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READ, r[=e]d, _v.t._ to utter aloud written or printed words: to peruse: to comprehend: to study, as to read law, science: to teach: to make out, from signs: to solve, as to read a dream: to interpret: to understand, as reading the stars: to note the indication of, as to read a barometer: impute by inference, as to read a meaning into a book.--_v.i._ to perform the act of reading: to practise much reading: to appear on reading: to advise: to speak: to acquire information: to utter the words of a book: (_mus._) to render music at first sight: to put a certain expression upon it: to be suitable for perusal:--_pa.t._ and _pa.p._ read (red).--_n._ READ, a reading, perusal: (_Spens._) counsel, a saying, an interpretation.--_adj_ READ (red), versed in books: learned.--_ns._ READABIL'ITY, READ'ABLENESS.--_adj_ READABLE (r[=e]d'a-bl), that may be read: worth reading: interesting: enabling to read.--_adv._ READ'ABLY.--_ns._ READ'ER, one who reads: one whose office it is to read prayers in a church, or lectures in a university, &c.: one who reads or corrects proofs: one who reads much: a reading-book; READ'ERSHIP, the office of a reader.--_adj._ READ'ING, addicted to reading.--_n._ act of reading: perusal: study of books: public or formal recital: the way in which a passage reads: an interpretation of a passage or work: a version: noting an instrument, as the reading of a barometer.--_ns._ READ'ING-BOOK, a book of exercises in reading; READ'ING-BOY (_print._), a reader's assistant; READ'ING-DESK, a desk for holding a book or paper while it is read: a church-lectern; READ'ING-LAMP, a form of lamp for use in reading; READ'ING-ROOM, a room with papers, periodicals, &c., resorted to for reading.--READ BETWEEN THE LINES, to detect a meaning not expressed; READ ONE'S SELF IN, in the Church of England, to read the Thirty-nine Articles and repeat the declaration of assent prescribed by law to a new incumbent.--PENNY READING, an entertainment consisting of readings, &c., to which the admission is a penny. [A.S. _r['ae]dan_, to discern, read--_r['ae]d_, counsel; Ger. _rathen_, to advise.]

READDRESS, r[=e]-ad-dres', _v.t._ to address again.

READEPTION, r[=e]-a-dep'shun, _n._ (_Bacon_) the act of regaining, recovery.--_v.t._ READEPT'. [L. _re-_, again, _adipisci_, _adeptus_, to obtain.]

READJOURN, r[=e]-ad-jurn', _v.t._ to adjourn again.--_n._ READJOURN'MENT.

READJUST, r[=e]-ad-just', _v.t._ to adjust or put in order again, or in a new way.--_n._ READJUST'MENT.

READMIT, r[=e]-ad-mit', _v.t._ to admit again.--_ns._ READMIS'SION, act of readmitting: state of being readmitted; READMIT'TANCE, admittance or allowance to enter again.

READORN, r[=e]-a-dorn', _v.t._ to decorate again.

READY, red'i, _adj._ prepared at the moment: in proper time: prepared in mind: willing: not slow or awkward: dexterous: prompt: quick: present in hand: at hand: near: easy: on the point of: opportune: off-hand, as a ready retort.--_n._ a waiter's answer to a call: the position of a soldier's weapon after the order 'Make ready!' (_slang_) ready-money.--_v.t._ to dispose: to arrange.--_adv._ in a state of readiness or preparation.--_adv._ READ'ILY.--_n._ READ'INESS.--_adj._ READ'Y-MADE, made and ready for use: not made to order.--_ns._ READ'Y-MON'EY, cash payment; READ'Y-POLE, a bar across the chimney to support the pot-hook; READ'Y-RECK'ONER, a book of tables giving the value of any number of things from the lowest monetary unit upwards: also the interest on any sum of money from a day upwards.--_adj._ READ'Y-WIT'TED, having ready wit: clever: sharp.--MAKE READY, to prepare. [A.S. _r['ae]de_--_ridan_, to ride; Scot.

_red_, to put in order, Ger. _be-reit_, ready.]

REAFFIRM, re-af-f[.e]rm', _v.t._ to affirm again.--_n._ REAFFIRM[=A]'TION.

REAFFOREST, r[=e]-af-for'est, _v.t._ to convert anew into a forest.--_n._ REAFFOREST[=A]'TION.

REAGENT, r[=e]-[=a]'jent, _n._ a substance that reacts on and detects the presence of other bodies: a test: one who exerts reflex influence.--_n._ RE[=A]'GENCY.

REAGGRAVATION, r[=e]-ag-rav-[=a]'shun, _n._ the last monitory before the excommunication.

