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RICINIae, r[=i]-sin'i-[=e], _n._ a division of mites or acarines. [L.

_ricinus_, a tick.]

RICINIUM, r[=i]-sin'i-um, _n._ a mantle, chiefly worn by women, among the ancient Romans.

RICINUS, ris'i-nus, _n._ a genus of apetalous plants, whose one species is _Ricinus communis_, the castor-oil plant.--_adj._ RICINOL'IC, pertaining to, or obtained from, castor-oil. [L. _ricinus_, the castor-oil plant.]

RICK, rik, _n._ a pile or heap, as of RICK'ERS, the stems of young trees cut up for spars, &c.--_ns._ RICK'LE (_Scot._), a pile of stones loosely thrown together: a small rick of grain; RICK'-RACK, a kind of open-work edging made of serpentine braid; RICK'-STAND, a flooring on which a rick is made; HAY'-RICK'ER, a horse-rake for cocking up hay. [A.S.

_hreac_; Ice. _hraukr._]

RICKETS, rik'ets, _n.sing._ a disease of children, characterised by softness and curvature of the bones.--_adv._ RICK'ETILY, shakily.--_n._ RICK'ETINESS, unsteadiness.--_adjs._ RICK'ETLY, shaky; RICK'ETY, affected with rickets: feeble, unstable. [From M. E. _wrikken_, to twist, allied to A.S. _wringan_, to twist. The medical term _rachitis_ was coined about 1650, with a punning allusion to Gr. _rhachis_, the spine.]

RICOCHET, rik-[=o]-sh[=a]', or -shet', _n._ a rebound along the ground, as of a ball fired at a low elevation.--_v.i._ to skip along the ground:--_pr.p._ ricochet'ting; _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ ricochet'ted. [Fr.; ety. unknown.]

RICOLITE, r[=e]'k[=o]-l[=i]t, _n._ a stratified ornamental stone. [_Rico_ in New Mexico, Gr. _lithos_, a stone.]

RICTUS, rik'tus, _n._ the gape of the bill: the throat of the calyx.--_adj._ RIC'TAL. [L., a gaping.]

RID, rid, _v.t._ to free: to deliver: to remove by violence: to clear: to disencumber: to expel: to separate: to despatch: (_obs._) to banish, to kill:--_pr.p._ rid'ding; _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ rid.--_ns._ RID'DANCE, act of ridding or freeing: destruction: the earth thrown up by a burrowing animal; RID'DER, one who rids or relieves.--A GOOD RIDDANCE, a welcome relief; GET RID OF, to get deliverance from. [A.S. _hreddan_, to snatch away; Ger.


RIDDLE, rid'l, _n._ an obscure description of something which the hearer is asked to name: a puzzling question: an enigma: anything puzzling, even a person.--_v.i._ to make riddles: to speak obscurely: to plait.--_adj._ RIDD'LE-LIKE (_Shak._), like a riddle or enigma.--_ns._ RIDD'LER; RIDD'LING (_Spens._), skill in explaining riddles.--_adv._ RIDD'LINGLY. [A.S.

_r['ae]delse_--_r['ae]dan_, to guess, to read--_r['ae]d_, counsel; cog. with Dut. _raad_, Ger. _rath_.]

RIDDLE, rid'l, _n._ a large sieve for separating coarser materials from finer.--_v.t._ to separate with a riddle, as grain from chaff: to make full of holes like a riddle, as with RIDD'LINGS, siftings. [A.S.

_hridder_; Gael. _criathar_.]

RIDDLEMEREE, rid'l-me-r[=e]', _n._ rigmarole.

