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PONEROLOGY, pon-[=e]-rol'[=o]-ji, _n._ (_theol._) the doctrine of wickedness. [Gr. _pon[=e]ros_, bad.]

PONGEE, pon-j[=e]', _n._ a soft kind of silk, woven in China from the cocoons of a wild silkworm. [Chin.]

PONGO, pong'g[=o], _n._ a large anthropoid ape of Borneo.

PONIARD, pon'yard, _n._ a small dagger for stabbing.--_v.t._ to stab with a poniard. [Fr. _poignard_--_poing_, fist (It. _pugno_)--L. _pugnus_.]

PONK, pongk, _n._ (_Spens._, _Shak._) a nocturnal spirit. [A false reading for _pouke_=_Puck_.]

PONS, ponz, _n._ (_anat._) a part connecting two parts.--_adjs._ PON'TIC, PON'TILE, relating to the pons of the brain.--PONS ASIN[=O]RUM, the asses'

bridge, a name given to Euclid, i. 5. [L., a bridge.]

PONTAGE, pont'[=a]j, _n._ a toll paid on bridges: a tax for repairing bridges. [Low L. _pontagium_--L. _pons_, _pontis_, a bridge.]

PONTIC, pon'tik, _adj._ pertaining to the _Pontus_, Euxine, or Black Sea, or the regions round it.

PONTIFF, pon'tif, _n._ (_R.C._) a bishop, esp. the pope--originally an ancient Roman high-priest, the PON'TIFEX.--_adjs._ PONTIF'IC, -AL, of or belonging to a pontiff or to a bishop, esp. the pope: splendid: magnificent.--_n._ PONTIF'ICAL, an office-book of ecclesiastical ceremonies proper to a bishop.--_adv._ PONTIF' PONTIF'ICALS, the dress of a priest, bishop, or pope.--_n._ PONTIF'ICATE, the dignity of a pontiff or high-priest: the office and dignity or reign of a pope.--_v.i._ to perform the duties of a pontiff.--_n._ PON'TIFICE (_Milt._), bridge-work, a bridge.--PONTIFICAL MASS, mass celebrated by a bishop while wearing his full vestments. [Fr. _pontife_--L. _pontifex_, _pontificis_--_pon_s, _pont-is_, a bridge, _fac[)e]re_, to make.]

PONTIL, pon'til, _n._ an iron rod used in glass-making for revolving the glass while soft.--Also PONTEE', PON'TY. [Fr.,--_point_, a point.]

PONTINAL, pon'ti-nal, _adj._ bridging.--_n._ a bone of the skull of some fishes.

PONTLEVIS, pont-lev'is, _n._ a drawbridge. [Fr.]

PONTOON, pon-t[=oo]n', _n._ a flat kind of boat used in forming a bridge for the passage of an army: a bridge of boats: a lighter or barge used for loading or unloading ships--also PON'TON.--_ns._ PONTONIER', PONTONNIER', one who has charge of a pontoon; PONTOON'-BRIDGE, a platform or roadway supported upon pontoons. [Fr. _ponton_--L. _pons_, a bridge.]

PONY, p[=o]'ni, _n._ a small horse--one less than 13 hands high: (_slang_) 25: a key or translation of the writings of an author: a small glass of beer.--_v.t._ to use a crib in translating.--_ns._ P[=O]'NY-CARR'IAGE, a small carriage drawn by one or more ponies; P[=O]'NY-EN'GINE, a small engine used for shunting wagons, &c.--JERUSALEM PONY, an ass. [Prob. Gael.


POOD, p[=oo]d, _n._ a Russian weight, 36 lb. avoirdupois.

POODLE, p[=oo]'dl, _n._ one of a breed of small curly-haired pet dogs, intelligent and affectionate. [Ger. _pudel_; Low Ger. _pudeln_, to waddle.]

POOH, p[=oo], _interj._ of disdain.--_v.t._ POOH'-POOH, to express contempt for: to sneer at. [Imit.]

POOL, p[=oo]l, _n._ a small body of water: a deep part of a stream of water.--_n._ POOL'ER, a stick for stirring a tan-vat. [A.S. _pol_ (Dut.

_poel_, Ger. _pfuhl_)--Celt., as Ir. and Gael. _poll_, W. _pwll_.]

