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THIEF, th[=e]f, _n._ one who steals or takes unlawfully what is not his own.--_ns._ THIEF'-CATCH'ER, -T[=A]'KER, one whose business is to detect thieves and bring them to justice: a detective. [A.S. _theof_; Ice.

_thjof-r_, Ger. _dieb_.]

THIEVE, th[=e]v, _v.i._ to practise theft: to steal.--_n._ THIEV'ERY, the practice of thieving.--_adj._ THIEV'ISH, given to, or like, theft or stealing: acting by stealth: secret: sly.--_adv._ THIEV'ISHLY.--_n._ THIEV'ISHNESS. [A.S. _theofian_.]

THIG, thig, _v.i._ to make supplication, to live on alms.--_v.t._ to beseech, beg.--_n._ THIG'GER, a beggar, a sorner. [A.S. _thicgan_, to take.]

THIGH, th[=i], _n._ the thick fleshy part of the leg from the knee to the trunk.--_n._ THIGH'-BONE, the bone of the leg between the hip-joint and the knee. [A.S. _theo_, _theoh_; Ice. _thjo_, Old High Ger. _deoh_.]

THILK, thilk, _pron._ (_Spens._) the same. [A.S. _thylc_, _thyllic_, the like, such--_thi_, instrumental case of _thaet_, that, and _lic_, like.]

THILL, thil, _n._ one of the shafts of a cart or other carriage.--_ns._ THILL'ER, THILL'-HORSE (_Shak._), the horse that goes between the thills or shafts of a carriage, or the last of a team. [A.S. _thille_, a board, a plank.]

THIMBLE, thim'bl, _n._ a metal cover for the finger, used in sewing.--_ns._ THIM'BLE-CASE, a case for holding a thimble; THIM'BLEFUL, as much as a thimble will hold: a small quantity; THIM'BLE-RIG, a sleight-of-hand trick in which the performer conceals, or pretends to conceal, a pea or small ball under one of three thimble-like cups.--_v.i._ to cheat by such means.--_ns._ THIM'BLE-RIG'GER; THIM'BLE-RIG'GING. [A.S. _thmel_, a thumb-stall--_thuma_, a thumb. An extension of _thumb_.]

THIN, thin, _adj._ having little thickness: slim: lean: freely mobile: small: fine: not close or crowded: transparent, flimsy, shallow: not full or well grown, meagre, weak.--_adv._ not thickly or closely: in a scattered state.--_v.t._ to make thin: to make less close or crowded (with _away_, _out_, &c.): to make rare or less thick or dense.--_v.i._ to grow or become thin:--_pr.p._ thin'ning; _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ thinned.--_adj._ THIN'-FACED (_Shak._), having a thin face.--_adv._ THIN'LY.--_n._ THIN'NESS.--_adjs._ THIN'NISH, somewhat thin; THIN'-SKINNED, having a thin skin: sensitive: irritable.--_n._ THIN'-SKINNED'NESS. [A.S. _thynne_; Ice. _thunnr_, Ger.


THINE, _th_[=i]n, _pron._ (poss. form of _thou_) belonging to thee: thy.

[A.S. _thin_, thy--_thin_, gen. of _thu_, thou; Ger. _dein_.]

THING, thing, _n._ an inanimate object: a living being (in tenderness or in contempt): an event: a part: (_pl._) clothes, wraps.--_ns._ THING'INESS, reality, objectivity: disposition to take a materialistic view of things; THING'-IN-ITSELF', a noumenon, the Ger. _ding an sich_; THING'UMBOB, THING'UMMY (_coll._), a thing, anything, an indefinite name for some person whom one cannot be troubled to name distinctly.--_adj._ THING'Y, materialistic.--DO THE HANDSOME THING BY, to treat generously; KNOW A THING OR TWO, to be shrewd; MAKE A GOOD THING OF IT, to reap a good advantage from; THE THING, the proper or right thing. [A.S. _thing_, _thinc_; Ger.


THING, ting, _n._ a parliament, or a court of law, in Scandinavian countries. [Ice. _thing_, an assembly.]

