PROPROCTOR, pr[=o]-prok'tor, _n._ a substitute or assistant proctor.
PROPTERYGIUM, pr[=o]-t[=e]-rij'i-um, _n._ the anterior basal cartilage of the fins in the _Elasmobranchii_:--_pl._ PROPTERY'GIA.--_adj._ PROPTERY'GIAL. [L. _pro_, before, L.,--Gr. _pterygion_, a fin, _pteron_, a wing.]
PROPUGNATION, pr[=o]-pug-n[=a]'shun, _n._ (_Shak._) defence. [L., _pro_, for, _pugn[=a]re_, to fight.]
PROPULSION, pr[=o]-pul'shun, _n._ act of propelling: a driving forward.--_adjs._ PROPUL'SIVE, PROPUL'SORY, tending or having power to propel. [Low L. _propulsio_--L. _propell[)e]re_, _propulsum_, to push forward.]
PROPYLaeUM, pr[=o]-pi-l[=e]'um, _n._ a gateway of architectural importance, leading into a temple, &c.:--_pl._ PROPYLae'A.--_n._ PR[=O]'PYLON, a monumental gateway before the entrance of an ancient Egyptian temple, &c.
[Gr. _pro_, before, _pyl[=e]_, a gate.]
PRO RATA, pr[=o] r[=a]'ta, according to one's share: in proportion.--_v.t._ PROR[=A]TE', to assess pro rata.
PRORE, pr[=o]r, _n._ Same as PROW.
PRORECTOR, pr[=o]-rek'tor, _n._ a substitute or assistant rector.
PRO RE NATA, pr[=o] r[=e] n[=a]'ta, dealing with something that arises unexpectedly or out of due course, for special business. [L. _pro_, for, _re_, abl. of _res_, thing, _nata_, abl. fem. of _natus_, born.]
PROROGUE, pr[=o]-r[=o]g', _v.t._ to bring the meetings of parliament to an end for a time: to put off from one session to another:--_pr.p._ pror[=o]g'uing: _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ pror[=o]gued'.--_v.t._ PR[=O]'ROG[=A]TE.--_n._ PROROG[=A]'TION, act of proroguing: a lengthening out: a putting off to another time, esp. the bringing to an end of a session of parliament. [Fr.,--L. _prorog[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_--_pro_, forward, _rog[=a]re_, to ask.]
PRORSAD, pror'sad, _adv._ (_anat._) forward.--_adj._ PROR'SAL, anterior.
PROSAIC, -AL, pr[=o]-z[=a]'ik, -al, _adj._ pertaining to prose: like prose: commonplace in style, manner, or thought: dull.--_adv._ PROS[=A]'ICALLY.--_ns._ PROS[=A]'ICISM, PROS[=A]'ICNESS, quality of being prosaic; PR[=O]'SAISM, a prose idiom: a prosaic phrase; PR[=O]'SAIST, a writer of prose: a commonplace person.
PROSCENIUM, pr[=o]-s[=e]'ni-um, _n._ the front part of the stage: the curtain and its framework. [L.,--Gr. _prosk[=e]nion_--_pro_, before, _sk[=e]n[=e]_, the stage.]
PROSCRIBE, pr[=o]-skr[=i]b', _v.t._ to publish the names of persons to be punished: to put beyond the protection of law: to banish: to prohibit: to denounce, as doctrine.--_ns._ PR[=O]SCRIB'ER; PR[=O]'SCRIPT; PROSCRIP'TION, the act of proscribing or dooming to death or outlawry: utter rejection.--_adj._ PR[=O]SCRIP'TIVE, pertaining to, or consisting in, proscription.--_adv._ PR[=O]SCRIP'TIVELY. [L. _proscrib[)e]re_--_pr_o, before, publicly, _scrib[)e]re_, _scriptum_, to write.]
