PUDGY, puj'i, _adj._ fat and short: fleshy.--Also PODG'Y.
PUEBLO, pweb'lo, _n._ a town or settlement in Spanish America: one of the communal habitations of the New Mexico aborigines.--_adj._ PUEB'LAN. [Sp., a town--L. _populus_, a people.]
PUERILE, p[=u]'[.e]r-[=i]l, _adj._ pertaining to children: childish: trifling: silly.--_adv._ P[=U]'ERILELY.--_ns._ P[=U]'ERILENESS, P[=U]ERIL'ITY, quality of being puerile: that which is puerile: a childish expression. [Fr. _pueril_--L. _puerilis_--_puer_, a child.]
PUERPERAL, p[=u]-[.e]r'p[.e]r-al, _adj._ relating to childbirth--also P[=U]ER'PEROUS.--_adv._ P[=U]ER'PERALLY.--PUERPERAL FEVER, fever occurring in connection with childbirth; PUERPERAL INSANITY, insanity occurring in connection with childbirth. [L. _puerpera_, a woman lately delivered--_puer_, a child, _par[)e]re_, to bear.]
PUFF, puf, _v.i._ to blow in puffs or whiffs: to swell or fill with air: to breathe with vehemence: to blow at, in contempt: to bustle about.--_v.t._ to drive with a puff: to swell with a wind: to praise in exaggerated terms.--_n._ a sudden, forcible breath: a sudden blast of wind: a gust or whiff: a fungus ball containing dust: anything light and porous, or swollen and light: a kind of light pastry: a part of a fabric gathered up so as to be left full in the middle: a light ball or pad for dusting powder on the skin, &c.: an exaggerated expression of praise.--_ns._ PUFF'-ADD'ER, a large, venomous African serpent; PUFF'-BALL, a dried fungus, ball-shaped and full of dust; PUFF'-BIRD, a South American bird resembling the kingfisher in form, but living on insects; PUFF'-BOX, a box for holding powder for the toilet, and a puff for applying it.--_adj._ PUFFED, gathered up into rounded ridges, as a sleeve.--_ns._ PUFF'ER, one who puffs: one who raises the prices at an auction in order to excite the eagerness of the bidders to the advantage of the seller; PUFF'ERY, puffing or extravagant praise.--_adv._ PUFF'ILY.--_ns._ PUFF'INESS, state of being puffy or turgid: intumescence; PUFF'ING, the act of praising extravagantly.--_adv._ PUFF'INGLY.--_n._ PUFF'-PASTE, a short flaky paste for pastry.--_adj._ PUFF'Y, puffed out with air or any soft matter: tumid: bombastic: coming in puffs.--PUFF UP (_B._), to inflate. [Imit.; cf. Ger. _puffen_, &c.]
PUFFIN, puf'in, _n._ a water-fowl having a short, thick, projecting beak like that of a parrot: a puff-ball.
PUG, pug, _n._ a monkey: a fox: a small kind of dog: any small animal (in familiarity or contempt).--_n._ PUG'-DOG, a small, short-haired dog with wrinkled face, upturned nose, and short tail.--_adjs._ PUG'-FACED, monkey-faced; PUG'GING (_Shak._), thieving--a misprint for _prigging_.--_n._ PUG'-NOSE (sometimes abbrev. _pug_), a short, thick nose with the tip turned up. [_Puck._]
PUG, pug, _n._ clay ground and worked with water.--_v.t._ to grind with water and make plastic: to line spaces between floors with mortar, felt, or other deafening.--_ns._ PUG'GING, beating or punching, esp. the working of clay for making bricks, in a pug-mill: (_archit._) clay, sawdust, plaster, &c. put between floors to deaden sound; PUG'-MILL, a machine for mixing and tempering clay. [Prov. Eng. _pug_, to strike. Cf. _Poke_.]
PUGH, p[=oo], _interj._ of contempt or disdain. [Imit.]
PUGILISM, p[=u]'jil-izm, _n._ the art of boxing or fighting with the fists, esp. in the prize-ring.--_ns._ P[=U]'GIL, a pinch; P[=U]'GILIST, one who fights with his fists.--_adj._ P[=U]GILIST'IC. [L. _pugil_, a boxer.]
PUGNACIOUS, pug-n[=a]'shus, _adj._ fond of fighting: combative: quarrelsome.--_adv._ PUGN[=A]'CIOUSLY.--_n._ PUGNAC'ITY, readiness or inclination to fight: fondness for fighting: quarrelsomeness. [L. _pugnax_, _pugnacis_, fond of fighting--_pugn[=a]re_, to fight.]
