HEMICRANIA, hem-i-kr[=a]'ni-a, _n._ headache confined to one side of the head.--_adj._ HEMICRAN'IC.
HEMICYCLE, hem'i-s[=i]-kl, _n._ a semicircle, a room with seats so arranged. [Fr.,--Gr.]
HEMIHEDRISM, hem-i-h[=e]'drizm, _n._ a property of crystals of being HEMIH[=E]'DRAL, or having half the number of symmetrically arranged planes occurring on a holohedron.--_n._ HEMIH[=E]'DRON. [Gr. _h[=e]mi-_, half, _hedra_, a seat.]
HEMIOLIC, hem-i-ol'ik, _adj._ constituting the proportion of 1 to 1, or of 3 to 2. [Gr. _h[=e]mi-_, half, _holos_, whole.]
HEMIONUS, h[=e]-m[=i]'o-nus, HEMIONE, hem'i-[=o]n, _n._ the half-ass, or dziggetai. [Gr. _h[=e]mi-_, half, _onos_, an ass.]
HEMIPLEGIA, hem-i-pl[=e]'ji-a, _n._ paralysis of one side of the face or body--also HEM'IPLEGY.--_adj._ HEMIPLEG'IC. [Gr. _h[=e]mi-_, half, _pl[=e]g[=e]_, a blow.]
HEMIPTERA, hem-ip't[.e]r-a, _n._ an order of _Insecta_, in the classification of Linnaeus: in later systems, the same as _Rhyncota_, including aphides, coccus insects, cicadas, bugs, water-scorpions, lice (_Ametabola_).--_n._ HEMIP'TER.--_adjs._ HEMIP'TERAL, HEMIP'TERAN, HEMIP'TEROUS. [Gr. _h[=e]mi-_, half, _pteron_, a wing.]
HEMISPHERE, hem'i-sf[=e]r, _n._ a half-sphere: half of the globe or a map of it.--_adjs._ HEMISPHER'IC, -AL.--_n._ HEMISPH[=E]'ROID, the half of a spheroid.--_adj._ HEMISPHEROI'DAL.--EASTERN and WESTERN HEMISPHERES, the eastern and western halves of the terrestrial globe, the former including Europe, Asia, and Africa; the latter, the Americas. [Gr.
_h[=e]misphairion_--_h[=e]mi-_, half, _sphaira_, a sphere.]
HEMISTICH, hem'i-stik, _n._ one of the two parts of a line of poetry as divided by the cesura: half a line, an incomplete or unfinished line: an epodic line or refrain.--_adj._ HEM'ISTICHAL. [L. _hemistichium_--Gr.
_h[=e]mistichion_--_h[=e]mi-_, half, _stichos_, a line.]
HEMITROPE, hem'i-tr[=o]p, _n._ a form in which one part of a crystal is in reverse position with reference to the other part, a twin-crystal.--_adjs._ HEM'ITROPE, HEMIT'ROPAL, HEMITROP'IC, HEMIT'ROPOUS.
HEMLOCK, hem'lok, _n._ a genus of umbelliferous plants, the most common species being the poisonous spotted hemlock, used in medicine. [A.S.
_hemlic_, the second syllable a weakened form of _leac_, a plant. Cf.
HEMP, hemp, _n._ a plant with a fibrous bark used for cordage, coarse cloth, &c.: the fibrous rind prepared for spinning.--_adj._ HEMP'EN, made of hemp.--_ns._ HEMP'-NETT'LE, a coarse bristly annual weed of the labiate family; HEMP'-PALM, a palm of China and Japan, the fibre of the leaves of which is much employed for making cordage--hats, cloaks, and other garments are also made from it; HEMP'-SEED, Mrs Quickly's word for homicide (_Shak._, _2 Henry IV._, II. i. 64).--_adj._ HEMP'Y, like hemp: roguish: romping.--_n._ (_Scot._) a rogue.--HEMPEN COLLAR, and CAUDLE (_Shak._), the hangman's noose; HEMPEN WIDOW, the widow of a man who has been hanged.
[A.S. _henep_, _haenep_--L. _cannabis_--Gr. _kannabis_.]