PROSE, pr[=o]z, _n._ the direct, straightforward arrangement of words, free from poetical measures: ordinary spoken and written language: all writings not in verse.--_adj._ pertaining to prose: not poetical: plain: dull.--_v.i._ to write prose: to speak or write tediously.--_v.t._ to compose in prose.--_ns._ PROSE'-MAN, PR[=O]'SER, PROSE'-WRIT'ER, a writer of prose.--_adv._ PR[=O]'SILY, in a prosy manner: tediously.--_ns._ PR[=O]'SINESS, the state or quality of being prosy; PR[=O]'SING, speaking or writing in a dull or prosy way.--_adj._ PR[=O]'SY, dull, tedious.
[Fr.,--L. _prosa_--_prorsus_, straightforward--_pro_, forward, _vert[)e]re_, _versum_, to turn.]
PROSECT, pr[=o]-sekt', _v.t._ to dissect beforehand.--_v.i._ to perform the duties of a prosector, one who dissects a body for the illustration of anatomical lectures.--_ns._ PROSEC'TION; PROSEC'TOR.--_adj._ PROSECT[=O]'RIAL.--_n._ PROSEC'TORSHIP. [L. _pro_, before, _sec[=a]re_, to cut.]
PROSECUTE, pros'[=e]-k[=u]t, _v.t._ to follow onwards or pursue, in order to reach or accomplish: to continue: to pursue by law: to bring before a court.--_v.i._ to carry on a legal prosecution.--_ns._ PROSEC[=U]'TION, the act of prosecuting or pursuing, esp. a civil or criminal suit: the party by which legal proceedings are instituted; PROS'EC[=U]TOR, one who prosecutes or pursues any plan or business: one who carries on a civil or criminal suit:--_fem._ PROS'EC[=U]TRIX.--PUBLIC PROSECUTOR, a person whose duty it is to conduct prosecutions in the public interest. [L. _prosequi_--_pro_, onwards, _sequi_, _secutus_, to follow.]
PROSELYTE, pros'e-l[=i]t, _n._ one who has come over from one religion or opinion to another: a convert, esp. one who left the heathen and joined a Jewish community.--_v.t._ to convert.--_v.t._ PROS'ELYT[=I]SE, to make proselytes.--_ns._ PROS'ELYT[=I]SER, one who proselytises; PROS'ELYTISM, the act of proselytising or of making converts: conversion.--PROSELYTE OF THE GATE, a convert who was not compelled to submit to the regulations of the Mosaic law. [Fr.,--L.,--Gr. _pros[=e]lytos_--_proserchomai_, I come to--_pros_, to, _erchomai_, _[=e]lthon_, to come.]
PROSENCEPHALON, pros-en-sef'a-lon, _n._ the fore-brain, comprising the cerebral hemispheres and olfactory processes.--_adj._ PROSENCEPHAL'IC. [Gr.
_pros_, before, _enkephalon_, the brain--_en_, in, _kephal[=e]_, the head.]
PROSENCHYMA, pros-eng'ki-ma, _n._ the fibro-vascular system or tissue of plants--opp. to _Parenchyma_, the soft tissues.--_adj._ PROSENCHYM'ATOUS.
[Gr. _pros_, to, _enchyma_, an infusion.]
PROSEUCHE, (-A), pros-[=u]'k[=e], (-ka), _n._ a place of prayer: among the Jews one that was not a synagogue, or the temple, usually roofless:--_pl._ PROSEU'CHae. [Gr. _pros_, towards, _euchesthai_, to pray.]
PROSILIENCY, pr[=o]-sil'i-en-si, _n._ a standing forward.
PROSIT, pr[=o]'sit, _interj._ good luck to you, a salutation in drinking healths customary among German students. [3d pers. sing. pres. subj. of _prodesse_, to be of use--_pro_, for, _esse_, to be.]
PROSOBRANCHIATA, pros-[=o]-brangk-i-[=a]'ta, _n.pl._ an order or sub-class of gasteropods having the gills anterior to the heart.--_adj._ PROSOBRANCH'I[=A]TE. [Gr. _pros[=o]_, forward, _branchia_, gills.]