REAGREE, r[=e]-a-gr[=e]', _v.i._ to become reconciled.

REAK, r[=e]k, _n._ (_obs._) a freak: a prank.

REAL, r[=e]'al, _adj._ actually existing: not counterfeit or assumed: true: genuine: sincere: authentic: (_law_) pertaining to things fixed, as lands or houses.--_adj._ R[=E]'ALISABLE, that may be realised.--_n._ REALIS[=A]'TION, act of realising or state of being realised: a realising sense or feeling.--_v.t._ R[=E]'ALISE, to make real: to bring into being or act: to accomplish: to convert into real property or money: to obtain, as a possession: to feel strongly: to comprehend completely: to bring home to one's own experience.--_n._ R[=E]'ALISER, one who realises.--_p.adj._ R[=E]'ALISING, serving to make real or bring home to one as a reality: conversion of property into money.--_ns._ R[=E]'ALISM, the medieval doctrine that general terms stand for real existences--opp. to _Nominalism_: the doctrine that in external perception the objects immediately known are real existences: the tendency in art to accept and to represent things as they really are--opp. to _Idealism_--a method of representation without idealisation, raised by modern French writers into a system, claiming a monopoly of truth in its artistic treatment of the facts of nature and life; R[=E]'ALIST, one who holds the doctrine of realism: one who believes in the existence of the external world.--_adj._ R[=E]ALIST'IC, pertaining to the realists or to realism: life-like.--_adv._ R[=E]ALIST'ICALLY.--_n._ R[=E]AL'ITY, that which is real and not imaginary: truth: verity: (_law_) the fixed, permanent nature of real property.--_adv._ R[=E]'ALLY, in reality: actually: in truth.--_ns._ R[=E]'ALNESS, the condition of being real; R[=E]'ALTY, land, with houses, trees, minerals, &c. thereon: the ownership of, or property in, lands--also REAL ESTATE.--REAL PRESENCE (see PRESENCE); REAL SCHOOL, a modern German preparatory, scientific, or technical school--the highest grade being the REAL GYMNASIUM, or first-class modern school, as opp. to the _gymnasium_ proper, or classical school. [Low L. _realis_--L. _res_, a thing.]

REAL, r[=e]-al', _n._ a Spanish coin, 100 of which=1 sterling. [Sp.,--L.

_regalis_, royal.]

REALGAR, r[=e]-al'gar, _n._ a native sulphuret of arsenic, a mineral consisting of about 70 parts of arsenic and 30 of sulphur, and of a brilliant red colour. [Fr.,--Ar. _rahj-al-ghar_, 'powder of the mine.']

REALLEGE, r[=e]-al-lej', _v.t._ to allege again.

REALLY, r[=e]-a-l[=i]', _v.t._ (_Spens._) to bring together again: to reform.--_v.t._ to arrange again.--_n._ REALL[=I]'ANCE, a renewed alliance.

REALM, relm, _n._ a regal or royal jurisdiction: kingdom: province: country: dominion. [O. Fr. _realme_--Low L. _regalimen_--L. _regalis_, royal.]

REALTY, r[=e]'al-ti, _n._ fealty: royalty (see also REAL, 1).

REAM, r[=e]m, _n._ a quantity of paper consisting of 20 quires of 24 sheets. [O. Fr. _raime_ (Fr. _rame_)--Sp. _resma_--Ar. _rizma_ (pl.

_rizam_), a bundle.]

REAM, r[=e]m, _v.i._ (_prov._) to cream: to froth.--_n._ REAM'INESS.--_adj._ REAM'Y.

REAM, r[=e]m, _v.t._ to stretch: to enlarge by a rotatory cutter.--_ns._ REAM'ER; REAM'ING-BIT.

REAME, r[=e]m, _n._ (_Spens._) a realm.

REAN, r[=e]n, _n._ a gutter. [_Run._]

REANIMATE, r[=e]-an'i-m[=a]t, _v.t._ to restore to life: to infuse new life or spirit into: to revive.--_n._ REANIM[=A]'TION.

REANNEX, r[=e]-an-neks', _v.t._ to annex again, to reunite.--_n._ REANNEX[=A]'TION.

REANOINT, r[=e]-an-oint', _v.t._ to anoint anew.

REANSWER, r[=e]-an's[.e]r, _v.t._ and _v.i._ (_Shak._) to answer back, to react.