THINK, thingk, _v.i._ to exercise the mind (with _about_, _of_, _on_): to revolve ideas in the mind: to judge: to form or hold as an opinion: to consider: to purpose or design.--_v.t._ to imagine: to judge: to believe or consider:--_pa.t._ and _pa.p._ thought.--_adj._ THINK'ABLE, capable of being thought.--_n._ THINK'ER.--_p.adj._ THINK'ING, having the faculty of thought.--_n._ the act or state of one who thinks: (_Shak._) thought, imagination, judgment.--_adv._ THINK'INGLY.--THINK LITTLE OF, to have a poor opinion of--opposite to THINK MUCH, or WELL, OF; THINK LONG, to yearn for: to become weary in waiting; THINK OUT, to devise, project: to solve by a process of thought. [A.S. _thencan_, _thencean_; cog. with Ger. _denken_, from root of _thank_.]

THIRD, th[.e]rd, _adj._ the last of three.--_n._ one of three equal parts: (_golf_) a handicap of a stroke every third hole.--_ns._ THIRD'-BOR'OUGH (_Shak._), an under-constable; THIRD'ING, the third part of anything.--_adv._ THIRD'LY, in the third place.--_adj._ THIRD'-RATE, of the third order.--_n._ THIRDS'MAN, a mediator.--THIRD ESTATE, in England, the House of Commons; THIRD PERSON IN THE TRINITY, the Holy Spirit. [A.S.

_thridda_--_threo_, three.]

THIRL, th[.e]rl, _n._ (_prov._) a hole: an opening: a short passage between two headings in a mine.--_v.t._ to pierce, wound: cause to quiver.--_v.i._ to vibrate, tingle, thrill.

THIRL, th[.e]rl, _n._ a form of thrall.--_v.t._ to bind or subject.--_n._ THIRL'AGE, a form of servitude by which the grain produced on certain lands had to be ground at a certain mill and a certain proportion paid.

THIRST, th[.e]rst, _n._ the uneasiness caused by want of drink: vehement desire for drink: eager desire for anything.--_v.i._ to feel thirst: to desire vehemently.--_n._ THIRST'ER.--_adv._ THIRST'ILY.--_n._ THIRST'INESS.--_adj._ THIRST'Y, suffering from thirst: dry: parched: vehemently desiring. [A.S. _thurst_, _thyrst_; Ger. _durst_; cf. Gr.

_tersesthai_, L. _torr[=e]re_, to dry.]

THIRTEEN, th[.e]r't[=e]n, _adj._ and _n._ three and ten.--_adj._ and _n._ THIR'TEENTH, the last of thirteen: a thirteenth part. [A.S.

_threotne_--_threo_, three, _tn_, ten.]

THIRTY, th[.e]r'ti, _adj._ and _n._ three times ten.--_adj._ THIR'TIETH, the last of thirty.--_n._ a thirtieth part. [A.S. _thritig_--_threo_, three, _-tig_, suff. denoting ten.]

THIS, _th_is, _demons. pron._ or _adj._ denoting a person or thing near, just mentioned, or about to be mentioned: (_B._) the last past:--_pl._ THESE.--_n._ THIS'NESS, haeccity. [A.S. _this_, the neut. of the adj. pron.

_thes_ (masc.), _theos_ (fem.), _this_ (neut.)--pl. _th['ae]s_ (=these), _thas_ (=those); Ice. _thessi_, Ger. _dieser_.]

THISTLE, this'l, _n._ a genus of prickly plants.--_n._ THIS'TLE-DOWN, the tufted feathery bristles of the seeds of the thistle.--_adj._ THIS'TLY, overgrown with thistles. [A.S. _thistel_; Ger. _distel_.]

THITHER, _th_ith'[.e]r, _adv._ to that place: to that end or result.--_adv._ THITH'ERWARD, toward that place. [A.S. _ider_.]

THLIPSIS, thlip'sis, _n._ constriction of a blood-vessel by external compression. [Gr.,--_thlibein_, to press.]

THO, th[=o], _adv._ (_Spens._) then, also the sing. of _those_.


THOFT, thoft, _n._ (_prov._) a rowing-bench. [A.S. _thofte_.]

THOLE, th[=o]l, _n._ a pin in the side of a boat to keep the oar in place.--Also THOLE'-PIN, THOWL, THOWEL. [A.S. _thol_; Dut. _dol_, Ice.


THOLE, th[=o]l, _v.t._ to endure, to suffer: to yield.--_v.i._ to be patient, to wait. [A.S. _tholian_, to suffer; Goth. _thulan_, Ice. _thola_; Old High Ger. _dolen_, whence Ger, _ge-duld_, patience, _dulden_, to suffer.]