HEN, hen, _n._ the female of any bird, esp. of the domestic fowl.--_ns._ HEN'BANE, a coarse annual or biennial herb of the nightshade family, poisonous, esp. to domestic fowls; HEN'COOP, a coop or large cage for domestic fowls; HEN'-DRIV'ER, HEN'-HARR'IER, a species of falcon, the common harrier.--_adj._ HEN'-HEART'ED, timid as a hen: cowardly.--_ns._ HEN'-HOUSE, a house, coop, or shelter for fowls; HEN'-HUSS'Y, a man who meddles with women's affairs; HEN'-MOULD, a black, spongy soil; HEN'NERY, a place where fowls are kept.--_adj._ HEN'NY, like a hen, feathered.--_v.t._ HEN'PECK, of a wife, to domineer over her husband.--_n._ the subjection of a husband to his wife.--_adj._ HEN'PECKED, weakly subject to his wife.--_ns._ HENPECK'ERY, the state of being henpecked; HEN'-ROOST, a place where poultry roost at night; HEN'WIFE, HEN'-WOM'AN, a woman who has the charge of poultry. [A.S. _henn_--_hana_, a cock; Ger. _hahn_, fem.
HENCE, hens, _adv._ from this place or time: in the future: from this cause or reason: from this origin.--_interj._ away! begone!--_advs._ HENCE'FORTH, HENCEFOR'WARD, from this time forth or forward. [M. E. _hennes_, _henne_--A.S. _heonan_, from the base of he; Ger. _hinnen_,_hin_, hence; so L. _hinc_, hence--_hic_, this.]
HENCHMAN, hensh'man, _n._ a servant: a page. [Not from _haunch-man_, but from A.S. _hengest_, a horse (Ger. _hengst_), and man.]
HEND, hend, _v.t._ (_Spens._) to seize, to grasp. [_Hand._]
HENDECAGON, hen-dek'a-gon, _n._ a plane figure of eleven angles and eleven sides.--_adj._ HENDECAG'ONAL. [Gr. _hendeka_, eleven, _g[=o]nia_, an angle.]
HENDECASYLLABLE, hen'dek-a-sil-a-bl, _n._ a metrical line of eleven syllables.--_adj._ HENDECASYLLAB'IC. [Gr. _hendeka_, eleven, _syllab[=e]_, a syllable.]
HENDIADYS, hen-d[=i]'a-dis, _n._ a rhetorical figure in which one and the same notion is presented in two expressions, as 'with might and main'=by main strength. [Gr. _hen dia dyoin_, lit. 'one by two.']
HENEQUEN, hen'[=e]-ken, _n._ a fibre known as sisal-hemp, used for ships'
cables, obtained chiefly from _Agave Ixtli_ of Yucatan, also the plant itself.--Also HEN'EQUIN, HEN'IQUIN. [Sp. _jeniquen_.]
HENNA, hen'a, _n._ a small Oriental shrub of the loosestrife family, with fragrant white flowers: a pigment made from the shrub for dyeing the nails and hair. [Ar. _henna_.]
HENOTHEISM, hen'[=o]-th[=e]-izm, _n._ the ascribing of supreme power to some one of several gods in turn: the belief in a special supreme god over a particular people--a national or relative monotheism.--_adj._ HENOTHEIST'IC. [Gr. _heis_ (_hen-_), one, _theos_, god, and suff. _-ism_.]
HENOTIC, hen-ot'ik, _adj._ tending to unify or reconcile. [Gr.
HENRY, hen'ri, _n._ (_electr._) the practical unit of self-induction--from Joseph _Henry_, American physicist (1797-1878).
HENT, hent (_Spens._), _pa.t._ of _hend_.--_n._ hold.
HENT, hent, _v.t._ to clear, go beyond. [A.S. _hentan_, to seize.]
HEP, hep, _n._ See _Hip_, the fruit of the dog-rose.
HEP, hep, _interj._ a cry said to come down from the Crusaders' time, often the cry of the mob in an outrage on the Jews--more probably an abbreviation of _Hebrew_ than formed from the initials of _Hierosolyma est perdita_=Jerusalem is destroyed.
