_proie_)--L. _praeda_, booty.]
PRIAPUS, pr[=i]-[=a]'pus, _n._ an ancient deity personifying male generative power.--_adjs._ PRIAP'IC, PRIAP[=E]'AN.--_n._ PR[=I]'APISM.
PRICE, pr[=i]s, _n._ that at which anything is prized, valued, or bought: excellence: recompense.--_v.t._ to set value on: (_coll._) to ask the price of: (_Spens._) to pay the price of.--_ns._ PRICE'-CURR'ENT, -LIST, a list of the prices paid for any class of goods, &c.--_adjs._ PRICED, set at a value; PRICE'LESS, beyond price: invaluable: without value: worthless.--_n._ PRICE'LESSNESS.--PRICE OF MONEY, the rate of discount in lending or borrowing capital.--WITHOUT PRICE, priceless. [O. Fr. _pris_ (Fr. _prix_)--L. _pretium_, price.]
PRICK, prik, _n._ that which pricks or penetrates: a sharp point: the act or feeling of pricking: a puncture: a sting: remorse: (_Shak._) a thorn, prickle, skewer, point of time: (_Spens._) point, pitch.--_v.t._ to pierce with a prick: to erect any pointed thing: to fix by the point: to put on by puncturing: to mark or make by pricking: to incite: to deck out as with flowers or feathers: to pain.--_v.i._ to have a sensation of puncture: to stand erect: to ride with spurs:--_pa.t._ and _pa.p._ pricked.--_adj._ PRICK'-EARED, having pointed ears.--_ns._ PRICK'ER, that which pricks: a sharp-pointed instrument: light-horseman: a priming wire; PRICK'ING; PRICKLE (prik'l), a little prick: a sharp point growing from the bark of a plant or from the skin of an animal.--_v.t._ to prick slightly.--_v.i._ (_Spens._) to be prickly.--_ns._ PRICK'LE-BACK, the stickle-back; PRICK'LINESS; PRICK'LING, the act of piercing with a sharp point: (_Shak._) the sensation of being pricked.--_adj._ prickly.--_adj._ PRICK'LY, full of prickles.--_ns._ PRICK'LY-HEAT, a severe form of the skin disease known as lichen, with itching and stinging sensations; PRICK'LY-PEAR, a class of plants with clusters of prickles and fruit like the pear; PRICK'-ME-DAIN'TY (_Scot._), an affected person.--_adj._ over-precise.--_ns._ PRICK'-SONG (_Shak._), a song set to music: music in parts; PRICK'-SPUR, a goad-spur; PRICK'-THE-GAR'TER (cf. _Fast-and-loose_); PRICK'-THE-LOUSE (_Scot._), a tailor. [A.S. _pricu_, a point; Ger. _prickeln_, Dut. _prikkel_, a prickle.]
PRICKET, prik'et, _n._ (_Shak._) a buck in his second year.
PRIDE, pr[=i]d, _n._ state or feeling of being proud: too great self-esteem: haughtiness: overbearing treatment of others: a proper sense of what is becoming to one's self: a feeling of pleasure on account of something worthily done: that of which men are proud: that which excites boasting: elevation, loftiness: beauty displayed, ornament, ostentation: high spirit, mettle: (_Shak._) lust.--_v.t._ to have or take pride: to value, as one's self, &c.--_adj._ PRIDE'FUL.--_adv._ PRIDE'FULLY.--_n._ PRIDE'FULNESS.--_adj._ PRIDE'LESS. [A.S. _prte_--_prut_, proud.]
PRIDIAN, prid'i-an, _adj._ pertaining to yesterday. [L. _pridie_--_prius_, before, _dies_, day.]
PRIE-DIEU, pr[=e]-di[=u]', _n._ a praying-desk. [Fr.]
PRIEF, pr[=e]f, _n._ (_Spens._) proof, trial, experiment.
PRIER, PRYER, pr[=i]'er, _n._ one who pries.
PRIEST, pr[=e]st, _n._ one who offers sacrifices or officiates in sacred offices: a minister above a deacon and below a bishop: a clergyman:--_fem._ PRIEST'ESS.--_ns._ PRIEST'CRAFT, priestly policy: the schemes of priests to gain wealth or power; PRIEST'HOOD, the office or character of a priest: the priestly order.--_adjs._ PRIEST'-LIKE, PRIEST'LY, pertaining to or like a priest.--_n._ PRIEST'LINESS.--_adj._ PRIEST'-RID'DEN, controlled by priests.--HIGH PRIEST, a chief priest, esp. the chief ecclesiastical officer in the ancient Jewish church. [A.S. _preost_ (O. Fr. _prestre_, Fr.
