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PRONE, pr[=o]n, _adj._ with the face downward: bending forward: headlong: disposed: inclined or sloping.--_adv._ PRONE'LY.--_n._ PRONE'NESS. [O.

Fr.,--L. _pronus_; cog. with Gr. _pr[=e]n[=e]s_, prone.]

PRONG, prong, _n._ the spike of a fork or similar instrument: one of several points or projections, as on an antler.--_v.t._ to stab with a prong.--_adj._ PRONGED, having prongs.--_n._ PRONG'-HOE.--_adj._ PRONG'-HORN, having horns with a prong.--_n._ the prong-buck or cabrit, the American antelope. [Nasalised form of Prov. Eng. _prog_, to prick--W.

_procio_; cf. Gael. _brog_, to goad, _brog_, an awl.]


PRONONCe, pr[=o]-nong-s[=a]', _adj._ decided: self-asserting:--_fem._ PRONONCeE. [Fr.; cf. _Pronounce_.]

PRONOTUM, pr[=o]-n[=o]'tum, _n._ the tergal portion of the prothorax in the Insecta:--_pl._ PRON[=O]'TA.--_adj._ PRON[=O]'TAL. [Gr. _pro_, before, _n[=o]tos_, back.]

PRONOUN, pr[=o]'nown, _n._ a word used instead of a noun.--_adj._ PRONOM'INAL, belonging to, or of the nature of, a pronoun.--_adv._ PRONOM'INALLY.

PRONOUNCE, pr[=o]-nowns', _v.t._ to make known by speaking: to utter with the proper sound and accent: to speak distinctly: to utter formally: to utter rhetorically: to declare.--_v.i._ to utter confidently: to utter words.--_adjs._ PRONOUNCE'ABLE, capable of being pronounced; PRONOUNCED', marked with emphasis: marked.--_adv._ PRONOUN'CEDLY.--_ns._ PRONOUNCE'MENT, act of pronouncing: an announcement or proclamation; PRONOUN'CER.--_adjs._ PRONOUN'CING, PRONUN'CIAL, giving or marking pronunciation.--_n._ PRONUNCI[=A]'TION, act or mode of pronouncing: art of speaking distinctly and correctly: utterance. [Fr. _prononcer_--L. _pronunti[=a]re_--_pro_, forth, _nunci[=a]re_, to announce--_nuntius_, a messenger.]

PRONUNCIAMENTO, pr[=o]-nun-si-a-men'to, _n._ a manifesto: a formal proclamation. [Sp.]

PROOEMIUM, pr[=o]-[=e]'mi-um, _n._ same as PROEM--also PROE'MION: (_rhet._) exordium.--_adj._ PROOE'MISE.

PROOF, pr[=oo]f, _n._ that which proves or establishes the truth of anything: test: (_obs._) experience: experiment: any process to discover or establish a truth: that which convinces: demonstration: evidence which convinces the mind: state of having been proved: (_pl._) in equity practice, the instruments of evidence in their documentary form: (_Scots law_) the taking of evidence by a judge upon an issue framed in pleading: a test, hence 'Armour of proof,' armour proved to be trustworthy: (_arith._) an operation checking the accuracy of a calculation: firmness of mind: a certain strength of alcoholic spirits: (_print._) an impression taken for correction, also 'proof-sheet:' an early impression of an engraving--'proof before letter'=one taken before the title is engraved on the plate: (_phot._) the first print from a negative.--_adj._ firm in resisting: noting alcoholic liquors having the specific gravity 0.920:--_pl._ PROOFS.--_ns._ PROOF'-ARM'OUR, armour proved to be able to resist ordinary weapons; PROOF'-CHARGE, an extraordinary amount of powder and shot put into a gun to test its strength; PROOF'-HOUSE, a house fitted up for proving the barrels of firearms; PROOF'-LEAF (same as PROOF-SHEET).--_adj._ PROOF'LESS, wanting proof or evidence.--_ns._ PROOF'-MARK, a mark stamped on a gun to show that it has stood the test; PROOF'-READ'ER, a person who reads printed proofs to discover and correct errors; PROOF'-SHEET, an impression taken on a slip of paper for correction before printing finally; PROOF'-SPIR'IT, a mixture containing fixed proportions of alcohol and water--nearly half its weight and fully half its volume of alcohol; PROOF'-TEXT, a passage of Scripture held to prove a certain doctrine.--ARTIST'S PROOF, a first impression from an engraved plate or block; BURDEN OF PROOF (see BURDEN); INDIA PROOF (see INDIAN). [O. Fr. _prove_ (Fr. _preuve_)--L. _prob[=a]re_, to prove.]

