HIRSLE, hir'sl, _v.i._ (_Scot._) to slide or move, resting on the hams: to move forward with a rustling sound.
HIRSUTE, hir-s[=u]t', _adj._ hairy: rough: shaggy: (_bot._) having long, stiffish hairs. [L. _hirsutus_--_hirsus_, _hirtus_, shaggy.]
HIRUNDINE, hi-run'din, _adj._ of or pertaining to the swallow. [L.
_hirundo_, a swallow.]
HIS, hiz, _pron._ possessive form of _he_: (_B._) used for _its_.--HISN, a contracted form of his own. [A.S. _his_, possessive of _he_, and originally of _it_.]
HISH, hish, _v.i._ to hiss. [A by-form of _hiss_.]
HISPANIC, his-pan'ik, _adj._ Spanish.--_adv._ HISPAN'ICALLY.--_vs.t._ HISPAN'ICISE, HISPAN'IOLISE, to render Spanish.--_n._ HISPAN'ICISM, a Spanish phrase. [L. _Hispania_, Spain.]
HISPID, his'pid, _adj._ (_bot._) rough with or having strong hairs or bristles.--_n._ HISPID'ITY. [L. _hispidus_.]
HISS, his, _v.i._ to make a sibilant sound like that of the letter s, as the goose, serpent, &c.: to express contempt, &c., by hissing.--_v.t._ to condemn by hissing.--_n._ the sound of the letter _s_, an expression of disapprobation, contempt, &c.--_n._ HISS'ING, the noise of a hiss: object of hissing: object or occasion of contempt. [Imit.]
HIST, hist, _interj._ demanding silence and attention: hush!
silence!--_v.t._ to urge (a dog, &c.) by making the sound of this word.
HISTIE, his'ti, _adj._ (_Scot._) dry: barren.
HISTIOID, his'ti-oid, _adj._ resembling tissue.--_adj._ HISTOGENET'IC.--_adv._ HISTOGENET'ICALLY.--_ns._ HISTOG'ENY, the formation and development of tissues--also HISTOGEN'ESIS; HISTOG'RAPHY, a description of the tissues.--_adjs._ HISTOLOG'IC, -AL, pertaining to histology.--_ns._ HISTOL'OGIST, one skilled in histology; HISTOL'OGY, the science which classifies and describes the structural or morphological elements which exist in the solids and fluids of organised bodies; HISTOL'YSIS, degeneration and decay of organic tissue.--_adj._ HISTOLYT'IC. [Gr.
HISTORY, his'to-ri, _n._ an account of an event: a systematic account of the origin and progress of a nation: the knowledge of facts, events, &c.: an eventful life, a past of more than common interest, as a 'woman with a history:' a drama representing historical events.--_v.t._ (_rare_) to record.--_n._ HIS'T[=O]RIAN, a writer of history.--_adjs._ HIST[=O]'RI[=A]TED, adorned with figures, esp. of men or animals, as the medieval illuminated manuscripts, capital letters, initials &c.; HISTOR'IC, -AL, pertaining to history: containing history: derived from history: famous in history: authentic.--_adv._ HISTOR'ICALLY.--_v.t._ and _v.i._ HISTOR'ICISE, to make, or represent as, historic.--_ns._ HISTORIC'ITY, historical character; HISTORIETTE', a short history or story.--_v.t._ HISTOR'IFY, to record in history.--_n._ HISTORIOG'RAPHER, a writer of history: a professed or official historian.--_adjs._ HISTORIOGRAPH'IC, -AL, pertaining to the writing of history.--_adv._ HISTORIOGRAPH'ICALLY.--_ns._ HISTORIOG'RAPHY, the art or employment of writing history; HISTORIOL'OGY, the knowledge or study of history.--HISTORICAL METHOD, the study of a subject in its historical development; HISTORICAL PAINTING, the painting of historic scenes, or scenes in which historic figures are introduced; HISTORICAL PRESENT, the present tense used for the past, to add life and reality to the narrative, as in 'cometh' in Mark, v. 22.--ANCIENT HISTORY, the history of the world down to the fall of Rome, 476 A.D.; MEDIEVAL HISTORY, the history of the period between the fall of Rome and the beginning of the 16th century; MODERN HISTORY, history since the beginning of the 16th century; NATURAL HISTORY, originally an expression including all the concrete sciences, now the science of living things: (in frequent use) zoology, esp. in so far as that is concerned with the life and habits of animals; PROFANE, SECULAR, HISTORY, the history of secular affairs as opposed to _Sacred history_, which deals with the events in the Bible narrative. [L.,--Gr. _historia_--_hist[=o]r_, knowing; cf. _eidenai_, to know, L. _vid[=e]re_, Sans. _vid_, Eng. _wit_.]
HISTRIONIC, -AL, his-tri-on'ik, -al, _adj._ relating to the stage or stage-players: befitting a theatre: feigned.--_ns._ HIS'TRIO, HIS'TRION, a stage-player.--_adv._ HISTRION'ICALLY.--_ns._ HISTRION'ICISM, HIS'TRIONISM, the acts or practice of stage-playing or of pantomime.--_n.pl._ HISTRION'ICS, play-acting.--_v.i._ HIS'TRIONISE, to act, play a part. [L.
