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Fr.,--L. _thronus_--Gr. _thronos_, a seat.]

THRONG, throng, _n._ a large number of people pressed or crowded together: a crowd: a great multitude.--_v.t._ to press or crowd: to annoy with numbers.--_v.i._ to crowd together: to come in multitudes.--_adj._ (_prov._) crowded: busy.--_adj._ THRONG'FUL, thronged. [A.S.

_ge-thrang_--_thringan_, to press.]


THROSTLE, thros'l, _n._ the song-thrush or mavis: a machine for twisting and winding fibres from roves, consisting of a set of drawing-rollers with bobbins and fliers--also _Water-frame_.--_n._ THROS'TLE-COOK, the missel-thrush. [A.S. _throstle_; Ger. _drossel_, L. _turdus_, a thrush.]

THROSTLING, thros'ling, _n._ a swelling on the throat of cattle causing strangulation.

THROTTLE, throt'l, _n._ the throat or windpipe.--_v.t._ to choke by pressure on the windpipe: to shut off the steam from a steam-pipe, engine, &c.--_v.i._ to breathe hard, as when nearly suffocated.--_ns._ THROTT'LE-PIPE, the vertical pipe between the throttle-valve and dry-pipe of a locomotive; THROTT'LER, one who throttles; THROTT'LE-VALVE, a valve regulating the supply of steam to the cylinder. [Dim. of _throat_.]

THROUGH, thr[=oo], _prep._ from end to end, or from side to side of: between the sides of: over the whole extent of: among: from beginning to end: by means of: in consequence of.--_adv._ from one end or side to the other: from beginning to end: to the end or purpose.--_adj._ clear, unobstructed, serving for an entire route.--_adv._ THROUGH'-AND-THROUGH, thoroughly.--_ns._ THROUGH'-BOLT, a bolt which passes through from side to side of what it fastens; THROUGH'FARE (_Shak._), same as THOROUGHFARE; THROUGH'-GANG (_Scot._), a thoroughfare.--_adj._ THROUGH'-GANG'ING, thorough-going.--_n._ THROUGH-G[=O]'ING (_Scot._), a scolding.--_adj._ active, energetic.--_adv._ THROUGH'LY (_obs._) same as THOROUGHLY.--_prep._ THROUGHOUT', through to the outside: in every part of: from one end to the other.--_adv._ in every part: everywhere.--_ns._ THROUGH'-STONE, a bonder or bond-stone in building: a grave-stone made so as to lie flat; THROUGH'-TICK'ET, a ticket for the whole of a journey; THROUGH'-TRAFF'IC, the traffic between two centres at a distance from each other--opp. to _Local traffic_; THROUGH'-TRAIN, a train which goes the whole length of a long route.--BE THROUGH, to be finished; CARRY THROUGH (see CARRY); GO THROUGH (see GO). [A.S. _urh_; Ger. _durch_, Sans. _tiras_.]

THROVE, thr[=o]v, _pa.t._ of _thrive_.

THROW, thr[=o], _v.t._ to hurl: to fling: to wind or twist together, as yarn: to form on a wheel, as pottery: to venture at dice: to put off: to put on or spread carelessly: to cast down in wrestling.--_v.i._ to cast or hurl: to cast dice:--_pa.t._ threw (thr[=oo]); _pa.p._ thr[=o]wn.--_n._ the act of throwing; a cast, esp. of dice: the distance to which anything may be thrown: a violent effort.--_ns._ THROW'ER; THROW'ING-T[=A]'BLE, a potter's wheel.--_adj._ THROWN, twisted.--_ns._ THROWN'-SILK, organzine, silk thread formed by twisting together two or more threads or singles; THROW'STER, one who throws silk: a gambler; THROW'-STICK, a weapon thrown whirling from the hand, as the boomerang.--THROW ABOUT (_Spens._), to cast about or try expedients; THROW AWAY, to lose by neglect or folly, to spend in vain, to reject; THROW BACK, to retort, to refuse: to revert to some ancestral character, to show atavism; THROW BY, to reject, to lay aside as of no use; THROW DOWN, to destroy, to subvert: to depress; THROW IN, to inject, as a fluid, to put in or deposit along with others, to add as an extra; THROW LIGHT ON, to make clear; THROW OFF, to expel, to reject, to renounce: to give forth in an unpremeditated manner; THROW ON, to put on hastily; THROW ONE'S SELF INTO, to engage heartily in; THROW ONE'S SELF ON, or UPON, to cast one's confidence upon, to resign one's self to; THROW OPEN, to cause to swing wide open, to make freely accessible; THROW OUT, to cast out, to reject, to expel: to emit, to utter carelessly, to cause to project: to put into confusion, to confuse: to distance, leave behind; THROW OVER, to discard or desert; THROW UP, to hoist or raise, to raise hastily: to enlarge, as a picture reflected on a screen: to give up, to resign: to vomit. [A.S. _thrawan_, to turn, to twist; Ger. _drehen_, to twist, L. _torqu[=e]re_.]

