HAGGARD, hag'ard, _adj._ lean: hollow-eyed: wild, applied to an untrained hawk--(_arch._) HAGG'ED.--_n._ HAGG'ARD, a hawk.--_adv._ HAGG'ARDLY. [O.
Fr. _hagard_, prob. related to _haie_, hedge.]
HAGGARD, hag'ard, _n._ a stackyard. [_Hay-yard_.]
HAGGIS, hag'is, _n._ a Scotch dish made of the heart, lungs, and liver of a sheep, calf, &c., chopped up with suet, onions, oatmeal, &c., seasoned and boiled in a sheep's stomach-bag. [Ety. unknown; not Fr. _hachis_, hash, assimilated with _hag_, _hack._]
HAGGLE, hag'l, _v.t._ to cut unskilfully: to mangle.--_v.i._ to be slow and hard in making a bargain: to stick at trifles, to cavil.--_n._ HAGG'LER. [A variant of _hackle_, itself a freq. of _hack_, to cut.]
HAGIARCHY, h[=a]'ji-ar-ki, _n._ government by priests.--Also HAGIOC'RACY.
[Gr. _hagios_, sacred, _arch[=e]_, rule.]
HAGIOGRAPHA, hag-i-og'ra-fa, _n.pl._ the last of the three Jewish divisions of the Old Testament, comprehending the books of Psalms, Proverbs, Job, Daniel, Ezra, Nehemiah, Ruth, Esther, Chronicles, Canticles, Lamentations, Ecclesiastes.--_adj._ HAGIOG'RAPHAL.--_n._ HAGIOG'RAPHER, one of the writers of the Hagiographa: a sacred writer.--_adjs._ HAGIOGRAPH'IC, -AL, pertaining to the Hagiographa. [Gr. _hagiographa_ (_biblia_)--_hagios_, holy, _graphein_, to write.]
HAGIOLOGY, hag-i-ol'o-ji, _n._ history of saints.--_n._ HAGIOG'RAPHER, a writer of saints' lives.--_adjs._ HAGIOGRAPH'IC, -AL, pertaining to the writing of saints' lives.--_ns._ HAGIOG'RAPHY, the lives of saints as a branch of literature; HAGIOL'ATER, one who worships saints; HAGIOL'ATRY, the worship of saints.--_adjs._ HAGIOLOG'IC, -AL.--_n._ HAGIOL'OGIST, one versed in the legends of saints. [Gr. _hagios_, holy, _logia_, discourse.]
HAGIOSCOPE, hag'-, or h[=a]'ji-o-sk[=o]p, _n._ an oblique opening in the screen or chancel wall of a church to afford a view of the chief altar to those in a side chapel or aisle, a squint.--_adj._ HAGIOSCOP'IC. [Gr.
_hagios_, holy, _skopein_, to look.]
HAH, ha, _interj._ Same as HA.
HA-HA, imitation of the sound of laughter.
HA-HA, HAWHAW, haw-haw', _n._ a sunk fence, or a ditch not seen till close upon it.
HAHNEMANNIAN, ha-ne-man'i-an, _adj._ of or relating to C. F. S. _Hahnemann_ (1755-1843), founder of the homeopathic method of treatment.
HAIDUK, h[=i]'duk, _n._ one of those, from the forests of eastern Hungary, who in the 16th century maintained a guerilla warfare against the Turks.
[Hung. _hajduk_, pl. of _hajdu_, a cowherd.]
HAIK, haik, _n._ an oblong piece of cloth which Arabs wrap round the head and body.--Also HAICK, HAIQUE, HYKE.
HAIKH, haih, _n._ a branch of the Iranic group of Aryan languages, including Armenian and Ossetian: the native name of Armenia.--_adj._ Armenian.
HAIL, h[=a]l, _v.t._ to greet: to call to, at a distance: to address one passing.--_n._ a call: greeting.--_interj._ or _imper._ (_lit._) may you be in health.--_n._ HAIL'-FELL'OW, a familiar friend.--_adj._ on hearty and intimate terms--'Hail, fellow! well met,' often used as a kind of descriptive adjective.--HAIL FROM, to come from. [Ice. _heill_, health.]
HAIL, h[=a]l, _n._ frozen rain or particles of ice falling from the clouds.--_v.i._ to rain hail.--_v.t._ to pour down in rapid succession.--_ns._ HAIL'SHOT, small shot which scatters like hail; HAIL'STONE, a single stone or ball of hail; HAIL'-STORM, a storm accompanied with hail.--_adj._ HAIL'Y. [A.S. _hagol_; Ger. _hagel_.]
