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QUID PRO QUO, kwid pr[=o] kw[=o], _n._ something given or taken as equivalent to something else. [L., 'something for something.']

QUIEN SABE, kien sa'be, who knows? a common reply to a question in the south-western United States, meaning 'I do not know.' [Sp. _quien_, who--L.

_quis_, who; _sabe_, 3d pers. sing. pres. indic. of _saber_, to know--L.

_sap[)e]re_, to have sense.]

QUIESCENT, kw[=i]-es'ent, _adj._ being quiet, resting: not sounded, as a _quiescent_ letter: still: unagitated: silent.--_v.i._ QUIESCE', to become quiet: to become silent in pronunciation, as a letter.--_ns._ QUIES'CENCE, QUIES'CENCY, state of being at rest: rest of mind: silence: torpor.--_adv._ QUIES'CENTLY. [L. _quiescens_, _-entis_, pr.p. of _quiesc[)e]re_, to rest.]

QUIET, kw[=i]'et, _adj._ at rest: calm: smooth: peaceable: gentle, inoffensive: silent, still: free from gaudiness, in good taste: free from bustle or formality.--_n._ the state of being at rest: repose: calm: stillness: peace.--_v.t._ to bring to rest: to stop motion: to calm or pacify: to lull: to allay.--_v.i._ to become quiet, to abate.--_n._ QU[=I]'ET[=A]GE (_Spens._), quiet.--_v.t._ QU[=I]'ETEN, to make quiet, calm.--_v.i._ to become quiet.--_n._ QU[=I]'ETER (_Shak._), a person or thing that quiets.--_v.t._ QU[=I]'ETISE, to make quiet.--_ns._ QU[=I]'ETISM, rest of the mind: mental tranquillity: apathy: the doctrine that religious perfection on earth consists in passive and uninterrupted contemplation of the Deity; QU[=I]'ETIST, one who believes in this doctrine (Molinos, Mme. Guyon, &c.).--_adj._ QUIETIST'IC, pertaining to quietism.--_n._ QU[=I]'ETIVE, anything that induces quiet.--_adv._ QU[=I]'ETLY, in a quiet manner: without motion or alarm: calmly: silently: patiently.--_ns._ QU[=I]'ETNESS, QU[=I]'ETUDE, rest: repose: freedom from agitation or alarm: stillness: peace: silence.--_adj._ QU[=I]'ETSOME (_Spens._), calm, still, undisturbed.--_n._ QUI[=E]'TUS, a final settlement or discharge: ending generally: (_slang_) a severe blow.--AT QUIET (_B._), peaceful; IN QUIET, quietly; ON THE QUIET, clandestinely; OUT OF QUIET, disturbed. [L. _quietus_--_quisc[)e]re_, to rest.]

QUIGHT, kw[=i]t, _adv._ a misspelt form of _quite_.

QUI-HI, -HYE, kw[=i]'h[=i]', _n._ in Bengal, the Anglo-Indian call for a servant: (_coll._) an Anglo-Indian in Bengal. [Hind. _ko[=i] hai_, 'who is there?']

QUILL, kwil, _n._ a fold of a plaited or fluted ruff.--_v.t._ to flute: form with rounded ridges.--_adj._ QUILLED, crimped, fluted.--_n._ QUILL'ING, a narrow bordering of plaited lace or ribbon. [Fr. _quille_, a keel.]

QUILL, kwil, _n._ a reed-pen: the feather of a goose or other bird used as a pen, hence a pen generally: the profession of letters: anything like a quill: the hollow basal stem of a feather: one of the large hollow sharp spines (modified hairs) of the hedgehog, porcupine, &c.: the reed on which weavers wind their thread: the instrument for striking the strings of certain instruments: the tube of a musical instrument: the hollow shaft or mandril of the seal-engraver's lathe: a train for igniting a blast: bark in a cylindrical roll.--_v.t._ to plait with small ridges like quills: to wind on a quill: to pluck out quills from.--_ns._ QUILL'-DRIV'ER (_slang_), one who works with a quill or pen, a clerk; QUILL'-DRIV'ING, writing.--_adj._ QUILLED, furnished with quills, or formed into a quill.--_ns._ QUILL'-NIB, a quill-pen shortened for use with a holder; QUILL'-TURN, the machine in which a weaver's quill is turned; QUILL'-WORK, embroidery with porcupine quills, done by the North American Indians; QUILL'-WORT, any plant of the genus Isoetes, esp. _Isoetes lacustris_.--IN THE QUILL (_Shak._), perhaps=penned, though others interpret 'in form and order like a quilled ruff.' [Explained by Skeat as orig. a stalk, hence anything pointed, O. Fr.

_quille_, a peg--Old High Ger. _kegil_ or _chegil_ (Ger. _kegel_), a cone-shaped object, ninepin.]

QUILLET, kwil'et, _n._ a trick in argument: a petty quibble. [L.