_pretre_)--L. _presbyter_, an elder.]
PRIEVE, pr[=e]v, _v.t._ (_Spens._) to prove.
PRIG, prig, _n._ a pert fellow who gives himself airs of superior wisdom.--_adj._ PRIG'GISH, conceited and affected.--_adv._ PRIG'GISHLY.--_ns._ PRIG'GISHNESS, PRIG'GISM. [From _prick_, to adorn.]
PRIG, prig, _n._ a thief.--_v.t._ (_slang_) to filch.--_v.i._ (_Scot._) to plead hard, haggle: to cheapen.--_ns._ PRIG'GER; PRIG'GERY.--_adj._ PRIG'GISH.--_n._ PRIG'GISM. [Prob. the same as _prick_, to spur.]
PRILL, pril, _n._ (_prov._) a very rich piece of ore.
PRILL, pril, _v.i._ (_prov._) to grow sour: to become tipsy.
PRIM, prim, _adj._ exact and precise in manner: affectedly nice.--_v.t._ to deck with great nicety: to form with affected preciseness:--_pr.p._ prim'ming; _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ primmed.--_adv._ PRIM'LY.--_n._ PRIM'NESS.
[O. Fr. _prim_, fem. _prime_--L. _primus_, _prima_, first.]
PRIMACY, pr[=i]'ma-si, _n._ state of being first in order of time, rank, &c.: the office or dignity of a primate or archbishop.
PRIMA-DONNA, pr[=e]'ma-don'a, _n._ the first or leading female singer in an opera. [It.,--L. _prima domina_.]
PRIMA FACIE, pr[=i]'ma f[=a]'shi-[=e], at first view or sight.--PRIMA FACIE CASE (_law_), a case established by sufficient evidence: a case consisting of evidence sufficient to go to a jury. [L. _prima_, abl. fem. of _primus_, first, _facie_, abl. of _facies_, a face.]
PRIMAGE, pr[=i]m'[=a]j, _n._ an allowance to the captain of a vessel by the shipper or consignee of goods for care in lading the same (_hat-money_): amount or percentage of water carried from a boiler in priming. [_Prime_, first.]
PRIMARY, pr[=i]'mar-i, _adj._ first: original: chief: primitive: elementary, preparatory.--_n._ that which is highest in rank or importance: a planet in relation to its satellite or satellites.--_adv._ PR[=I]'MARILY.--_ns._ PR[=I]'MARINESS, the state of being first in time, act, or intention; PR[=I]'MARY-AC'CENT, the accent immediately after a bar in music.--_ns.pl._ PR[=I]'MARY-COL'OURS, the colours obtained by passing the sun's rays through a prism: the colours of the rainbow--red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, and violet; PR[=I]'MARY-PLAN'ETS, planets revolving round the sun--not satellites; PR[=I]'MARY-QUILLS, the largest feathers of a bird's wing; PR[=I]'MARY-ROCKS, the rocks which seem to have been first formed and contain no animal remains, as granites, &c.
PRIMATE, pr[=i]'m[=a]t, _n._ the first or highest dignitary in a church: an archbishop.--_n._ PR[=I]'M[=A]TESHIP.--_adj._ PRIM[=A]'TIAL.
PRIME, pr[=i]m, _adj._ first in order of time, rank, or importance: chief: excellent: original: early: in early manhood: (_Shak._) eager, bold: (_math._) incapable of being separated into factors.--_n._ the beginning: the dawn: the spring: the best part: the height of perfection: full health and strength: a religious service during the first hour after sunrise: (_fencing_) the first guard against sword-thrusts, also the first and simplest thrust.--_adj._ PR[=I]'MAL, first: original: chief.--_n._ PRIMAL'ITY.--_adv._ PRIME'LY.--_ns._ PRIME'-MIN'ISTER, the chief minister of state; PRIME'-MOV'ER, the force which puts a machine in motion: a steam-engine or a water-wheel; PRIME'NESS; PRIME'-NUM'BER, a first number--i.e. one divisible only by itself or unity.--PRIME COST (see COST).
[L. _pr[=i]mus_ (for _pro-i-mus_).]
