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REED, r[=e]d, _v.t._ and _v.i._ (_Spens._) to deem.


REED, r[=e]d, _n._ the common English name of certain tall grasses, growing in moist or marshy places, and having a very hard or almost woody culm: a musical pipe anciently made of a reed: the sounding part of several musical instruments, as the clarinet, bassoon, oboe, and bagpipe: the speaking part of the organ, though made of metal: the appliance in weaving for separating the threads of the warp, and for beating the weft up to the web: a tube containing the powder-train leading to the blast-hole: a piece of whalebone, &c., for stiffening the skirt or waist of a woman's dress: (_poet._) a missile weapon: reeds or straw for thatch: a measuring reed.--_v.t._ to thatch.--_ns._ REED'-BAND, a musical band including clarinets and other reed-instruments; REED'-BIRD, the bobolink; REED'-BUNT'ING, the black-headed bunting of Europe.--_adjs._ REED'ED, covered with reeds: formed with reed-like ridges or channels; REED'EN, consisting of a reed or reeds.--_ns._ REED'ER, a thatcher; REED'-GRASS, any one of the grasses called reeds; REED'INESS, the state of being reedy; REED'ING, the milling on the edge of a coin: (_archit._) ornamental beaded mouldings, &c.; REED'-IN'STRUMENT, a musical instrument, the tone of which is produced by the vibration of a reed; REED'-KNIFE, a metal implement for adjusting the tuning wires in a pipe-organ; REED'LING, the European bearded titmouse; REED'-MACE, any plant of the genus _Typha_, esp. either of two species, also called _Cat's tail_, the most common of which grows to a height of five or six feet, and is sometimes called _Bulrush_; REED'-M[=O]'TION, the mechanism which in power-looms moves the batten; REED'-OR'GAN, a key-board musical instrument of which the harmonium and the American organ are the principal types; REED'-PHEAS'ANT, the bearded titmouse or reedling; REED'-PIPE, in organ-building, a pipe whose tone is produced by the vibration of a reed: REED'-PLANE, a concave-soled plane used in making beads; REED'-STOP, a set of reed-pipes in organs, the use of which is controlled by a single stop-knob; REED'-WAR'BLER, a species of the warblers, frequenting marshy places, and building its nest on the reeds which grow there--also REED'-THRUSH; REED'-WREN, the greater reed-warbler: an American wren.--_adj._ REED'Y, abounding with reeds: resembling or sounding as a reed--_n._ masses of rods of iron imperfectly welded together. [A.S. _hreod_; Dut. _riet_, Ger. _ried_.]

RE-EDIFY, r[=e]-ed'i-f[=i], _v.t._ to rebuild.--_n._ RE-EDIFIC[=A]'TION, the act of rebuilding: the state of being rebuilt.

REEF, r[=e]f, _n._ a chain of rocks lying at or near the surface of the water: a shoal or elevated bank: a lode, vein, or ledge, in Australian mining phraseology. [Dut. _rif_; Ice. _rif_.]


REEF, r[=e]f, _n._ a portion of a sail rolled or folded up.--_v.t._ to reduce the exposed surface of, as a sail: to gather up any material in a similar way.--_ns._ REEF'-BAND, a strong strip of canvas extending across a sail to strengthen it; REEF'ER, a reef-oyster: one who reefs: a short jacket worn by sailors: a midshipman; REEF'-GOOSE, the common wild goose of North America; REEF'ING, the gathering up of a curtain in short festoons; REEF'ING-JACK'ET, a pea-jacket; REEF'-KNOT, a square knot; REEF'-LINE, a temporary means of spilling a sail; REEF'-PEND'ANT, in fore and aft sails, a rope through a sheave-hole in the boom; REEF'-SQUID, a lashing used aboard the luggers on the south coast of England; REEF'-TACK'LE, a tackle used to facilitate reefing.--_adjs._ REEF'Y, full of reefs; CLOSE'-REEFED, the condition of a sail when all its reefs have been taken in. [Dut.

_reef_, reef; Ice. _rif_, Dan. _reb_.]

REEF, r[=e]f, _adj._ (_Scot._) scabby.--_n._ the itch. [A.S. _hreof_, scabby.]

REEK, r[=e]k, _n._ smoke: vapour.--_v.i._ to emit smoke or vapour: to steam.--_adj._ REEK'Y, full of reek: smoky: soiled with steam or smoke: foul. [A.S. _rec_; Ice. _reykr_, Ger. _rauch_, Dut. _rook_, smoke.]

REEL, r[=e]l, _n._ a lively Scottish dance for two couples or more, its music generally written in common time of four crotchets in a measure, but sometimes in jig time of six quavers: music for such a dance.--_v.i._ to dance a reel. [Gael. _righil_.]

REEL, r[=e]l, _n._ a rolling or turning frame for winding yarn, &c.--_v.t._ to wind on a reel.--_adj._ REEL'ABLE, capable of being reeled.--_ns._ REEL'-CLICK, an attachment to an angler's reel, which checks the line from running out too freely; REEL'-COTT'ON, sewing cotton thread wound on reels or spools; REEL'ER, one who reels: the grasshopper-warbler; REEL'-HOLD'ER, a rotatory frame to hold spools or reels of thread used in sewing: one of the watch in a man-of-war who hauls in the line when the log is heaved to ascertain the ship's speed; REEL'ING-MACHINE', a machine for winding thread on spools or reels: a machine which winds into hanks the cotton yarn received from the bobbins of the spinning-frames; REEL'-LINE, a fishing-line used on a reel by anglers, esp. the part _reeled_, as distinguished from that _cast;_ REEL'-PLATE, the metal plate of a fishing-reel that fits into the reel-seat; REEL'-SEAT, the groove on an angler's rod which receives the reel.--REEL OFF, to give out with rapidity or fluency. [A.S. _reol_, _hreol_.]

