OCTORADIATE, -D, ok-t[=o]-r[=a]'di-[=a]t, -ed, _adj._ having eight rays.
OCTOROON, ok-t[=o]-r[=oo]n', _n._ the offspring of a quadroon and a white person: one who has one-eighth negro blood. [L. _octo_, eight.]
OCTOSEPALOUS, ok-t[=o]-sep'a-lus, _adj._ having eight sepals.
OCTOSPERMOUS, ok-t[=o]-sper'mus, _adj._ having eight seeds.
OCTOSPOROUS, ok-t[=o]-sp[=o]'rus, _adj._ eight-spored.
OCTOSTICHOUS, ok-tos'ti-kus, _adj._ (_bot._) eight-ranked.
OCTOSTYLE, ok't[=o]-st[=i]l, _n._ an edifice or portico with eight pillars in front.
OCTOSYLLABIC, ok-t[=o]-sil-lab'ik, _adj._ consisting of eight syllables.--_n._ OC'TOSYLLABLE, a word of eight syllables.
OCTROI, ok-trwa', _n._ a grant of the exclusive right of trade: a toll or tax levied at the gates of a city on articles brought in: the place where such taxes are paid. [Fr.,--_octroyer_, to grant--L. _auctor[=a]re_, to authorise--_auctor_, author.]
OCTUPLE, ok't[=u]-pl, _adj._ eightfold.--_n._ OC'T[=U]PLET (_mus._), a group of eight notes to be played in the time of six.
OCTYL, ok'til, _n._ a hypothetical organic radical, known only in combination--also _Capryl_.--_n._ OC'TYL[=E]NE, a hydrocarbon obtained by heating octylic alcohol with sulphuric acid.--_adj._ OCTYL'IC.
OCULAR, ok'[=u]-lar, _adj._ pertaining to the eye: formed in, or known by, the eye: received by actual sight.--_adv._ OC'ULARLY.--_adjs._ OC'UL[=A]TE, -D, having eyes, or spots like eyes; OCULAU'DITORY, representing an eye and an ear together; OCULIF'EROUS, OCULIG'EROUS, bearing an eye or eyes; OC'ULIFORM, ocular in form; OC'ULIM[=O]TOR, -Y, ocular and motory.--_n._ OC'ULIST, one skilled in diseases of the eye. [L. _ocularius_--_oculus_, the eye.]
OD, [=o]d, or od, _n._ a peculiar force acting on the nervous system, assumed by Reichenbach to exist in light, heat, electricity, living bodies, and all material substances whatever, and to produce the phenomena of mesmerism.--_adj._ O'DIC.--_ns._ OD'-FORCE, od; O'DISM, belief in od. [Gr.
_hodos_, a way.]
OD, od, _n._ for God--sometimes ODD.--_interjs._ OD'S-BODIKINS, God's body; OD'S LIFE, God's life; OD'S-PITIKINS (_Shak._), a corr. of God's pity.
ODAL, ODALLER, same as UDAL, UDALLER.
ODALISQUE, ODALISK, [=o]'da-lisk, _n._ a female slave in a harem.
[Fr.,--Turk. _oda_, a chamber.]
ODD, od, _adj._ not paired with another: not even: left over after a round number has been taken: additional to a certain amount in round numbers: not exactly divisible by two: strange: unusual in kind or appearance: trifling: remote: (_Shak._) at variance.--_ns._ ODD'-COME-SHORTLY, an early day, any time; ODD'FELLOW, a member of a secret benevolent society called Oddfellows; ODD'ITY, the state of being odd or singular: strangeness: a singular person or thing.--_adj._ ODD'-LOOK'ING, having a singular appearance.--_adv._ ODD'LY.--_ns._ ODD'MENT, something remaining over: one of a broken set--often used in the plural; ODD'NESS.--_n.pl._ ODDS (odz), inequality: difference in favour of one against another: more than an even wager: the amount or proportion by which the bet of one exceeds that of another: advantage: dispute: scraps, miscellaneous pieces, as in the phrase ODDS AND ENDS (lit. 'points' and ends).--AT ODDS, at variance. [Scand., Ice. _oddi_, a triangle, odd number--Ice. _oddr_, point; cf. A.S. _ord_, point.]
