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RUSTIC, rus'tik, _adj._ pertaining to the country: rural: rude: awkward: simple: coarse: artless: unadorned: made of rustic-work.--_n._ a peasant: a clown: a noctuoid moth.--_adj._ RUS'TICAL.--_adv._ RUS'TICALLY.--_n._ RUS'TICALNESS.--_v.t._ RUS'TICATE, to send into the country: to banish for a time from town or college.--_v.i._ to live in the country.--_n._ RUSTIC[=A]'TION.--_v.i._ RUS'TICISE.--_ns._ RUSTIC'ITY, rustic manner: simplicity: rudeness; RUSTIC'OLA, the European woodcock; RUS'TIC-WARE, a terra-cotta of a light-brown paste, having a brown glaze; RUS'TIC-WORK, various stonework, as frosted work, punctured work, &c.: in woodwork, summer-houses, &c. [Fr. _rustique_--L. _rusticus_--_rus_, the country.]

RUSTLE, rus'l, _v.i._ to make a soft, whispering sound, as silk, straw, &c.: (_U.S._) to stir about.--_n._ a quick succession of small sounds, as that of dry leaves: a rustling, a movement with rustling sound.--_ns._ RUS'TLER, one who, or that which, rustles: (_U.S._) an active fellow; RUS'TLING, a quick succession of small sounds, as that of dry leaves.--_adv._ RUS'TLINGLY. [Skeat makes it a freq. of Sw. _rusta_, to stir, a variant of Old Sw. _ruska_, to shake. Cf. _Rush_; and cf. Ger.

_rauschen_, _ruschen_, to rustle.]

RUSTRE, rus't[.e]r, _n._ (_her._) a lozenge pierced with a circular opening.--_adj._ RUS'TRED. [Fr.]

RUSURE, r[=oo]'zh[=u]r, _n._ (_prov._) the sliding down of a bank.

RUT, rut, _n._ a track left by a wheel: an established course.--_v.t._ to form ruts in:--_pr.p._ rut'ting; _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ rut'ted.--_adj._ RUT'TY, full of ruts. [O. Fr. _route_--Low L. _rupta_, a way.]

RUT, rut, _n._ the noise made by deer during sexual excitement: the periodic time of heat of animals.--_v.i._ to be in heat.--_v.t._ (_rare_) to copulate with.--_adj._ RUT'TISH, inclined to rut: lustful.--_n._ RUT'TISHNESS, libidinousness. [O. Fr. _ruit_, _rut_--L.

_rugitus_--_rug[=i]re_, to roar.]

RUTA, r[=oo]'ta, _n._ a genus of polypetalous plants--the general name of the species is _Rue_.--_adj._ RUT[=A]'CEOUS. [Gr. _hryt[=e]_, rue.]

RUTABAGA, r[=oo]-ta-b[=a]'ga, _n._ the Swedish turnip. [Fr.; ety. unknown.]

RUTELA, r[=oo]'te-la, _n._ a genus of lamellicorn beetles. [L. _rutilus_, red.]

RUTH, r[=oo]th, _n._ pity, tenderness, sorrow: cruelty.--_adj._ RUTH'FUL, pitiful, sorrowful: piteous, causing pity.--_adv._ RUTH'FULLY, in a sorrowful manner.--_adj._ RUTH'LESS, without pity: insensible to misery: cruel.--_adv._ RUTH'LESSLY.--_n._ RUTH'LESSNESS. [M. E. _ruthe_, _reuth_--Scand.; Ice. _hryggth_, _hrygth_, sorrow.]

RUTHENIAN, r[=oo]-th[=e]'ni-an, _adj._ of or pertaining to the _Ruthenians_, a branch of the little Russian division of the Slav race, on both sides of the Carpathians.--_n._ one of this race.

RUTHENIUM, r[=oo]-th[=e]'ni-um, _n._ a hard brittle metal discovered in 1843 by Claus in the ore of platinum, forming no fewer than four different oxides. [_Ruthenia_, a name of Russia.]

RUTIC, r[=oo]'tik, _adj._ pertaining to, or derived from, _rue_.

RUTICILLA, r[=oo]-ti-sil'a, _n._ the redstart.

RUTILANT, r[=oo]'ti-lant, _adj._ shining: glittering.--_v.i._ RU'TIL[=A]TE, to emit rays of light. [L. _rutilans_, pr.p. of _rutil[=a]re_, to be reddish.]

RUTILE, r[=oo]'til, _n._ one of the three forms in which titanium dioxide occurs. [Fr.,--L. _rutilus_, red.]

RUTTER, rut'[.e]r, _n._ (_obs._) a trooper: a mercenary horse-soldier: a man of fashion. [O. Fr. _routier_--Low L. _ruptarius_--_rupta_, a troop.]

RUTTER, rut'[.e]r, _n._ a direction specially for a course by sea: a marine chart. [O. Fr. _routier_, a chart.]

RUTTLE, rut'l, _v.i._ (_prov._) to gurgle. [M. E. _rotelen_, _ratelen_, to rattle.]

RUVID, r[=oo]'vid, _adj._ rough. [L. _ruidus_, rough.]

RYAL, r[=i]'al, _n._ an old English gold coin worth about ten shillings, called a _Rose-noble_.--Also R[=I]'AL.

RYE, r[=i], _n._ a genus of grasses allied to wheat and barley, one species of which is cultivated as a grain: (_her._) a bearing representing a stalk of grain with the ear bending down.--_ns._ RYE'-GRASS, a variety of grass cultivated for pasture and fodder; RYE'-MOTH, an insect whose larva feeds on stems of rye; RYE'-WOLF, an evil creature of German folklore lurking in the rye-fields; RYE'-WORM, an insect which devours the stems of rye. [A.S.

_ryge_; Ice. _rugr_, Ger. _rocken_, _roggen_.]

RYFE, r[=i]f, _adj._ (_Spens._). Same as RIFE.

RYKE, r[=i]k, _v.i._ (_Scot._) to reach.

RYND, rind, _n._ in a burstone mill, the iron which supports the upper stone. [A.S. _hrindan_, to thrust.]

RYOT, r[=i]'ut, _n._ a Hindu cultivator or peasant.--_ns._ RY'OTWAR, RY'OTWARI, the arrangement about rent made annually in India, esp. in Madras, between the government officials and the ryots. [Hind.

_raiyat_--Ar. _ra'iya_, a subject.]

RYPE, r[=i]p, _n._ a ptarmigan. [Dan.]

RYPECK, r[=i]'pek, _n._ (_prov._) a pole used to move a punt while fishing.--Also R[=I]'PECK, R[=E]'PECK.

RYVE, r[=i]v, _v.t._ (_Spens._) to pierce. [_Rive._]

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