HOBNAIL. See HOB (1).
HOBNOB, hob'nob, _adv._ have or not have, a familiar invitation to drink.--_v.i._ to associate or drink together familiarly.--_pr.p._ HOBNOB'BING.--_adj._ HOB'NOBBY. [_Hab_, _nab_.]
HOBSON-JOBSON, hob'son-job'son, _n._ a native festal excitement, esp. the Moharram ceremonies. [A corr. of the wailing 'Y[=a] Hasan! Y[=a] Hosain!' a typical phrase of Anglo-Indian argot, hence adopted as a concise alternative title for Yule and Burnell's admirable _Glossary of Anglo-Indian Colloquial Words and Phrases_ (Lond. 1886).]
HOCK, hok, _n._ and _v._ See HOUGH.
HOCK, hok, _n._ properly, the wine made at _Hochheim_, Germany; now applied to all white Rhine wines.
HOCK-DAY, hok'-d[=a], _n._ an old English festival held on the second Monday and Tuesday after Easter Sunday, one of the chief customs being the seizing and binding of passengers until they gave money for their liberty, Monday the men by the women, Tuesday the women by the men.--Also HOCK'-TIDE.
HOCKEY, hok'i, _n._ a game at ball played with a club or stick curved at one end, shinty.--Also HOOK'EY. [Prob. O. Fr. _hoquet_, a crook.]
HOCKEY, hok'i, _n._ (prov.) harvest-home, the harvest-supper.--Also HAWK'EY, HORK'EY.
HOCKLE, hok'l, _v.t._ to hamstring. [See HOUGH.]
HOCUS-POCUS, h[=o]'kus-p[=o]'kus, _n._ a juggler: a juggler's trick.--_v.t._ H[=O]'CUS, to cheat: to stupefy with drink: to drug:--_pr.p._ h[=o]'cussing; _pa.p._ h[=o]'cussed. [The meaningless gibberish of a juggler--no reference to '_hoc est corpus_.']
HOD, hod, _n._ a kind of trough borne on the shoulder, for carrying bricks and mortar: a coal-scuttle: a pewterer's blowpipe.--_n._ HOD'MAN, a man who carries a hod: a mason's labourer. [A variant of prov. _hot_; cf. Fr.
_hotte_, a basket.]
HODDENGRAY, hod'n-gr[=a], _n._ coarse cloth made of undyed wool.--_adj._ HODD'EN, wearing hoddengray: rustic.--_n._ hoddengray. [Prob. a form of _holden_, kept, reserved, and _gray_.]
HODDLE, hod'l, _v.i._ (_Scot._) to waddle.
HODGE, hoj, _n._ a countryman, rustic. [_Hodge_, corr. from _Roger_.]
HODGEPODGE, hoj'poj, _n._ (see HOTCHPOTCH).--_n._ HODGE'-PUDD'ING (_Shak._), a pudding made of a mass of ingredients mixed together.
HODIERNAL, h[=o]-di-[.e]rn'al, _adj._ of or pertaining to the present day.
[L. _hodiernus_--_hodie_, to-day--_hoc die_, on this day.]
HODMANDOD, hod'man-dod, _n._ a snail, dodman.
HODOGRAPH, hod'o-graf, _n._ a curve the radius vector of which represents in direction and magnitude the velocity of a moving particle--a term suggested by Sir W. R. Hamilton. [Gr. _hodos_, a way, _graphein_, to write.]
HODOMETER, ho-dom'e-t[.e]r, _n._ an instrument attached to the axle of a vehicle to register the revolutions of the wheels. [Gr. _hodos_, a way, _metron_, a measure.]
HOE, h[=o], _n._ an instrument for hewing or digging up weeds and loosening the earth.--_v.t._ to cut or clean with a hoe: to weed.--_v.i._ to use a hoe:--_pr.p._ hoe'ing; _pa.p._ hoed.--_ns._ HOE'-CAKE (U.S.), a thin cake of Indian meal; H[=O]'ER.--A HARD, or LONG, ROW TO HOE, a hard or wearisome task to perform. [O. Fr. _houe_--Old High Ger. _houwa_ (Ger. _haue_), a hoe.]
