[A.S. _holegn_; cf. W. _celyn_, Ir. _cuileann_.]
HOLLYHOCK, hol'i-hok, _n._ a kind of mallow, brought into Europe from the Holy Land--(_Bacon_) HOLL'Y-OAK. [M. E. _holihoc_--_holi_, holy, and A.S.
_hoc_, mallows--Celtic, cf. W. _hocys_.]
HOLM, h[=o]lm, or h[=o]m, _n._ a river-islet: rich flat land beside a river. [A.S. _holm_, orig. a mound; Ger. _holm_, &c.]
HOLM, h[=o]lm, or h[=o]m, _n._ (_Spens._) holly.--_n._ HOLM'-OAK, the ilex or evergreen oak, so called from some resemblance to the holly. [_Holm-_ is a corr. of _holin_, the M. E. form of _holly_, which see.]
HOLOBLASTIC, hol-o-blas'tik, _adj._ undergoing segmentation throughout the entire mass, as the ova of mammals.
HOLOCAUST, hol'o-kawst, _n._ a burnt sacrifice, in which the whole of the victim was consumed. [L.,--Gr. _holokauston_--_holos_, whole, _kaustos_, burnt.]
HOLOCRYPTIC, hol-o-krip'tik, _adj._ concealing completely, undecipherable.
HOLOGRAPH, hol'o-graf, _n._ a document wholly written by the person from whom it proceeds (also used as _adj._).--_adj._ HOLOGRAPH'IC. [Gr. _holos_, whole, _graphein_, to write.]
HOLOHEDRISM, hol-o-h[=e]'drizm, _n._ (_math._) the property of having the full number of symmetrically arranged planes crystallographically possible.--_adj._ HOLOH[=E]'DRAL.--_n._ HOLOH[=E]'DRON, a form possessing this property. [Gr. _holos_, whole, _hedra_, base.]
HOLOMETABOLIC, hol-o-met-a-bol'ik, _adj._ undergoing complete metamorphosis, as an insect--opp. of _Ametabolic_.
HOLOMETER, hol-om'et-[.e]r, _n._ an instrument for taking all kinds of measures. [Gr. _holos_, whole, _metron_, measure.]
HOLOMORPHIC, hol-o-mor'fik, _adj._ (_math._) having the properties of an entire function, being finite, continuous, and one-valued for all finite values of the variable: showing holohedral symmetry. [Gr. _holos_, whole, _morph[=e]_, form.]
HOLOPHOTE, hol'o-f[=o]t, _n._ an improved optical apparatus now used in lighthouses, by which all the light from the lamp is thrown in the required direction, in the _catoptric_ holophote by reflectors, in the _dioptric_ by refracting lenses, in the _catadioptric_ by both combined.--_adj._ HOLOPH[=O]T'AL. [Gr. _holos_, whole, _ph[=o]s_, _ph[=o]tos_, light.]
HOLOPHRASTIC, hol-o-fras'tik, _adj._ bearing the force of a whole phrase, expressive of a sentence or an idea.--_n._ HOLOPHR[=A]'SIS. [Gr. _holos_, whole, _phrastikos_, _phrazein_, to indicate.]
HOLORHINAL, hol-o-r[=i]'nal, _adj._ having the nasal bones slightly cleft or not at all. [Gr. _holos_, whole, _hris_, _hrinos_, the nose.]
HOLOTHURIAN, hol-o-th[=oo]'ri-an, _n._ a sea-cucumber or similar echinoderm. [L.,--Gr. _holothourion_, from _holos_, whole, and perh.
HOLP, h[=o]lp, HOLPEN, h[=o]lp'n, old _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ of _help_.
HOLSTER, h[=o]l'st[.e]r, _n._ the leathern case carried by a horseman at the forepart of the saddle for covering a pistol.--_adj._ HOL'STERED. [Acc.
to Skeat, from Dut. _holster_, a pistol-case--_hullen_, to cover, which is cog. with A.S. _helan_, to cover.]