ODE, [=o]d, _n._ a song: a poem written to be set to music: the music written for such a poem.--_adj._ O'DIC.--_n._ O'DIST, a writer of odes.
[Fr. _ode_--Gr. _[=o]d[=e]_, contr. from _aoid[=e]_--_aeidein_, to sing.]
ODEUM, [=o]-d[=e]'um, _n._ in ancient Greece a theatre for musical contests, &c., sometimes applied to a modern music-hall.--Also OD[=E]'ON.
ODIN, [=o]'din, _n._ the chief of the gods in Norse mythology.
ODIOUS, [=o]'di-us, _adj._ hateful: offensive: repulsive: causing hatred.--_adv._ O'DIOUSLY.--_ns._ O'DIOUSNESS; O'DIUM, hatred: offensiveness: blame: quality of provoking hate.--ODIUM THEOLOGICUM, the proverbial hatred of controversial divines for each other's errors--and persons. [L.,--_odi_, to hate.]
ODONTOGLOSSUM, [=o]-don-t[=o]-glos'um, _n._ a genus of tropical American orchids with showy flowers.
ODONTOID, o-don'toid, _adj._ tooth-shaped: tooth-like.--_ns._ ODONTAL'GIA, ODONTAL'GY, toothache.--_adj._ ODONTAL'GIC.--_n._ ODONT[=I]'ASIS, the cutting of the teeth.--_adj._ ODON'TIC, dental.--_n._ ODON'TOBLAST, a cell by which dentine is developed.--_adjs._ ODON'TOCETE, toothed, as a cetacean; ODONTOGEN'IC.--_ns._ ODONTOG'ENY, the origin and development of teeth; ODONTOG'RAPHY, description of teeth.--_adjs._ ODONTOLOG'IC, -AL.--_ns._ ODONTOL'OGIST, one skilled in odontology; ODONTOL'OGY, the science of the teeth; ODONTOLOX'IA, irregularity of teeth; ODONT[=O]'MA, a small tumour composed of dentine.--_adjs._ ODON'TOMOUS, pertaining to odontoma; ODONTOPH'ORAL, ODONTOPH'ORAN.--_n._ ODON'TOPHORE, the radula, tongue, or lingual ribbon of certain molluscs.--_adjs._ ODONTOPH'OROUS, bearing teeth; ODONTOSTOM'ATOUS, having jaws which bite like teeth.--_ns._ ODONTOTHERAP[=I]'A, the treatment or care of the teeth; ODON'TRYPY, the operation of perforating a tooth to draw off purulent matter from the cavity of the pulp. [Gr. _odous_, _odontos_, a tooth.]
ODOUR, [=o]'dur, _n._ smell: perfume: estimation: reputation.--_adj._ ODORIF'EROUS, bearing odour or scent: diffusing fragrance: perfumed.--_adv._ ODORIF'EROUSLY.--_n._ ODORIF'EROUSNESS, the quality of being odoriferous.--_adj._ O'DOROUS, emitting an odour or scent: sweet-smelling: fragrant.--_adv._ O'DOROUSLY.--_n._ O'DOROUSNESS, the quality of exciting the sensation of smell.--_adjs._ O'DOURED, perfumed; O'DOURLESS, without odour.--ODOUR OF SANCTITY (see SANCTITY); IN BAD ODOUR, in bad repute. [Fr.,--L. _odor_.]
ODYLE, [=o]'dil, _n._ Same as OD (1).
ODYSSEY, od'is-si, _n._ a Greek epic poem, ascribed to Homer, describing the return of the Greeks from the Trojan war, and esp. of _Odysseus_ (Ulysses) to Ithaca after ten years' wanderings.
OECOLOGY, [=e]-kol'[=o]-ji, _n._ the science of animal and vegetable economy.--_n._ OE'CIUM, the household common to the individuals of a compound organism.--_adj._ OECOLOG'ICAL.
OECONOMY, OECUMENIC, -AL, &c. See ECONOMY, ECUMENIC.