PROOSTRACUM, pr[=o]-os'tra-kum, _n._ the forward continuation of the guard or rostrum in the Belemnites. [Gr. _pro_, before, _ostrakon_, shell.]

PROOTIC, pr[=o]-ot'ik, _n._ a bone developed in some vertebrata in front of the ear--also _adj._ [Gr. _pro_, before, _ous_, _[=o]tos_, ear.]

PROP, prop, _n._ anything on which a weight rests for support: a support: a stay.--_v.t._ to keep from falling by means of something placed under or against: to support or to sustain in any way:--_pr.p._ prop'ping; _pa.t_.

and _pa.p._ propped.--_n._ PROP'PAGE. [Allied to Sw. _propp_, Ger. _propf_, a stopper; some connect also with Ger. _pfropf_, a graft--L. _propago_, a set, layer.]

PROPaeDEUTIC, -AL, pr[=o]-p[=e]-d[=u]'tik, -al, _adj._ pertaining to preliminary instruction.--_n._ PROPaeDE[=U]'TIC, a preliminary branch of knowledge: (_pl._) the introduction to an art or science. [Gr. _pro_, before, _paideuein_, to teach.]

PROPAGATE, prop'a-g[=a]t, _v.t._ to increase by generation or other natural process: to multiply plants by layers: to extend: to produce: to impel forward in space, as sound, light, energy, &c.: to spread from one to another: to promote: to extend the knowledge of: (_obs._) to increase.--_v.i._ to be produced or multiplied: to have young.--_adj._ PROP'AGABLE, that can be propagated or increased by generation or other natural process.--_ns._ PROPAGAN'DA, PROP'AGAND, a committee (_congregatio de propaganda fide_) at Rome charged with the management of the R.C.

missions: any association for the spread of opinions and principles, esp.

such as are opposed to the existing government; PROPAGAND'ISM, practice of propagating tenets or principles: zeal in spreading one's opinions: proselytism; PROPAGAND'IST, one who devotes himself to propagandism; PROPAG[=A]'TION, act of propagating: the spreading or extension of anything, as light, sound, energy, &c.: increase: enlargement.--_adj._ PROP'AG[=A]TIVE.--_ns._ PROP'AG[=A]TOR; PROPAGAT[=O]'RIUM (_biol._), the reproductive apparatus.--_adj._ PROP'AG[=A]TORY.--_ns._ PROP[=A]'GO, a layer or branch laid down to root; PROPAG'[=U]LUM, a runner or sucker ending in an expanded bud: a gemma or bud affecting asexual propagation in many algae. [L. _prop[=a]g[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_, conn. with _pro-p[=a]g-o_, a layer.]

PROPALE, pr[=o]-p[=a]l', _v.t._ to disclose.

PROPALINAL, pr[=o]-pal'i-nal, _adj._ moving backward and forward, as the under jaw in mastication. [L. _pro_, forward, Gr. _palin_, backward.]

PROPAROXYTONE, pr[=o]-par-ok'si-t[=o]n, _adj._ having the acute accent on the antepenultimate or third last syllable.--_n._ a word having the acute accent on the antepenultimate.

PROPEL, pr[=o]-pel', _v.t._ to drive forward: to urge onward by force:--_pr.p._ propel'ling; _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ propelled'.--_n._ PROPEL'LANT, that which drives forward.--_adj._ PROPEL'LENT.--_ns._ PROPEL'LER, one who, or that which, propels: any kind of mechanism for moving a ship through the water, by a paddle-wheel, oar, screw, &c.: a vessel thus propelled: a spinning-bait; PROPEL'MENT, act of propelling: propelling mechanism. [L. _pro_, forward, _pell[)e]re_, to drive.]