RIDE, r[=i]d, _v.i._ to be borne, as on horseback or in a carriage: to practise riding: to manage a horse: to float, as a ship at anchor: to move easily: to domineer: to overlap.--_v.t._ to do or perform by riding, as a race: to be carried through: to gallop through: to rest on so as to be carried: to control, esp. harshly:--_pa.t._ r[=o]de; _pa.p._ rid'den.--_n._ act of riding: an excursion on horseback or in a vehicle: the course passed over in riding, a place for riding: a district inspected by an excise-officer: (_print._) a fault caused by the overlapping of leads, &c.--_adjs._ R[=I]'DABLE, R[=I]'DEABLE, capable of being ridden: passable on horseback.--_n._ R[=I]'DER, one who rides on a horse: one who manages a horse: one who breaks a horse: a commercial traveller: an addition to a document after its completion, on a separate piece of paper: an additional clause: a mounted robber: a knight: a small forked weight which straddles the beam of a balance to measure the weight: a Dutch gold coin.--_adjs._ R[=I]'DERED, having stakes laid across the bars; R[=I]'DERLESS, without a rider; R[=I]'DING, used to ride or travel: suitable for riding on, as a horse.--_n._ a road for riding on: a district visited by an R[=I]'DING-BITTS, the bitts to which a ship's cable is secured when riding at anchor.--_ns._ R[=I]'DING-BOOT, a high boot worn in riding; R[=I]'DING-CLERK, a mercantile traveller; R[=I]'DING-COMMIT'TEE, a committee of ministers sent by the General Assembly to carry out an ordination or induction, where the local presbytery refused to act, under the Moderate domination in Scotland in the 18th century; R[=I]'DING-GLOVE, a gauntlet; R[=I]'DING-HAB'IT, the long upper habit, garment, or skirt worn by ladies when riding; R[=I]'DING-HOOD, a hood formerly worn by women when R[=I]'DING-IN'TERESTS (_Scots law_), interests depending on other interests.--_ns._ R[=I]'DING-LIGHT, a light hung out in the rigging at night when a vessel is riding at anchor; R[=I]'DING-MAS'TER, one who teaches riding; R[=I]'DING-RHYME, the iambic pentameter, heroic verse--from its use in Chaucer's _Tales_ of the Canterbury pilgrims; R[=I]'DING-ROBE, a riding-habit; R[=I]'DING-ROD, a light cane for equestrians; R[=I]'DING-SAIL, a triangular sail; R[=I]'DING-SCHOOL, a place where riding is taught, esp. a military school; R[=I]'DING-SKIRT, a skirt fastened round a woman's waist in riding; RI'DING-SPEAR, a javelin; R[=I]'DING-SUIT, a suit adapted for riding; R[=I]'DING-WHIP, a switch with short lash, used by riders; BUSH'-R[=I]'DER, in Australia, a cross-country rider.--RIDE A HOBBY, to pursue to excess a favourite theory; RIDE AND TIE, to ride and go on foot alternately; RIDE DOWN, to overthrow, treat with severity; RIDE EASY, when a ship does not pitch--opp. to RIDE HARD, when she pitches violently; RIDE IN THE MARROW-BONE COACH(_slang_), to go on foot; RIDE OUT, to keep afloat throughout a storm; RIDE OVER, to domineer; RIDE ROUGH-SHOD, to pursue a course regardless of the consequences to others; RIDE SHANK'S MARE (_slang_), to walk; RIDE THE HIGH HORSE, to have grand airs; RIDE THE MARCHES (see MARCH); RIDE THE SPANISH MARE, to be put astride a boom as a punishment; RIDE THE WILD MARE (_Shak._), to play at see-saw; RIDE TO HOUNDS, to take part in a fox-hunt, esp. to ride close behind the hounds; RIDING THE FAIR, the ceremony of proclaiming a fair. [A.S. _ridan_; Dut.

_rijden_, Ger. _reiten_.]

RIDEAU, r[=e]-d[=o]', _n._ an eminence commanding a plain, covering the entrance to a camp, &c. [Fr.]

