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PLENTY, plen'ti, _n._ a full supply: all that can be needed: abundance.--_adj._ being in abundance.--_adj._ PLEN'T[=E]OUS, fully sufficient: abundant: fruitful: well provided: rich: (_B._) giving plentifully.--_adv._ PLEN'T[=E]OUSLY.--_n._ PLEN'T[=E]OUSNESS.--_adj._ PLEN'TIFUL, copious: abundant: yielding abundance.--_adv._ PLEN'TIFULLY.--_n._ PLEN'TIFULNESS.--HORN OF PLENTY (see HORN). [O. Fr.

_plente_--L. _plenus_, full.]

PLEONASM, pl[=e]'o-nazm, _n._ use of more words than are necessary: (_rhet._) a redundant expression.--_n._ PL[=E]'ONAST, one who is given to pleonasm.--_adjs._ PLEONAS'TIC, -AL, redundant: using too many words.--_adv._ PLEONAS'TICALLY. [Gr. _pleonasmos_--_plei[=o]n_, more.]

PLEROMA, pl[=e]-r[=o]'ma, _n._ fullness: abundance: in Gnosticism, divine being, including all aeons which emanate from it. [Gr.,--_pl[=e]r[=e]s_, full.]

PLEROPHORY, pl[=e]-rof'[=o]-ri, _n._ full conviction.--Also PLEROPH[=O]'RIA.

PLESH, plesh, _n._ (_Spens._) a plash, a pool of water.

PLESIOMORPHISM, pl[=e]-si-[=o]-mor'fizm, _n._ the property of certain substances of crystallising in similar forms while unlike in chemical composition--also _Isogonism_.--_adjs._ PLESIOMOR'PHIC, PLESIOMOR'PHOUS.

PLESIOSAURUS, pl[=e]-zi-o-saw'rus, _n._ the type or leading genus of a family (_Plesiosauridae_) of fossil sea-reptiles, which are characteristic of the Mesozoic systems. [Gr. _pl[=e]sios_, near, _sauros_, lizard.]

PLETHORA, pleth'o-ra, _n._ excessive fullness of blood: over-fullness in any way.--_adjs._ PLETHORE'TIC, PLETHOR'IC, -AL, afflicted with plethora: superabundant: turgid.--_adv._ PLETHOR'ICALLY. [Gr. _pl[=e]th[=o]r[=e]_, fullness--_pleos_, full.]

PLEUGH, pl[=u]h, _n._ (_Scot._) a plough.--_n._ PLEUGH'-PAID'LE (_Scot._), a small spade or 'paddle' for cleaning a plough.

PLEURA, pl[=oo]'ra, _n._ a delicate serous membrane which covers the lungs and lines the cavity of the chest:--_pl._ PLEU'Rae.--_adj._ PLEU'RAL.--_ns._ PLEURAPOPH'YSIS, a lateral process of a vertebra, with the morphological character of a rib:--_pl._ PLEURAPOPH'YSES; PLEURENCH'YMA (_bot._), the woody tissue of plants; PLEU'RISY, inflammation of the pleura, the investing membrane of the lung; PLEU'RISY-ROOT, a plant common in the United States, of which the root has medicinal repute, the infusion being used as a diaphoretic and expectorant.--_adjs._ PLEURIT'IC, -AL, pertaining to, or affected with, pleurisy: causing pleurisy.--_ns._ PLEUR[=I]'TIS, pleurisy; PLEURODYN'IA, neuralgia of the chest-wall, which may simulate closely the pain of pleurisy; PLEU'RO-PNEUM[=O]'NIA, inflammation of the pleura and lungs, a contagious disease peculiar to cattle. [Gr., a rib.]

PLEURONECTIDae, pl[=oo]-ro-nek'ti-d[=e], a family of flat-fishes, the flounders. [Gr. _pleura_, the side, _n[=e]kt[=e]s_, a swimmer.]

PLEXIMETER, pleks-im'e-t[.e]r, _n._ a small plate of something hard and elastic, placed on the body, to receive the tap of the fingers or of the hammer in examination by percussion--also PLEXOM'ETER.--_adj._ PLEXIMET'RIC. [Gr. _pl[=e]xis_, a striking--_pl[=e]ssein_, to strike, _metron_, a measure.]

PLEXURE, pleks'[=u]r, _n._ the act or process of weaving together: that which is woven together.--_adj._ PLEX'IFORM, in the form of network: formed into a plexus.--_n._ PLEX'US, a number of things, as veins, nerves, &c., woven together: a network: (_anat._) an interlacing of nerves, vessels, or fibres. [L. _plexus_, a twining--_plect[)e]re_, _plexum_, to twine.]

