HEAVY, hev'i, _adj_. weighty: not easy to bear: oppressive: afflicted: inactive: dull, lacking brightness and interest: inclined to slumber: violent: loud: not easily digested, as food: miry, as soil: having strength, as liquor: dark with clouds: gloomy: expensive: (_B._) sad: (_theat._) pertaining to the representation of grave or serious parts.--_adv._ HEAV'ILY.--_n._ HEAV'INESS.--_adjs._ HEAV'Y-ARMED, bearing heavy armour or arms; HEAV'Y-HAND'ED, clumsy, awkward: oppressive; HEAV'Y-HEAD'ED, having a heavy or large head: dull, stupid, drowsy; HEAV'Y-HEART'ED, weighed down with grief; HEAV'Y-L[=A]D'EN, laden with a heavy burden.--_n._ HEAV'Y-SPAR, native sulphate of barium, barytes.--HEAVY MARCHING ORDER, the condition of troops fully equipped for field service; HEAVY METAL, guns or shot of large size: great influence or power; HEAVY-WEIGHT, one beyond the average weight, esp. in sporting phrase, one placed highest in the ascending scale, _feather-weight_, _light-weight_, _middle-weight_, _heavy-weight_; HEAVY WET, a drink of strong ale or ale and porter mixed.--THE HEAVIES (_mil._), the heavy cavalry: those who play heavy parts. [A.S. _hefig_--_hebban_, to heave; Old High Ger. _hebig_.]
HEBDOMADAL, heb-dom'a-dal, _adj._ occurring every seven days: weekly--also HEBDOM'ADARY.--_n._ HEB'DOMAD, the number seven, a group of seven things, a week: in some Gnostic systems, a group of superhuman beings, angels, or divine emanations, the sphere of the Demiurge lower than the ogdoad--from the idea of the seven planets.--_adv._ HEBDOM'ADALLY, from week to week.--_n._ HEBDOM'ADARY, a member of a chapter or convent who officiates in the choir, &c., on a certain week.--HEBDOMADAL COUNCIL, a board which practically manages the business of the university of Oxford, usually meeting weekly. [L. _hebdomadalis_--Gr. _hebdomas_, a period of seven days--_hepta_, seven.]
HEBE, h[=e]'b[=e], _n._ a personification of youth and spring, from the name of the daughter of Zeus and Hera, who was cup-bearer of Olympus.
HEBEN, heb'n, _n._ and _adj._ (_Spens._) ebony.
HEBENON, heb'e-non, _n._ (_Shak._) a poisonous juice. [Perh. _ebony_, or a corr. of _henbane_.]
HEBETATE, heb'e-t[=a]t, _v.t._ to make dull or blunt.--_adj._ HEB'ETANT, making dull.--_ns._ HEBET[=A]'TION, HEB'ET[=U]DE; HEBETUDINOS'ITY.--_adj._ HEBET[=U]'DINOUS. [L. _hebet[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_--_hebes_, blunt.]
HEBREW, h[=e]'br[=oo], _n._ one of the descendants of Abraham, who emigrated from beyond the Euphrates into Palestine: an Israelite, a Jew: the language of the Hebrews (_fem._ H[=E]'BREWESS, _B._): (_coll._) unintelligible speech.--_adj._ relating to the Hebrews.--_adjs._ HEBR[=A]'IC, -AL, relating to the Hebrews or to their language.--_adv._ HEBR[=A]'ICALLY, after the manner of the Hebrew language: from right to left.--_n._ HEBR[=A]'ICISM.--_v.t._ H[=E]'BRAISE, to express as in Hebrew: to conform or incline to Hebrew ideals.--_ns._ H[=E]'BRAISER; H[=E]'BRAISM, a Hebrew idiom; H[=E]'BRAIST, one skilled in HEBREW.--_adjs._ HEBRAIST'IC, -AL, of or like Hebrew.--_adv._ HEBRAIST'ICALLY.--_n._ H[=E]'BREWISM. [O.