OEDEMA, [=e]-d[=e]'ma, _n._ (_med._) the swelling occasioned by the effusion or infiltration of serum into cellular or areolar structures, usually the subcutaneous cellular tissue. [Gr. _oid[=e]ma_, swelling.]
OEDEMIA, [=e]-d[=e]'mi-a, _n._ a genus of _Anatidae_, the scoters, surf-ducks, or sea-coots. [Gr. _oid[=e]ma_.]
OEILLADE, [.e]l-yad', _n._ (_Shak._) a glance or wink given with the eye.--_ns._ OEIL-DE-BOEUF, a round or oval opening for admitting light: a small, narrow window, or bull's-eye:--_pl._ OEILS-DE-BOEUF; OEIL-DE-PERDRIX, a small, round figure in decorative art, a dot. [Fr.
OENANTHIC, [=e]-nan'thik, _adj._ having or imparting the characteristic odour of wine.--_ns._ OENOL'OGY, the science of wines; OE'NOMANCY, divination from the appearance of wine poured out in libations; OENOM[=A]'NIA, dipsomania; OENOM'ETER, a hydrometer for measuring the alcoholic strength of wines; OENOPH'ILIST, a lover of wine. [Gr. _oinos_ wine.]
OENOMEL, [=e]'no-mel, _n._ wine mixed with honey: mead. [Gr. _oinos_, wine, and _meli_, honey.]
OENOTHERA, [=e]-n[=o]-th[=e]'ra, _n._ a genus of leafy branching plants, with yellow or purplish flowers, called also _Evening_, or _Tree_, _primrose_. [Gr. _oinos_, wine, and perh. _th[=e]ran_, to hunt.]
O'ER, [=o]r, contracted from _over_.
O'ERCOME, owr'kum, _n._ (_Scot._) the burden of a song: overplus.--_n._ O'ER'LAY, a large cravat.
OES, [=o]z, _n._ (_Bacon_) circlets of gold or silver.
OESOPHAGUS, ESOPHAGUS, [=e]-sof'a-gus, _n._ the gullet, a membranous canal about nine inches in length, extending from the pharynx to the stomach, thus forming part of the alimentary canal.--_n._ OESOPHAGAL'GIA, pain, esp.
neuralgia, in the oesophagus.--_adj._ OESOPHAGEAL (-faj'-).--_ns._ OESOPHAGEC'TOMY, excision of a portion of the oesophagus; OESOPHAGIS'MUS, oesophageal spasm; OESOPHAG[=I]'TIS, inflammation of the oesophagus; OESOPHAG'OCELE, hernia of the mucous membrane of the oesophagus through its walls; OESOPHAGODYN'IA, pain in the oesophagus; OESOPHAGOP'ATHY, disease of the oesophagus; OESOPHAGOPL[=E]'GIA, paralysis of the oesophagus; OESOPHAGORRH[=A]'GIA, hemorrhage from the oesophagus; OESOPH'AGOSCOPE, an instrument for inspecting the interior of the oesophagus; OESOPHAGOSPAS'MUS, spasm of the oesophagus; OESOPHAGOSTEN[=O]'SIS, a constriction of the oesophagus. [Gr.]
OESTRUM, [=e]s'trum, _n._ violent desire.--_adj._ OES'TRUAL, in heat, rutting.--_v.i._ OES'TRU[=A]TE, to be in heat.--_ns._ OESTRU[=A]'TION; OES'TRUS, a gadfly. [L.]
OF, ov, _prep._ from or out from: belonging to: out of: among: proceeding from, so in the Litany and Nicene Creed: owing to: with: over: concerning: during: (_B._ and _Pr. Bk._) sometimes=by, from, on, or over.--OF PURPOSE (_B._), intentionally. [A.S. _of_; Dut. _af_, Ger. _ab_, also L. _ab_, Gr.