PROSODY, pros'[=o]-di, _n._ that part of grammar which treats of quantity, accent, and the laws of verse or versification.--_adjs._ PROS[=O]'DIAL, PROSOD'IC, -AL, pertaining to prosody: according to the rules of prosody.--_ns._ PROS[=O]'DIAN, PROS'ODIST, one skilled in prosody.--_adv._ PROSOD'ICALLY. [Fr.,--L. _pros[=o]dia_, Gr. _pros[=o]dia_--_pros_, to, _[=o]d[=e]_, a song.]
PROSOPOPEIA, PROSOPOPOEIA, pros-[=o]-p[=o]-p[=e]'ya, _n._ a rhetorical figure by which inanimate objects are spoken of as persons: personification. [Gr. _pros[=o]popoiia_--_pros[=o]pon_, a person, _poiein_, to make.]
PROSOPULMONATA, pros-[=o]-pul-m[=o]-n[=a]'ta, _n.pl._ a group of air-breathing gasteropods in which the pulmonary sac occupies a forward position.--_adj._ PROSOPUL'MON[=A]TE. [Gr. _pros[=o]_, forward, L. _pulmo_, a lung.]
PROSPECT, pros'pekt, _n._ a looking forward: that which the eye takes in at once: a view: object of view: a scene: expectation: a long, straight, wide street: outlook, exposure.--_v.i._ PROSPECT', to make a search, esp. for chances of mining for precious metals.--_ns._ PROSPEC'TER, -OR, one who explores for valuable minerals; PROSPEC'TING, searching a district for gold or silver mines with a view to further operations; PROSPEC'TION, the act of looking forward or of providing for future wants.--_adj._ PROSPEC'TIVE, looking forward: expected: acting with foresight: relating to the future: distant.--_n._ outlook: prospect.--_adv._ PROSPEC'TIVELY.--_ns._ PROSPEC'TIVENESS; PROSPEC'TUS, the outline of any plan submitted for public approval, particularly of a literary work or of a joint-stock concern. [L.
_prospectus_--_prospic[)e]re_, _prospectum_--_pro_, forward, _spec[)e]re_, to look.]
PROSPER, pros'p[.e]r, _v.t._ to make fortunate or happy: (_B._) to make to prosper.--_v.i._ to be successful: to succeed: to turn out well.--_n._ PROSPER'ITY, the state of being prosperous: success: good fortune.--_adj._ PROS'PEROUS, according to hope: in accordance with one's wishes: making good progress: favourable: successful.--_adv._ PROS'PEROUSLY.--_n._ PROS'PEROUSNESS. [L. _prosper_, _prosperus_--_pro_, in accordance with, _spes_, hope.]
PROSPHYSIS, pros'-fi-sis, _n._ morbid adhesion of the eyelids to each other or to the eyeball. [Gr.]
PROSTATE, pros't[=a]t, _adj._ standing in front, applied to a gland in males at the neck of the bladder.--_n._ the gland at the neck of the bladder.--_adj._ PROSTAT'IC.--_n._ PROSTAT[=I]'TIS, inflammation of the prostate gland. [Gr. _prostat[=e]s_--_pro_, before, _sta_, root of _hist[=e]mi_, I set up.]
PROSTHENIC, pros-then'ik, _adj._ strong in the fore-parts.
PROSTHESIS, pros'the-sis, _n._ addition, affixion, as of letters at the beginning of a word: the fitting of artificial parts to the body.--_adj._ PROSTHET'IC. [Gr.]
PROSTITUTE, pros'ti-t[=u]t, _v.t._ to expose for sale for bad ends: to sell to lewdness: to devote to any improper purpose.--_adj._ openly devoted to lewdness: sold to wickedness.--_n._ a female who indulges in lewdness, esp.
for hire, a whore: a base hireling.--_ns._ PROSTIT[=U]'TION, the act or practice of prostituting: lewdness for hire: the being devoted to infamous purposes; PROS'TIT[=U]TOR, one who prostitutes either himself or another.