Fr. _Ebreu_--L. _Hebraeus_--Gr. _Hebraios_--Heb. _'ibri_, lit. 'one from the other side (of the river).']
HEBRIDEAN, h[=e]-brid'[=e]-an, -i-an, _adj._ pertaining to the _Hebrides_--also HEBRID'IAN.--_n._ a native thereof.
HECATE, hek'a-t[=e], _n._ a mysterious goddess, in Hesiod having power over earth, heaven, and sea--afterwards identified with many other goddesses, her power above all displayed in the matter of ghosts and bogies. [L.,--Gr.
HECATOMB, hek'a-tom, _n._ among the Greeks and Romans, a sacrifice of a hundred oxen: a great public sacrifice: any large number of victims. [Gr.
_hekatomb[=e]_--_hekaton_, a hundred, _bous_, an ox.]
HECATONTOME, hek'a-ton-t[=o]m, _n._ (_Milt._) a very large number of books.
[Gr. _hekaton_, a hundred, _tomos_, a volume.]
HECH, heh, _interj._ (_Scot._) an exclamation of surprise.
HECHT, heht, Scotch form of _hight_, v.
HECK, hek, _n._ (_Scot._) a rack in a stable for hay, &c.: a grated contrivance for catching fish: a contrivance in a spinning-wheel, and also in a warping-mill, by which the yarn or thread is guided to the reels.--LIVE AT HECK AND MANGER, to be in very comfortable quarters. [A.S.
_hec_, _haec_; Dut. _hek_.]
HECKLE, hek'l, _v.i._ to comb: to put a parliamentary candidate, or the like, through a series of embarrassing questions.--_n._ the same as HACK'LE, HATCH'EL.--_ns._ HECK'LE, the long shining feathers on a cock's neck, a feather ornament in the full-dress bonnets of Highland regiments; HECK'LER, one who torments a candidate with catching questions.
HECTARE, hek'tar, _n._ a superficial measure=100 ares, 10,000 sq. metres, or nearly 2 acres (2.471). [Fr.,--Gr. _hekaton_, 100, L. _area_, area.]
HECTIC, -AL, hek'tik, -al, _adj._ pertaining to the constitution or habit of body: affected with hectic fever.--_n._ HEC'TIC, a habitual or remittent fever, usually associated with consumption.--_adj._ HEC'TOID, of a hectic appearance.--HECTIC FEVER, the name given to the fever which occurs in connection with certain wasting diseases of long duration. [Fr.,--Gr.
_hektikos_, habitual--_hexis_, habit.]
HECTOGRAMME, hek'to-gram, _n._ a weight of 100 grammes, or nearly lb.
(3.527 ounces). [Fr.,--Gr. _hekaton_, 100, and _gramme_.]
HECTOGRAPH, hek'to-graf, _n._ a gelatine pad for receiving a copy and therefrom multiplying a writing or drawing.--_v.t._ to reproduce by means of this.--_adj._ HECTOGRAPH'IC. [Gr. _hekaton_, a hundred, _graph_--_graphein_, to write.]
HECTOLITRE, hek'to-lit'r, _n._ a unit of capacity of 100 litres, 22.01 imperial gallons.
HECTOMETRE, hek'to-m[=e]t-[.e]r, _n._ a unit of length equal to 100 metres, or about 1/16th (.0621) of a mile.
HECTOR, hek'tor, _n._ a bully, a street brawler: one who annoys.--_v.t._ to treat insolently: to annoy.--_v.i._ to play the bully.--_ns._ HEC'TORER; HEC'TORISM.--_adv._ HEC'TORLY.--_n._ HEC'TORSHIP. [_Hector_, the Trojan.]
HECTOSTERE, hek'to-st[=e]r, _n._ a measure of solidity of 100 cubic metres, 3531.56 Eng. cubic feet.
HEDDLE, hed'l, _n._ a series of vertical cords or wires, each having in the middle a loop (HEDD'LE-EYE) to receive a warp-thread, and passing round and between parallel bars.--_v.t._ to draw warp-threads through heddle-eyes.
