REFULGENCE, r[=e]-ful'jens, _n._ state of being refulgent: brightness: brilliance--also R[=E]FUL'GENCY.--_adj._ R[=E]FUL'GENT, casting a flood of light: shining: brilliant.--_adv._ R[=E]FUL'GENTLY. [Fr.,--L. _refulgens_, _-entis_, pr.p. of _refulg[=e]re_--_re-_, inten., _fulg[=e]re_, to shine.]
REFUND, r[=e]-fund', _v.t._ to repay: to restore: to return what has been taken.--_ns._ REFUND'; REFUND'ER; REFUND'MENT. [Fr.,--L. _refund[)e]re_, _refusum_--_re-_, back, _fund[)e]re_, to pour.]
REFURBISH, r[=e]-fur'bish, _v.t._ to furbish again: to polish.
REFURNISH, r[=e]-fur'nish, _v.t._ to furnish again: to supply or provide anew.
REFUSE, r[=e]-f[=u]z', _v.t._ to reject: to deny, as a request, &c.: to disown: to fail to receive, to repel: (_mil._) to hold troops back from the regular alignment.--_v.i._ to decline acceptance: not to comply.--_adj._ REF[=U]'SABLE, capable of being refused.--_ns._ REF[=U]'SAL, denial of anything requested: rejection: the right of taking in preference to others; R[=E]F[=U]'SER. [Fr. _refuser_, prob. due to confusion of L. _refut[=a]re_, to drive back, _recus[=a]re_, to make an objection against.]
REFUSE, ref'[=u]s, _adj._ refused: worthless.--_n._ that which is rejected or left as worthless: dross.
REFUSE, r[=e]-f[=u]z', _v.t._ to melt again.--_n._ R[=E]F[=U]'SION, repeated fusion or melting, as of metals: restoration.
REFUTE, r[=e]-f[=u]t', _v.t._ to repel: to oppose: to disprove.--_n._ R[=E]FUTABIL'ITY.--_adj._ R[=E]F[=U]'TABLE, that may be refuted or disproved.--_adv._ R[=E]F[=U]'TABLY.--_n._ REFUT[=A]'TION, the act of refuting or disproving.--_adj._ R[=E]F[=U]'T[=A]TORY, tending to refute: refuting.--_n._ R[=E]F[=U]'TER, one who, or that which, refutes. [Fr.
_refuter_--L. _refut[=a]re_--_re-_, back, root of _fund[)e]re_, _futilis_.]
REGAIN, r[=e]-g[=a]n, _v.t._ to gain back or again: to recover.
REGAL, r[=e]'gal, _adj._ belonging to a king: kingly: royal.--_adv._ R[=E]'GALLY. [Fr.,--L. _regalis_--_rex_, a king--_reg[)e]re_, to rule.]
REGAL, r[=e]'gal, _n._ a small portable organ used to support treble voices.--Also RIG'OLE. [Fr.,--It.,--L. _regalis_, royal.]
REGALE, r[=e]-g[=a]l', _v.t._ to entertain in a sumptuous manner: to refresh: to gratify.--_v.i._ to feast.--_n._ a regal or magnificent feast.--_ns._ REGALE'MENT, the act of regaling: entertainment: refreshment; REG[=A]'LER. [Fr. _regaler_, derived by Diez, like Sp. _regalar_, from L.
_regel[=a]re_, to thaw. Scheler prefers to connect with O. Fr. _galer_, to rejoice (cf. _Gala_), and Skeat follows him.]
REGALIA, r[=e]-g[=a]'li-a, _n.pl._ the ensigns of royalty: the crown, sceptre, &c., esp. those used at a coronation: the rights and privileges of kings: the distinctive symbols of a particular order.--_n._ R[=E]G[=A]'L[=E], the power of the sovereign in ecclesiastical affairs.--_adj._ R[=E]G[=A]'LIAN, regal, sovereign.--_ns._ R[=E]'GALISM, R[=E]GAL'ITY, state of being regal: royalty: sovereignty: (_Scot._) a territorial jurisdiction formerly conferred by the king.--_adv._ R[=E]'GALLY. [Neut. pl. of L. _regalis_, royal.]
REGALIA, r[=e]-g[=a]'lya, _n._ a superior Cuban cigar.
REGARD, r[=e]-gard', _v.t._ to observe particularly: to hold in respect or affection: to pay attention to: to care for: to keep or observe: to esteem: to consider as important or valuable: to have respect or relation to.--_n._ (_orig._) look, gaze: attention with interest: observation: respect: affection: repute: relation: reference: (_pl._) good wishes.--_adjs._ REGAR'DABLE; REGAR'DANT, looking to: (_her._) looking behind or backward.--_n._ REGAR'DER.--_adj._ REGARD'FUL, full of regard: taking notice: heedful: attentive.--_adv._ REGARD'FULLY.--_n._ REGARD'FULNESS.--_prep._ REGAR'DING, respecting, concerning.--_adj._ REGARD'LESS, without regard: not attending: negligent: heedless.--_adv._ REGARD'LESSLY.--_ns._ REGARD'LESSNESS; REGARD'-RING, a ring set with stones whose initial letters make the word _regard_, as _r_uby, _e_merald, _g_arnet, _a_methyst, _r_uby, _d_iamond.--AS REGARDS, with regard to; IN REGARD OF, in view of; IN THIS REGARD, in this respect. [Fr.