THRUM, thrum, _n._ the end of a weaver's thread, any loose thread or fringe: coarse yarn.--_v.t._ to furnish with thrums: to fringe: to insert short pieces of rope-yarn in a mat or piece of canvas:--_pr.p._ thrum'ming; _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ thrummed.--_ns._ THRUM'-CAP, -HAT (_Shak._), a cap or hat made of thrums or of coarse, shaggy cloth.--_adj._ THRUM'MY, made of, or like, thrums. [Ice. _romr_, the edge; Ger. _trumm_, a fragment.]

THRUM, thrum, _v.i._ to play rudely or monotonously on an instrument with the fingers.--_n._ a monotonous sound, as that made by unskilled fingers on a harp, &c.--_n._ THRUM'MER.

THRUSH, thrush, _n._ a genus of Passerine birds of the family _Turdidae_, specifically the throstle, song-thrush, or mavis of Europe. [A.S. _rysce_, a thrush.]

THRUSH, thrush, _n._ an inflammatory and suppurating affection of the sensitive surfaces within the frog of the horse: an infantile disease of the mouth and throat. [Scand., Ice. _urr_, dry.]

THRUST, thrust, _v.t._ to push or drive with force: to stab, pierce.--_v.i._ to make a push, esp. with a pointed weapon: to squeeze in: to intrude:--_pa.t._ and _pa.p._ thrust.--_n._ a stab: an assault: the horizontal outward pressure of an arch against its abutments, or of rafters, beams, &c. against the walls or bearings: the white whey, the last to be squeezed from the curd.--_ns._ THRUST'ER; THRUST'-HOE, a hoe worked by pushing.--THRUST ASIDE, to push away, to reject; THRUST OFF, to push away; THRUST ON, to urge or impel; THRUST ONE'S SELF INTO, to intrude; THRUST OUT, to drive out or away; THRUST THROUGH (_Shak._), to pierce, to stab; THRUST TO (_Spens._), to rush upon; THRUST TOGETHER, to compress; THRUST UPON, to force upon. [Ice. _thrsta_, to press.]

THRUST, thrust, _v.i._ (_Spens._) to thirst.--_n._ thirst.

THUD, thud, _n._ a dull, hollow sound, caused by a blow or a heavy body falling: a loud noise, concussion, or blast.--_v.i._ to make a thudding sound: (_Scot._) to move quickly.--_v.t._ (_Scot._) to beat, strike. [A.S.

_oden_, noise.]

THUG, thug, _n._ one of a class of professional robbers and assassins in India--a kind of secret religious fraternity, murdering stealthily by strangling or poisoning with datura, extirpated 1826-35: any cut-throat ruffian.--_ns._ THUGGEE', THUG'GERY, THUG'GISM, the practice and superstition of the Thugs. [Hind., _thag_, _thug_, cheat.]

THULE, th[=u]'l[=e], _n._ the name generally given by the ancients to the most northerly part of Europe known to them, of which their want of knowledge was eked out by the imagination--the Orkney and Shetland groups, Iceland, &c. The usual Roman phrase was _Ultima Thule_. [L.,--Gr.


THUMB, thum, _n._ the short, thick digit, consisting of two phalanges, on the radial side of the human hand: the corresponding member in other animals.--_v.t._ to handle awkwardly: to play or soil with the thumb or fingers.--_v.i._ to finger.--_adj._ THUMBED, having thumbs: marked by the thumb, worn.--_ns._ THUMB'KIN, THUMB'SCREW, an old instrument of torture for compressing the thumb by means of a screw.--_adj._ THUMB'LESS.--_ns._ THUMB'-MARK, a mark left by the impression of the thumb on the pages of a book, &c.; THUMB'PIECE, a piece serving as a support for the thumb: a knob or projection by means of which a spring is worked by pressure of the thumb; THUMB'POT, a very small pot used by florists for starting slips or seedlings; THUMB'-RING (_Shak._), a ring worn on the thumb: a ring for the thumb fastened to the guard of a dagger or sword; THUMB'-STALL, a covering or sheath for the thumb.--BY RULE OF THUMB, in a rough-and-ready practical manner, found by experience to be convenient; UNDER ONE'S THUMB, under one's influence. [With intrusive _b_ from A.S. _uma_; cog. with Ger.