_quidlibet_, 'what you will.']

QUILLET, kwil'et, _n._ (_prov._) a furrow: a small croft.

QUILLON, k[=e]-lyong', _n._ one of the branches of the cross-guard of a sword.

QUILT, kwilt, _n._ a bed-cover of two cloths sewed together with something soft between them: a thick coverlet.--_v.t._ to make into a quilt: to stitch together with something soft between, to stitch in: to sew like a quilt.--_adj._ QUILT'ED, stitched together as a quilt: (_Spens._) padded.--_ns._ QUILT'ER, a person or machine for making quilting; QUILT'ING, the act of making a quilt: that which is quilted: a cotton or linen cloth, like diaper, with raised pattern, for vests, &c.: a kind of coating formed of sinnet, strands of rope, &c., outside any vessel containing water: a thrashing with a rope's end; QUILT'ING-BEE, in New England, a gathering of women to help one in quilting a counterpane, followed by a supper to which men are admitted; QUILT'ING-COTT'ON, cotton-wadding; QUILT'ING-FRAME, an adjustable frame for holding a fabric for quilting. [O. Fr. _cuilte_ (Fr. _couette_)--L. _culcita_, a cushion.]

QUIN, kwin, _n._ (_prov._) a kind of scallop.

QUINARIAN, kw[=i]-n[=a]'ri-an, _adj._ classified in sets of five: (_zool._) relating to the circular or so-called natural system of classification, propounded in 1819 and much elaborated by Swainson in 1835--also QU[=I]'NARY.--_n._ one who supports this theory. [L. _quinarius_--_quini_, five each--_quinque_, five.]

QUINATE, kw[=i]'n[=a]t, _adj._ (_bot._) having five leaflets on a petiole.

[L. _quini_, five each.]

QUINCE, kwins, _n._ the golden, globose or pear-shaped, fragrant fruit of a large shrub or small tree (_Pyrus Cydonia_) of the rose family, too austere to be eaten raw, but excellent for jellies, marmalade, and flavouring other fruits. [Pl. of _quine_--O. Fr. _coin_ (Fr. _coing_)--L. _cydonium_--Gr.

_Cyd[=o]nia_, in Crete.]

QUINCENTENARY, kwin-sen'te-n[=a]-ri, _adj._ relating to five hundred, especially five hundred years.--_n._ a five hundredth anniversary.

QUINCH, kwinsh, _v.t._ (_Spens._). Same as QUITCH, _v.t._


QUINCUNX, kwin'kungks, _n._ an arrangement of five things, so as to occupy each corner and the centre of a square, esp. of trees or plants.--_adj._ QUINCUN'CIAL.--_adv._ QUINCUN'CIALLY. [L. _quinque_, five, _uncia_, a twelfth part, an ounce.]

QUINDECEMVIR, kwin-d[=e]-sem'vir, _n._ one of a college of fifteen men in ancient Rome who had the charge of the Sibylline books:--_pl._ QUINDECEM'VIRI.--_ns._ QUINDEC'AGON, a plane figure with fifteen sides and angles; QUINDECEM'VIRATE, the body of the quindecemviri or their office; QUINDEC'IMA (_mus._), the interval of a fifteenth, or double-octave.

[L.,--_quindecim_, fifteen (_quinque_, five, _decem_, ten), _vir_, a man.]

QUINIBLE, kwin'i-bl, _n._ (_mus._) an interval of a fifth: a descant sung at the fifth. [L. _quinque_, five.]

QUININE, kwin'[=e]n, ki-n[=e]n', or kw[=i]'n[=i]n, _n._ a colourless, inodorous, and very bitter alkaloid, obtained from the bark of the Cinchona tree, its salts used for agues and fevers.--_ns._ QU[=I]'NA, the bark of various species of Cinchona; QUINAM'INE, a natural white crystalline alkaloid obtained from various Cinchona barks; QUINAQU[=I]'NA, the bark of various species of Cinchona.--_adj._ QUIN'IC, pertaining to, or derived from, quinine.--_ns._ QUIN'IDINE, a white crystalline compound, isomeric with quinine, found in some Cinchona barks; QUINOL'OGY, the knowledge of quinine and other Cinchona alkaloids. [Fr.,--Sp. and Port.

_quinina_--Peruv. _quina_, _kina_, bark.]

QUINISEXT, kwin'i-sekst, _adj._ pertaining to five and six, or to the fifth and sixth.

QUINNAT, kwin'at, _n._ the king-salmon.

QUINOA, k[=e]'no-a, _n._ a Chilian and Mexican food-plant, resembling some British species of chenopodium, cultivated for its farinaceous seeds.


QUINOLINE, kwin'[=o]-lin, _n._ a pungent, colourless liquid obtained by the distillation of bones, coal-tar, and various alkaloids--the base of many organic bodies, isomeric with Leucol.--Also CHIN'OLINE. [Peruv. _quina_, _kina_, bark.]