HOG, hog, _n._ a general name for swine: a castrated boar: a pig: formerly slang for a shilling: a low filthy fellow.--_v.t._ to cut short the hair of:--_pr.p._ hog'ging; _pa.p._ hogged.--_ns._ HOG'-BACK, HOG'S'-BACK, a back rising in the middle: a ridge of a hill of such shape--also _Horseback_; HOG'GERY, hoggishness of character: coarseness; HOG'GET, a boar of the second year: a sheep or colt after it has passed its first year.--_adj._ HOG'GISH, resembling a hog: brutish: filthy: selfish.--_adv._ HOG'GISHLY.--_ns._ HOG'GISHNESS; HOG'HOOD, the nature of a hog; HOG'-MANE, a horse's mane clipped short; HOG'-PEN, a pig-sty; HOG'-PLUM, a West Indian tree of the cashew family, the fruit given to hogs; HOG'-REEVE, -CON'STABLE, an officer charged with the care of stray swine; HOG'-RING'ER, one who puts rings into the snouts of hogs; HOG'S'-BEAN, the henbane.--_v.t._ HOG'-SHOU'THER (_Scot._), to jostle with the shoulder.--_ns._ HOG'-SKIN, leather made of the skin of swine; HOG'S'-LARD, the melted fat of the hog; HOG'-WASH, the refuse of a kitchen, brewery, &c.--BRING ONE'S HOGS TO A FINE MARKET, to make a complete mess of something; GO THE WHOLE HOG, to do a thing thoroughly or completely, to commit one's self to anything unreservedly. [M. E. _hogge_, a gelded hog, prob. from _hack_, to cut; others derive from W. _hwch_, a sow, Bret.
HOG, hog, _v.i._ to droop at both ends.--_n._ HOG'-FRAME, a fore-and-aft frame serving to resist vertical flexure in a ship.--_adj._ HOGGED, of a ship, having a droop at the ends.
HOG, hog, _n._ in curling, a stone which does not pass the hog-score.--_v.t._ to play such a shot with a curling-stone.--_n._ HOG'-SCORE, a line drawn across the rink at a certain distance from the tees--to be cleared, else the shot does not count. [Prob. conn. with _hog_, a swine.]
HOG, HOGG, hog, _n._ a young sheep of the second year.--Also HOG'GEREL.
HOGAN, hog'an, _n._ a kind of strong liquor. [Corr. of _hogen-mogen_--Dut.
_hoog en mogend_, high and mighty.]
HOGGER, hog'er, _n._ (_prov._) a coal-miner's footless stocking.--_n._ HOGG'ER-PIPE, the terminal section of the discharge-pipe of a mining-pump.
HOGMANAY, hog-ma-n[=a]', _n._ (_Scot._) the old name for the last day of the year. [Prob. a corr., through Norman French forms, of O. Fr.
_aguilanneuf_=_au-gui-l'an-neuf_, 'to the mistletoe! the New Year!' Fr.
_gui_, mistletoe, is from L. _viscum_.]
HOGSHEAD, hogz'hed, _n._ (_Shak._) a large cask: a measure of capacity=52 imperial gallons, or 63 old wine gallons; _of beer_=54 gallons; _of claret_=46 gallons; _of tobacco_ (_U.S._), varying from 750 to 1200 lb.
[Corr. of Old Dut. _okshoofd_, ox-head; from the brand on the cask.]
HOIDEN. See HOYDEN.
HOISE, hoiz, _v.t._ to hoist.
HOIST, hoist, _v.t._ to lift: to raise with tackle: to heave.--_n._ act of lifting: the height of a sail: an apparatus for lifting heavy bodies to the upper stories of a building.--HOIST WITH ONE'S OWN PETARD, beaten with one's own weapons, caught in one's own trap. [Formerly _hoise_, or _hoyse_--Old Dut. _hyssen_, Dut. _hijsschen_, to hoist.]
HOITY-TOITY, hoi'ti-toi'ti, _interj._ an exclamation of surprise or disapprobation.--_adj._ giddy, gay, noisy.
HOKY-POKY, h[=o]'ki-p[=o]'ki, _n._ a kind of ice-cream sold on the streets.
HOLARCTIC, hol-ark'tik, _adj._ entirely arctic.