PUGREE, pug'r[=e], _n._ a light scarf worn round the hat to keep off the sun.--Also PUG'GREE, PUG'GERY, PUG'AREE. [Hind. _pagr[=i]_, a turban.]
PUISNE, p[=u]'ne, _adj._ (_law_) younger or inferior in rank, applied to certain judges in England. [O. Fr. (Fr. _puine_), from _puis_--L. _post_, after, _ne_, pa.p. of _naitre_--L. _nasci_, _natus_, to be born.]
PUISSANT, p[=u]'is-ant, _adj._ potent or powerful: strong: forcible.--_n._ P[=U]'ISSANCE, power, strength, force.--_adv._ P[=U]'ISSANTLY.--_n._ P[=U]'ISSANTNESS. [Fr., (It. _possente_)--L. _potens_, powerful, modified by the influence of L. _posse_, to be able.]
PUKE, p[=u]k, _v.i._ to spew, vomit: to sicken.--_n._ vomit: an emetic.--_n._ P[=U]'KER, one who vomits. [Perh. for _spuke_. Cf. _Spew_.]
PUKE, p[=u]k, _adj._ (_Shak._) of a colour between black and russet: reddish-brown: puce.--_n._ PUKE'-STOCK'ING (_Shak._), a dark-coloured stocking.
PULCHRITUDE, pul'kri-t[=u]d, _n._ comeliness. [L.]
PULE, p[=u]l, _v.i._ to pipe or chirp: to cry, whimper, or whine, like a child.--_ns._ P[=U]'LER; P[=U]'LING, the cry as of a chicken: a kind of whine.--_adj._ whimpering: whining.--_adv._ P[=U]'LINGLY. [From Fr.
_piauler_; imit. like It. _pigolare_, L. _pipil[=a]re_ and _pip[=a]re_, to pipe.]
PULEX, p[=u]'leks, _n._ a genus of insects: the flea. [L.]
PULKHA, pul'ka, _n._ a Laplander's sledge, shaped like a boat.--Also PULK.
PULL, p[=oo]l, _v.t._ to draw, or try to draw, with force: to draw or gather with the hand: to tear: to pluck: to extract: to move, propel by tugging, rowing, &c.: to transport by rowing: in horse-racing, to check a horse in order to prevent its winning: to produce on a printing-press worked by hand: to raid or seize.--_v.i._ to give a pull: to draw.--_n._ the act of pulling: a struggle or contest: exercise in rowing: (_slang_) influence, a favourable chance, advantage: (_coll._) a drink, draught: (_print._) a single impression of a hand-press.--_ns._ PULL'-BACK, a restraint: a device for making a woman's gown hang close and straight in front; PULL'ER.--PULL A FACE, to draw the countenance into a particular expression: to grimace; PULL APART, to bring asunder by pulling; PULL DOWN, to take down or apart: to demolish; PULL FOR, to row in the direction of; PULL OFF, to carry anything through successfully; PULL ONE'S SELF TOGETHER, to collect one's faculties; PULL OUT, to draw out, lengthen; PULL THE LONG BOW, to lie or boast beyond measure; PULL THROUGH, to get to the end of something difficult or dangerous with some success; PULL UP, to tighten the reins: to take to task: to bring to a stop: to halt; PULL UP STAKES, to prepare to leave a place. [A.S. _pullian_; conn. with Low Ger. _pulen_, to pluck.]
PULLET, p[=oo]l'et, _n._ a young hen.--_n._ PULL'ET-SPERM (_Shak._), the treadle or chalaza of an egg. [Fr. _poulette_, dim. of _poule_, a hen--Low L. _pulla_, a hen, fem. of L. _pullus_, a young animal.]
PULLEY, p[=oo]l'i, _n._ a wheel turning about an axis, and having a groove on its rim in which a cord runs, used for raising weights:--_pl._ PULL'EYS.--_ns._ PULL'EY-BLOCK, a shell containing one or more sheaves, the whole forming a pulley; PULL'EY-SHELL, the casing of a pulley-block. [M. E.
_poleyne_--Fr. _poulain_--Low L. _pullanus_--_pullus_; acc. to Diez, from Fr. _poulie_, itself from Eng. _pull_.]
PULLMAN-CAR, p[=oo]l'man-kar, _n._ a railway sleeping-car or palace-car, first made by George M. _Pullman_ (b. 1831) in America.
