also TIN'GUY.
TINGIS, tin'jis, _n._ a genus of heteropterous insects.
TINGLE, ting'gl, _v.i._ to feel a thrilling sensation, as in hearing a shrill sound: to feel a sharp, thrilling pain: to tinkle.--_v.t._ to cause to tingle, to ring.--_n._ a tingling sensation.--_adj._ TING'LISH, capable of tingling or thrilling. [M. E. _tinglen_, a variant of _tinklen_, itself a freq. of _tinken_, to tink.]
TINKER, tingk'[.e]r, _n._ a mender of brazen or tin kettles, pans, &c.--(_Scot._) TINK'LER: the act of doing tinker's work: a botcher or bungler: a botch or bungle: a young mackerel.--_v.t._ to repair, esp.
unskilfully.--_v.i._ to do tinker's work: to make a botch or mess of anything. [M. E. _tinkere_--_tinken_, to tink, to make a sharp, shrill sound; cf. Scot. _tinkler_, a worker in tin.]
TINKLE, tingk'l, _v.i._ to make small, sharp sounds: to clink: to jingle: to clink repeatedly or continuously.--_v.t._ to cause to make quick, sharp sounds.--_n._ a sharp, clinking sound.--_ns._ TINK'LER, a small bell; TINK'LING, a tinkling noise. [A freq. of M. E. _tinken_.]
TINNITUS, ti-n[=i]'tus, _n._ a ringing in the ears. [L. 'a ringing'--_tinn[=i]re_, to ring.]
TINSEL, tin'sel, _n._ something sparkling or shining: glittering metallic sheets, as of burnished brass, copper, or tin, almost as thin as foil, and used in discs, patches, strips, or threads, for giving clothing, &c., a striking appearance: anything showy, but of little value: anything having a false lustre.--_adj._ like tinsel: gaudy: superficial.--_v.t._ to adorn with, or as with, tinsel: to make glittering or gaudy:--_pr.p._ tin'selling: _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ tin'selled.--_adj._ TIN'SELLY, like tinsel, gaudy, showy.--_n._ TIN'SELRY, glittering and tawdry material. [O.
Fr. _estincelle_--L. _scintilla_, a spark.]