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PALKEE, pal'k[=e], _n._ a palanquin.--_n._ PAL'KEE-GHAR'RY, a wheeled vehicle like a palanquin. [Hind.]

PALL, pawl, _n._ a cloak or mantle, an outer garment: a chalice-cover: (_her._) a Y-shaped bearing charged with crosses _patte fitche_, as in the arms of the see of Canterbury--sometimes reversed: a pallium (q.v.): a curtain or covering: the cloth over a coffin at a funeral: that which brings deep sorrow.--_n._ PALL'-BEAR'ER, one of the mourners at a funeral who used to hold up the corners of the pall. [A.S. _paell_, purple cloth--L.

_palla_, a mantle; cf. _Pallium_, a cloak.]

PALL, pawl, _v.i._ to become vapid, insipid, or wearisome.--_v.t._ to make vapid: to dispirit or depress. [W. _pallu_, to fail, _pall_, failure.]

PALLADIAN, pa-l[=a]'di-an, _adj._ in the style of architecture introduced by Andrea _Palladio_ (1518-80), modelled on Vitruvius, its faults a superfluity of pilasters and columns, broken entablatures, and inappropriate ornament.--_n._ PALL[=A]'DIANISM.

PALLADIUM, pal-l[=a]'di-um, _n._ a statue of _Pallas_, on the preservation of which the safety of ancient Troy depended: any safeguard: a rare metal in colour and ductility resembling platinum.--_adj._ PALL[=A]'DIAN.--_v.t._ PALL[=A]'DIUMISE, to coat with palladium. [L.,--Gr. _palladion_--_Pallas_, _Pallados_, Pallas.]

PALLAH, pal'a, _n._ a small African antelope.

PALLAS, pal'as, _n._ the Greek goddess of wisdom and war--the Roman Minerva.--Also PALLAS ATHENE.

PALLESCENCE, pal-les'ens, _n._ paleness.

PALLET, pal'et, _n._ a palette: the tool used by potters for shaping their wares: an instrument for spreading gold-leaf: a tool used in lettering the backs of books: one of the points moved by the pendulum of a clock which check the motion of the escape or balance wheel: a disc in the endless chain of a chain-pump: a ballast-locker in a ship: a valve by which the admission of air from the bellows to an organ-pipe may be regulated from the keyboard: a board for carrying newly moulded bricks. [_Palette_.]

PALLET, pal'et, _n._ a mattress, or couch, properly a mattress of straw.

[Prov. Fr. _paillet_, dim. of Fr. _paille_, straw--L. _palea_, chaff.]

PALLIAL, pal'i-al, _adj._ pertaining to a pallium.--_n._ PALL'IAMENT (_Shak._), a robe.

PALLIASSE, pa-lyas', _n._ Same as PAILLASSE.

PALLIATE, pal'i-[=a]t, _v.t._ to cover, excuse, extenuate: to soften by pleading something in favour of: to mitigate.--_n._ PALLI[=A]'TION, act of palliating: extenuation: mitigation.--_adj._ PALL'I[=A]TIVE, serving to extenuate: mitigating.--_n._ that which lessens pain, disease, &c.--_adj._ PALL'I[=A]TORY. [L. _palli[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_, to cloak--_pallium_, a cloak.]

PALLID, pal'id, _adj._ pale, wan.--_ns._ PALLID'ITY, PALL'IDNESS.--_adv._ PALL'IDLY. [L. _pallidus_, pale.]

PALLIUM, pal'i-um, _n._ a large, square mantle, worn by learned Romans in imitation of the Greeks: an annular white woollen band, embroidered with black crosses, worn by the Pope, and on some occasions by archbishops, to whom it is granted: (_ornith._) the mantle:--_pl._ PALL'IA.--_adj._ PALL'IAL. [L.]

PALL-MALL, pel-mel', _n._ an old game, in which a ball was driven through an iron ring with a mallet: an alley where the game used to be played, hence the street in London.--_adv._ in pall-mall fashion. [O. Fr.

_pale-maille_--Old It. _palamaglio_--_palla_--Old High Ger. _palla_ (Ger.

_ball_, Eng. _ball_), and _maglio_--L. _malleus_, a hammer.]

PALLOMETRIC, pal-o-met'rik, _adj._ pertaining to the measurement of artificial vibrations in the earth's surface. [Gr. _pallein_, to shake, _metron_, a measure.]

PALLONE, pal-l[=o]'n[=a], _n._ a game like tennis played with a ball, which is struck by the arm covered by a guard. [It.]