THUMMIM, thum'im, perfection. [Heb., _tumm[=i]m_ (pl. of _t[=o]m_), perfection--_t[=a]mam_, to be perfect. Cf. _Urim_.]

THUMP, thump, _n._ a heavy blow.--_v.t._ to beat with something heavy.--_v.i._ to strike or fall with a dull, heavy blow.--_n._ THUMP'ER, one who, or that which, thumps: anything very big, a big lie, &c.--_adj._ THUMP'ING, unusually big. [Prob. imit., like Ice. _dumpa_, to thump.]

THUNDER, thun'd[.e]r, _n._ the deep rumbling sound after a flash of lightning, a thunderbolt: any loud noise: an alarming denunciation.--_v.i._ to make thunder: to sound as thunder.--_v.t._ to give out with noise and terror: to publish a denunciation.--_ns._ THUN'DERBOLT, a bolt or shaft of lightning preceding a peal of thunder: anything sudden and irresistible: a daring or irresistible hero: ecclesiastical denunciation; THUN'DER-CLAP, a sudden peal of thunder: the report of an explosion of electricity in the clouds; THUN'DER-CLOUD, a cloud charged with electricity, which generally produces lightning and thunder; THUN'DERER; THUN'DERING, the report of a discharge of electricity in the clouds: thunder.--_adj._ unusually big, tremendous.--_adv._ THUN'DERINGLY.--_adjs._ THUN'DERLESS, without thunder; THUN'DER-LIKE (_Shak._), like thunder, as a loud noise; THUN'DEROUS, giving forth a sound like thunder, awful.--_adv._ THUN'DEROUSLY.--_ns._ THUN'DER-PEAL, a clap of thunder; THUN'DER-PLUMP, a heavy fall of rain in a thunder-storm; THUN'DER-SHOWER, a shower accompanied with thunder, or a short heavy shower from a thunder-cloud; THUN'DER-STONE (_Shak._), a stone fabulously supposed to be hurled by thunder, and to do the damage of lightning, a thunderbolt: (_geol._) a belemnite, so called from its dart-like shape; THUN'DER-STORM, continued discharges of electricity from the clouds, producing lightning and thunder, and generally accompanied with heavy rain.--_v.t._ THUN'DER-STRIKE, to strike as by lightning.--_n._ THUN'DER-STROKE (_Shak._), a stroke or blast by lightning.--_adjs._ THUN'DER-STRUCK, struck by lightning: astonished: struck dumb; THUN'DERY, indicative of thunder, or attended by it. [With intrusive _d_ from A.S.

_unor_--_unian_, to rattle; cog. with Ger. _donner_, Ice. _orr_ for _onr_, L. _ton[=a]re_.]

THURIBLE, th[=u]'ri-bl, _n._ a censer of metal for burning frankincense.--_n._ TH[=U]'RIFER, the server who carries the thurible.--_adjs._ THURIF'EROUS, producing or bearing frankincense; THURIF'ICATE, having offered incense.--_n._ THURIFIC[=A]'TION.--_v.t._ TH[=U]'RIFY, to cense.--_n._ THUS, frankincense. [L. _thuribulum_--_thus_, _thuris_, frankincense; akin to Gr. _thyos_, a sacrifice.]

THURSDAY, thurz'd[=a], _n._ the fifth day of the week, so called because originally sacred to _Thor_, the old Teutonic god of thunder. [A.S.

_thunres daeg_--_thunres_, gen. of _thunor_, thunder, _daeg_, day; Ice.

_Thorsdag-r_, Thor's day, Ger. _Donnerstag_.]

THUS, _th_us, _adv._ in this or that manner: to this degree or extent.--_n._ THUS'NESS, state of being thus.--_adv._ THUS'WISE, in this manner. [A.S. _us_, prob. _s_, instrumental case of _es_, this.]

THWACK, thwak, _v.t._ to strike with something blunt and heavy, to thrash.--_n._ a heavy blow. [A.S. _thaccian_, to stroke.]

THWAITE, thw[=a]t, _n._ a piece of land reclaimed to tillage--common in place-names, as Bassen_thwaite_, Cross_thwaite_. [Ice. _thveit_.]