_regarder_--_re-_, again, _garder_, to keep.]
REGATHER, r[=e]-gath'[.e]r, _v.t._ to gather again.
REGATTA, r[=e]-gat'a, _n._ a race of yachts: any rowing or sailing match.
[It. _regatta_, _rigatta_--Old It. _regattare_, to haggle, prob. a form of It. _recatare_, to retail--L. _re-_, again, _capt[=a]re_, to catch.]
REGELATION, r[=e]-j[=e]-l[=a]'shun, _n._ the act of freezing anew.--_v.i._ R[=E]'GEL[=A]TE, to freeze together. [L. _re-_, again, _gel[=a]re_, to freeze.]
REGENCY, r[=e]'jen-si, _n._ the office, jurisdiction, or dominion of a regent: a body entrusted with vicarious government.--_n._ R[=E]'GENCE (_obs._), government.
REGENERATE, r[=e]-jen'[.e]r-[=a]t, _v.t._ to produce anew: (_theol._) to renew the heart and turn it to the love of God.--_adj._ regenerated, renewed: changed from a natural to a spiritual state.--_ns._ REGEN'ER[=A]CY, REGEN'ER[=A]TENESS, state of being _regenerate_.--_n._ REGENER[=A]'TION, act of regenerating: state of being regenerated: (_theol._) new birth, the change from a carnal to a Christian life: the renewal of the world at the second coming of Christ.--_adj._ REGEN'ER[=A]TIVE, pertaining to regeneration: renewal.--_adv._ REGEN'ER[=A]TIVELY.--_n._ REGEN'ER[=A]TOR, a chamber filled with a checker-work of fire-bricks, in which the waste heat is, by reversal of the draught, alternately stored up and given out to the gas and air entering the furnace.--_adj._ REGEN'ER[=A]TORY.--_n._ REGEN'ESIS, the state of being renewed.--BAPTISMAL REGENERATION (see BAPTISE). [L. _regener[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_, to bring forth again--_re-_, again, _gener[=a]re_, to generate.]
REGENT, r[=e]'jent, _adj._ invested with interim or vicarious sovereign authority.--_n._ one invested with interim authority: one who rules for the sovereign: a college professor, as formerly in Scotland and elsewhere: a master or doctor who takes part in the regular duties of instruction and government in some universities.--_ns._ R[=E]'GENT-BIRD, an Australian bird related to the bower-birds; R[=E]'GENTESS; R[=E]'GENTSHIP, office of a regent: deputed authority. [Fr.,--L. _regens_, _-entis_, pr.p. of _reg[)e]re_, to rule.]
REGERMINATE, r[=e]-j[.e]r'min-[=a]t, _v.i._ to germinate or bud again.--_n._ REGERMIN[=A]'TION.
REGEST, r[=e]-jest', _v.t._ (_obs._) to throw back.--_n._ a register.
REGET, r[=e]-get', _v.t._ to get or obtain again.
REGIAN, r[=e]'ji-an, _n._ (_obs._) a royalist.--R[=E]'GIAM MAJEST[=A]'TEM, a collection of ancient laws bearing to have been compiled by order of David I. of Scotland, now generally believed to be a compilation from Glanville's _Tractatus de legibus_.
REGIBLE, rej'i-bl, _adj._ governable.
REGICIDE, rej'i-s[=i]d, _n._ the murderer of a king--applied esp. to the members of the High Court of Justice who sentenced Charles I. to death.--_adj._ REGIC[=I]'DAL. [Fr.,--L. _rex_, _regis_, a king, _caed[)e]re_, to kill.]
REGIFUGIUM, r[=e]-ji-f[=u]'ji-um, _n._ an ancient Roman festival commemorating the expulsion of the Tarquins.
REGILD, r[=e]-gild', _v.t._ to gild again or anew.
ReGIME, r[=a]-zh[=e]m', _n._ mode of ruling one's diet: form of government: administration.--ANCIEN ReGIME, the political system that prevailed in France before the Revolution of 1789. [Fr.,--L. _regimen_--_reg[)e]re_, to rule.]
REGIMEN, rej'i-men, _n._ rule prescribed: orderly government: any regulation for gradual improvement: (_med._) rule of diet, habit with regard to food: (_gram._) the government of one word by another: words governed:--_pl._ REGIM'INA.--_adj._ REGIM'INAL. [L.]
REGIMENT, rej'i-ment, _n._ a body of soldiers constituting the largest permanent unit, commanded by a colonel: rule.--_v.t._ to form into a regiment: to organise.--_adj._ REGIMENT'AL, relating to a regiment.--_n.pl._ the uniform of a regiment.--_n._ REGIMENT[=A]'TION, classification.--REGIMENTAL DISTRICT, the territory allotted to each regiment for recruiting purposes.