_histrionicus_--_histrio_, an actor, primary form _hister_, a player.]
HIT, hit, _v.t._ to touch or strike: to reach: to suit: fit: conform to.--_v.i._ to come in contact: to chance luckily: to succeed:--_pr.p._ hit'ting; _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ hit.--_n._ a lucky chance, a surprising success: a stroke: a happy turn of thought or expression: at backgammon, a move that throws one of the opponent's men back to the entering point, a game won after one or two men are removed from the board.--_n._ HIT'TER.--_adj._ HIT'TY-MISS'Y, random, hap-hazard.--HIT BELOW THE BELT, to deal a blow disallowable in the rules of the ring: to do an injury to another unfairly; HIT IT OFF(_with_), to agree with some one; HIT OFF, to imitate, to describe; HIT-OR-MISS, reckless, hap-hazard; HIT OUT, to strike out with the fist; HIT THE NAIL ON THE HEAD (see NAIL); HIT UPON, to come upon, discover.--HARD HIT, one gravely affected by some trouble, or by love. [A.S. _hyttan_, app. Ice. _hitta_, to light on, to find; Sw. _hitta_, to find, Dan. _hitte_, to hit upon.]
HITCH, hich, _v.i._ to move by jerks, as if caught by a hook: to be caught by a hook: to be caught or fall into.--_v.t._ to hook: to catch: to fasten, tether, esp. to make fast a rope.--_n._ a jerk: a catch or anything that holds: an obstacle: a sudden halt: (_naut._) a species of knot by which one rope is connected with another, or to some object--various knots are the _Clove-hitch_, _Timber-hitch_, _Blackwall-hitch_, &c.--_n._ HITCH'ER.--_adv._ HITCH'ILY.--_adj._ HITCH'Y.--HITCH UP, to harness a horse to a vehicle. [Ety. dub.; prob. the same as _itch_.]
HITHE, h[=i]_th_, _n._ a small haven. [A.S. _h_.]
HITHER, hi_th_'[.e]r, _adv._ to this place.--_adj._ toward the speaker: nearer.--_v.i._ to come--chiefly in phrase, 'to hither and thither'=to go to and fro.--_adj._ HITH'ERMOST, nearest on this side.--_n._ and _adj._ HITH'ERSIDE, the nearer side.--_advs._ HITH'ERTO, to this place or time: as yet; HITH'ERWARD, towards this place.--HITHER AND THITHER, back and forward: to and from. [A.S. _hider_; Goth. _hidre_, Ice. _hera_.]
HITOPADESA, hit-[=o]-pa-d[=e]'sa, _n._ a famous collection of fables and stories in Sanskrit literature, a popular summary in four books of the _Panchatantra_.
HITTITE, hit'[=i]t, _adj._ pertaining to the Hittites, a powerful and civilised people, probably not Semitic, of northern Syria. [Heb.
HIVE, h[=i]v, _n._ a place where bees live and store up honey, whether artificial or natural: a swarm of bees in a box or basket: any busy company.--_v.t._ to collect into a hive: to lay up in store.--_v.i._ to take shelter together: to reside in a body.--_ns._ HIVE'-BEE, the common honey-bee; HIV'ER; HIVE'-NEST, a large nest built and occupied by several pairs of birds in common. [A.S. _hf_.]
HIVES, h[=i]vz, _n._ a popular term for nettle-rash and other similar skin diseases: laryngitis.
HIZZ, hiz, _v.i._ to hiss.
HO, HOA, h[=o], _interj._ a call to excite attention: hold! stop!--repeated it expresses derision.
HOAR, h[=o]r, _adj._ white or grayish-white, esp. with age or frost: mouldy.--_n._ hoariness: age.--_v.i._ (_Shak._) to become mouldy.--_n._ HOAR'-FROST, white frost: the white particles formed by the freezing of dew.--_adjs._ HOAR'-HEAD'ED, HOAR'Y, white or gray with age: (_bot._) covered with short, dense, whitish hairs.--_adv._ HOAR'ILY.--_ns._ HOAR'INESS; HOAR'-STONE, an ancient boundary stone. [A.S. _har_, hoary, gray; Ice. _harr_.]
HOARD, h[=o]rd, _n._ a store: a hidden stock: a treasure: a place for hiding anything.--_v.t._ to store: to amass and deposit in secret.--_v.i._ to store up: to collect and form a hoard.--_n._ HOARD'ER. [A.S. _hord_; Ice. _hodd_, Ger. _hort_.]
HOARD, h[=o]rd, HOARDING, h[=o]rd'ing, _n._ a hurdle or fence enclosing a house and materials while builders are at work: any boarding on which bills are posted. [From O. Fr. _hurdis_--_hurt_, _hourt_, _hourd_, a palisade.]