HOLT, h[=o]lt, _n._ a wood or woody hill: an orchard. [A.S. _holt_, a wood; Ice. _holt_, a copse, Ger. _holz_.]
HOLUS-BOLUS, h[=o]l'us-b[=o]l'us, _adv._ all at a gulp: altogether.--_n._ the whole. [A vulgarism, formed from whole, most likely on the analogy of _hocus-pocus_; hardly conn. with _bolus_, a pill.]
HOLY, h[=o]'li, _adj._ perfect in a moral sense: pure in heart: religious: set apart to a sacred use.--_adv._ H[=O]'LILY, in a holy manner: piously.--_n._ H[=O]'LINESS, state of being holy: religious goodness: sanctity: a title of the pope.--_adj._ H[=O]'LY-CRU'EL (_Shak._), cruel through excess of holiness.--_ns._ H[=O]'LY-DAY, a formal spelling of holiday (q.v.); H[=O]'LY-OFF'ICE, the Inquisition; H[=O]'LY-ROOD, the holy cross in R.C. churches over the entrance to the chancel; H[=O]'LYSTONE, a sandstone used by seamen for cleansing the decks, said to be named from cleaning the decks for Sunday.--_v.t._ to scrub with a holystone.--_ns._ H[=O]'LY-THURS'DAY, the day on which the ascension of our Saviour is commemorated, ten days before Whitsuntide; H[=O]'LY-WA'TER, water blessed by the priest or bishop for certain religious uses; H[=O]'LY-WEEK, the week before Easter, kept holy to commemorate our Lord's passion; H[=O]'LY-WRIT, the holy writings: the Scriptures.--HOLY ALLIANCE, a league formed after the fall of Napoleon (1815) by the sovereigns of Austria Russia, and Prussia, professedly to regulate all national and international relations in accordance with the principles of Christian charity; HOLY CITY, Jerusalem: also specially applied to Rome, Mecca, Benares, Allahabad, &c.; HOLY COAT, the seamless coat of Jesus, claimed to be kept at Treves; HOLY COMMUNION (see COMMUNION); HOLY FAMILY, the infant Saviour with Joseph, Mary, &c.; HOLY GHOST, SPIRIT, the third person of the Trinity, proceeding from the Father and the Son; HOLY GRAIL (see GRAIL); HOLY GRASS, a sweet-smelling grass about a foot high, with a brownish glossy lax panicle--sometimes strewed on the floors of churches on festival days, whence its name; HOLY LAND, Palestine; HOLY OF HOLIES, THE MOST HOLY PLACE, the inner chamber of the Jewish tabernacle, which the high-priest alone might enter, and but once a year; HOLY ONE, God: Christ: the one who is holy, by way of emphasis: one separated to the service of God; HOLY ORDERS, ordination to the rank of minister in holy things: the Christian ministry; HOLY PLACES, scenes of the Saviour's life, the sepulchre, &c.; HOLY QUEST, the search for the Holy grail; HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE, the official denomination of the German Empire from 962 down to 1806, when Francis II. of Hapsburg resigned the imperial title; HOLY WAR, a name impiously given to a war for the extirpation of heresy, as that against the Albigenses, &c.: one of the Crusades. [A.S. _halig_, lit. whole, perfect, healthy--_hal_, sound, whole; conn. with _hail_, _heal_, _whole_.]
HOLYWELL, hol'i-wel, in phrase, 'Holywell Street literature,' i.e. such books as used to be much sold in _Holywell_ Street, London--viz. filthy books.
HOMAGE, hom'[=a]j, _n._ the service due from a knight or vassal to his lord in feudal times, the vassal preferring to become his lord's man: the act of fealty: respect paid by external action: reverence directed to the Supreme Being: devout affection.--_n._ HOM'AGER, one who does homage. [O. Fr.
_homage_--Low L. _homaticum_--L. _homo_, a man.]
