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PAMPERO, pam-p[=a]'ro, _n._ a violent south-west wind which sweeps over the pampas of South America. [Sp.,--_pampa_, a plain.]

PAMPHLET, pam'flet, _n._ a small book consisting of one or more sheets stitched together, but not bound: a short essay on some interesting subject.--_n._ PAMPHLETEER', a writer of pamphlets.--_p.adj._ PAMPHLETEER'ING, writing pamphlets.--_n._ the practice of writing pamphlets. [Ety. dub.; acc. to Skeat, perh. through Fr. from _Pamphila_, a 1st cent. female writer of epitomes; others suggest Fr. _paume_, the palm of the hand, and _feuillet_, a leaf.]

PAMPHRACT, pam'frakt, _adj._ (_rare_) protected completely, as by a coat of mail. [Gr. _pam_, _pan_, all, _phraktos_--_phrassein_, to fence in.]

PAMPHYSICAL, pam-fiz'ik-al, _adj._ pertaining to nature regarded as embracing all things.

PAMPINIFORM, pam-pin'i-form, _adj._ curling like the tendril of a vine. [L.

_pampinus_, a tendril.]

PAMPLEGIA, pam-pl[=e]'ji-a, _n._ general paralysis. [Gr. _pan_, all, _pl[=e]g[=e]_, a blow.]

PAN, pan, _n._ a broad, shallow vessel for domestic use, or for use in the arts or manufactures: anything resembling a pan in shape, as the upper part of the skull: the part of a firelock which holds the priming.--_v.t._ to treat with the panning process, as earth, or to separate by shaking the auriferous earth with water in a pan: to obtain in any way, to secure: to cook and serve in a pan.--_v.i._ to yield gold: to appear, as gold, in a pan: to turn out well, according to expectation: to try to find gold with the pan process.--PAN OUT, to yield or afford, to result; PANNED OUT (_U.S._), exhausted, bankrupt.--FLASH IN THE PAN, to flash and go out suddenly, not igniting the charge--of the powder in the pan of a flint-lock firearm: to fail after a fitful effort, to give up without accomplishing anything; HARD-PAN (see HARD). [A.S. _panne_--prob. through the Celt., from Low L. _panna_--L. _patina_, a basin.]

PAN, pan, _n._ the Greek god of pastures, flocks, and woods, worshipped in Arcadia, and fond of music--with goat's legs and feet, and sometimes horns and ears.--_n._ PAN'S'-PIPES (see PANDEAN).

PANACEA, pan-a-s[=e]'a, _n._ a universal medicine: (_bot._) the plant Allheal (_Valeriana officinalis_). [Gr. _panakeia_--_pas_, _pan_, all, _akos_, cure.]

PANACHE, pa-nash', _n._ a plume of feathers, used as a head-dress. [Fr.]

PANADA, pa-na'da, _n._ a dish made by boiling bread to a pulp in water, with sweetening and flavour: a batter for forcemeats. [Sp.]

PANaeSTHESIA, pan-es-th[=e]'si-a, _n._ common sensation, as distinct from special sensations or sense-perceptions.--_n._ PANSaeS'THETISM.

PANAGIA, pa-n[=a]'ji-a, _n._ an epithet of the Virgin in the Eastern Church: an ornament worn hanging on the breast by Russian bishops--also PAN[=A]'GHIA.--_n._ PANAGI[=A]'RION, a paten on which the loaf is placed, used in the 'elevation of the _Panagia_.' [Gr., 'all holy,' _pas_, all, _hagios_, holy.]

PAN-AMERICAN, pan-a-mer'i-kan, _adj._ including all the divisions of America collectively.

PAN-ANGLICAN, pan-ang'gli-kan, _adj._ representing or including all Christians everywhere who hold the doctrines and polity of the Anglican Church.

PANARITIUM, pan-a-rish'i-um, _n._ suppurative inflammation in a finger--same as _whitlow_.

PANARTHRITIS, pan-ar-thr[=i]'tis, _n._ inflammation involving all the structures of a joint.

PANARY, pan'a-ri, _adj._ of or pertaining to bread.--_n._ a storehouse for bread: a pantry. [L. _panis_, bread.]

PANATHENaeA, pan-ath-[=e]-n[=e]'a, the chief national festival of ancient Athens--the lesser held annually, the greater every fourth year.--_adjs._ PANATHENae'AN, PANATHEN[=A]'IC. [Gr.]

PANAX, pa-naks', _n._ a genus of shrubs with radiately or pinnately compound leaves and small flowers in compound umbels, the ginseng. [Gr., 'all healing.']

PANCAKE, pan'k[=a]k, _n._ a thin cake of eggs, flour, sugar, and milk fried in a pan.--_n._ PAN'CAKE-ICE, thin ice forming in smooth water.--PANCAKE TUESDAY, Shrove Tuesday.

PANCH, panch, _n._ a thick mat made of strands of rope, used in ships in places to prevent chafing.--Also PAUNCH.

PANCHATANTRA, pan-cha-tant'ra, _n._ the oldest extant collection of apologues and stories in Sanskrit literature, arranged in five books.

PANCHEON, pan'chon, _n._ a coarse earthenware pan.--Also PANCH'IN.


PANCLASTITE, pan-klas't[=i]t, _n._ an explosive substance of slightly less strength than dynamite, formed of a preparation of nitrogen and carbon.

[Gr. _pan_, all, _klastos_, broken, _klaein_, to break.]