PROPEND, pr[=o]-pend', _v.i._ (_Shak._) to lean toward: to be in favour of anything.--_adj._ PROPEND'ENT. [L. _propend[=e]re_--_pro_, forward, _pend[=e]re_, _pensum_, to hang.]

PROPENSE. pr[=o]-pens', _adj._ leaning towards in a moral sense: inclined: disposed.--_adv._ PROPENSE'LY.--_ns._ PROPENSE'NESS, PROPENS'ITY, inclination of mind: tendency to good or evil: disposition; PROPEN'SION, tendency to move in a certain direction.--_adj._ PROPEN'SIVE. [L.

_propensus_, hanging forward.]

PROPER, prop'[.e]r, _adj._ one's own: fitted for a person's nature or qualities: peculiar: belonging to only one of a species (as a name): natural: suitable: correct: just: right: becoming: (_B._) comely, pretty: in liturgics, used only on a particular day or festival.--_n._ something set apart for a special use.--_adv._ (_coll._) very, exceedingly.--_adv._ PROP'ERLY, in a proper manner: (_coll._) entirely, extremely.--_n._ PROP'ERNESS.--PROPERLY SPEAKING, in the strict sense: speaking without qualification. [Fr. _propre_--L. _proprius_, one's own, akin to _prope_, near.]

PROPERISPOMENON, pr[=o]-per-i-sp[=o]m'e-non, _n._ a word with the circumflex accent on the penult. [Gr.,--_pro_, before, _peri_, round, _sp[=a]n_, to draw.]

PROPERTY, prop'[.e]r-ti, _n._ that which is proper to any person or thing: a quality which is always present: any quality: that which is one's own: an estate: right of possessing, employing, &c.: ownership: (_Shak._) individuality: (_pl._) articles required by actors in a play.--_v.t._ (_Shak._) to invest with certain properties: to make a tool of, appropriate.--_adj._ PROP'ERTIED, possessed of property or possessions.--_ns._ PROP'ERTY-MAN, -MAS'TER, one who has charge of the stage properties in a theatre; PROP'ERTY-ROOM, the room in which the stage properties of a theatre are kept; PROP'ERTY-TAX, a tax paid by persons possessed of property, at the rate of so much per cent. on its value.--MOVABLE or PERSONAL PROPERTY, property that may attend the person of the owner, movables; PRIVATE PROPERTY, that which belongs to an individual for his personal disposition and use--opp. to PUBLIC PROPERTY; REAL PROPERTY, lands, tenements, and hereditaments, real estate; QUALIFIED PROPERTY, the right a man has in reclaimed wild animals--also called SPECIAL PROPERTY: such right as a bailee has in the chattel transferred to him by the bailment. [O. Fr. _properte_--a doublet of _propriety_.]

PROPHASIS, prof'a-sis, _n._ prognosis. [Gr.]

PROPHECY, prof'e-si, _n._ a prediction: public interpretation of Scripture: instruction: (_B._) a book of prophecies. [O. Fr. _prophecie_--L.

_prophet[=i]a_--Gr. _proph[=e]teia_--_proph[=e]t[=e]s_.]

PROPHESY, prof'e-s[=i], _v.t._ to foretell: to predict.--_v.i._ (_B._) to exhort: to expound religious subjects.--_pa.t._ and _pa.p._ proph'es[=i]ed.--_ns._ PROPH'ES[=I]ER; PROPH'ESYING. [_s_ has been arbitrarily substituted for _c_, to distinguish the verb from the noun.]