HOME, h[=o]m, _n._ one's house or country: place of constant residence: the residence of a family: the seat, as of war: a charitable institution where domestic comforts are given to the destitute.--_adj._ pertaining to one's dwelling or country: domestic: close: severe.--_adv._ pertaining to one's habitation or country: close: closely: to the point: effectively.--_adjs._ HOME'-BORN, native, not foreign; HOME'BOUND, homeward-bound; HOME'-BRED, bred at home: native: domestic: plain: unpolished; HOME'-BREWED, brewed at home or for home use.--_n._ HOME'-FARM, the farm near the home or mansion of a gentleman.--_adjs._ HOME'FELT, felt in one's own breast: inward: private; HOME'-GROWN, produced in one's own country, not imported; HOME'-KEEP'ING, staying at home; HOME'LESS, without a home.--_n._ HOME'LESSNESS,--_adv._ HOME'LILY.--_n._ HOME'LINESS.--_adjs._ HOME'LY, pertaining to home: familiar: plain; HOME'-MADE, made at home: made in one's own country: plain.--_n._ HOM'ER, a pigeon trained to fly home from a distance.--_adj._ HOME'SICK, sick or grieved at separation from home.--_n._ HOME'SICKNESS.--_adj._ HOME'SPUN, spun or wrought at home: not made in foreign countries: plain: inelegant.--_n._ cloth made at home.--_ns._ HOME'STALL, HOME'STEAD, the place of a mansion-house: the enclosures immediately connected with it: original station.--_advs._ HOME'WARD, HOME'WARDS, towards home: towards one's habitation or country.--_adj._ in the direction of home.--_adj._ HOME'WARD-BOUND, bound homeward or to one's native land.--_adjs._ HOM'ING, having a tendency to return home; HOM'Y, home-like.--HOME CIRCUIT, the south-eastern circuit of Assize, including the home counties (except Middlesex), also Cambridgeshire, Norfolk, and Suffolk; HOME COUNTIES, the counties over and into which London has extended--Middlesex, Hertfordshire, Essex, Kent, Surrey; HOME DEPARTMENT, that part of government which is concerned with the maintenance of the internal peace of the United Kingdom--its headquarters the HOME OFFICE, its official head the HOME SECRETARY; HOME RULE, a form of self-government claimed by Ireland, with a separate parliament for the management of internal affairs.--AT HOME, in one's own house: at ease: familiar: a phrase signifying that a family will be at home at a fixed date, and ready to receive visitors--as a _n._--a reception; BRING HOME TO, to prove to, in such a way that there is no way of escaping the conclusion: to impress upon; EAT OUT OF HOUSE AND HOME, to live at the expense of another so as to ruin him; LONG HOME, the grave; MAKE ONE'S SELF AT HOME, to be as free and unrestrained as when in one's own house; PAY HOME, to strike to the quick: to retaliate. [A.S. _ham_; Dut. and Ger. _heim_, Goth. _haims_.]
HOMELYN, hom'el-in, _n._ a species of ray, found on the south coast of England.
HOMEOPATHY, h[=o]-me-op'a-thi, _n._ the system of curing diseases by small quantities of those drugs which excite symptoms similar to those of the disease.--_ns._ H[=O]'MEOPATH, HOMEOP'ATHIST, one who believes in or practises homeopathy.--_adj._ HOMEOPATH'IC, of or pertaining to homeopathy.--_adv._ HOMEOPATH'ICALLY. [Gr. _homoiopatheia_--_homoios_, like, _pathos_, feeling.]
HOMEOPLASY, h[=o]-m[=e]-[=o]-pl[=a]s'i, _n._ the taking on by one tissue of the form of another under plastic conditions, as in skin-grafting.--_adj._ HOMEOPLAST'IC [Gr. _homoios_, like, _plastos_--_plassein_, to form.]
