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HETEROSPOROUS, het-e-ro-sp[=o]'rus, _adj._ having more than one kind of asexually produced spores. [Gr. _heteros_, other, _sporos_, seed.]

HETEROSTROPHIC, het-e-r[=o]-strof'ik, _adj._ reversed in direction.--_n._ HETEROS'TROPHY. [Gr. _heteros_, other, _stroph[=e]_, a turning.]

HETEROSTYLED, het'e-r[=o]-st[=i]ld, _adj._ same as HETEROGONOUS (q.v.).--_n._ HETEROSTYL'ISM. [Gr. _heteros_, other, _stylos_, a pillar.]

HETEROTAXIS, het-er-o-tak'sis, _n._ anomalous arrangement of organs.--_adj._ HETEROTAX'IC. [Gr. _heteros_, other, _taxis_, arrangement.]

HETEROTOMOUS, het-er-ot'o-mus, _adj._ (_min._) having a cleavage different from the common variety. [Gr. _heteros_, other, _tom[=e]_, a cutting.]

HETEROTOPY, het-e-rot'o-pi, _n._ misplacement.--_adj._ HETEROT'OPOUS. [Gr.

_heteros_, other, _topos_, place.]

HETEROTROPHY, het-e-rot'rof-i, _n._ (_bot._) an abnormal mode of obtaining nutrition. [Gr. _heteros_, other, _troph[=e]_, food.]

HETEROUSIAN, het'e-r[=oo]-zi-an, _n._ and _adj._ one who believes the Father and Son to be unlike in substance or essence:--opposed to _Homoousian_: an Arian.--Also HETEROoU'SIAN. [Gr. _heteros_, other, _ousia_, substance, _einai_, to be.]

HETMAN, het'man, _n._ the title of the head or general of the Cossacks.


HEUGH, HEUCH, h[=u]h, _n._ (_Scot._) a crag, a glen with steep sides. [See HOW, a hill.]

HEULANDITE, h[=u]'lan-d[=i]t, _n._ a mineral of the zeolite group--from H.

_Heuland_, an English mineralogist.

HEURISTIC, h[=u]-ris'tik, _adj._ serving to find out.--_n._ the art of discovery in logic: the method in education by which the pupil is set to find out things for himself. [From the root of Gr. _heuriskein_, to find; also spelt _euriskein_. See EUREKA.]

HEW, h[=u], _v.t._ to cut with any sharp instrument: to cut in pieces: to shape.--_v.i._ to deal blows with a cutting instrument:--_pa.p._ hewed, or hewn.--_n._ (_Spens._) hacking.--_n._ HEW'ER, one who hews. [A.S. _heawan_; Ger. _hauen_.]

HEXACHORD, hek'sa-kord, _n._ a diatonic series of six notes, having a semitone between the third and fourth. [Gr. _hex_, six, _chord[=e]_, a string.]

HEXAD, hek'sad, _n._ a series of six numbers: (_chem._) an element or radical with the combining power of six units--i.e. of six atoms of hydrogen.

HEXADACTYLOUS, hek-sa-dak'ti-lus, _adj._ having six fingers or toes.--_n._ HEXADAC'TYLISM.

HEXAeMERON, hek-sa-[=e]'me-ron, _n._ a period of six days, esp. that of the creation, according to Genesis: a history of the six days of creation.

[Late Gr. _hexa[=e]meros_--_hex_, six, _h[=e]mera_, a day.]

HEXAGON, heks'a-gon, _n._ a figure with six sides and six angles.--_adj._ HEXAG'ONAL.--_adv._ HEXAG'ONALLY.--_v.t._ HEX'AGONISE. [Gr.

_hexag[=o]non_--_hex_, six, _g[=o]nia_, an angle.]

HEXAGYNIA, hek-sa-jin'i-a, _n._ in the Linnaean system an order of plants having six styles.--_adjs._ HEXAGYN'IAN, HEXAG'YNOUS.

HEXAHEDRON, heks-a-h[=e]'dron, _n._ a cube, a regular solid with six sides or faces, each of these being a square.--_adj._ HEXAH[=E]'DRAL. [Gr. _hex_, six, _hedra_, a base.]

HEXAMETER, hek-sam'et-[.e]r, _n._ a verse of six measures or feet, the first four dactyls or spondees, the fifth a dactyl (sometimes a spondee), the sixth a spondee or trochee.--_adj._ having six metrical feet.--_adjs._ HEXAMET'RIC, -AL.--_n._ HEXAM'ETRIST, a writer of hexameters. [L.,--Gr.

_hex_, six, _metron_, a measure.]

HEXANDRIA, heks-an'dri-a, _n._ a Linnaean class of plants having six stamens.--_adj._ HEXAN'DRIAN. [Gr. _hex_, six, _an[=e]r_, _andros_, a man, male.]

HEXANGULAR, hek-sang'g[=u]-lar, _adj._ having six angles.

HEXAPETALOUS, hek-sa-pet'a-lus, _adj._ having six petals.

HEXAPHYLLOUS, hek-sa-fil'us, _adj._ having six leaves or leaflets. [Gr.