PROPHET, prof'et, _n._ one who proclaims or interprets the will of God: one who announces things to come: one who predicts or foretells events: (_B._) one inspired by God to warn and teach: (_pl._) the writings of the prophets.--_n.fem._ PROPH'ETESS.--_ns._ PROPH'ETHOOD, PROPH'ETSHIP, quality, office of a prophet.--_adjs._ PROPHET'IC, -AL, pertaining to a prophet: containing prophecy: foreseeing or foretelling events.--_adv._ PROPHET'ICALLY.--_n._ PROPH'ETISM.--PROPHETIC OFFICE, the office of a prophet.--FORMER PROPHETS, Joshua, Judges, Samuel, and Kings; LATTER PROPHETS, the prophets properly so called; MAJOR PROPHETS, the prophets whose books come before that of Hosea; MINOR PROPHETS, the prophets from Hosea to Malachi; SCHOOL OF THE PROPHETS, a school among the ancient Jews for training young men as teachers of the people; THE PROPHETS, one of the three divisions into which the ancient Jews divided their Scriptures--consisting of the _former_ and the _latter_ prophets (see above). [Fr.,--L. _proph[=e]ta_--Gr. _proph[=e]t[=e]s_--_pro_, before, in behalf of, _ph[=e]-mi_, _phanai_, to speak.]

PROPHYLACTIC, prof-i-lak'tik, _adj._ guarding against: defending from disease.--_n._ a medicine which wards off disease.--_n._ PROPHYLAX'IS. [Gr.

_pro_, before, _phylassein_, to guard.]

PROPINE, pr[=o]-p[=i]n', _v.t._ to pledge in drinking: to present, guarantee.--_n._ (_obs._) money given as drink-money, any pledge or gift: the power of giving.--_n._ PROPIN[=A]'TION, act of drinking healths. [O.

Fr.,--L.,--Gr. _propinein_, _pro_, before, _pinein_, to drink.]

PROPINQUITY, pr[=o]-ping'kwi-ti, _n._ nearness in time, place, or blood: proximity: neighbourhood.--_v.i._ PROPINQ'UATE, to approach. [L.

_propinquitas_--_propinquu_s, near--_prope_, near.]

PROPITIATE, pr[=o]-pish'i-[=a]t, _v.t._ to make propitious: to render favourable.--_v.i._ to make propitiation: to atone.--_adj._ PROPI'TIABLE, that maybe propitiated or rendered favourable.--_ns._ PROPITI[=A]'TION, act of propitiating: (_theol._) that which propitiates: atonement: the death of Christ as a ground of the forgiveness of sin; PROPI'TI[=A]TOR.--_adv._ PROPI'TIATORILY.--_adj._ PROPI'TI[=A]TORY, having power to propitiate: expiatory.--_n._ the Jewish mercy-seat.--_adj._ PROPI'TIOUS, favourable: disposed to be gracious or merciful: ready to forgive.--_adv._ PROPI'TIOUSLY.--_n._ PROPI'TIOUSNESS. [L. _propiti[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_, to make favourable--_propitius_, well disposed; orig. perh. an augur's term with reference to the flying of birds--_pro_, forward, _pet[)e]re_, to seek, orig. fly; by others conn. with _prope_, near.]

PROPLASM, pr[=o]'plazm, _n._ a mould, matrix.--_adj._ PROPLAS'TIC, forming a mould.

PROPODITE, prop'[=o]-d[=i]t, _n._ the sixth joint of the typical limb of a Crustacean.

PROPODIUM, pr[=o]-p[=o]'di-um, _n._ the anterior division of the foot in some Gasteropoda and Pteropoda. [Gr. _pro_, before, _pous_, _podos_, the foot.]

PROPOLIS, prop'[=o]-lis, _n._ a red, resinous, odorous substance like wax collected by bees and used to stop crevices in the hive, strengthen cells, &c. [Gr.,--_pro_, before, _polis_, city.]

PROPONENT, pr[=o]-p[=o]'nent, _adj._ proposing.--_n._ one who makes a proposal or proposition: (_law_) one who propounds a will for probate.