THWART, thwawrt, _adj._ cross: being crosswise.--_v.t._ to cross: to oppose; to defeat.--_n._ the bench for rowers placed athwart the boat.--_advs._ THWART; THWAR'TEDLY.--_n._ THWAR'TER.--_adj._ THWAR'TING, perverse.--_advs._ THWAR'TINGLY, perversely; THWART'LY; THWART'SHIPS, across the ship. [Ice. _thvert_, neut. of _thverr_; perverse; cog. with A.S. _thweorh_, Ger. _zwerch_.]

THY, _th_[=i], _poss. adj._ thine, of or pertaining to thee. [Short for _thine_, A.S. _in_, gen. of _u_, thou.]

THYINE-WOOD, th[=i]'in-w[=oo]d, _n._ a wood named in Rev. xviii. 12, probably that of the sandarac-tree. [Gr.]

THYLACINE, th[=i]'la-s[=e]n, _n._ the largest of the extant predaceous marsupials, represented by one species, now restricted to Tasmania.

THYME, t[=i]m, _n._ a genus of humble half-shrubby plants of the natural order _Labiatae_, the common garden-thyme, cultivated for its fragrance, wild-thyme, &c.--_n._ THY'MOL, an antiseptic phenol, obtained from oil of thyme by distillation.--_adj._ THY'MY. [Fr.,--L. L. _thymum_--Gr. _thyein_, to fill with sweet smells, to burn in sacrifice.]

THYMUS, th[=i]'mus, _n._ a ductless gland near the root of the neck, of no known function, vestigial in adult man--that of veal and lamb called _neck-sweetbread_. [Gr. _thymos_, sweet thyme.]

THYROID, th[=i]'roid, _adj._ in the form of a shield: denoting a cartilage constituting the anterior, upper part of the larynx, popularly called Adam's apple: denoting a vascular or ductless gland which arises in the earlier human embryo as an ingrowth from the lower part of the pharynx (see Myxoedema). [Gr. _thyreos_, a shield, _eidos_, form.]

THYRSUS, th[.e]r'sus, _n._ (_bot._) an inflorescence consisting of a panicle with the lower branches shorter than the middle ones: the wand of Bacchus, a staff wreathed with ivy--also THYRSE.--_adjs._ THYR'SOID, -AL, having the form of a thyrsus. [Gr. _thyrsos_.]

THYSANURA, this-a-n[=u]'ra, _n._ an order of wingless insects of small size, undergoing no metamorphosis, the abdomen usually bearing peculiar structures which seem to be abortive limbs, the spring-tails or bristle-tails.--_adjs._ THYSAN[=U]'RIAN; THYSAN[=U]'RIFORM. [Gr.

_thysanos_, a fringe, _oura_, a tail.]

THYSELF, _th_[=i]-self, _pron._ thou or thee, in person--used for emphasis.

TI, t[=e], _n._ a small Pacific tree of the lily family whose fleshy roots are eaten, and yield sugar and spirit.


TIARA, t[=i]-[=a]'ra, _n._ the lofty ornamental head-dress of the ancient Persians: a head-dress: the mitre of the Jewish high-priest: the pope's triple crown, the papal dignity--also (_poet._) TIAR.--_adj._ TI[=A]'RAED, wearing a tiara. [Fr. _tiare_--L. _tiara_--Gr. _tiara_.]

TIB, tib, _n._ (_Shak._) a punk, whore.

TIBET, THIBET, ti-bet', _n._ a woollen stuff generally printed in colours: a heavy fabric used for the same purposes as furs, made of goat's hair, black and finely curled--also TIBET CLOTH.--_adj._ TIB'ETAN, pertaining to _Tibet_, its language or people.--_n._ the language or people of Tibet.

TIBIA, tib'i-a, _n._ the large shinbone.--_adj._ TIB'IAL, pertaining to the tibia: pertaining to a pipe or flute.--_ns._ TIBI[=A]'LIS, a tibial muscle; TIB[=I]'CEN, a flute-player. [L., the shinbone, hence a flute.]

TIC, tik, _n._ a convulsive motion of certain muscles, esp. of the face.--_n._ TIC'-DOUL'OUREUX, painful convulsive motion of a nerve, usually in the face. [Fr. _tic_, a twitching; cf. Low Ger. _tukken_, to twitch.]

TICE, t[=i]s, _v.t._ (_Shak._) to entice.

TICK, tik, _n._ the popular name for several acaridan arachnids which infest dogs, sheep, &c. [M. E. _teke_; Dut. _teek_, Ger. _zecke_.]

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