PULLULATE, pul'[=u]-l[=a]t, _v.i._ to germinate, bud.--_n._ PULLUL[=A]'TION. [L.,--_pullulus_, a young animal, sprout--_pullus_. Cf.
PULMONARY, pul'm[=o]-n[=a]-ri, _adj._ pertaining to, or affecting, the lungs: done by the lungs: having lungs: pulmonic.--_adj._ PULMOBRANCH'IATE, breathing by lung-sacs.--_n._ PULMOM'ETER, an instrument for measuring the capacity of the lungs.--_adj._ PULMON[=A]'RIOUS, diseased in the lungs.--_n.pl._ PULMON[=A]'TA, an order or sub-class of Gasteropoda, air-breathing.--_adjs._ PUL'MON[=A]TE, having lungs, lung-sacs, or lung-like organs; PULMON'IC, pertaining to or affecting the lungs.--_n._ a medicine for disease of the lungs: one affected by disease of the lungs.--_adj._ PULMONIF'EROUS, provided with lungs.--PULMONARY ARTERY, an artery which brings blood from the heart to the lungs; PULMONARY VEIN, a vein which brings blood from the lungs to the heart. [L.
_pulmonarius_--_pulmo_, _pulmonis_, a lung--Gr. _pleum[=o]n_, _pneum[=o]n_, lung.]
PULP, pulp, _n._ the soft fleshy part of bodies, e.g. of teeth: marrow: the soft part of plants, esp. of fruits: any soft mass: the soft mass obtained from the breaking and grinding of rags, &c., before it is hardened into paper.--_v.t._ to reduce to pulp: to deprive of pulp: to separate the pulp.--_v.i._ to become ripe or juicy, like the pulp of fruit.--_ns._ PULP'-EN'GINE, a machine for converting rags, &c., into pulp; PULP'IFIER, an apparatus for reducing fresh meat to a jelly-like pulp, to aid digestion.--_v.t._ PULP'IFY, to make into pulp. [Fr. _pulpe_--L. _pulpa_, flesh without bones.]
PULPIT, p[=oo]l'pit, _n._ a platform for speaking from: an elevated or enclosed place in a church where the sermon is delivered: a desk.--_adj._ belonging to the pulpit.--_ns._ PULPITEER', PUL'PITER, one who speaks from a pulpit: a preacher.--_adj._ PUL'PITISH.--THE PULPIT, preachers or preaching collectively. [Fr.,--L. _pulpitum_, a stage.]
PULPOUS, pulp'us, _adj._ consisting of, or resembling, pulp: soft.--_ns._ PULP'INESS; PULP'OUSNESS.--_adj._ PULP'Y, like pulp: soft.
PULQUE, p[=oo]l'k[=a], _n._ a fermented drink, made in Mexico. [Sp., from Mex.]
PULSATE, pul's[=a]t, _v.i._ to beat, as the heart or as a vein: to throb.--_adj._ PUL'SATILE, that can pulsate, as a wound: that may be struck or beaten, as a drum: played by beating: acting by pulsation.--_n._ PULS[=A]'TION, a beating or throbbing: a motion of the heart or pulse: any measured beat: a vibration.--_adj._ PUL'SATIVE.--_n._ PULS[=A]'TOR, a pulsometer: a jigging-machine, used in South African diamond-digging.--_adj._ PUL'SATORY, beating or throbbing.--_n._ any musical instrument played by being beaten on. [L. _puls[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_, to beat, freq. of _pell[)e]re_, _pulsum_, to drive.]
PULSATILLA, pul-sa-til'a, _n._ the pasque-flower, _Anemone pulsatilla_.
PULSE, puls, _n._ a beating or throbbing: a measured beat or throb: a vibration: the beating of the heart and the arteries: (_fig_.) feeling, sentiment.--_v.i._ to beat, as the heart: to throb.--_adj._ PULSE'LESS, having no pulsation: without life.--_ns._ PULSE'LESSNESS; PULSE'-RATE, the number of beats of a pulse per minute; PULSE'-WAVE, the expansion of the artery, moving from point to point, like a wave, as each beat of the heart sends the blood to the extremities.--_adj._ PULSIF'IC, exciting the pulse.--_ns._ PULSIM'ETER, an instrument for measuring the strength or quickness of the pulse; PULSOM'ETER, a pulsimeter: a kind of steam-condensing pump.--FEEL ONE'S PULSE, to find out by the sense of touch the force of the blood in the arteries: to find out what one is thinking on some point; PUBLIC PULSE, the movement of public opinion on any question; QUICK PULSE, a pulse in which the rise of tension is very rapid. [Fr.