HAIN, h[=a]n, _v.t._ (_Scot._) to save, preserve: to spare.--_adj._ HAINED, saved, kept carefully.--_n._ HAIN'ING, an enclosure. [Ice. _hegna_, to protect; cf. Sw. _hagna_; Dan. _hegne_.]
HAIN'T, HAINT=have not, has not.
HAIR, h[=a]r, _n._ a filament growing from the skin of an animal: the whole mass of hairs which forms a covering for the head or the whole body: (_bot._) minute hair-like processes on the cuticle of plants: anything very small and fine: particular course, quality, or character: (_mech._) a locking spring or other safety contrivance in the lock of a rifle, &c., capable of being released by a slight pressure on a hair-trigger.--_ns._ HAIR'BREADTH, HAIR'S'-BREADTH, the breadth of a hair (HAIRBREADTH 'SCAPE, a very narrow escape): a very small distance; HAIR'-BRUSH, a brush for the hair; HAIR'CLOTH, cloth made partly or entirely of hair; HAIR'DRESSER, one who dresses or cuts hair: a barber.--_adj._ HAIRED, having hair--as _black-haired_, _fair-haired_, &c.--_ns._ HAIR'-GRASS, a kind of grass found generally on poor soil, the bracts of whose florets are generally awned near the base; HAIR'INESS.--_adj._ HAIR'LESS, without hair.--_ns._ HAIR'-LINE, a line made of hair, used in fishing: a slender line made in writing or drawing: (_print._) a very thin line on a type; HAIR'-OIL, perfumed oil used in dressing the hair; HAIR'-PEN'CIL, an artist's brush made of a few fine hairs; HAIR'-PIN, a pin used in hairdressing; HAIR'-POW'DER, a white powder for dusting the hair; HAIR'-SHIRT, a penitent's shirt of haircloth; HAIR'-SPACE, the thinnest metal space used by compositors; HAIR'-SPLIT'TER, one who makes too nice distinctions; HAIR'-SPLIT'TING, the art of making minute and over-nice distinctions; HAIR'SPRING, a very fine hair-like spring coiled up within the balance-wheel of a watch; HAIR'-STROKE, in writing, a fine stroke with the pen: a hair-line; HAIR'-TRIGG'ER, a trigger which discharges a gun or pistol by a hair-like spring; HAIR'-WORK, work done or something made with hair, esp. human; HAIR'WORM, a worm, like a horse-hair, which lives in the bodies of certain insects.--_adj._ HAIR'Y, of or resembling hair: covered with hair.--AGAINST THE HAIR, against the grain: contrary to what is natural; A HAIR OF THE DOG THAT BIT HIM, a smaller dose of that which caused the trouble, esp. used of the morning glass after a night's debauch--a homeopathic dose; COMB A PERSON'S HAIR THE WRONG WAY, to irritate or provoke him; KEEP ONE'S HAIR ON (_slang_) to keep cool; MAKE THE HAIR STAND ON END, to give the greatest astonishment or fright to another; NOT TO TURN A HAIR, not to be ruffled or disturbed; PUT UP THE HAIR, to dress the hair up on the head instead of wearing it hanging; SPLIT HAIRS, to make superfine distinctions; TO A HAIR, TO THE TURN OF A HAIR, exactly, with perfect nicety. [A.S. _h['ae]r_, Ger., Dut., and Dan. _haar_, &c.]
HAIRST, h[=a]rst, a Scotch form of _harvest_.
HAITH, h[=a]th, _interj._ (_Scot._) by my faith!
HAJJ. See HADJ.
HAKE, h[=a]k, _n._ a gadoid fish resembling the cod--varieties are the _Silver Hake_, the _Merluccio_, the _Squirrel-hake_, &c.--_ns._ H[=A]'KED, HAC'OT (_prov._), the pike (A.S. _hacod_; Ger. _hecht_). [Prob. Scand.; cf.
Norw. _hake-fisk_, lit. 'hook-fish.']
HAKE, h[=a]k, _n._ (_prov._) a hook, esp. a pot-hook: a pike. [Prob. Ice.
_haki_; cf. Dut. _haak_.]
HAKE, h[=a]k, _v.i._ to idle or loiter about. [Cf. Dut. _haken_, to hanker.]