PALLOR, pal'or, _n._ quality or state of being pallid or pale: paleness.

[L.,--_pall[=e]re_, to be pale.]

PALM, pam, _n._ the inner part of the hand: a measure of length equal to the breadth of the hand, or to its length from wrist to finger-tip: a measure of 3 and sometimes of 4 inches: that which covers the palm: the fluke of an anchor: the flattened portion of an antler.--_v.t._ to stroke with the palm or hand: to conceal in the palm of the hand: (esp. with _off_, and _on_, or _upon_) to impose by fraud.--_n._ PAL'MA, the palm: the enlarged proximal joint of the fore tarsus of a bee.--_adjs._ PAL'MAR, -Y, relating to the palm of the hand; PAL'M[=A]TE, -D, shaped like the palm of the hand: (_bot._) divided into sections, the midribs of which run to a common centre: entirely webbed, as the feet of a duck.--_adv._ PAL'M[=A]TELY.--_adjs._ PALMAT'IFID (_bot._), shaped like the hand, with the divisions extending half-way, or slightly more, down the leaf; PALMAT'IFORM, shaped like an open palm; PALMED, having palms. [Fr.

_paume_--L. _palma_, the palm of the hand; Gr. _palam[=e]_.]

PALM, pam, _n._ a tropical, branchless tree of many varieties, bearing at the summit large leaves like the palm of the hand: a leaf of this tree borne in token of rejoicing or of victory: (_fig._) triumph or victory.--_adjs._ PALM[=A]'CEOUS, belonging to the order of palm-trees; PALM[=A]'RIAN, PAL'MARY, worthy of the palm: pre-eminent.--_ns._ PALM'-BUTT'ER, palm-oil; PALM'ERY, a place for growing palms; PALM'HOUSE, a glass house for raising palms and other tropical plants.--_adjs._ PALMIF'EROUS, producing palm-trees; PALMIT'IC, pertaining to, or obtained from, palm-oil.--_ns._ PAL'MITINE, a white fat, usually occurring, when crystallised from ether, in the form of scaly crystals--abundant in palm-oil; PALM'-OIL, an oil or fat obtained from the pulp of the fruit of palms, esp. of the oil-palm, allied to the coco-nut palm: (_slang_) a bribe or tip; PALM'-S[=U]'GAR, jaggery; PALM'-SUN'DAY, the Sunday before Easter, in commemoration of the day on which our Saviour entered Jerusalem, when palm-branches were strewed in His way by the people; PALM'-WINE, the fermented sap of certain palms.--_adj._ PALM'Y, bearing palms: flourishing: victorious.--PALMA CHRISTI, the castor-oil plant. [A.S. from L., as above.]

PALMER, pam'[.e]r, _n._ a pilgrim from the Holy Land, distinguished by his carrying a branch of palm: a cheat at cards or dice.--_ns._ PAL'MERIN, any medieval knightly hero, from the Palmerin romances, the original hero _Palmerin_ de Oliva; PALM'ER-WORM (_B._), a hairy worm which wanders like a palmer, devouring leaves, &c.

PALMETTE, pal'met, _n._ an ornament, somewhat like a palm-leaf, cut or painted on mouldings, &c. [Fr.]

PALMETTO, pal-met'[=o], _n._ a name for several fan-palms, esp. the cabbage-palm of Florida, &c.: a hat made of palmetto-leaves. [Sp.,--L.


PALMIGRADE, pal'mi-gr[=a]d, _adj._ noting animals that walk on the sole of the foot and not merely on the toes: plantigrade. [L. _palma_, palm, _gradi_, to walk.]

PALMIPED, pal'mi-p[=e]d, _adj._ web-footed.--_n._ a web-footed or swimming bird:--_pl._ PALMIP'EDES (-[=e]z). [L. _palma_, palm of the hand, _pes_, _pedis_, the foot.]

PALMIST, pal'mist, or pa'mist, _n._ one who tells fortunes by the lines and marks of the palm--also PAL'MISTER (or pa'-).--_n._ PAL'MISTRY (or pa'-), the practice of telling fortunes by the lines, &c., of the palm.

PALMYRA, pal-m[=i]'ra, _n._ an East Indian palm furnishing the greater part of the palm-wine of India (_Toddy_).--_adj._ and _n._ PALMYRENE', pertaining to the ancient Syrian city of _Palmyra_ or Tadmor.