_pouls_--L. _pulsus_--_pell[)e]re_, _pulsum_.]
PULSE, puls, _n._ grain or seed of beans, pease, &c.--_adj._ PULT[=A]'CEOUS, macerated and softened. [L. _puls_, porridge (Gr.
_poltos_). Cf. _Poultice_.]
PULU, p[=oo]'l[=oo], _n._ a silky fibre obtained from the Hawaiian tree-ferns, used for stuffing mattresses.
PULVERABLE, pul'v[.e]r-a-bl, _adj._ that may be reduced to fine powder--also PUL'VER[=I]SABLE.--_adj._ PULVER[=A]'CEOUS, having a powdery surface.--_vs.t._ PUL'VERATE, PUL'VERISE, to reduce to dust or fine powder.--_vs.i._ to fall down into dust or powder: to roll or wallow in the dust.--_ns._ PUL'VERINE, ashes of barilla; PULVERIS[=A]'TION; PUL'VER[=I]SER.--_adj._ PUL'VEROUS, consisting of, or like, dust or powder.--_n._ PULVER'[=U]LENCE.--_adj._ PULVER'[=U]LENT, consisting of fine powder: powdery: dusty. [L. _pulvis_, _pulveris_, powder.]
PULVIL, pul'vil, _n._ a bag of perfumed powder.--Also PULVIL'IO. [It.
_polviglio_--L. _pulvillus_, a little cushion--_pulvinus_, a cushion.]
PULVILLAR, pul'vi-lar, _adj._ cushion or pad-like.--_adj._ PULVIL'LIFORM, like a pulvillus.--_n._ PULVIL'LUS, a foot-pad between the clavi of the terminal tarsal joint of an insect's leg--also PULVIN'ULUS.--_adj._ PULV[=I]'NAR, padded: formed like a cushion.--_n._ a pillow or cushion: a peculiar prominence on a part of the human brain.--_adjs._ PUL'VIN[=A]TE, -D, PULVIN'IFORM, cushion-shaped. [L. _pulvillus_, _pulvinus_, a cushion, _pulvinar_, a soft couch.]
PULWAR, pul'war, _n._ a light keelless boat used on the Ganges.--Also PAL'WAR.
PULZA-OIL, pul'za-oil, _n._ an oil obtained from the seeds of _Fatropha Curcas_, from the Cape Verd Islands.
PUMA, p[=u]'ma, _n._ a carnivorous animal, of the cat kind, of a reddish-brown colour without spots, called also the American lion. [Peruv.
PUMICE, pum'is, or p[=u]'mis, _n._ a hard, light, spongy substance, formed of lava, from which gas or steam has escaped while hardening.--_v.t._ to polish or rub with pumice-stone--also P[=U]'MIC[=A]TE.--_adjs._ PUMI'CEOUS, PUM'ICIFORM, of or like pumice.--_ns._ PUM'ICE-STONE (same as PUMICE); P[=U]'MY (_Spens._), a pebble, stone. [A.S. _pumic-_(_-stan_), pumice (-stone)--L. _pumex_, _pumicis_, for _spumex_--_spuma_, foam--_spu[)e]re_.
Cf. _Spume_, and _Pounce_, a fine powder.]
PUMMEL. Same as POMMEL.
PUMP, pump, _n._ a machine for raising water and other fluids to a higher level: a machine for drawing out or forcing in air.--_v.t._ to raise with a pump: to draw out information by artful questions.--_v.i._ to work a pump: to raise water by pumping.--_ns._ PUMP'AGE, the amount pumped; PUMP'-BARR'EL, the cylinder which forms the body of a pump.--_pa.p._ PUMPED (_coll._), out of breath, panting--sometimes with _out_.--_ns._ PUMP'ER; PUMP'-GEAR, the various parts which make up a pump; PUMP'-HAND'LE, the lever by means of which the pump is worked; PUMP'-HEAD, -HOOD, a frame covering the upper wheel of a chain-pump, serving to guide the water into the discharge-spout; PUMP'ING-EN'GINE, any form of motor for operating a pump; PUMP'-ROD, the rod by which the handle is fixed to the bucket which moves up and down inside; PUMP'-ROOM, the apartment at a mineral spring in which the waters are drunk; PUMP'-WELL, a well from which water is got by pumping.--PUMP SHIP, to urinate. [O. Fr. _pompe_ (cf. Ger. _pumpe_); perh.
conn. with _plump_.]