[Lit. 'on that' (condition), A.S. _eah_, _eh_; cog. with Goth. _thau-h_, Ice. _tho_, Ger. _doch_; from the stem of _the_.]
THOUGHT, thawt, _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ of _think_. [A.S. _oht_--_encan_, to think.]
THOUGHT, thawt, _n._ the act of thinking: reasoning: deliberation: that which one thinks: idea: fancy: consideration: opinion: meditation: design: care.--_adjs._ THOUGHT'ED, having thoughts; THOUGHT'FUL, full of thought: employed in meditation: attentive: considerate: promoting serious thought: favourable to meditation.--_adv._ THOUGHT'FULLY.--_n._ THOUGHT'FULNESS.--_adj._ THOUGHT'LESS, without thought or care: careless: inattentive: stupid: dull.--_adv._ THOUGHT'LESSLY.--_ns._ THOUGHT'LESSNESS; THOUGHT'-READ'ER; THOUGHT'-READ'ING, the dubious act or art of discerning what is passing in another's mind by some direct and unexplained method, depending neither on gesture, facial expression, nor any articulate or other voluntary indication.--_adj._ THOUGHT'-SICK (_Shak._), uneasy with reflection.--_n._ THOUGHT'-TRANS'FERENCE, telepathy.--_adj._ THOUGHT'-TRANSFEREN'TIAL, telepathic.--_n._ THOUGHT'-WAVE, a supposed undulatory movement of a hypothetical medium by which the phenomena of thought-transference are explained.--TAKE THOUGHT (_Shak._), to give way to grief. [A.S. _ge-thoht_; Ice. _thottr_, Ger. _bedacht_. Cf. _Think_.]
THOUS, _th_owz (_Spens._), Thou art.
THOUS, th[=o]'us, _n._ a genus of canines, the African jackals, [L.
_thos_--Gr. _th[=o]s_, a wild dog.]
THOUSAND, thow'zand, _adj._ denoting ten hundred: proverbially, denoting any great number.--_n._ the number ten hundred: any large number.--_adj._ THOU'SANDFOLD, folded a thousand times: multiplied by a thousand.--_n._ THOU'SAND-LEGS, any one of the Myriapoda.--_adj._ THOU'SANDTH, the last of a thousand or of any great number.--_n._ one of a thousand or of any great number.--ONE IN [OF] A THOUSAND, anything exceedingly rare, implying a high degree of rarity or excellence. [A.S. _thusend_; Ger. _tausend_, Goth.
THOWEL, THOWL. See THOLE (1).
THOWLESS, thow'les, _adj._ (_Scot._) pithless: lazy. [_Thew_.]
THRALL, thrawl, _n._ a slave, serf: slavery, servitude: a shelf for barrels.--_adj._ (_arch._) subject.--_v.t._ to enslave.--_ns._ THRAL'DOM, THRALL'DOM, the condition of a thrall or slave: slavery: bondage.--_adj._ THRALL'-LIKE (_Milt._), resembling a thrall or slave: resembling slavery: slavish. [Old Northumbrian _r['ae]l_--Ice. _raell_, a slave; cf. Old High Ger. _drigil_, a slave, one who runs errands. From root of A.S. _raegian_, to run.]
THRAP, thrap, _v.t._ to fasten about. [Prob. _frap_.]
THRAPPLE, thrap'l, _n._ (_Scot._) the windpipe.--Also THROPP'LE.
THRASH, thrash, _v.t._ to heat out grain from the straw, to beat soundly--also THRESH.--_ns._ THRASH'ER, THRESH'ER; THRASH'ING, THRESH'ING, the act of beating out grain from the straw: a sound beating or drubbing; THRASH'ING-FLOOR, THRESH'ING-FLOOR, a floor on which grain is thrashed; THRASH'ING-MACHINE', -MILL, a machine or apparatus for thrashing corn.
[A.S. _therscan_; cog. with Ger. _dreschen_.]
THRASH, thrash, _n._ (_Scot._) a rush.--Also THRESH.
THRASHER, thrash'[.e]r, _n._ an American throstle or thrush, the brown thrush or sandy mocking-bird.--Also THRESH'ER.