HOARHOUND, HOREHOUND, h[=o]r'hownd, _n._ a plant of a whitish or downy appearance, used as a tonic. [M. E. _horehune_--A.S. _harhune_, from _har_, hoar or white, and _hune_ (acc. to Skeat, meaning 'strong-scented'); cf. L.
_cunila_, Gr. _konil[=e]_, wild marjoram.]
HOARSE, h[=o]rs, _adj._ having a harsh, grating voice, as from a cold: harsh: discordant.--_adv._ HOARSE'LY.--_n._ HOARSE'NESS. [A.S. _has_; Ice.
_hass_, this prob. for _hars_, throwing light on the M. E. _hors_, _hoors_, Scot. _hairsh_, &c.]
HOAST, h[=o]st, _n._ (_prov._) a cough.--_v.i._ to cough. [Ice. _hoste_; Dut. _hoest_.]
HOASTMAN, h[=o]st'man, _n._ a member of an old merchant guild in Newcastle, with charge of coal-shipping, &c. [_Host_, stranger, guest.]
HOATZIN, h[=o]-at'sin, _n._ a remarkable South American bird, the same as the Touraco (q.v.).--Also HOACT'ZIN, HOA'ZIN. [S. Amer.]
HOAX, h[=o]ks, _n._ a deceptive trick: a practical joke.--_v.t._ to deceive: to play a trick upon for sport, or without malice.--_ns._ HOAXEE'; HOAX'ER; HOAX'ING. [Corr. of _hocus_. See HOCUS-POCUS.]
HOB, hob, _n._ the projecting nave of a wheel: a projection on the side of a fireplace, on which anything may be laid to keep hot: a game in which coins are placed on the end of a short stick at which stones are thrown, those that fall head up going to the thrower--also the round stick used in this game: a hardened threaded steel mandrel used in forming the cutting ends of screw-chasing tools, &c.--_n._ HOB'NAIL, a nail with a thick, strong head, used in horse-shoes, &c.: a clownish fellow.--_v.t._ to furnish with hobnails: to trample upon with hobnailed shoes.--_adj._ HOB'NAILED. [Cf. HUB.]
HOB, hob, _n._ a clownish fellow: a rustic: a fairy.--_n._ HOB'BINOLL, a rustic.--_adj._ HOB'BISH, clownish.--_n._ HOBGOB'LIN, a mischievous fairy: a frightful apparition.--PLAY HOB, to make confusion. [A corr. of _Rob_ for _Robin_, _Robert_.]
HOB-A-NOB, HOB-AND-NOB. Same as HOBNOB.
HOBBISM, hob'izm, _n._ the doctrine of Thomas _Hobbes_ (1588-1679), that morality is an institution of society.--_n._ HOBB'IST, a follower of Hobbes.
HOBBLE, hob'l, _v.i._ to walk with a limp: to walk awkwardly: to move irregularly.--_v.t._ to fasten loosely the legs of: to hamper: to perplex.--_n._ an awkward limping gait: a difficulty, a scrape: anything used to hamper the feet of an animal, a clog or fetter.--_ns._ HOBB'LER, one who hobbles: an unlicensed pilot, casual labourer in docks, &c.: a man who tows a canal-boat with a rope; HOBB'LING.--_adv._ HOBB'LINGLY. [Cf.
Dut. _hobbelen_, _hobben_, to toss.]
HOBBLEDEHOY, hob'l-de-hoi', _n._ an awkward youth, a stripling, neither man nor boy.--_adj._ HOBBLEDEHOY'ISH.--_n._ HOBBLEDEHOY'ISM. [Prob. conn. with _hobble_, referring to awkward gait.]
HOBBLER, hob'l[.e]r, _n._ a horseman employed for light work, as reconnoitring, &c.: a horse. [O. Fr. _hobeler_--_hobin_, a small horse.]
HOBBY, hob'i, _n._ a strong, active horse: a pacing horse: a subject on which one is constantly setting off, as in 'to ride' or 'to mount a hobby:'
a favourite pursuit.--_n._ HOBB'Y-HORSE, a stick or figure of a horse on which boys ride: one of the chief parts played in the ancient morris-dance: (_Shak._) a term of contempt for a loose and frivolous person, male or female.--_adj._ HOBB'Y-HOR'SICAL, having a hobby: eccentric.--_ns._ HOBB'YISM; HOBB'YIST, one who rides a hobby.--_adj._ HOBB'YLESS. [M. E.
_hobyn_, _hoby_, prob. _Hob_, a by-form of _Rob_. Hence also O. Fr.
_hobin_, _hobi_ (Fr. _aubin_).]
HOBBY, hob'i, _n._ a small species of falcon. [O. Fr. _hobe_, _hobet_--Low L. _hobetus_; prob. O. Fr. _hober_, to move.]
HOBGOBLIN. See HOB (2).--_ns._ HOBGOB'LINISM; HOBGOB'LINRY.
HOBJOB, hob'job, _n._ (_prov._) an odd job.--_v.i._ to work at such.--_ns._ HOB'JOBBER; HOB'JOBBING.