PANCRATIUM, pan-kr[=a]'ti-um, _n._ a contest of boxing and wrestling combined.--_adjs._ PANCR[=A]'TIAN, PANCRAT'IC.--_ns._ PANCR[=A]'TIAST, PAN'CRATIST. [Gr. _pan_, all, _kratos_, strength.]

PANCREAS, pan'kr[=e]-as, _n._ a conglomerate gland, lying transversely across the posterior wall of the abdomen, secreting the pancreatic juice which pours with the bile into the digestive system.--_adj._ PANCREAT'IC, pertaining to the pancreas.--_ns._ PAN'CREATIN, the pancreatic juice; PANCREAT[=I]T'IS, inflammation of the pancreas. [Gr. _pas_, _pan_, all, _kreas_, flesh.]

PAND, pand, _n._ (_Scot._) a narrow curtain over a bed.

PANDA, pan'da, _n._ a remarkable animal in the bear section of Carnivores found in the south-east Himalayas.--Also _Chitwah_, or _Red bear-cat_.

PANDANUS, pan-d[=a]'nus, _n._ the screw-pipe, the typical genus of the _Pandaneae_. [Malay.]

PANDATION, pan-d[=a]'shun, _n._ a yielding or warping. [L. _pand[=a]re_, to bend.]

PANDEAN, pan-d[=e]'an, _adj._ of or relating to the god _Pan_.--_n._ PAND[=E]'AN-PIPES, or PAN'S'-PIPES, a musical instrument composed of reeds of various lengths, said to have been invented by _Pan_: a syrinx.

PANDECT, pan'dekt, _n._ a treatise containing the whole of any science: (_pl._) the digest of Roman or civil law made by command of the Emperor Justinian in the 6th century. [L.,--Gr. _pandectes_--_pas_, _pan_, all, _dechesthai_, to receive.]

PANDEMIC, pan-dem'ik, _adj._ incident to a whole people, epidemic.--_n._ a pandemic disease.--_n._ PANDEM'IA, a widespread disease. [Gr.

_pand[=e]mios_--_pas_, _pan_, all, _d[=e]mos_, the people.]

PANDEMONIUM, pan-d[=e]-m[=o]'ni-um, _n._ the great hall of evil spirits, described in _Paradise Lost_: any disorderly assembly, or loud tumultuous noise. [Gr. _pas_, _pan_, all, _daim[=o]n_, a demon.]

PANDER, pan'd[.e]r, _n._ one who procures for another the means of gratifying his passions: a pimp.--_v.t._ to play the pander for.--_v.i._ to act as a pander: to minister to the passions.--_ns._ PAN'DERAGE, act, employment, or vices of a pander; PAN'DERESS, a procuress; PAN'DERISM, the employment or practices of a pander.--_adjs._ PAN'DERLY (_Shak._), acting as a pander; PAN'DEROUS. [_Pandarus_, the pimp in the story of Troilus and Cressida in the versions of Boccaccio (_Filostrato_), Chaucer, and Shakespeare.]

PANDICULATION, pan-dik-[=u]-l[=a]'shun, _n._ the act of stretching one's self after sleep, &c.: restlessness before fever, hysteria, &c.: yawning.--_adj._ PANDIC'UL[=A]TED, stretched out. [L. _pandicul[=a]ri_, _-[=a]tus_, to stretch one's self out.]

PANDION, pan-d[=i]'on, _n._ the genus of ospreys or fishing-hawks. [Gr., the father of Procne, who was changed into a swallow.]


PANDORA, pan-d[=o]'ra, _n._ a beautiful woman to whom Jupiter, in order to punish the theft of heavenly fire by Prometheus, gave a box containing all the ills of human life, which, on the box being opened, spread over all the earth. [Gr., _pan_, all, _d[=o]ron_, a gift.]

PANDORE, pan-d[=o]r', _n._ a musical instrument of the lute kind with three or four strings--also _Bandore_.--_n._ PAND[=U]'RA, a Neapolitan musical instrument with eight metal wires, played with a quill.--_adjs._ PAN'DURATE, -D, PAND[=U]'RIFORM, fiddle-shaped. [Gr. _pandoura_, a 3-stringed instrument, invented by _Pan_.]

PANDORE, pan'd[=o]r, _n._ an esteemed variety of oysters found near Prestonpans on the Firth of Forth.

PANDOUR, pan'd[=oo]r, _n._ a Hungarian foot-soldier in the Austrian service: a robber.--Also PAN'DOOR. [From _Pandur_, a village in Hungary.]

PANDOWDY, pan-dew'di, _n._ a pudding baked with bread and apples.

PANDY, pan'di, _n._ a stroke on the palm as a school punishment.--_v.t._ to slap. [L. _pande_, hold out, imper. of _pand[)e]re_, to hold out.]

PANE, p[=a]n, _n._ a plate of glass: a square in a pattern: a flat division or side in any kind of work: a slash in a dress, showing an under garment, or for the insertion of a piece of cloth of different colour, &c.: a panel or piece of cloth of a different colour from the rest, esp. in variegated work.--_v.t._ to insert panes or panels in.--_adj._ PANED, composed of panes or small squares: variegated. [Fr. _pan_, a lappet, pane--L.

_pannus_, a cloth, a rag, akin to Gr. _p[=e]nos_, the woof.]

PANEGOISM, pan-[=e]'g[=o]-izm, _n._ Same as _Solipsism_ (q.v.).

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