THRASONICAL, thr[=a]-son'ik-al, _adj._ resembling _Thraso_, a boastful soldier in Terence's _Eunuchus_: boastful, bragging.--_adv._ THRASON'ICALLY.
THRATCH, thrach, _v.t._ (_Scot._) to gasp for breath.--_n._ laboured breathing.
THRAVE, thr[=a]v, _n._ twenty-four sheaves of grain set up in two _stooks_ of twelve sheaves each: the number of two dozen, a good number.--Also THREAVE (thr[=e]v). [Scand., Ice. _refi_--_rifa_, to grasp.]
THRAW, thraw, _v.t._ (_Scot._) to twist, wrench.--_v.i._ to writhe, to wriggle: to be perverse.--_adjs._ THRa'WARD, THRa'WART, obstinate; THRAWN, twisted: perverse.--HEADS AND THRAWS, lying beside each other, the head of the one by the feet of the other; IN THE DEAD THRAW, in the agony of death.
THREAD, thred, _n._ a very thin line of any substance twisted and drawn out: a filament of any fibrous substance: a fine line of yarn: anything resembling a thread: the prominent spiral part of a screw: something continued in long course: the uniform tenor of a discourse.--_v.t._ to pass a thread through the eye of (as a needle): to pass or pierce through, as a narrow way: to furnish with a thread.--_adj._ THREAD'BARE, worn to the bare thread: having the nap worn off: hackneyed: used till its novelty or interest is gone.--_n._ THREAD'BARENESS.--_adj._ THREAD'EN (_Shak._), made of thread.--_ns._ THREAD'ER; THREAD'INESS, the state of being thread-like or slender: the quality of containing threads; THREAD'-LACE, lace made of linen thread; THREAD'-P[=A]'PER, a piece of thin soft paper for wrapping up a skein of thread.--_n.pl._ THREAD'-WORMS, a popular name for Nematoda, a class of more or less thread-like worms, many parasitic, others free-living.--_adj._ THREAD'Y, like thread: slender: containing, or consisting of, thread.--THREAD AND THRUM, all, the good and bad together; THREAD OF LIFE, the thread imagined to be spun and cut by the Fates.--LISLE THREAD, a fine hard-twisted linen thread originally made at _Lille_ in France. [A.S. _thr['ae]d_--_thrawan_, to wind, to twist; Ger. _drehen_.]
THREAP, THREEP, thr[=e]p, _v.t._ (_Scot._) to maintain persistently: to contradict: to urge, to press eagerly.--_v.i._ to dispute.--_n._ stubborn insistence: contradiction: a freet. [A.S. _threapian_, to rebuke.]
THREAT, thret, _n._ declaration of an intention to inflict punishment or other evil upon another: menace.--_v.t._ THREAT'EN, to declare the intention of inflicting punishment or other evil upon another: to terrify by menaces: to present the appearance of coming evil or of something unpleasant.--_n._ THREAT'ENER.--_adj._ THREAT'ENING, indicating a threat or menace: indicating something approaching or impending.--_adv._ THREAT'ENINGLY.--_adj._ THREAT'FUL (_Spens._), full of threats, having a menacing appearance. [A.S. _reat_--_reotan_, to afflict; cog. with Ger.
_verdriessen_, Goth. _thriutan_, to vex.]