PLIABLE, pl[=i]'a-bl, _adj._ easily bent or folded: supple: easily persuaded: yielding to influence.--_ns._ PLIABIL'ITY, PL[=I]'ABLENESS, quality of being pliable or flexible.--_adv._ PL[=I]'ABLY, in a pliable manner.--_ns._ PL[=I]'ANCY, PL[=I]'ANTNESS, the state of being pliant: readiness to be influenced.--_adj._ PL[=I]'ANT, bending easily: flexible: tractable: easily influenced.--_adv._ PL[=I]'ANTLY. [Fr. _pliable_--L.

_plic[=a]re_, to fold.]

PLICA, pl[=i]'ka, _n._ in the phrase PLICA POLONICA, a disease of the scalp, in which the hairs become matted together by an adhesive and often fetid secretion, occurring in several countries, but esp. in Poland. [L.

_plic[=a]re_, to fold.]

PLICATE, -D, pl[=i]'k[=a]t, -ed, _adj._ folded like a fan, as a leaf: plaited.--_adv._ PL[=I]'C[=A]TELY.--_ns._ PLIC[=A]'TION, PLIC'ATURE, act or process of folding: state of being folded: a fold. [L.

_plicatus_--_plic[=a]re_, to fold.]

PLIERS, pl[=i]'[.e]rz, small pincers for bending.

PLIGHT, pl[=i]t, _n._ something exposed to risk: security: pledge: engagement: promise.--_v.t._ to pledge: to promise solemnly: to give as security.--_n._ PLIGHT'ER, one who, or that which, plights. [A.S. _pliht_, risk, danger--_plion_, to imperil; cog. with Dut. _pligt_, Ger. _pflicht_, an obligation.]

PLIGHT, pl[=i]t, _n._ condition: state (either good or bad). [O. Fr.

_plite_--L. _plicitus_, _plic[=a]re_, to fold.]

PLIGHT, pl[=i]t, _v.t._ to plait, to braid, to weave.--_n._ (_Spens._) a plait, a fold. [L. _plect[)e]re_, freq. of _plicare_, to fold.]

PLIM, plim, _v.i._ (_prov._) to swell. [_Plump_.]


PLINTH, plinth, _n._ (_archit._) the square at the bottom of the base of a column: the projecting band at the bottom of a wall. [L. _plinthus_, Gr.

_plinthos_, a brick.]

PLIOCENE, pl[=i]'o-s[=e]n, _n._ (_geol._) the strata more recent than the Miocene or Second Tertiary. [Gr. _plei[=o]n_, more, _kainos_, recent.]

PLISKIE, plis'ki, _n._ (_Scot._) condition or plight: a mischievous trick.

PLOD, plod, _v.i._ to travel slowly and steadily: to study or work on steadily: to toil.--_v.t._ to get along by slow and heavy walking:--_pr.p._ plod'ding; _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ plod'ded.--_n._ PLOD'DER, one who plods on: a dull, heavy, laborious man.--_adj._ PLOD'DING, laborious but slow.--_n._ slow movement: patient study.--_adv._ PLOD'DINGLY. [Orig. 'to wade through pools,' from Ir. _plod_, a pool.]

PLONGE, plonj, _n._ the descending part of the path of a bomb: the superior slope of a parapet.--Also PLON'GeE.

PLONGE, plonj, _v.t._ to cleanse, as open sewers, by stirring with a pole when the tide is ebbing.

PLOP, plop, _v.i._ to plump into water. [Imit.]

PLOT, plot, _n._ a small piece of ground: a plan of a field, &c., drawn on paper: a patch or spot on clothes.--_v.t._ to make a plan of:--_pr.p._ plot'ting; _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ plot'ted. [A.S. _plot._]

PLOT, plot, _n._ a complicated scheme, esp. for a mischievous purpose: a conspiracy: stratagem: the chain of incidents which are gradually unfolded in the story of a play, &c.--_v.i._ to scheme: to form a scheme of mischief: to conspire.--_v.t._ to devise:--_pr.p._ plot'ting; _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ plot'ted.--_adj._ PLOT'FUL.--_adj._ PLOT'-PROOF, safe from any danger by plots.--_ns._ PLOT'TER, one who plots: a conspirator; PLOT'TING.--_adv._ PLOT'TINGLY. [Fr. _complot_, acc. to Diez, from L.

_complicitum_, pa.p. of _complic[=a]re_, to fold.]

PLOT, plot, _v.t._ (_Scot._) to scald, steep in very hot water.--_n._ PLOT'TIE, a kind of mulled wine.

PLOTTER, plot'[.e]r, _v.i._ to plouter (q.v.).