RIDGE, rij, _n._ the back, or top of the back: anything like a back, as a long range of hills: an extended protuberance: a crest: the earth thrown up by the plough between the furrows, a breadth of ground running the whole length of the field, divided from those on either side by broad open furrows, helping to guide the sowers and reapers and effecting drainage in wet soils: the upper horizontal timber of a roof: the highest portion of a glacis.--_v.t._ to form into ridges: to wrinkle.--_ns._ RIDGE'-BAND, that part of the harness of a cart which goes over the saddle; RIDGE'-BONE, the spine.--_adj._ RIDGED, having ridges on a surface: ridgy.--_ns._ RIDGE'-FILL'ET, a fillet between two flutes of a column; RIDGE'-HARR'OW, a harrow made to lap upon the sides of a ridge over which it passes; RIDGE'-PLOUGH, a plough with a double mould-board; RIDGE'-POLE, the timber forming the ridge of a roof; RIDGE'-ROPE, the central rope of an awning.--_adj._ RIDG'Y, having ridges. [A.S. _hrycg_; Ice. _hryggr_, Ger.

_rucken_, back.]

RIDGEL, rij'el, _n._ a male animal with but one testicle.--Also RIDG'IL, RIDG'LING--(_Scot._) RIG'LAN, RIG'GOT.

RIDICULE, rid'i-k[=u]l, _n._ wit exposing one to laughter: derision: mockery.--_v.t._ to laugh at: to expose to merriment: to deride: to mock.--_n._ RID'I C[=U]LER.--_v.t._ RIDIC'[=U]LISE.--_n._ RIDIC[=U]LOS'ITY.--_adj._ RIDIC'[=U]LOUS, deserving or exciting ridicule: absurd: (_obs._) outrageous.--_adv._ RIDIC'[=U]LOUSLY.--_n._ RIDIC'[=U]LOUSNESS. [L. _ridiculus_--_rid[=e]re_, to laugh.]

RIDING, r[=i]'ding, _n._ one of the three divisions of the county of York.

[A corr. of _thriding_--Ice. _ridjungr_, the third, _rii_, third, _rir_, three.]

RIDOTTO, ri-dot'[=o], _n._ a house of public entertainment: a dancing party.--_v.i._ to frequent such. [It.]

RIE, an old spelling of _rye_.

RIEM, r[=e]m, _n._ a raw-hide thong. [Dut.]

RIESEL-IRON, r[=e]'zel-[=i]'urn, _n._ a kind of nipper used to remove irregularities from the edges of glass.


RIFACIMENTO, r[=e]-fa-chi-men't[=o], _n._ a recasting of literary works:--_pl._ RIFACIMEN'TI. [It.]

RIFE, r[=i]f, _adj._ prevailing: abundant: plentiful: well supplied: current: manifest.--_adv._ RIFE'LY.--_n._ RIFE'NESS. [A.S. _rife_; Dut.

_rijf_, Ice. _rifr_.]

RIFFLE, rif'l, _n._ in mining, the lining of the bottom of a sluice: in seal engraving, a small iron disc at the end of a tool.--_n._ RIFF'LER, a curved file for working in depressions. [Dan. _rifle_, a groove.]

RIFF-RAFF, rif'-raf, _n._ sweepings: refuse: the rabble, the mob.

[Explained by Skeat as M. E. _rif and raf_--O. Fr. _rif et raf_, also _rifle et rafle_. _Rifler_, to rifle, ransack--Ice. _hrifa_, to catch; _rafler_--Teut., cf. Ger. _raffen_, to seize.]

RIFLE, r[=i]'fl, _v.t._ to carry off by force: to strip, to rob: to whet, as a scythe.--_n._ R[=I]'FLER. [O. Fr. _rifler_--Scand., Ice. _hrifa_, to seize.]

RIFLE, r[=i]'fl, _v.t._ to groove spirally, as a gun-barrel.--_n._ a musket with a barrel spirally grooved--many varieties, the _Enfield_, _Minie_, _Martini-Henry_, _Chassepot_, _Mannlicher-repeating_, _Remington_, _Lee-Metford_, &c.--_ns._ R[=I]'FLE-BIRD, an Australian bird-of-Paradise; R[=I]'FLE-CORPS, a body of soldiers armed with rifles; R[=I]'FLEMAN, a man armed with a rifle; R[=I]'FLE-PIT, a pit dug to shelter riflemen; R[=I]'FLE-RANGE, a place for practice with the rifle; R[=I]'FLING, the act of cutting spiral grooves in the bore of a gun; R[=I]'FLING-MACHINE'.