THOLOBATE, th[=o]'l[=o]-b[=a]t, _n._ (_archit._) the substructure on which a dome or cupola rests. [Gr. _tholos_, a dome, _bainein_, to go.]

THOLUS, th[=o]'lus, _n._ a round building, dome, cupola:--_pl._ TH[=O]'LI.--Also THOLE. [Gr.]

THOMISM, t[=o]'mizm, _n._ the doctrines of the followers of the prince of scholastic theologians, _Thomas_ Aquinas (1226-74), esp. as these are set forth in his _Summa Theologiae_, which still represent, with few exceptions, the general teaching of the R.C. Church.--_n._ TH[=O]'MIST, a follower of Aquinas.--_adjs._ THOMIST'IC, -AL.

THONG, thong, _n._ a piece or strap of leather to fasten anything. [A.S.


THOR, th[=o]r, _n._ the second principal Scandinavian divinity, the god of thunder. [Ice. _Thorr_.]


THORAL, th[=o]'ral, _adj._ nuptial. [L. _torus_, the bed.]

THORAX, th[=o]'raks, _n._ the part of the body between the neck and belly: the chest.--_adj._ THORACIC (-ras'-), pertaining to the thorax or breast.


THORIUM, th[=o]'ri-um, _n._ a rare metal resembling aluminium, but taking fire below a red heat, and burning with great brilliancy.--Also THOR[=I]'NUM.

THORN, thorn, _n._ a sharp, woody spine on the stem of a plant: a spine: a plant having spines or thorns: anything prickly or troublesome.--_ns._ THORN'-APP'LE, a plant of genus _Datura_: a haw, a thorn-tree; THORN'BACK, a species of ray or skate which has nail-like crooked spines in its back; THORN'BILL, a variety of humming-bird with short, straight bill; THORN'-BUSH, a shrub producing thorns; THORN'-HEDGE, a hedge of hawthorn.--_adjs._ THORN'LESS, without thorns; THORN'SET, set or beset with thorns; THORN'Y, full of thorns: prickly: troublesome: harassing (A.S.

_thorniht_).--THORN IN THE FLESH, any cause of constant irritation, from 2 Cor. xii. 7. [A.S. _thorn_; Ice. _thorn_, Ger. _dorn_.]

THOROUGH, thur'[=o], _adj._ passing through or to the end: complete: entire.--_prep._ (_obs._) through.--_n._ that which goes through, a passage: the blind and obstinately tyrannical policy of Strafford and Laud in administering civil and ecclesiastical affairs without regard to opposite convictions.--_n._ THOR'OUGH-BASS (_mus._), a bass part all through a piece, with figures placed over the notes to indicate the harmony to be played to each.--_adj._ THOR'OUGHBRED, thoroughly or completely bred: bred from a dam and sire of the best blood, as a horse, and having the qualities supposed to depend thereon.--_n._ an animal, esp. a horse, of pure blood--of race-horses, one all of whose ancestors for seven generations (five in America) are recorded in the stud-book.--_n._ THOR'OUGHFARE, a fare or passage for going through: a public way or street: right of passing through.--_adj._ THOR'OUGHG[=O]'ING, going through or to the end: going all lengths: complete.--_adv._ THOR'OUGHLY.--_n._ THOR'OUGHNESS.--_adj._ THOR'OUGH-PACED, thoroughly or perfectly paced or trained: complete. [The longer form of _through_.]

THORP, THORPE, thorp, _n._ a homestead: a hamlet. [A.S. _thorp_; Goth.

_thaurp_, Ger. _dorf_.]

THOSE, _th_[=o]z, _pron._, _pl._ of _that_. [From A.S. _thas_, the old pl.

of _thes_, this. Cf. _This_. Doublet _these_.]

THOTH, thoth, _n._ the ancient Egyptian god of wisdom, and the inventor of art, science, letters, &c., ibis-headed, with a tau-cross in his hand.

THOU, thow, _pron._ of the second person sing., the person addressed (now generally used only in solemn address). [A.S. _u_; cog. with Goth. _thu_, Gr. _tu_, L. _tu_, Sans. _tva-m_.]

THOUGH, _th_[=o], _conj._ admitting: allowing: even if notwithstanding.

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