PALOLO, pa-l[=o]'l[=o], _n._ an edible annelid allied to the lugworm, found near Polynesian coral-reefs.

PALP, palp, _n._ a jointed sensiferous organ attached in pairs to the labium or maxilla of insects, and thus distinguished from antennae, which are on the top of the head--also PAL'PUS:--_pl._ PAL'PI.--_adjs._ PAL'PAL; PALPED; PAL'PIFORM; PALPIG'EROUS, bearing palpi; PALP'LESS.--_n._ PAL'P[=U]LUS, a little palp. [Low L. _palpus_--L. _palp[=a]re_, to stroke.]

PALPABLE, pal'pa-bl, _adj._ that can be touched or felt: easily perceived or found out, as lies, &c.: looking as if it might be touched or felt: obvious, gross.--_ns._ PALPABIL'ITY, PAL'PABLENESS, quality of being palpable: obviousness.--_adv._ PAL'PABLY.--_v.t._ PAL'P[=A]TE, to examine by touch.--_n._ PALP[=A]'TION, the act of examining by means of touch.

[Fr.,--L. _palpabilis_--_palp[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_, to touch softly.]

PALPEBRAL, pal'pe-bral, _adj._ of or pertaining to the eyelids.--_adjs._ PAL'PEBR[=A]TE, having eyebrows; PAL'PEBROUS, having heavy eyebrows. [L.

_palpebra_, the eyelid.]

PALPIFER, pal'pi-f[.e]r, _n._ an outer lobe of the maxilla.--_adj._ PALPIF'EROUS.

PALPITATE, pal'pi-t[=a]t, _v.i._ to move often and quickly: to beat rapidly: to throb: to pulsate.--_adj._ PAL'PITANT (_arch._), palpitating.--_n._ PALPIT[=A]'TION, act of palpitating: irregular action of the heart, caused by excitement, excessive exertion, or disease. [L.

_palpit[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_, freq. of _palp[=a]re_. Cf. _Palpable_.]

PALSGRAVE, palz'gr[=a]v, _n._ one who has charge of a royal household: one of a special order of nobility, esp. one of the hereditary rulers of the Palatinate:--_fem._ PALS'GRAVINE.

PALSTAFF, pal'staf, _n._ an old Celtic and Scandinavian weapon--a wedge of stone or metal fixed by a tongue in a staff. [Dan.,--Ice. _palstafr_.]

PALSY, pawl'zi, _n._ a loss of power or of feeling, more or less complete, in the muscles of the body: paralysis.--_v.t._ to affect with palsy: to deprive of action or energy: to paralyse:--_pa.p._ pal'sied. [Fr.

_paralysie_--Gr. _paralysis_. Cf. _Paralysis_.]

PALTER, pawl't[.e]r, _v.i._ to trifle in talk: to use trickery: to dodge: to shuffle: to equivocate.--_n._ PAL'TERER. [Prob. conn. with _paltry_.]

PALTRY, pawl'tri, _adj._ mean: vile: worthless.--_adv._ PAL'TRILY.--_n._ PAL'TRINESS. [Teut.; Dan. _pialter_, rags, Low Ger. _paltrig_, ragged.]

PALUDAL, pal'[=u]-dal, _adj._ pertaining to marshes: marshy--also PAL'[=U]DINE, PAL[=U]'DINOUS, PAL'[=U]DOSE, PALUS'TRAL, PALUS'TRINE.--_n._ PAL'UDISM, marsh poisoning. [L. _palus_, _paludis_, a marsh.]

PALUDAMENTUM, p[=a]-l[=u]-da-men'tum, _n._ a military cloak worn by a Roman Imperator, or by members of his staff.--Also PAL[=U]'DAMENT. [L.]

PALY, p[=a]'li, _adj._ pale: wanting colour: (_her._) divided by pales into equal parts.

PAM, pam, _n._ the knave of clubs at loo.

PAMPAS, pam'paz, vast plains, without trees, in South America, south of the Amazon--north of that river they are called _llanos_.--_n._ PAM'PAS-GRASS, a tall, ornamental, reed-like grass with large thick silvery panicles.--_adj._ PAM'P[=E]AN.

PAMPER, pam'p[.e]r, _v.t._ to feed with fine food: to gratify to the full: to glut.--_ns._ PAM'PEREDNESS; PAM'PERER. [A freq. from _pamp_, a nasalised form of _pap_; cf. Low Ger. _pampen_--_pampe_, pap.]

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