OFF, of, _adv._ from: away from: on the opposite side of a question.--_adj._ most distant: on the opposite or farther side: on the side of a cricket-field right of the wicket-keeper and left of the bowler: not devoted to usual business, as an OFF DAY.--_prep._ not on.--_interj._ away! depart!--_adj._ and _adv._ OFF'-AND-ON', occasional.--_adj._ OFF'-COL'OUR, of inferior value: indisposed.--_n._ OFF'-COME (_Scot._), an apology, pretext: any exhibition of temper, &c.--_adv._ OFF'-HAND, at once: without hesitating.--_adj._ without study: impromptu: free and easy.--_adj._ OFF'ISH, reserved in manner.--_ns._ OFF'-PRINT, a reprint of a single article from a magazine or other periodical--the French _tirage a part_, German _Abdruck_; OFF'-RECK'ONING, an allowance formerly made to certain British officers from the money appropriated for army clothing.--_v.t._ OFF'SADDLE, to unsaddle.--_ns._ OFF'SCOURING, matter scoured off: refuse: anything vile or despised; OFF'-SCUM, refuse or scum; OFF'SET (_in accounts_), a sum or value set off against another as an equivalent: a short lateral shoot or bulb: a terrace on a hillside: (_archit._) a horizontal ledge on the face of a wall: in surveying, a perpendicular from the main line to an outlying point.--_v.t._ (_in accounts_) to place against as an equivalent.--_n._ OFF'SHOOT, that which shoots off from the main stem, stream, &c.: anything growing out of another.--_adv._ OFF'SHORE, in a direction from the shore, as a wind: at a distance from the shore.--_adj._ from the shore.--_ns._ OFF'SIDE, the right-hand side in driving: the farther side; OFF'SPRING, that which springs from another: a child, or children: issue: production of any kind.--OFF ONE'S CHUMP, HEAD, demented; OFF ONE'S FEED, indisposed to eat.--BE OFF, to go away quickly; COME OFF, GO OFF, SHOW OFF, TAKE OFF, &c.
(see COME, GO, SHOW, TAKE, &c.); ILL OFF, poor or unfortunate; TELL OFF, to count: to assign, as for a special duty; WELL OFF, rich, well provided.
[Same as _Of_.]
OFFAL, of'al, _n._ waste meat: the part of an animal which is unfit for use: refuse: anything worthless. [_Off_ and _fall_.]
OFFEND, of-fend', _v.t._ to displease or make angry: to do harm to: to affront: (_B._) to cause to sin.--_v.i._ to sin: to cause anger: (_B._) to be made to sin.--_n._ OFFENCE', any cause of anger or displeasure: an injury: a crime: a sin: affront: assault.--_adjs._ OFFENCE'FUL (_Shak._) giving offence or displeasure: injurious; OFFENCE'LESS (_Milt._), unoffending: innocent.--_ns._ OFFEND'ER, one who offends or injures: a trespasser: a criminal:--_fem._ OFFEND'RESS; OFFENSE', &c., same as OFFENCE, &c.--_adj._ OFFENS'IVE, causing offence, displeasure, or injury: used in attack: making the first attack.--_n._ the act of the attacking party: the posture of one who attacks.--_adv._ OFFENS'IVELY.--_n._ OFFENS'IVENESS.--OFFENSIVE AND DEFENSIVE, requiring all parties to make war together, or to defend each other if attacked.--GIVE OFFENCE, to cause displeasure; TAKE OFFENCE, to feel displeasure, be offended. [Fr.,--L.
_ob_, against, _fend[)e]re_, to strike.]
OFFER, of'[.e]r, _v.t._ to bring to or before: to hold out for acceptance or rejection: to make a proposal to: to lay before: to present to the mind: to attempt: to propose to give, as a price or service: to present in worship.--_v.i._ to present itself: to be at hand: to declare a willingness.--_n._ act of offering: first advance: that which is offered: proposal made.--_adj._ OFF'ERABLE, that may be offered.--_ns._ OFF'ERER; OFF'ERING, act of making an offer: that which is offered: a gift: (_B._) that which is offered on an altar: a sacrifice: (_pl._) in Church of England, certain dues payable at Easter; OFF'ERTORY, act of offering, the thing offered: the verses or the anthem said or sung while the offerings of the congregation are being made and the celebrant is placing the unconsecrated elements on the altar: the money collected at a religious service: anciently a linen or silken cloth used in various ceremonies connected with the administration of the eucharist. [L. _offerre_--_ob_, towards, _ferre_, to bring.]