[Scand.; Dan. _rifle_, to groove, freq. of _rive_, to tear.]

RIFT, rift, _n._ an opening split in anything: a fissure: a veil: a fording-place.--_v.t._ to rive: to cleave.--_v.i._ to split: to burst open.


RIG, rig, _v.t._ to clothe, to dress: to put on: to equip: (_naut._) to fit with sails and tackling:--_pr.p._ rig'ging; _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ rigged.--_n._ sails and tackling: an equipage, or turn-out, for driving, &c.: fishing-tackle: (_coll._) costume, dress.--_ns._ RIG'GER, one who rigs or dresses: in machinery, a large cylindrical pulley, or narrow drum; RIG'GING, tackle: the system of cordage which supports a ship's masts and extends the sails: the roof; RIG'GING-LOFT, the place in a theatre from which the scenery is raised; RIG'GING-SCREW, a machine formed of a clamp worked by a screw; RIG'GING-TREE, a roof-tree; RIG'-OUT, an outfit.--RIG OUT, to furnish with complete dress, &c.; RIG THE MARKET, to raise or lower prices artificially. [Scand.; Norw. _rigga_, to bandage, to put on sails, _rigg_, rigging.]

RIG, rig, _n._ (_Scot._) a ridge: a path. [_Ridge._]

RIG, rig, _n._ a frolic, trick: (_obs._) a wanton.--_v.i._ to romp, act the wanton.--_adj._ RIG'GISH (_Shak._), wanton, lewd.--_n._ RIG'GITE, one who plays rigs, a jester.--RUN A RIG, to play a trick; RUN THE RIG UPON, to play a trick upon. [Prob. _wriggle_.]

RIGADOON, rig-a-d[=oo]n', _n._ a lively dance for one couple, or its music: formerly in the French army, a beat of drum while culprits were being marched to punishment. [Fr. _rigaudon_.]

RIGATION, r[=i]-g[=a]'shun, _n._ irrigation. [_Irrigation._]

RIGESCENT, r[=i]-jes'ent, _n._ growing stiff.

RIGGLE, rig'l, _n._ a species of sand-eel.

RIGHT, r[=i]t, _adj._ straight: most direct: upright: erect: according to truth and justice: according to law: true: correct: just: fit: proper: exact: most convenient: well performed: most dexterous, as the hand: on the right-hand: on the right-hand of one looking towards the mouth of a river: righteous: duly genuine: correct in judgment: equitable: not crooked: to be preferred: precise: in good health: denoting the side designed to go outward, as cloth: opposed to left, as the right-hand: (_math._) upright from a base: containing 90 degrees.--_n._ RIGHT'NESS. [A.S. _riht_; Ger.

_recht_, L. _rectus_.]

RIGHT, r[=i]t, _adv._ in a straight or direct line: in a right manner: according to truth and justice: correctly: very: in a great degree.