THREE, thr[=e], _adj._ and _n._ two and one.--_adj._ THREE'-COR'NERED, having three corners or angles: (_bot._) having three prominent longitudinal angles, as a stem.--_n._ THREE'-DECK'ER, ship of war carrying guns on three decks: an old-fashioned pulpit.--_adjs._ THREE'FOLD, folded thrice: thrice repeated: consisting of three; THREE'-FOOT, measuring three feet, or having three feet; THREE'-LEAFED, -LEAVED (_bot._), having three distinct leaflets: having the leaves arranged in threes; THREE'-LOBED (_bot._), having three lobes; THREE'-MAN (_Shak._), worked by three men.--_n._ THREE'-MAS'TER, a ship with three masts.--_adjs._ THREE'-NERVED, having three nerves: (_bot._) having three distinct nerves running longitudinally without branching, as a leaf; THREE'-NOOKED (_Shak._), three-cornered; THREE'-PART'ED, consisting of three parts: (_bot._) divided into three parts down to the base, as a leaf.--_n._ THREEPENCE (thr[=e]'pens, _coll._ thrip'ens), three pennies: a silver coin of the value of threepence.--_adj._ THREE'PENNY, worth threepence: of little worth: mean, vulgar.--_ns._ THREE'-PER-CENTS., bonds or other securities paying three per cent. interest, esp. a portion of the consolidated debt of Great Britain; THREE'-PILE (_Shak._), the finest kind of velvet.--_adjs._ THREE'-PILED, set with a thick pile, as velvet: (_Shak._) of the best quality: (_Shak._) piled one on another; THREE'PLY, having three plies or folds; THREE'SCORE, three times a score, sixty (also _n._); THREE'-SID'ED, having three sides; THREE'SOME, triple; THREE'-SUIT'ED, having but three suits of clothes; THREE'-VALVED, consisting of, or opening with, three valves.--THREE F'S, free sale, fixity of tenure, fair rent--the three demands of the Irish Land League; THREE R'S (see R); THREE TIMES THREE, three cheers thrice repeated. [A.S. _reo_, _r_, _ir_; Ice. _rir_, Gael. _tri_, Goth. _threis_, Ger. _drei_, L. _tres_, Gr. _treis_, Sans.
THREMMATOLOGY, threm-a-tol'[=o]-ji, _n._ the science of breeding or propagating animals and plants under domestication. [Gr.
_thremma_--_trephein_, to nurse, _logia_--_legein_, to say.]
THRENODY, thren'[=o]-di, _n._ an ode or song of lamentation.--_n._ THRENE, a lament, lamentation.--_adjs._ THRENET'IC, -AL; THREN[=O]'DIAL, THRENOD'IC.--_n._ THREN'ODIST, a writer of threnodies. [Gr.
_thr[=e]n[=o]dia_--_thr[=e]nos_, a lament, _[=o]d[=e]_, a song.]
THREPSOLOGY, threp-sol'[=o]-ji, _n._ the science of the nutrition of living organisms, or a treatise thereon. [Gr. _threpsis_--_trephein_, to nourish, _logia_--_legein_, to say.]
THRESH, thresh (see THRASH).--_ns._ THRESH'EL, a flail; THRESH'ER, the fox-shark; THRESH'ER-WHALE, the grampus.
THRESHOLD, thresh'[=o]ld, _n._ a piece of wood or stone under the door of a house: door: entrance: the place or point of entering. [M. E.
_threshwold_--A.S. _therscwald_--_therscan_, to thresh, _wald_, wood.]
THRESTLE, thres'l, _n._ a three-legged stool. [_Trestle_.]
THRETTY, thret'i, a dial. form of _thirty_.
THREW, thr[=oo], _pa.t._ of _throw_.
THRICE, thr[=i]s, _adv._ three times. [M. E. _thries_--A.S. _riwa_, thrice--_ri_, three.]
THRID, thrid, _n._ (_Spens._) a thread.--_v.t._ to slip through, as a narrow passage. [_Thread_.]
THRIDACIUM, thri-d[=a]'si-um, _n._ the inspissated juice of lettuce.--Also THRID'ACE. [L. _thridax_--Gr. _thridax_, lettuce.]
THRIFT, thrift, _n._ state of thriving: frugality: prosperity: increase of wealth: gain: a plant of genus _Armeria_, order _Plumbagineae_, the marsh-rosemary.--_adv._ THRIFT'ILY.--_n._ THRIFT'INESS.--_adj._ THRIFT'LESS, not thrifty: extravagant: not thriving.--_adv._ THRIFT'LESSLY.--_n._ THRIFT'LESSNESS.--_adj._ THRIFT'Y (_comp._ THRIFT'IER, _superl._ THRIFT'IEST), showing thrift or economy: thriving by frugality.