PRIME, pr[=i]m, _v.t._ to put powder on the nipple of a firearm: to lay on the first coating of colour: to instruct or prepare beforehand.--_v.i._ to serve for the charge of a gun: in the steam-engine, to carry over hot water with the steam from the boiler into the cylinder.--_ns._ PR[=I]'MER; PR[=I]'MING; PR[=I]'MING-POW'DER, detonating powder: train of powder connecting a fuse with a charge. [_Prime_ (adj.).]
PRIMER, prim'[.e]r, or pr[=i]'mer, _n._ a first book: a work of elementary religious instruction: a first reading-book: an elementary introduction to any subject: a kind of type of two species, _long_-primer (10 point) and _great_-primer (18 point). [Orig. a small prayer-book.]
PRIMERO, pri-m[=a]'r[=o], _n._ an old game at cards. [Sp.]
PRIMEVAL, pr[=i]-m[=e]'val, _adj._ belonging to the first ages: original: primitive.--_adv._ PRIM[=E]'VALLY. [L. _primaevus_--_primus_, first, _aevum_, an age.]
PRIMIGENIAL, pr[=i]-mi-j[=e]'ni-al, _adj._ first-born or made: primary: constituent--also PRIMOG[=E]'NIAL.--_adjs._ PRIMIG'ENOUS, PRIMIG[=E]'NIOUS, first formed; PRIMOGEN'ITAL (_obs._), PRIMOGEN'ITARY, PRIMOGEN'ITIVE, of or belonging to primogeniture.--_ns._ PRIMOGEN'ITOR, the first begetter or father: a forefather; PRIMOGEN'ITURE, state of being born first of the same parents: (_law_) the right of the eldest son to inherit his father's estates; PRIMOGEN'ITURESHIP. [Fr.,--L. _primo-genitus_, first-born--_primus_, first, _gign[)e]re_, _genitum_, to beget.]
PRIMITIae, pri-mish'i-[=e], _n.pl._ first-fruits offered to the gods--also PRIMI'TIAS (_Spens._): the first year's revenue of a benefice.
PRIMITIVE, prim'i-tiv, _adj._ belonging to the beginning, or to the first times: original: ancient: antiquated, old-fashioned: not derived: (_biol._) rudimentary, primary or first of its kind: (_geol._) of the earliest formation.--_n._ a primitive word, or one not derived from another: (_math._) a form from which another is derived.--_ns.pl._ PRIM'ITIVE-COL'OURS, the colours from which all others are supposed to be derived--viz. red, yellow, and blue; PRIM'ITIVE-FA'THERS, the Christian writers before the Council of Nice, 325 A.D.--_adv._ PRIM'ITIVELY.--_n.pl._ PRIM'ITIVE-METH'ODISTS, a religious body founded in 1810, whose beliefs are the same as those of other Methodists, but whose working arrangements are nearly Presbyterian.--_n._ PRIM'ITIVENESS.--_n.pl._ PRIM'ITIVE-ROCKS (see PRIMARY-ROCKS). [Fr.,--L. _primitivus_, an extension of _primus_.]
PRIMO, pr[=e]'m[=o], _n._ (_mus._) the first or principal part.
PRIMORDIAL, pr[=i]-mor'di-al, _adj._ first in order: original: existing from the beginning: (_anat._) in a rudimentary state: (_bot._) first formed, as leaves or fruit.--_n._ first principle or element.--_ns._ PRIMOR'DIALISM; PRIMOR'DIUM. [L. _primus_, first, _ordo_, order.]
PRIMP, primp, _v.t._ (_Scot._) to dress in an affected manner.--_v.i._ to be affected. [_Prink._]
PRIMROSE, prim'r[=o]z, _n._ an early spring flower common in woods and meadows: a plant of the genus _Primula_: (_Spens._) the first or earliest flower, the first or choicest.--_adj._ resembling a primrose in colour: flowery, gay.--PRIMROSE LEAGUE, a political association for the spread of Conservative opinions--formed in 1883 in memory of Lord Beaconsfield, whose favourite flower is said to have been the _primrose_. [Fr. _prime rose_--as if L. _prima rosa_; really through O. Fr. _primerole_ and Low L. dim. forms from L. _primus_.]
PRIMSIE, prim'si, _adj._ (_Scot._) prim, demure.
PRIMULA, prim'[=u]-la, _n._ the genus of plants to which the primrose belongs. [L. _primus_, first.]
PRIMUM MOBILE, pr[=i]'mum mob'i-l[=e], in the Ptolemaic system the outermost of the ten revolving spheres of the universe, supposed to carry the others with it: any great source of motion. [L.]