HOLD, h[=o]ld, _v.t._ to keep possession of or authority over: to sustain: to defend: to maintain, support: to occupy: to derive title to: to bind: to confine: to restrain: to stop, as in 'to cry hold:' to continue: to persist in: to contain: to celebrate: to esteem: (_Shak._) to endure: (_arch._) to bet.--_v.i._ to remain fixed: to be true or unfailing: to continue unbroken or unsubdued: to adhere: to derive right:--_pr.p._ h[=o]ld'ing; _pa.t._ held; _pa.p._ held (_obs._ h[=o]ld'en).--_n._ act or manner of holding: seizure: power of seizing: something for support: a place of confinement: custody: a fortified place: (_mus._) a mark over a rest or note, indicating that it is to be prolonged.--_ns._ HOLD'-ALL, a general receptacle, esp. a big carpet-bag; HOLD'-BACK, a check: a strap joining the breeching to the shaft of a vehicle; HOLD'-BEAM, one of the beams crossing a ship's hold and strengthening the framework.--HOLD'EN (_B._), old _pa.p._ of _hold_.--_ns._ HOLD'ER; HOLD'-FAST, that which holds fast: a long nail: a catch; HOLD'ING, anything held: a farm held of a superior: hold: influence: (_Scots law_) tenure.--HOLD FORTH, to put forward: show: to speak in public, to declaim; HOLD HARD! stop! HOLD IN, to restrain, check: to restrain one's self; HOLD OF (_Pr. Bk._), to regard; HOLD OFF, to keep at a distance; HOLD ON, to persist in something: to continue: to cling; HOLD ONE IN HAND, to amuse in order to gain some advantage; HOLD ONE'S OWN, to maintain one's position; HOLD ONE'S PEACE, HOLD ONE'S TONGUE, to keep silence; HOLD OUT, to endure, last; HOLD OVER, to postpone, to keep possession of land or a house beyond the term of agreement; HOLD THE MARKET (see MARKET); HOLD TOGETHER, to remain united: to cohere; HOLD UP, to raise: to continue to go at the same rate; HOLD WATER, to be sound and firm, to endure trial; HOLD WITH, to take sides with. [A.S. _healdan_; Old High Ger. _haltan_, Goth. _haldan_.]
HOLD, h[=o]ld, _n._ the interior cavity of a ship between the floor and the lower deck, used for the cargo. [Dut. _hol_, a cavity or hole, with excrescent d.]
HOLE, h[=o]l, _n._ a hollow place: a cavity: an opening in a solid body: a pit: a subterfuge: a means of escape: a difficult situation: a scrape: a place of hiding, a mean lodging, a secret room for some disreputable business: (_golf_) one of the holes, 4 in. in diameter, into which the ball is played, also the distance between any two holes.--_v.t._ to form holes in: to drive into a hole.--_v.i._ to go into a hole.--_adj._ HOLE'-AND-COR'NER, secret: underhand.--_ns._ H[=O]LING-AXE, a narrow axe for cutting holes in posts; H[=O]LING-PICK, a pick used in under-cutting coal.--A HOLE IN ONE'S COAT, a stain on a person's reputation; PUT A PERSON IN A HOLE, to put him in a position from which he cannot easily extricate himself; TOAD IN THE HOLE, meat baked in batter, &c. [A.S. _hol_, a hole, cavern; Dut. _hol_, Dan. _hul_, Ger. _hohl_, hollow; conn. with Gr.
HOLE, _adj._ (_Spens._) whole.
HOLIBUT. See HALIBUT.
HOLIDAY, hol'i-d[=a], _n._ a consecrated day: a religious festival: a day for the commemoration of some event: a day of idleness and amusement.--_adj._ befitting a holiday: cheerful.--HOLIDAY SPEECHES, fine but empty phrases. [Formerly _holy day_.]
HOLLA, hol'a, HOLLO, HOLLOA, hol'[=o], or hol-l[=o]', _interj._ ho, there!
attend! (_naut._) the usual response to 'Ahoy!'--_n._ a loud shout.--_v.i._ to cry loudly to one at a distance. [Fr. _hola_--_ho_ and _la_--L. _illac_, there; the other forms are due to confusion with _halloo_.]
HOLLAND, hol'and, _n._ a coarse linen fabric, unbleached or dyed brown, which is used for covering furniture, &c.: (_orig._) a fine kind of linen first made in _Holland_.
HOLLANDER, hol'and-[.e]r, _n._ a native of _Holland_.--_adj._ HOLL'ANDISH.--_n._ HOLL'ANDS, gin made in Holland.
HOLLOW, hol'[=o], _adj._ vacant: not solid: containing an empty space: sunken: unsound: insincere.--_n._ a hole: a cavity: any depression in a body: any vacuity: a groove: a channel.--_v.t._ to make a hole in: to make hollow by digging: to excavate.--_adv._ completely: clean.--_adjs._ HOLL'OW-EYED, having sunken eyes; HOLL'OW-HEART'ED, having a hollow or untrue heart: faithless: treacherous.--_adv._ HOLL'OWLY (_Shak._), in a hollow or insincere manner.--_ns._ HOLL'OWNESS, the state of being hollow: cavity: insincerity: treachery; HOLL'OW-WARE, trade name for hollow articles of iron, as pots and kettles.--BEAT HOLLOW, to beat wholly. [A.S.
_holh_, a hollow place--_hol_. See HOLE.]
HOLLY, hol'i, _n._ an evergreen shrub having leathery, shining, and spinous leaves and scarlet or yellow berries, much used for Christmas decorations.