THRILL, thril, _v.t._ to pierce: to affect strongly.--_v.i._ to pierce, as something sharp: to cause a tingling, shivering feeling to run through the body: to feel a sharp, shivering sensation.--_n._ a thrilling sensation.--_adjs._ THRILL'ANT (_Spens._), thrilling, piercing; THRILL'ING, causing to thrill.--_adv._ THRILL'INGLY, in a thrilling manner: with thrilling sensations.--_n._ THRILL'INGNESS. [A.S. _thyrlian_, to bore a hole--_thyrel_, a hole; Ger. _drillen_, to drill a hole.]
THRIPS, thrips, _n._ a genus of the family _Thripidae_, which is the sole family of the order _Thysanoptera_, any member of the same, the corn-thrips, the jassid, the grape-vine thrips. [Gr. _thrips_, a wood-worm.]
THRIST, thrist, _v.i._ (_Spens._) same as _Thirst_.--_adj._ THRIST'Y=_Thirsty_.
THRIVE, thr[=i]v, _v.i._ to prosper: to increase in goods: to be successful: to grow: to flourish:--_pa.t._ thr[=o]ve and thr[=i]ved; _pa.p._ thriv'en.--_adj._ THRIVE'LESS, thriftless.--_n._ THR[=I]'VER, one who succeeds.--_p.adj._ THR[=I]'VING, flourishing, successful.--_adv._ THR[=I]'VINGLY, in a thriving or prosperous manner.--_n._ THR[=I]'VINGNESS.
[Ice. _thrifa_, to grasp.]
THROAT, thr[=o]t, _n._ the forepart of the neck, in which are the gullet and windpipe: an entrance: a narrow part of anything: (_naut._) the widened and hollowed end of a gaff next the mast--opp. to Peak, the outer end.--_ns._ THROAT'-BAND, -STRAP, -LATCH, a band about the throat; THROAT'-BOLT, an eye-bolt to which to hook the throat-halyards.--_n.pl._ THROAT'-BRAILS, those which are attached to the gaff for trussing up the sail close to the gaff as well as the mast.--_adj._ THROAT'ED, with a throat of a specified kind.--_n.pl._ THROAT'-HAL'YARDS, those for hoisting the throat of a gaff.--_adj._ THROAT'Y, formed in the throat, guttural in sound.--CLERGYMAN'S SORE THROAT, an affection commonly arising from too prolonged or powerful exercise of the voice by persons in whom the mucous membrane of the throat is in a relaxed condition; CUT ONE'S OWN, or ANOTHER'S, THROAT, to pursue some course ruinous to one's own or to another's interests; GIVE ONE THE LIE IN HIS THROAT, to accuse one to his face of a lie. [A.S. _throte_; Dut. _strot_, Ger. _drossel_, the throat.]
THROB, throb, _v.i._ to beat or palpitate, as the heart or pulse, with more than usual force:--_pr.p._ throb'bing; _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ throbbed.--_n._ a beat or strong pulsation.--_adv._ THROB'BINGLY.--_adj._ THROB'LESS. [M.
E. _throbben_; cf. L. _trepidus_, trembling.]
THROE, thr[=o], _n._ suffering, pain: agony: the pains of childbirth.--_v.i._ to be in agony.--_v.t._ to put in agony. [A.S. _threa_, _threaw_, suffering--_threowan_, to suffer.]
THROMBOSIS, throm-b[=o]'sis, _n._ an affection of the blood--vessels (either veins or arteries), which essentially consists in a coagulation of blood, forming a true clot, at a certain fixed spot.--_adjs._ THROM'BOSED, THROMBOT'IC.--_n._ THROM'BUS, the blood-clot formed in thrombosis.
THRONE, thr[=o]n, _n._ a chair of state richly ornamented and covered with a canopy: seat of a bishop in the cathedral-church of his diocese: sovereign power and dignity: (_pl._) the third order of angels in the first triad of the celestial hierarchy.--_v.t._ to place on a royal seat: to exalt.--_v.i._ to sit in state, as on a throne:--_pr.p._ thr[=o]n'ing; _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ thr[=o]ned.--_adjs._ THR[=O]'NAL; THRONE'LESS. [O.