REAP, r[=e]p, _v.t._ to cut down, as grain: to clear off a crop: to gather by effort: to receive as a reward: to obtain a harvest.--_ns._ REAP'ER, REAP'MAN; REAP'ING-HOOK, a hook-shaped instrument, with a handle, for cutting grain: a sickle; REAP'ING-MACHINE', a machine for cutting grain, drawn by horses, &c.; REAP'-SIL'VER, money paid by feudal tenants as a commutation for their services in reaping the crops. [A.S. _ripan_, to pluck; Goth. _raupjan_, Ger. _raufen_.]

REAPPAREL, r[=e]-ap-par'el, _v.t._ to clothe again.

REAPPEAR, r[=e]-ap-p[=e]r', _v.i._ to appear again or a second time.--_n._ REAPPEAR'ANCE, a second appearance.

REAPPLY, r[=e]-ap-pl[=i]', _v.t._ and _v.i._ to apply again.--_n._ REAPPLIC[=A]'TION.

REAPPOINT, r[=e]-ap-point', _v.t._ to appoint again.--_n._ REAPPOINT'MENT.

REAPPORTION, r[=e]-ap-p[=o]r'shun, _v.t._ to apportion again.--_n._ REAPPOR'TIONMENT.

REAPPROACH, r[=e]-ap-pr[=o]ch', _v.t._ and _v.i._ to approach again.

REAR, r[=e]r, _n._ the back or hindmost part: the last part of an army or fleet.--_ns._ REAR'-AD'MIRAL, an officer of the third rank, who commands the rear division of a fleet; REAR'DORSE, an open fireplace, without a chimney, against the rear wall of a room; REAR'-FRONT, the rear-rank of a body of troops when faced about; REAR'-GUARD, troops which protect the rear of an army; REAR'HORSE, an insect of the family _Mantidae_; REAR'ING-BIT, a bit to prevent a horse from lifting his head when rearing; REAR'ING-BOX, in fish-culture, a fish-breeder; REAR'-LINE, the last rank of a battalion, &c., drawn up in open order; REAR'MOST, last of all; REAR'-RANK, the hindermost rank of a body of troops; REAR'WARD, RERE'WARD, (_B._), the rear-guard, the part which comes last. [O. Fr. _riere_--L. _retro_, behind.]

REAR, r[=e]r, _v.t._ to bring up to maturity: to educate: to erect: (_Milt._) to lift upward, as steps: (_Spens._) to carry off by force: to stir up.--_v.i._ to rise on the hind-legs, as a horse.--_n._ REAR'ER, one who rears or raises: in coal-mines, a seam having an inclination of more than 30. [A.S. _r['ae]ran_, to raise, the causal of _risan_, to rise.]

REAR, r[=e]r, _adj._ early: underdone.--_adjs._ REAR'-BOILED; REAR'-ROAST'ED. [_Rare._]

REARGUE, r[=e]-ar'g[=u], _v.t._ to argue over again.--_n._ REAR'GUMENT.


REARRANGE, r[=e]-ar-r[=a]nj', _v.t._ to arrange anew.--_n._ REARRANGE'MENT.

REASCEND, r[=e]-as-send', _v.t._ and _v.i._ to ascend, mount, or climb again.--_ns._ REASCEN'SION, REASCENT'.

REASON, r[=e]'zn, _n._ an idea which supports or justifies an act or belief: a motive: proof: excuse: cause: an explanation: the faculty of the mind by which man draws conclusions, and determines right and truth: the exercise of reason: just view of things: right conduct: propriety: justice: that which is conformable to reason: (_logic_) a premise placed after its conclusion.--_v.i._ to exercise the faculty of reason: to deduce inferences from premises: to argue: to debate: (_B._) to converse.--_v.t._ to examine or discuss: to debate: to persuade by reasoning.--_adj._ REA'SONABLE, endowed with reason: rational: acting according to reason: agreeable to reason: just: not excessive: moderate.--_n._ REA'SONABLENESS.--_adv._ REA'SONABLY.--_ns._ REA'SONER; REA'SONING, act of reasoning: that which is offered in argument: course of argument.--_adj._ REA'SONLESS.--_n._ REA'SON-PIECE, a wall plate.--BY REASON OF, on account of: in consequence of; PRINCIPLE OF SUFFICIENT REASON, the proposition that nothing happens without a sufficient reason why it should be as it is and not otherwise; PURE REASON, reason absolutely independent of experience. [Fr. _raison_--L.

_ratio_, _rationis_--_r[=e]ri_, _ratus_, to think.]

REASSEMBLE, r[=e]-as-sem'bl, _v.t._ and _v.i._ to assemble or collect again.--_n._ REASSEM'BLAGE.

REASSERT, r[=e]-as-sert', _v.t._ to assert again.--_n._ REASSER'TION.

REASSESS, r[=e]-as-ses', _v.t._ to assess again.--_n._ REASSESS'MENT.

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