HOMER, h[=o]'m[.e]r, _n._ a Hebrew measure of capacity, amounting to about 10 bushels and 3 gallons. [Heb. _kh[=o]mer_, a heap--_kh[=a]mar_, to swell up.]
HOMERIC, h[=o]-mer'ik, _adj._ pertaining to _Homer_, the great poet of Greece (c. 850 B.C.): pertaining to or resembling the poetry of Homer.--HOMERIC VERSE, hexameter verse, the metre of the Iliad and Odyssey.
HOMICIDE, hom'i-s[=i]d, _n._ manslaughter: one who kills another.--_adj._ HOM'ICIDAL, pertaining to homicide: murderous: bloody. [Fr.,--L.
_homicidium_--_homo_, a man, _caed[)e]re_, to kill.]
HOMILY, hom'i-li, _n._ a plain expository sermon, interpreting a passage of Scripture rather than working out a doctrine in detail: a hortatory discourse, essentially simple, practical, and scriptural.--_adjs._ HOMILET'IC, -AL.--_n._ HOMILET'ICS, the science which treats of homilies, and the best mode of preparing and delivering them.--_n._ HOM'ILIST, one who exhorts a congregation, or who composes homilies. [Gr. _homilia_, an assembly, a sermon--_homos_, the same, _il[=e]_, a crowd.]
HOMINY, hom'i-ni, _n._ maize hulled, or hulled and crushed, boiled with water: a kind of Indian-corn porridge. [American Indian _auhuminea_.]
HOMMOCK, hom'uk, _n._ a hillock or small conical eminence.--Also HUMM'OCK.
[A dim. of _hump_, like _hillock_ from _hill_.]
HOMO, h[=o]'m[=o], _n._ generic man. [L.]
HOMOBARIC, h[=o]-m[=o]-bar'ik, _adj._ of uniform weight. [Gr. _homos_, the same, _baros_, weight.]
HOMOBLASTIC, h[=o]-m[=o]-blas'tik, _adj._ of the same germinal origin:--opp. of _Heteroblastic_. [Gr. _homos_, the same, _blastos_, a germ.]
HOMOCENTRIC, h[=o]-m[=o]-sen'trik, _adj._ having the same centre. [Fr.
_homocentrique_--Gr. _homokentros_--_homos_, the same, _kentron_, centre.]
HOMOCERCAL, h[=o]-m[=o]-s[.e]r'kal, _adj._ having the upper fork of the tail similar to the lower one, as the herring:--opposed to _Heterocercal_.
[Gr. _homos_, the same, _kerkos_, tail.]
HOMODERMIC, h[=o]-m[=o]-derm'ik, _adj._ homological in respect of derivation from one of the three primary blastoderms (_endoderm_, _mesoderm_, and _ectoderm_). [Gr. _homos_, the same, _derma_, skin.]
HOMODONT, h[=o]-m[=o]-dont, _adj._ having teeth all alike:--opp. of _Heterodont_.
HOMODROMOUS, h[=o]-mod'r[=o]-mus, _adj._ (_bot._) following the same direction, as the leaf-spirals on certain branches: (_obs._) having the power and the weight on the same side of the fulcrum, of a lever. [Gr.
_homos_, the same, _dromos_, a course.]
HOMOEOMORPHOUS, h[=o]-m[=e]-[=o]-mor'fus, _adj._ having a like crystalline form, but not necessarily analogous composition.--_n._ HOMOEOMOR'PHISM.
[Gr. _homoios_, like, _morph[=e]_, form.]
HOMOEOPATHY, &c. See HOMEOPATHY.
HOMOEOZOIC, h[=o]-m[=e]-[=o]-z[=o]'ik, _adj._ containing similar forms of life. [Gr. _homos_, the same, _z[=o][=e]_, life.]
HOMOGAMOUS, ho-mog'a-mus, _adj._ (_bot._) having all the florets hermaphrodite.--_n._ HOMOG'AMY. [Gr. _homos_, the same, _gamos_, marriage.]