REEL, r[=e]l, _v.i._ to stagger: to vacillate.--_n._ giddiness.--_adv._ REEL'-RALL (_Scot._), topsy-turvy. [Conn. with preceding word.]

RE-ELECT, r[=e]-[=e]-lekt', _v.t._ to elect again.--_n._ RE-ELEC'TION.

RE-ELEVATE, r[=e]-el'e-v[=a]t, _v.t._ to elevate again or anew.

RE-ELIGIBLE, r[=e]-el'i-ji-bl, _adj._ capable of re-election.--_n._ RE-ELIGIBIL'ITY.

REEM, r[=e]m, _n._ an animal mentioned in Job, xxxix. 9--unicorn, wild ox, or ox-antelope.

RE-EMBARK, r[=e]-em-bark', _v.t._ to embark or put on board again.--_n._ RE-EMBARK[=A]'TION.

RE-EMBATTLE, r[=e]-em-bat'l, _v.t._ (_Milt._) to range again in order of battle.

RE-EMBODY, r[=e]-em-bod'i, _v.t._ to embody again.

RE-EMBRACE, r[=e]-em-br[=a]s', _v.t._ or _v.i._ to embrace again.

RE-EMERGE, r[=e]-[=e]-m[.e]rj', _v.i._ to emerge again.--_n._ RE-EMERG'ENCE, the act of emerging again.

REEMING, r[=e]m'ing, _n._ the act of opening the seams between the planks of a vessel with a caulking-iron, in order to admit the oakum.

RE-ENACT, r[=e]-en-akt', _v.t._ to enact again.--_n._ RE-ENACT'MENT.

RE-ENCOURAGEMENT, r[=e]-en-kur'[=a]j-ment, _n._ renewed or repeated encouragement.

RE-ENDOW, r[=e]-en-dow', _v.t._ to endow again or anew.


RE-ENGAGE, r[=e]-en-g[=a]j', _v.t._ and _v.i._ to engage again or a second time.--_n._ RE-ENGAGE'MENT, a renewed or repeated engagement.

RE-ENGENDER, r[=e]-en-jen'd[.e]r, _v.t._ to regenerate.

RE-ENGRAVE, r[=e]-en-gr[=a]v', _v.t._ to engrave again or anew.

RE-ENJOY, r[=e]-en-joi', _v.t._ to enjoy anew or a second time.

RE-ENLIST, r[=e]-en-list, _v.t._ or _v.i._ to enlist again.

RE-ENTER, r[=e]-en't[.e]r, _v.t._ and _v.i._ to enter again or anew: in engraving, to cut deeper where the aqua fortis has not bitten sufficiently.--_p.adj._ RE-EN'TERING, entering again: turning inwards.--_n._ RE-EN'TRANCE, the act of entering again.--_adj._ RE-EN'TRANT (same as RE-ENTERING).--_n._ RE-EN'TRY, an entering again: the resuming a possession lately lost.--RE-ENTERING ANGLE, an angle pointing inwards.

RE-ENTHRONE, r[=e]-en-thr[=o]n', _v.t._ to restore to the throne.--_n._ RE-ENTHRONE'MENT.

RE-ERECT, r[=e]-e-rekt', _v.t._ to erect again.


REESK, r[=e]sk, _n._ (_Scot._) rank grass, or waste land growing such.

REEST, REIST, r[=e]st, _v.i._ (_Scot._) of a horse, suddenly to refuse to move, to baulk.--_v.t._ to arrest, stop.

RE-ESTABLISH, r[=e]-es-tab'lish, _v.t._ to establish again: to restore.--_ns._ RE-ESTAB'LISHER, one who re-establishes; RE-ESTAB'LISHMENT.

RE-ESTATE, r[=e]-es-t[=a]t', _v.t._ to re-establish.

REEVE, r[=e]v, _n._ a steward or other officer (now used only in composition, as in _sheriff_)--a title applied to several classes of old English magistrates over various territorial areas, as _borough-reeves_, over boroughs; _port-reeves_, in trading towns, in ports; _high-reeves_, &c. [M. E. _reve_--A.S. _gerefa_--_rof_, excellent. Cf. Ger. _graf_.]

REEVE, r[=e]v, _v.t._ to pass the end of a rope through any hole, as the channel of a block:--_pa.t._ and _pa.p._ reeved, also rove (_naut._).

[_Reef_ (2).]

RE-EXAMINE, r[=e]-eg-zam'in, _v.t._ to examine again or anew.--_n._ RE-EXAMIN[=A]'TION, a renewed or repeated examination.

RE-EXCHANGE, r[=e]-eks-ch[=a]nj', _v.t._ to exchange again or anew.--_n._ a renewed exchange.

RE-EXHIBIT, r[=e]-eg-zib'it, _v.t._ to exhibit again.

RE-EXPEL, r[=e]-eks-pel', _v.t._ to expel again.

RE-EXPORT, r[=e]-eks-p[=o]rt', _v.t._ to export again, as what has been imported.--_n._ RE-EXPORT[=A]'TION, the act of exporting what has first been imported.

REFACTION, r[=e]-fak'shun, _n._ (_obs._) _retribution_.

REFAIT, re-f[=a]', _n._ a drawn game, esp. in _rouge-et-noir_.

REFASHION, r[=e]-fash'un, _v.t._ to fashion or mould again.--_n._ REFASH'IONMENT.

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