PROPORTION, pr[=o]-p[=o]r'shun, _n._ the relation of one thing to another in regard to magnitude: fitness of parts to each other: symmetrical arrangement: (_math._) the identity or equality of ratios: the 'rule of three,' in which three terms are given to find a fourth: equal or just share: (_obs._) form, figure.--_v.t._ to adjust: to form symmetrically: to correspond to: to divide into proper shares.--_adj._ PROPOR'TIONABLE, that may be proportioned: having a proper proportion.--_n._ PROPOR'TIONABLENESS.--_adv._ PROPOR'TIONABLY.--_adj._ PROPOR'TIONAL, having a due proportion: relating to proportion: (_math._) having the same or a constant ratio.--_n._ (_math._) a number or quantity in a proportion.--_n._ PROPORTIONAL'ITY.--_adv._ PROPOR'TIONALLY.--_adj_. PROPOR'TIONATE, adjusted according to a proportion: proportional.--_v.t._ to make proportional: to adjust in proportion.--_adv._ PROPOR'TIONATELY.--_ns._ PROPOR'TIONATENESS, the quality of being adjusted according to settled rates or comparative relation; PROPOR'TIONING, adjustment of proportions.--_adj._ PROPOR'TIONLESS, without proportion or symmetry of parts.--PROPORTIONAL REPRESENTATION, representation in a parliament, &c., according to the number of electors in an electoral district.--COMPOUND PROPORTION, a proportion between two quantities, each of which is the product of two or more, those of the first set being in their order proportional to those of the other; IN PROPORTION, in the degree or measure, according; INVERSE, or RECIPROCAL, PROPORTION, an equality of ratio between two quantities and the reciprocals of other two, as 6 : 3 = : . [L. _proportio_--_pro_, in comparison with, _portio_, _portionis_, part, share.]

PROPOSE, pr[=o]-p[=o]z', _v.t._ to put forward or offer for consideration, &c.: to purpose or intend: (_obs._) to place out, state, utter, discourse: (_Shak._) to face, confront.--_v.i._ to form an intention or design: to offer, especially marriage: (_Shak._) to converse--_n._ (_obs._) talk, discourse.--_n._ PROP[=O]'SAL, anything proposed: terms or conditions proposed.--_n._ PROP[=O]'SER. [Fr.,--pfx. _pro-_, _poser_, to place.]

PROPOSITION, prop-[=o]-zish'un, _n._ a placing before: offer of terms: that which is proposed: the act of stating anything: that which is stated: (_gram._ and _logic_) a complete sentence, or one which affirms or denies something: (_math._) a theorem or problem to be demonstrated or solved.--_adj._ PROPOSI'TIONAL, pertaining to, or of the nature of, a proposition: considered as a proposition. [Fr.,--L. _propositio_.]

PROPOUND, pr[=o]-pownd', _v.t._ to offer for consideration: to exhibit.--_n._ PROPOUND'ER. [Orig. _propone_--L.,--_pro_, forth, _pon[)e]re_, to place.]

PROPRaeTOR, PROPRETOR, pr[=o]-pr[=e]'tor, _n._ a magistrate of ancient Rome, who, after acting as praetor in Rome, was appointed to the government of a province.

PROPRIETOR, pr[=o]-pr[=i]'e-tor, _n._ one who has anything as his property: an owner:--_fem._ PROPR[=I]'ETRESS, PROPR[=I]'ETRIX.--_adjs._ PROPR[=I]'ETARY, PROPRIET[=O]'RIAL, belonging to a proprietor.--_n._ PROPR[=I]'ETARY, a proprietor, owner: a body of proprietors: the rights of a proprietor.--_n._ PROPR[=I]'ETORSHIP, state or right of a proprietor: ownership.--PROPRIETARY RIGHT, the right of a proprietor: the common-law right of a playwright to control production or representation of his drama so long as unpublished: the right when protected by copyright after publication.

PROPRIETY, pr[=o]-pr[=i]'e-ti, _n._ a person's right of possession: state of being proper or right: agreement with established principles or customs: fitness: accuracy: property: (_obs._) individuality.--THE PROPRIETIES, conventional customs of society. [Fr.,--L. _proprietas_--_proprius_, one's own.]

PROPRIUM, pr[=o]'pri-um, _n._ selfhood.

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