[L. _prostitu[)e]re_, _-[=u]tum_--_pro_, before, _statu[)e]re_, to place.]
PROSTRATE, pros'tr[=a]t, _adj._ thrown forwards on the ground: lying at length: lying at mercy: bent in adoration.--_v.t._ to throw forwards on the ground: to lay flat: to overthrow: to sink totally: to bow in humble reverence.--_n._ PROSTR[=A]'TION, act of throwing down or laying flat: act of falling down in adoration: dejection: complete loss of strength. [L.
_pro_, forwards, _stern[)e]re_, _stratum_, to strew.]
PROSTYLE, pr[=o]'st[=i]l, _adj._ (_archit._) having a range of detached columns in front.
PROSY. See PROSE.
PROSYLLOGISM, pr[=o]-sil'[=o]-jizm, _n._ a syllogism of which the conclusion is the premise of another.
PROTACTIC, pr[=o]-tak'tik, _adj._ placed at the beginning, introductory.
PROTAGONIST, pr[=o]-tag'on-ist, _n._ a leading character, esp. in a play.--_n._ PR[=O]'TAGON, a nitrogenous substance obtained from the brain and other tissues. [Gr. _pr[=o]tos_, first, _ag[=o]nist[=e]s_, a combatant.]
PROTAMOEBA, pr[=o]-ta-m[=e]'ba, _n._ a low form of the _Monera_, which is constantly changing its form by sending out and withdrawing pseudopodia.
PRO TANTO, pr[=o] tan'to, for so much: to a certain extent: to the extent mentioned.
PROTASIS, prot'a-sis, _n._ (_rhet._) the first part of a conditional sentence--opp. to _Apodosis_: the first part of a dramatic composition.--_adj._ PROTAT'IC. [Gr.,--_pro_, before, _tasis_, a stretching, _teinein_, to stretch.]
PROTEAN, pr[=o]'t[=e]-an, _adj._ readily assuming different shapes, like _Proteus_, the sea-god, fabled to have the power of changing himself into an endless variety of forms: variable: inconstant.
PROTECT, pr[=o]-tekt', _v.t._ to cover in front: to cover over: to shield from danger: to defend: to shelter.--_adv._ PROTEC'TINGLY.--_ns._ PROTEC'TION, act of protecting: state of being protected: preservation: defence: that which protects: guard: refuge: security: a writing guaranteeing against molestation or interference: passport: a fostering of home produce and manufactures by laying taxes on the importation of foreign goods; PROTEC'TIONISM, the doctrine of the protectionists; PROTEC'TIONIST, one who favours the protection of trade by law.--_adj._ favouring the economic doctrine of protection.--_adj._ PROTEC'TIVE, affording protection: defensive: sheltering.--_n._ that which protects.--_adv._ PROTEC'TIVELY.--_ns._ PROTEC'TIVENESS; PROTEC'TOR, one who protects from injury or oppression: a guardian: a regent:--_fem._ PROTEC'TRESS, PROTEC'TRIX.--_adjs._ PROTEC'TORAL, PROTECT[=O]'RIAL, pertaining to a protector or a regent.--_n._ PROTEC'TOR[=A]TE, government by a protector: the authority assumed by a superior: relation assumed by a strong nation to a weak one, whereby the latter is protected from hostile or foreign interference.--_adj._ PROTEC'TORLESS.--_ns._ PROTEC'TORSHIP; PROTEC'TORY, an institution for destitute children. [L., _pro_, in front, _teg[)e]re_, _tectum_, to cover.]
PROTeGe, pr[=o]-t[=a]-zh[=a]', _n._ one under the protection of another: a pupil: a ward:--_fem._ PROTeGeE. [Fr., pa.p. of _proteger_, to protect--L.