REGINA, r[=e]-j[=i]'na, _n._ (_U.S._) the striped water-snake.
REGION, r[=e]'jun, _n._ a portion of land: country: any area or district, with respect to fauna, flora, &c.: (_Shak._) rank, dignity: (_Shak._) the elemental space between the earth and the moon's orbit.--_adj._ R[=E]'GIONAL, topical: local: topographical.--_n._ R[=E]'GIONALISM, sectionalism.--_adv._ R[=E]'GIONALLY.--_n._ REGION[=A]'RIUS, a title given to R.C. ecclesiastics who have jurisdiction over certain districts of Rome.--_adjs._ R[=E]'GIONARY; R[=E]GION'IC. [O. Fr.,--L. _regio_, _regionis_--_reg[)e]re_, to rule.]
REGISTER, rej'is-t[.e]r, _n._ a written record, regularly kept: the book containing the register: that which registers or records: one who registers, as the Scotch 'Lord Clerk Register:' that which regulates, as the damper of a furnace or stove: a stop or range of pipes on the organ, &c.: the compass of a voice or of a musical instrument: (_print._) exact adjustment of position in the presswork of books printed on both sides.--_v.t._ to enter in a register: to record.--_adjs._ REG'ISTERABLE, REG'ISTRABLE, capable of being registered; REG'ISTERED, enrolled, as a registered voter.--_ns._ REG'ISTER-GRATE, a grate with a shutter behind; REG'ISTER-OFF'ICE, a record-office: an employment office; REG'ISTER-PLATE, in rope-making, a disc having holes so arranged as to give the yarns passing through them their proper position for entering into the general twist; REG'ISTRANT, one who registers, esp. a trade-mark or patent; REG'ISTRAR, one who keeps a register or official record; REG'ISTRAR-GEN'ERAL, an officer having the superintendence of the registration of all births, deaths, and marriages; REG'ISTRARSHIP, office of a registrar.--_v.t._ REG'ISTR[=A]TE.--_ns._ REGISTR[=A]'TION, act of registering: in organ-playing, the act of combining stops for the playing of given pieces of music; REG'ISTRY, act of registering: place where a register is kept: facts recorded.--REGISTRATION ACT, a statute of 1885 extending the borough system of registration to county towns; REGISTRATION OF BRITISH SHIPS, a duty imposed on ship-owners in order to secure to their vessels the privileges of British ships; REGISTRATION OF COPYRIGHT, the recording of the title of a book for the purpose of securing the copyright; REGISTRATION OF TRADE-MARKS, the public system of registering such, with a view to secure their exclusive use.--PARISH REGISTER, a book in which the births, deaths, and marriages are inscribed; SHIP'S REGISTER, a document showing the ownership of a vessel. [O. Fr. _registre_--Low L. _registrum_, for L. _regestum_, pl. _regesta_--_re-_, back, _ger[)e]re_, to carry.]
REGIUS, r[=e]'ji-us, _adj._ appointed by the Crown, as R[=E]'GIUS PROFESS'OR, one whose chair was founded by Henry VIII.; in Scotland, any professor whose chair was founded by the Crown.--R[=E]'GIUM D[=O]'NUM, an annual grant of public money to Presbyterian and other nonconformist ministers in England, Scotland, and esp. Ireland, where it only ceased in 1871.
REGIVE, r[=e]-giv', _v.t._ to restore.
REGLEMENT, reg'l-ment, _n._ (_Bacon_) regulation.--_adj._ REGLEMEN'TARY.
REGLET, reg'let, _n._ a flat, narrow moulding, used to separate panels, &c.: a fillet: (_print._) a ledge of wood thicker than a lead, and used for a like purpose.--_n._ REG'LET-PLANE, a plane for making printers' reglets.
[Fr., dim. of _regle_--L. _regula_, a rule.]
REGLOW, r[=e]-gl[=o]', _v.i._ to recalesce.--_n._ recalescence.
REGMA, reg'ma, _n._ (_bot._) a capsule with two or more lobes, each of which dehisces at maturity:--_pl._ REG'MATA. [Gr. _rh[=e]gma_, a fracture.]
REGMACARP, reg'ma-karp, _n._ any dehiscent fruit.
REGNAL, reg'nal, _adj._ pertaining to the reign of a monarch.--_n._ REG'NANCY, condition of being regnant: reign: predominance.--_adj._ REG'NANT, reigning or ruling: predominant: exercising regal authority.--_ns._ REG'NICIDE, the destroyer of a kingdom; REG'NUM, a badge of royalty, esp. the early form of the pope's tiara.--REGNAL YEAR, the year of a sovereign's reign. [L. _regnans_, _regnantis_, pr.p. of _regn[=a]re_, _reg[)e]re_, to rule.]
REGORGE, r[=e]-gorj', _v.t._ to swallow again: (_Milt._) to swallow eagerly: to vomit, to throw back.
REGRADE, r[=e]-gr[=a]d, _v.i._ (_obs._) to retire.
REGRAFT, r[=e]-graft', _v.t._ to graft again.
REGRANT, r[=e]-grant', _v.t._ to grant back.--_n._ a fresh grant.