RIGHT, r[=i]t, _n._ that which is right or correct: truth: justice: virtue: freedom from error: what one has a just claim to: privilege: property: the right side.--_n._ RIGHT'-ABOUT', in the opposite direction.--_adj._ RIGHT'-ANG'LED, having a right angle or angles; RIGHT'-DRAWN (_Shak._), drawn in a right or just cause.--_v.t._ RIGHT'EN, to set right.--_n._ RIGHT'ER, one who sets right or redresses wrong.--_adj._ RIGHT'FUL, having a just claim: according to justice: belonging by right.--_adv._ RIGHT'FULLY.--_ns._ RIGHT'FULNESS, righteousness: justice; RIGHT'-HAND, the hand which is more used, convenient, and dexterous than the other.--_adj._ chiefly relied on.--_adj._ RIGHT'-HAND'ED, using the right-hand more easily than the left: dextral: clockwise.--_ns._ RIGHT'-HAND'EDNESS; RIGHT'-HAND'ER, a blow with the right-hand.--_adjs._ RIGHT'-HEART'ED, having right or kindly dispositions: good-hearted; RIGHT'LESS, without right.--_adv._ RIGHT'LY, uprightly: suitably: not erroneously.--_adj._ RIGHT'-MIND'ED, having a right or honest mind.--_ns._ RIGHT'-MIND'EDNESS, the state of being right-minded; RIGHT'NESS, the character of being right, correctness: the state of being on the right-hand; RIGHT-OF-WAY, the right which the public has to the free passage over roads or tracks, esp. such as are not statutory roads.--_advs._ RIGHTS (_obs._); RIGHT'WARD.--_n._ RIGHT'-WHALE, the Greenland whale, the most important species of the true whales.--RIGHT AND LEFT, on both sides; RIGHT ASCENSION (see ASCENSION); RIGHT BANK OF A RIVER, the bank on the right hand of a person looking in the direction the water flows; RIGHT DOWN, plainly; RIGHT OF ACTION, a right which will sustain a civil action; RIGHT OFF, immediately; RIGHT THE HELM, to put it amidships, in a line with the keel.--ABSOLUTE RIGHTS, those which belong to human beings as such; AT ALL RIGHTS, in all points; BASE RIGHT (_Scots law_), the right which a disposer acquires when he disposes of feudal property; BY RIGHT, or RIGHTS, rightfully; CLAIM OF RIGHT, the statement of the right of the church to spiritual independence and liberty from the interference of the civil courts in her spiritual functions, adopted by an immense majority of the General Assembly in 1842; CONTINGENT RIGHTS, such as are distinguished from vested rights; DECLARATION AND BILL OF RIGHTS, the instrument drawn up by the Convention Parliament which called the Prince and Princess of Orange to the throne of England in 1689, stating the fundamental principles of the constitution; DECLARATION OF THE RIGHTS OF MAN, a famous statement of the constitution and principles of civil society and government adopted by the French National Assembly in August 1789; DO ONE RIGHT, to do one justice; HAVE A RIGHT, to be under a moral necessity; HAVE RIGHT, to be right; IN ONE'S OWN RIGHT, by absolute and personal right; IN THE RIGHT, free from error; NATURAL RIGHTS, those which exist by virtue of natural law--liberty, security of person and property; PETITION OF RIGHT, an action by which a subject vindicates his rights against the Crown; PUBLIC RIGHTS, the rights which the state has over the subject, and the subject against the state; PUT TO RIGHTS, to arrange; THE RIGHT, among continentals, the conservatives, from their usually sitting on the president's right in legislative assemblies; THE RIGHT SIDE, the place of honour; WRIT OF RIGHT, an action to establish the title to real property.

RIGHTEOUS, r[=i]'tyus, _adj._ living and acting according to right and justice: free from guilt or sin: equitable: merited.--_adv._ RIGHT'EOUSLY, in a righteous manner: (_arch._) justly.--_n._ RIGHT'EOUSNESS, purity of life: rectitude: conformity to a right standard: a righteous act or quality: holiness: the coming into spiritual reconciliation with God by means of the righteousness of Christ being imputed to a man in consequence of faith.--ORIGINAL RIGHTEOUSNESS, the condition of man before the Fall as made in the image of God. [A.S. _rihtwis_--_riht_, right, _wis_, wise.]

RIGID, rij'id, _adj._ not easily bent: stiff: severe: strict: unyielding: harsh: without delicacy: wanting in ease.--_n._ RIGID'ITY, the quality of resisting change of form: stiffness of manner.--_adv._ RIG'IDLY.--_n._ RIG'IDNESS.--_adj._ RIGID'[=U]LOUS, rather stiff. [L.

_rigidus_--_rig[=e]re_, to be stiff with cold.]

RIGMAROLE, rig'ma-r[=o]l, _n._ a repetition of foolish words: a long story: balderdash.--_adj._ prolix, tedious. [A corr. of _ragman-roll_, a document with a long list of names, or with numerous seals pendent.]

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