HEPAR, h[=e]'par, _n._ the name given by the older chemists to various compounds of sulphur, from their brown, liver-like colour.--_adj._ HEPAT'IC, belonging to the liver.--_ns.pl._ HEPAT'ICA, medicines which affect the liver and its appendages; HEPAT'ICae, the liver-worts, a sub-class of bryophytic or moss-like plants.--_n._ HEPATIS[=A]'TION, consolidation of tissue, as of the lungs in pneumonia, resulting in a liver-like solidification.--_v.t._ HEP'ATISE, to convert into a substance resembling liver.--_ns._ HEP'AT[=I]TE, a variety of barium sulphate or barite, with a characteristic stink; HEPAT[=I]'TIS, inflammation of the liver; HEP'ATOCELE, hernia of the liver; HEPATOL'OGIST, a specialist in diseases of the liver; HEPATOL'OGY, the science of, or a treatise on, the liver; HEPATORRHOE'A, a morbid flow of bile; HEPATOS'COPY, divination by inspection of the livers of animals. [Gr. _h[=e]par_, _h[=e]p[)a]tos_, the liver.]
HEPTACHORD, hep'ta-kord, _n._ in Greek music, a diatonic series of seven tones, containing five whole steps and one half-step: an instrument with seven strings.
HEPTADE, hep'tad, _n._ the sum or number of seven: (_chem._) an atom, radical, or element having a combining power of seven. [Fr.,--Gr. _heptas_, _heptados_--_hepta_, seven.]
HEPTAGLOT, hep'ta-glot, _adj._ in seven languages.--_n._ a book in seven languages. [Gr. _heptagl[=o]ttos_--_hepta_, seven, _gl[=o]tta_, _gl[=o]ssa_, tongue.]
HEPTAGON, hep'ta-gon, _n._ a plane figure with seven angles and seven sides.--_adj._ HEPTAG'ONAL. [Gr. _heptag[=o]nos_, seven-cornered--_hepta_, seven, _g[=o]nia_, an angle.]
HEPTAGYNIA, hept-a-jin'i-a, _n._ an order of plants having seven styles.--_adj._ HEPTAG'YNOUS. [Gr. _hepta_, seven, _gyn[=e]_, a woman.]
HEPTAHEDRON, hep-ta-h[=e]'dron, _n._ a solid figure with seven faces or sides.--_adjs._ HEPTAH[=E]'DRAL, HEPTAHED'RICAL; HEPTAHEXAH[=E]'DRAL, having seven ranges of faces one above another, each range containing six faces. [Gr. _hepta_, seven, _hedr[=a]_, a seat, a base.]
HEPTAMERIDE, hep-tam'e-rid, _n._ anything consisting of seven parts.--_adj._ HEPTAM'EROUS (_bot._), consisting of seven members or parts.
HEPTAMERON, hep'tam-e-ron, _n._ a book containing the transactions of seven days, esp. the 72 stories supposed to be told in seven days, bearing the name of Queen Margaret of Navarre (1492-1549). [Gr. _hepta_, seven, _h[=e]mera_, a day.]
HEPTAMETER, hep'tam-e-t[.e]r, _n._ a verse of seven measures. [Gr. _hepta_, seven, _metron_, measure.]
HEPTANDRIA, hept-an'dri-a, _n._ a class of plants having seven stamens.--_adj._ HEPTAN'DROUS. [Gr. _hepta_, seven, an[=e]r, _andros_, a man.]
HEPTANGULAR, hept-ang'g[=u]-lar, _adj._ having seven angles. [Gr. _hepta_, seven, and _angular_.]
HEPTAPHYLLOUS, hep-ta-fil'us, _adj._ having seven leaves.
HEPTAPODY, hep-tap'o-di, _n._ a verse of seven feet.--_adj._ HEPTAPOD'IC.
HEPTARCHY, hep'tar-ki, _n._ a government by seven persons: the country governed by seven: a period in the Saxon history of England--a misleading term in any other meaning than merely this, that the chief kingdoms at various periods from the 5th to the 9th century were seven--Wessex, Sussex, Kent, Essex, East Anglia, Mercia, and Northumbria.--_ns._ HEP'TARCH, HEP'TARCHIST.--_adj._ HEPTAR'CHIC. [Gr. _hepta_, seven, _arch[=e]_, sovereignty.]
HEPTASPERMOUS, hep-ta-sper'mus, _adj._ having seven seeds.
HEPTASYLLABIC, hep-ta-si-lab'ik, _adj._ seven-syllabled, like the second half of the elegiac pentameter.
HEPTATEUCH, hep'ta-t[=u]k, _n._ a word sometimes used for the first seven books of the Old Testament--formed on the analogy of Pentateuch and Hexateuch. [Gr. _hepta_, seven, _teuchos_, an instrument, a volume.]