PLOUGH, plow, _n._ an instrument for turning up the soil to prepare it for seed: tillage: a joiner's plane for making grooves.--_v.t._ to turn up with the plough: to make furrows or ridges in: to tear: to divide: to run through, as in sailing: (_university slang_) to reject in an examination.--_v.i._ to work with a plough.--_adj._ PLOUGH'ABLE, capable of being ploughed: arable.--_ns._ PLOUGH'BOY, a boy who drives or guides horses in ploughing; PLOUGH'ER; PLOUGH'GATE (_Scots law_), a quantity of land of the extent of 100 acres Scots; PLOUGH'ING; PLOUGH'-[=I]'RON, the coulter of a plough; PLOUGH'-LAND, land suitable for tillage: as much land as could be tilled with one plough, a hide of land; PLOUGH'MAN, a man who ploughs: a husbandman: a rustic:--_pl._ PLOUGH'MEN; PLOUGH'-MON'DAY, the Monday after Twelfth Day when, according to the old usage, the plough should be set to work again after the holidays; PLOUGH'-TAIL, the end of a plough where the handles are; PLOUGH'-TREE, a plough-handle; PLOUGH'WRIGHT, one who makes and mends ploughs.--PUT ONE'S HAND TO THE PLOUGH, to begin an undertaking.--SNOW PLOUGH, a strong triangular frame of wood for clearing snow off roads, railways, &c., drawn by horses or by a locomotive; STEAM PLOUGH, a plough driven by a stationary steam-engine; THE PLOUGH, the seven bright stars in the constellation of the Great Bear. [Ice. _plogr_; perh.

Celt., Gael. _ploc_, a block.]

PLOUGHSHARE, plow'sh[=a]r, _n._ the part of a plough which shears or cuts the ground in the bottom of the furrow. [_Plough_, and A.S. _scear_, a share of a plough, a shearing--_sceran_, to cut.]

PLOUTER, plow't[.e]r, _v.i._ to paddle in water.--_n._ (_Scot._) a paddling or dabbling in water.

PLOVER, pluv'[.e]r, _n._ a well-known wading bird. [Fr. _pluvier_--L.

_pluvia_, rain.]

PLOW, plow. Old spelling of _plough_.

PLOY, ploi, _n._ employment: (_Scot._) a frolic. [_Employ_.]

PLUCK, pluk, _v.t._ to pull off or away: to snatch: to strip, as a fowl of its feathers: (_slang_) to reject an examinee as inefficient.--_n._ a single act of plucking.--_n._ PLUCK'ER.--PLUCK OFF (_Shak._), to abate from the rank; PLUCK UP, to pull out by the roots: to summon up, as courage.

[A.S. _pluccian_; akin to Dut. _plukken_, Ger. _pflucken_.]

PLUCK, pluk, _n._ the heart, liver, and lungs of an animal--hence heart, courage, spirit.--_adjs._ PLUCKED, PLUCK'Y, having pluck or spirit.--_adv._ PLUCK'ILY.--_n._ PLUCK'INESS.

PLUFFY, pluf'i, _adj._ puffy: blown out.--_n._ PLUFF (_Scot._), a puff of smoke or dust.--_v.t._ to throw out such.

PLUG, plug, _n._ a block or peg used to stop a hole: a bung: a stopper: a branch from a water-pipe to supply a hose: a flat cake of tobacco: any worn-out or useless article: (_slang_) a silk hat.--_v.t._ to stop with a plug: to drive plugs into:--_pr.p._ plug'ging; _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ plugged.--_ns._ PLUG'GER, one who, or that which, plugs, esp. a dentist's instrument for filling a hollow tooth; PLUG'GING, the act of stopping with a plug: the material of which a plug is made; PLUG'-UG'LY, a street ruffian.--FIRE PLUG, a contrivance by means of which a hose can be fixed to a water-main in case of fire. [Dut. _plug_, a bung, a peg (Sw. _plugg_, a peg, Ger. _pflock_); most prob. Celt., as in Ir., Gael., and W. _ploc_.]

PLUM, plum, _n._ a well-known stone fruit of various colours, of the natural order _Rosaceae_: the tree producing it: the best part of all: a sum of 100,000, a handsome fortune.--_ns._ PLUM'-CAKE, a cake containing raisins, currants, &c.; PLUM'-DUFF, a flour-pudding boiled with raisins.--_adj._ PLUM'MY, full of plums: desirable.--_ns._ PLUM'-PORR'IDGE, an antiquated dish, of porridge with plums, raisins, &c.; PLUM'-PUDD'ING, a national English dish made of flour and suet, with raisins, currants, and various spices. [A.S. _plume_--L. _prunum_--Gr. _prounon_.]

PLUMAGE, pl[=oo]m'[=a]j, _n._ the whole feathers of a bird. [Fr.,--_plume_, a feather.]

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