POOL, p[=oo]l, _n._ the receptacle for the stakes in certain games: the stakes themselves: a set of players at quadrille, &c.: a game played on a billiard-table with six pockets by two or more persons.--_v.t._ to put into a common fund for redistribution.--_v.i._ to form a pool. [Fr. _poule_, orig. a hen--L. _pullus_, a young animal.]

POON, p[=oo]n, _n._ name of a tree of India and Burma, very commonly used in the East Indies, particularly in shipbuilding, for planks and spars.--_n._ POON'-WOOD, the wood of the tree.

POONAC, p[=oo]'nak, _n._ the cake left after expressing oil from coco-nut pulp.

POOP, p[=oo]p, _n._ the hinder part of a ship: a deck above the ordinary deck in the after part of a ship.--_v.t._ to strike the stern, break in the stern of. [Fr. _poupe_--L. _puppis_, the poop.]

POOR, p[=oo]r, _adj._ having little or nothing: without means: needy: spiritless: depressed: (_B._) humble: contrite: wanting in appearance: lean: wanting in strength: weak: wanting in value: inferior: wanting in fertility: sterile: wanting in fitness, beauty, or dignity: trifling: paltry: dear (endearingly).--_ns._ POOR'HOUSE, a house established at the public expense for sheltering the poor: an almshouse; POOR'JOHN (_Shak._), a coarse kind of fish, the hake when POOR'-LAWS, laws providing for the support of the poor.--_adv._ POOR'LY.--_ns._ POOR'NESS; POOR'-RATE, a rate or tax for the support of the poor; POOR'-ROB'IN, an almanac; POOR'S'-BOX, a box for receiving contributions to the poor.--_adj._ POOR'-SPIR'ITED, cowardly: mean.--_ns._ POOR'-SPIR'ITEDNESS, cowardice; POOR'S'-ROLL (_Scots law_), the list of poor persons who are litigants, but unable to pay the expenses of litigation, and therefore are allowed to sue in _forma pauperis_.--POOR MAN OF MUTTON (_Scot._), cold mutton broiled, esp. the shoulder; POOR MAN'S HERB, the hedge-hyssop; POOR WILL, a common American bird of the genus _Phalaenoptilus_.--THE POOR, poor people collectively: those depending on public or private charity. [O. Fr.

_poure_, _povre_ (Fr. _pauvre_)--L. _pauper_, poor.]

POORTITH, p[=oo]r'tith, _n._ (_Scot._) poverty.

POP, pop, _v.i._ to make a sharp, quick sound: to dart: to move quickly: to propose marriage.--_v.t._ to cause to make a sudden report: to thrust suddenly: to bring suddenly into notice: (_slang_) to pawn:--_pr.p._ pop'ping; _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ popped.--_n._ a sharp, quick sound or report: an effervescent beverage: (_slang_) a pistol.--_adv._ suddenly.--_adj._ coming without warning.--_v.t._ POP'-CORN, to parch maize till it bursts open.--_n._ corn so POP'-EYES, prominent eyes.--_ns._ POP'-GUN, a tube and rammer for shooting pellets, which makes a noise by the expansion of compressed air; POP'PER, anything that makes a popping sound; POP'-SHOP, a pawnshop; POP'-WEED, a name for the bladderwort.--POP OFF, to disappear all at once; POP THE QUESTION, to make an offer of marriage. [Imit.]

POPE, p[=o]p, _n._ the bishop of Rome, head of the R.C. Church: a priest of the Eastern Church: the autocratic head of any church or organisation.--_ns._ POPE'DOM, office, dignity, or jurisdiction of the pope; POPE'HOOD, POPE'SHIP, the condition of being pope; POPE'LING, a little pope; POP'ERY, the religion of which the pope is the head: Roman Catholicism; POPE'S'-EYE, the gland surrounded with fat in the middle of the thigh of an ox or a sheep; POPE'S'-HEAD, a long-handled brush; POPE'S'-NOSE, the fleshy part of a bird's tail.--_adj._ POP'ISH, relating to the pope or to popery: taught by popery.--_adv._ POP'ISHLY.--POPE JOAN, a game at cards in which the eight of diamonds is removed. [A.S. _papa_--L.

_papa_, a father.]

POPE, p[=o]p, _n._ a kind of perch. [Ety. obscure.]

POPINJAY, pop'in-j[=a], _n._ a parrot: a mark like a parrot, put on a pole to be shot at: a fop or coxcomb. [O. Fr. _papegai_--Low L.

_papagallus_--Late Gr. _papagas_, a parrot; prob. Eastern.]