PRIMUS, pr[=i]'mus, _n._ the bishop in the Scottish Episcopal Church who presides over the meetings of the other bishops, but without metropolitan authority.
PRIMY, pr[=i]'mi, _adj._ (_Shak._) blooming.
PRINCE, prins, _n._ one of the highest rank: a sovereign: son of a king or emperor: a title of nobility, as in Germany: the chief of any body of men:--_fem._ PRIN'CESS.--_v.i._ to play the prince (usually with _it_).--_ns._ PRINCE'-BISH'OP, a bishop who was also the civil ruler or prince of his diocese; PRINCE'-CON'SORT, the husband of a reigning queen; PRINCE'DOM, the estate, jurisdiction, sovereignty, or rank of a prince; PRINCE'HOOD, rank or quality of a prince; PRINCE'-IMP[=E]'RIAL, the eldest son of an emperor; PRINCE'KIN, PRINCE'LET, PRINCE'LING, a little or inferior prince.--_adj._ PRINCE'-LIKE, becoming a prince.--_n._ PRINCE'LINESS.--_adj._ PRINCE'LY, prince-like: becoming a prince: grand: august: regal.--_adv._ in a prince-like manner.--_adv._ PRIN'CESSLY, like a princess.--_n._ PRIN'CESS-ROY'AL, the eldest daughter of a sovereign.--_adj._ PRIN'CIFIED, ridiculously dignified.--_n._ MER'CHANT-PRINCE, a merchant who has gained great wealth.--PRINCE OF DARKNESS, PRINCE OF THIS WORLD, Satan; PRINCE OF PEACE, Christ: the Messiah; PRINCE OF WALES, the eldest son of the British sovereign; PRINCE RUPERT'S DROPS (see DROP); PRINCE'S FEATHER, a tall showy annual with spikes of rose-coloured flowers; PRINCE'S METAL, a gold-like alloy of 70 parts of copper and 25 of zinc. [Fr.,--L. _princeps_--_primus_, first, _cap[)e]re_, to take.]
PRINCEPS, prin'seps, _n._ one who, or that which, is foremost, original, &c.: short for _editio princeps_, the first edition of a book. [L.]
PRINCESSE, prin-ses', _adj._ of a woman's garment, close-fitting, the skirt and waist in one, and undraped. [Fr.]
PRINCIPAL, prin'si-pal, _adj._ taking the first place: highest in rank, character, or importance: chief.--_n._ a principal person or thing: a head, as of a school or college: one who takes a leading part: money on which interest is paid: (_archit._) a main beam or timber: (_law_) the person who commits a crime, or one who aids and abets him in doing it: a person for whom another becomes surety, a person who, being _sui juris_, employs another to do an act which he is competent himself to do: (_mus._) an organ-stop: (_Shak._) the principal rafter.--_n._ PRINCIPAL'ITY, supreme power: the territory of a prince or the country which gives title to him: (_B._) a prince: (_obs._) a power: (_pl._) an order of angels, the seventh in the hierarchy of Dionysius.--_adv._ PRIN'CIPALLY.--_ns._ PRIN'CIPALNESS, the state of being principal or chief; PRIN'CIPALSHIP, position of a principal; PRIN'CIPATE, primary: a principality, esp. the office of the ancient Roman emperors. [L. _principalis_.]
PRINCIPIA, prin-sip'i-a, _n.pl._ first principles: elements, used often as the contracted title of the 'Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica'
of Newton.--_adj._ PRINCIP'IAL, elementary. [L., pl. of _principium_.]
PRINCIPLE, prin'si-pl, _n._ a fundamental truth on which others are founded or from which they spring: a law or doctrine from which others are derived: an original faculty of the mind: a settled rule of action: (_chem._) a constituent part: (_obs._) a beginning.--_v.t._ to establish in principles: to impress with a doctrine.--_adj._ PRIN'CIPLED, holding certain principles.--PRINCIPLE OF CONTRADICTION, the logical principle that a thing cannot both be and not be; PRINCIPLE OF EXCLUDED MIDDLE (_logic_), the principle that a thing must be either one thing or its contradictory; PRINCIPLE OF SUFFICIENT REASON (see REASON).--FIRST PRINCIPLE, a very general principle not deducible from others. [L. _principium_, beginning--_princeps_.]
PRINCOCK, prin'kok, _n._ (_Shak._) a conceited fellow: a coxcomb.--Also PRIN'COX.
PRINK, pringk, _v.t._ to adorn ostentatiously.--_n._ PRINK'ER. [Weakened from _prank_.]