[An assumed A.S. _hefedl_, earlier form of _hefeld_.]
HEDEOMA, h[=e]-d[=e]-[=o]'ma, _n._ a genus of herbaceous aromatic plants, the best-known species being the American Pennyroyal. [Gr. _h[=e]dys_, sweet.]
HEDERA, hed'er-a, _n._ a genus of climbing plants, best represented by the common ivy.--_adjs._ HEDER[=A]'CEOUS; HED'ERAL; HED'ERATED; HEDER'IC; HEDERIF'EROUS. [L.]
HEDGE, hej, _n._ a thicket of bushes: a fence round a field, &c.: any means of protection.--_v.t._ to enclose with a hedge: to obstruct: to surround: to guard: to protect one's self from loss by betting on both sides.--_v.i._ to shuffle: to be shifty: to skulk.--_ns._ HEDGE'BILL, HEDG'ING-BILL, a bill or hatchet for dressing hedges.--_adj._ HEDGE'-BORN, of low birth, as if born under a hedge or in the woods: low: obscure.--_ns._ HEDGE'BOTE, an old word for the right of a tenant to cut wood on the farm or land for repairing the hedges or fences; HEDGE'-CREEP'ER, a sneaking rogue; HEDGE'HOG, a small prickly-backed quadruped, so called from living in hedges and bushes, and its resemblance to a hog or pig; HEDGE'HOG-PLANT, a species of medick, having the pods spirally twisted and rolled up into a ball beset with spines; HEDGE'HOG-THIS'TLE, hedgehog-cactus; HEDGE'-HYSS'OP, a European perennial plant of the figwort family, with emetic and purgative qualities; HEDGE'-KNIFE, an instrument for trimming hedges; HEDGE'-MAR'RIAGE, a clandestine marriage; HEDGE'-MUS'TARD, a genus of plants of order _Cruciferae_, annual or rarely perennial, with small yellow or white flowers; HEDGE'-NOTE, a valueless literary attempt; HEDGE'-PAR'SON, a mean parson, generally illiterate; HEDGE'PIG (_Shak._), a young hedgehog; HEDGE'-PRIEST, an ignorant itinerant priest; HEDG'ER, one who dresses hedges; HEDGE'ROW, a row of trees or shrubs for hedging fields; HEDGE'-SCHOOL, an open-air school kept by the side of a hedge in Ireland; HEDGE'-SHREW, the field-mouse; HEDGE'-SPARR'OW, HEDGE'-WAR'BLER, a little singing bird, like a sparrow, which frequents hedges; HEDGE'-WRIT'ER, a Grub-street author; HEDG'ING, the work of a hedger.--_adj._ HEDG'Y. [A.S.
_hecg_, _hegg_; Dut. _hegge_, Ger. _hecke_.]
HEDONISM, h[=e]d'[=o]-nizm, _n._ in ethics, the doctrine that happiness is the highest good.--_adjs._ HEDON'IC, HEDONIST'IC.--_n.pl._ HEDON'ICS, the doctrine of pleasure.--_n._ H[=E]'DONIST, one who advocates hedonism. [Gr.
HEDYPHANE, hed'i-f[=a]n, _n._ a colourless mimetite, containing calcium: a variety of green lead ore. [Gr. _h[=e]dys_, sweet, _-phan[=e]s_, appearing.]
HEED, h[=e]d, _v.t._ to observe: to look after: to attend to.--_n._ notice: caution: attention.--_adj._ HEED'FUL, attentive, cautious.--_adv._ HEED'FULLY.--_ns._ HEED'FULNESS; HEED'INESS (_Spens._).--_adj._ HEED'LESS, inattentive: careless.--_n._ HEED'LESSHOOD (_Spens._).--_adv._ HEED'LESSLY.--_n._ HEED'LESSNESS.--_adj._ HEED'Y (_Spens._), heedful, careful. [A.S. _hedan_; Dut. _hoeden_, Ger. _huten_.]