POPJOYING, pop'joi-ing, _n._ sport: amusement. [Perh. conn. with _popinjay_.]

POPLAR, pop'lar, _n._ a tree common in the northern hemisphere, of rapid growth, and having dioecious flowers arranged in catkins, both male and female flowers with an oblique cup-shaped perianth. [O. Fr. _poplier_--L.

_p[=o]pulus_, poplar-tree.]

POPLIN, pop'lin, _n._ a kind of cloth consisting of a warp of silk and a weft of worsted, the latter, being thicker than the former, giving a corded appearance. [Fr. _popeline_. Ety. unknown.]

POPLITEAL, pop-li-t[=e]'al, _adj._ of or pertaining to the back of the knee.--Also POPLIT'IC. [L. _poples_, _poplitis_, the hock.]

POPPET, pop'et, _n._ a puppet: a piece of timber used to support a vessel while being launched: one of the heads of a lathe. [_Puppet._]

POPPLE, pop'l, _v.i._ to flow, to bob up and down.

POPPY, pop'i, _n._ a plant having large showy flowers, from one species of which opium is obtained.--_adj._ POPP'IED, covered or filled with poppies: listless, as the effects of opium.--_ns._ POPP'Y-HEAD, a carved ornament in wood, often finishing the end of a pew; POPP'Y-OIL, a fixed oil from the seeds of the opium-poppy. [A.S. _popig_--L. _papaver_, poppy.]

POPULACE, pop'[=u]-l[=a]s, _n._ the common people: those who are not distinguished by rank, education, office, &c. [Fr.,--It. _popolazzo_--L.

_populus_, people.]

POPULAR, pop'[=u]-lar, _adj._ pertaining to the people: pleasing to, or prevailing among, the people: enjoying the favour of the people: easily understood: inferior: (_Shak._) vulgar.--_n._ POPULARIS[=A]'TION.--_v.t._ POP'ULARISE, to make popular or suitable to the people: to spread among the people.--_ns._ POP'ULARISER; POPULAR'ITY, POP'ULARNESS, quality or state of being popular or pleasing to the people: favour with the people: a desire to obtain favour with the people.--_adv._ POP'ULARLY.--_v.t._ POP'UL[=A]TE, to people: to furnish with inhabitants.--_v.i._ to increase in numbers.--_adj._ populous.--_n._ POPUL[=A]'TION, act of populating: the number of the inhabitants of any place.--_adj._ POP'ULOUS, full of people: numerously inhabited: (_Shak._) numerous.--_adv._ POP'ULOUSLY.--_n._ POP'ULOUSNESS. [Fr. _populaire_--L. _popularis_--_populus_, the people.]

PORAL, p[=o]'ral. See PORE.

PORBEAGLE, por-b[=e]'gl, _n._ a kind of tope or mackerel-shark. [Fr.

_porc_, a hog + Eng. _beagle_.]

PORCATE, por'k[=a]t, _adj._ ridged.

PORCELAIN, pors'l[=a]n, _n._ a fine earthenware, white, thin, semi-transparent, first made in China: china-ware.--_adj._ of the nature of porcelain.--_adjs._ POR'CEL[=A]NOUS, PORCELL[=A]'NEOUS, POR'CELL[=A]NOUS.--_n._ POR'CELLANITE, a very hard, impure, jaspideous rock.--CAST, or FUSIBLE, PORCELAIN, a milky glass made of silica and cryolite with oxide of zinc; EGG-SHELL PORCELAIN, an extremely thin and translucent porcelain; FALSE PORCELAIN, a name given to the artificial or soft-paste porcelain; FRIT PORCELAIN, a name given to artificial soft-paste English porcelain, from its vitreous nature; TENDER PORCELAIN, a ware imitating hard-paste or natural porcelain. [O. Fr. _porcelaine_--It.

_porcellana_, the Venus' shell--L. _porcella_, a young sow--_porcus_, a pig.]


PORCH, p[=o]rch, _n._ a building forming an enclosure or protection for a doorway: a portico at the entrance of churches and other buildings: the public porch on the agora of Athens where Zeno the Stoic taught: (_fig._) the Stoic philosophy. [O. Fr. _porche_ (It. _portico_)--L.

_porticus_--_porta_, a gate.]

PORCINE, por's[=i]n, _adj._ pertaining to or resembling swine: swinish. [L.

_porcinus_--_porcus_, a swine.]

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