QUINONE, kwin'[=o]n, _n._ or _Benzoquinone_, a golden-yellow crystalline compound usually prepared by oxidising aniline with potassium bichromate and sulphuric acid: a general name applied to all benzene derivatives in which two oxygen atoms replace two hydrogen atoms.--Also KINONE (k[=e]'n[=o]n), as _Kinic_--_Quinic_.

QUINQUAGESIMA, kwin-kwa-jes'i-ma, _n._ a period of fifty days.--_n._ QUINQUAGEN[=A]'RIAN, one who is between fifty and sixty years old.--QUINQUAGESIMA SUNDAY, the Sunday before Ash Wednesday, being the fiftieth day before Easter. [L. _quinquaginta_, fifty--_quinque_, five.]

QUINQUANGULAR, kwin-kwang'g[=u]-lar, _adj._ having five angles.--_adjs._ QUINQUARTIC'ULAR, of five articles; QUINQUECAP'SULAR, having five capsules; QUINQUECOS'T[=A]TE, -D having five ribs; QUINQUEDEN'TATE, -D (_bot._), five-toothed; QUINQUEF[=A]'RIOUS, disposed in five sets or rows; QUIN'QUEFID, cleft into five segments; QUINQUEF[=O]'LIATE, -D (_bot._), having five leaves or leaflets; QUINQUELIT'ERAL, consisting of five letters; QUINQUEL[=O]'BATE, having five lobes; QUINQUELOC'ULAR, having five loculi; QUINQUEPaR'TITE, five-parted; QUINQUESEP'TATE, having five septa; QUINQUES[=E]'RIAL, arranged in five series; QUINQUESYLLAB'IC, having five syllables; QUINQUEV'ALENT, having an equivalence of five; QUIN'QUEVALVE, QUINQUEVAL'VULAR, having five valves.

QUINQUENNIAD, kwin-kwen'i-ad, _n._ a period of five years--also QUINQUENN'IUM.--_adj._ QUINQUENN'IAL, occurring once in five years: lasting five years.--_n._ a fifth anniversary or its celebration.

QUINQUEREME, kwin'kwe-r[=e]m, _n._ an ancient galley having five banks of oars. [L.,--_quinque_, five, _remus_, an oar.]

QUINQUINA, kin-k[=i]'na, _n._ quinaquina. [_Quinine_.]

QUINQUINO, kin'ki-n[=o], _n._ the tree (_Myroxylon Pereirae_) which yields the balsam of Peru.

QUINSY, kwin'zi, _n._ an inflammatory affection of the substance of the tonsils, attended when fully developed by suppuration.--_ns._ QUIN'SY-BERR'Y, the common black-currant; QUIN'SY-WORT, a small trailing British herb of the madder family. [O. Fr. _squinancie_ (Fr.

_esquinancie_)--Gr. _kynanch[=e]_--_ky[=o]n_, a dog, _anchein_, to throttle.]

QUINT, kwint, _n._ a set or a sequence of five: (_mus._) a fifth: the E string of a violin.--_adj._ QUINT'AN, recurring on every fifth day.--_n._ a malarial fever whose paroxysms recur on every fifth day. [Fr.,--L.

_quintus_, fifth--_quinque_, five.]

QUINTA, kwin'ta, _n._ a country house in Madeira. [Sp.]

QUINTAD, kwin'tad, _n._ the same as _Pentad_.

QUINTADENA, kwin-ta-d[=e]'na, _n._ in organ-building, a mutation stop yielding a tone one-twelfth above the digital struck.

QUINTAIN, kwin't[=a]n, _n._ a post with a turning and loaded top or cross-piece, to be tilted at.--Also QUIN'TIN. [Fr.,--L. _quintana_, _quintus_, fifth, the place of recreation in the Roman camp being between the fifth and sixth maniples.]

QUINTAL, kwin'tal, _n._ a hundredweight, either 112 or 100 pounds according to the scale.--The QUINTAL MeTRIQUE, the modern French quintal, is 100 kilograms=220 lb. avoirdupois. [Fr. and Sp. _quintal_--Ar. _qint[)a]r_--L.

_centum_, a hundred.]

QUINTESSENCE, kwin-tes'ens, _n._ the pure concentrated essence of anything, the most essential part of anything: the fifth essence, according to the Pythagoreans, beyond earth, water, fire, air.--_adj._ QUINTESSEN'TIAL.--_v.t._ QUINTESSEN'TIALISE. [Fr.,--L. _quinta essentia_, fifth essence, orig. applied to ether, supposed to be purer than fire, the highest of the four ancient elements.]

QUINTET, QUINTETTE, kwin-tet', _n._ a musical composition for five voices or instruments: a company of five singers or players. [It. _quintetto_, dim. of _quinto_, a fifth part--L. _quintus_, fifth--_quinque_, five.]

QUINTIC, kwin'tik, _adj._ of the fifth degree.

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