HEEHAW, h[=e]'ha, _v.i._ to bray, like an ass. [_Imit._]
HEEL, h[=e]l, _n._ the part of the foot projecting behind: the whole foot (esp. of beasts): the covering of the heel, as on a boot: a spur: the hinder part of anything.--_v.t._ to use the heel: to furnish with heels: to arm with a steel spur, as a fighting cock: to seize by the heels: (_U.S._) to supply with money.--_v.i._ to follow well (of a dog).--_n._ HEEL'-BALL, a black waxy composition for blacking the heels and soles of boots, for taking impressions of coins, &c., by rubbing: a shoemaker's last.--_p.adj._ HEELED, provided with a heel, shod: (_U.S._) comfortably supplied with money.--_n._ HEEL'ER (_U.S._), an unscrupulous hanger-on of a political party; HEEL'PIECE, a piece or cover for the heel; HEEL'-TAP, a small quantity of beer or spirits left in the glass after drinking.--HEEL AND TOE, with proper walking, as opposed to running; HEELS O'ER GOWDY (_Scot._), heels over head; HEELS OVER HEAD, upside down.--AT, ON, UPON, A PERSON'S HEELS, close behind; DOWN AT HEEL, having the heels of one's shoes trodden down: slovenly: in poor circumstances; KICK ONE'S HEELS, to be kept waiting for some time; LAY, SET, CLAP, BY THE HEELS, to fetter: to put in confinement; OUT AT HEELS, having the stockings or shoes worn out at the heels; SHOW A CLEAN PAIR OF HEELS, TAKE TO ONE'S HEELS, to run off with haste: to flee; TRIP UP (ONE'S) HEELS, to trip up or overthrow him; TURN ON (UPON) ONE'S HEEL, to turn sharply round, to turn back or away. [A.S.
_hela_; Dut. _hiel_.]
HEEL, h[=e]l, _v.i._ to incline: to lean on one side, as a ship.--_v.t._ to tilt. [Earlier _heeld_, A.S. _hieldan_, to slope; cf. Dut. _hellen_.]
HEEZE, h[=e]z, _v.t._ (_Scot._) a form of hoise.--_n._ a lift.
HEFT, heft, _n._ heaving: (_Shak._) retching: (_U.S._) weight: the bulk of.--_v.t._ to try the weight of.--_adj._ HEFT'Y, rather heavy: easy to lift. [_Heave_.]
HEFT (_Spens._), obsolete form of _heaved_.
HEFT, heft, _v.t._ to accustom to a thing or place: (_Scot._) to attach.
[Cf. Ice. _hefdha_, Sw. _hafda_, Dan. _haevde_.]
HEFT, heft, _n._ a notebook, a number of sheets sewed together. [_Ger._]
HEGELIANISM, h[=e]-g[=e]'li-an-izm, _n._ the philosophical principles of Wilhelm Friedrich _Hegel_ (1770-1831).--_adj._ H[=e]g[=e]'lian, of or pertaining to Hegel.--_n._ a follower of Hegel.
HEGEMONY, h[=e]'jem-o-ni, _n._ leadership: control, esp. of one state over others.--_adjs._ HEGEMON'IC, -AL.--_ns._ HEG[=U]'MEN, HEG[=U]'MENOS, the head of a monastery:--_fem._ HEG[=U]'MENE, HEG[=U]'MENESS. [Gr.
_h[=e]gemonia_--_h[=e]gem[=o]n_, leader--_h[=e]geisthai_, to go before.]
HEGIRA, HEJIRA, hej'i-ra, _n._ the flight of Mohammed from Mecca, 15th July 622 A.D., from which is dated the Mohammedan era: any flight. [Ar.
_hijrah_, flight, _hajara_, to leave.]
HEIFER, hef'[.e]r, _n._ a young cow. [A.S. _heahfore_, _heahfru_, _-fre_; prob. 'high-goer,' _faran_, to go.]
HEIGH, h[=i], _interj._ a cry of encouragement or exultation--also HEY, HA.--_interj._ HEIGH'-HO, an exclamation expressive of weariness. [Imit.]