_hex_, six, _phyllon_, a leaf.]

HEXAPLA, heks'a-pla, _n._ an edition of the Bible in six versions, as that made by Origen of the Old Testament.--_adj._ HEX'APLAR. [Gr. _hexapla_, pl.

neut. of _hexaplous_, sixfold.]

HEXAPOD, heks'a-pod, _n._ an animal with six feet.--_n._ HEXAP'ODY, a line or verse of six feet. [Gr. _hexapous_, _-podos_--_hex_, six, _pous_, a foot.]

HEXASTICH, heks'a-stik, _n._ a poem or stanza of six lines. [Gr.

_hexastichos_--_hex_, six, _stichos_, a line.]

HEXASTYLE, heks'a-st[=i]l, _adj._ having six columns, of a portico or temple having six columns in front. [Gr. _hexastylos_--_hex_, six, _stylos_, a pillar.]

HEXATEUCH, heks'a-t[=u]k, _n._ the first six books of the Old Testament.--_adj._ HEX'ATEUCHAL. [From Gr. _hex_, six, and _teuchos_, a book.]

HEY, h[=a], _interj._ expressive of joy or interrogation.--_interj._ HEY'DAY, expressive of frolic, exultation, or wonder.--_n._ exaltation of the spirits: the wild gaiety of youth: period of fullest vigour.--_n._ HEY'DEGUY (_Spens._), a country dance or round.--_interjs._ HEY'-GO-MAD, expressing a high degree of excitement; HEY'-PASS (_Milt._), an expression used by jugglers during their performance. [Imit.]


HI! h[=i], _interj._ expressing wonder or derision, or calling attention.

HIATUS, h[=i]-[=a]'tus, _n._ a gap: an opening: a chasm: a break in continuity, a defect: (_gram._) a concurrence of vowel sounds in two successive syllables. [L.,--_hi[=a]re_, _hi[=a]tum_, to gape.]

HIBERNATE, h[=i]'b[.e]r-n[=a]t, _v.i._ to winter: to pass the winter in torpor: to live in seclusion.--_ns._ HIBER'NACLE, a winter covering; HIBERNAC'ULUM, any part of a plant protecting an embryonic organ during the winter.--_adj._ HIBER'NAL, belonging to winter: wintry.--_n._ HIBERN[=A]'TION, the state of torpor in which many animals pass the winter.

[L. _hibern[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_--_hibernus_, wintry--_hiems_, winter.]

HIBERNIAN, h[=i]-b[.e]r'ni-an, _adj._ relating to Hibernia or Ireland.--_n._ an Irishman.--_ns._ HIBER'NIANISM, HIBER'NICISM, an Irish idiom or peculiarity.--_adv._ HIBER'NICALLY.--_v.t._ HIBER'NIC[=I]SE, to render Irish.--_n._ HIBERNIS[=A]'TION, a making Irish. [L. _Hibernia_, Ireland.]

HIBISCUS, h[=i]-bis'kus, _n._ a genus of malvaceous plants, mostly tropical. [L.,--Gr. _hibiscos_, mallow.]

HIC, hik, _interj._ a syllable expressing the sound made by one affected with a drunken hiccup.

HICCATEE, HICATEE, hik-a-t[=e]', _n._ a fresh-water tortoise of Central America.

HICCUP, hik'up, _n._ the involuntary contraction of the diaphragm, while the glottis is spasmodically closed: the sound caused by this--also, but erroneously, HIC'COUGH.--_v.i._ to be affected with hiccup.--_v.t._ to say with a hiccup:--_pr.p._ hicc'upping; _pa.p._ hicc'upped.--_adj._ HICC'UPY, marked by hiccups. [Imit.; cf. Dut. _hik_, Dan. _hikke_, Bret. _hik_. The spelling _hiccough_ is due to a confusion with _cough_.]

HICKORY, hik'or-i, _n._ a genus (_Carva_) of North American nut-bearing trees, with heavy strong tenacious wood, used for shafts of carriages, handles of axes, &c. [_Pohickery_; of Indian origin.]

HICKWALL, hik'-wal, _n._ (_prov._) the green woodpecker.


HIDALGO, hi-dal'g[=o], _n._ a Spanish nobleman of the lowest class.--_adj._ HIDAL'GOISH.--_n._ HIDAL'GOISM. [Sp., _hijo de algo_, 'the son of something.']

HIDE, h[=i]d, _v.t._ to conceal: to keep in safety.--_v.i._ to lie concealed:--_pa.t._ hid; _pa.p._ hid'den, hid.--_adj._ HID'DEN, concealed: unknown.--_adv._ HID'DENLY, in a hidden or secret manner: privily--(_Scot._) HID'LINS.--_adj._ HID'DENMOST, most hidden.--_n._ HID'DENNESS.--_ns._ HIDE'-AND-SEEK', a children's game, where one seeks the others who have hid themselves; HIDE'AWAY, a fugitive.--_adj._ that hides away.--_n._ HID'ING, a place of concealment [A.S. _hdan_, to hide; cf. Low Ger. _huden_, Gr. _keuthein_.]

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