HAKEEM, HAKIM, ha-k[=e]m', _n._ a physician. [Ar.]
HAKIM, h[=a]'kim, _n._ a judge or governor in Mohammedan India.
HALACHAH, HALAKAH, HALACHA, ha-lak'a, _n._ an amplification of points not explicitly set forth in the Mosaic law, deduced from it by analogy, and arranged in the collection of legal precepts designated _Halachoth_.--_adj._ HALACH'IC, pertaining to halachoth, legal as opposed to homiletic or haggadic. [Heb.,--_h[=a]lak_, to walk.]
HALATION, ha-l[=a]'shun, _n._ a _halo_-like appearance in a photograph, caused by reflection of light.
HALBERD, hal'b[.e]rd, _n._ a weapon consisting of a wooden shaft some six feet long, surmounted by an axe-like instrument balanced on the opposite side by a hook or pick.--_n._ HALBERDIER', one armed with a halberd. [O.
Fr. _halebard_--Mid. High Ger. _helmbarde_ (Ger. _hellebarde_)--_halm_, handle, or _helm_, helmet; Old High Ger. _barta_ (Ger. _barte_), an axe.]
HALCYON, hal'si-un, _n._ the kingfisher, once believed to make a floating nest on the sea, which remained calm while it was hatching.--_adj._ calm: peaceful: happy--hence HALCYON-DAYS, a time of peace and happiness.
[L.,--Gr., _alky[=o]n_; as if _hals_, the sea, _kyein_, to conceive.]
HALD, a Scotch form of _hold_.
HALE, h[=a]l, _adj._ healthy: robust: sound of body.--_n._ (_Spens._) welfare.--_n._ HALE'NESS. [Northern A.S. _hal_; the S. forms _hol_, _hool_, produce _whole_. There is a parallel N. form from Norse _heill_.]
HALE, h[=a]l, _v.t._ to drag. [A variant of _haul_.]
HALF, haf, _n._ one of two equal parts: a contraction of half-year, as in a school session:--_pl._ HALVES (havz).--_adj._ having or consisting of one of two equal parts: being in part: incomplete, as measures.--_adv._ in an equal part or degree: in part: imperfectly.--_v.i._ to divide into two equal parts.--_ns._ HALF'-AND-HALF, a mixture of beer or porter and ale; HALF'-BACK, in football, a position on the right or left side of the field, between the quarter-back and full-back, or directly behind the forwards: a player occupying this position.--_adj._ HALF'-BAKED, underdone: incomplete: half-witted.--_v.t._ HALF'-BAPTISE', to baptise privately and hastily.--_ns._ HALF'-BIND'ING, a style of bookbinding in which the backs and corners are of leather, and the sides of paper or cloth; HALF'-BLOOD, relation between those who are of the same father or mother, but not of both.--_adj._ HALF'-BLOOD'ED.--_ns._ HALF'-BOARD (_naut._), a manoeuvre by which a sailing-ship gains distance to windward by luffing up into the wind; HALF'-BOOT, a boot reaching half-way to the knee.--_adj._ HALF'-BOUND, bound only partly in leather, as a book.--_n._ HALF'-BREED, one that is half-blooded.--_adj._ HALF'-BRED, half or not well bred or trained: wanting in refinement.--_ns._ HALF'-BROTH'ER, HALF'-SIS'TER, a brother or sister by one parent only; HALF'-CAP (_Shak._), a cap only partly taken off: a slight salute; HALF'-CASTE, a person one of whose parents belongs to a Hindu caste, and the other is a European: any half-breed; HALF'-CHEEK (_Shak._), a face in profile; HALF'-COCK, the position of the cock of a gun when retained by the first notch (see COCK); HALF'-CROWN, a silver coin in England, of the value of two shillings and sixpence.--_adj._ HALF'-DEAD, almost dead, nearly exhausted.--_n._ HALF'-DOLL'AR, a silver coin of the United States, worth 50 cents.--_adj._ HALF'-DONE, not fully cooked, roasted, &c.--_n._ HALF'-DOZ'EN, six.--_adjs._ HALF'-ED'UCATED, imperfectly educated; HALF'EN (_Spens._), half.--_adv._ HALF'ENDEAL (_Spens._), half.--_adjs._ HALF'-FACED (_Shak._), showing only part of the face: wretched-looking; HALF'-HEART'ED, cold, ungenerous: lukewarm: indifferent.--_adv._ HALF'-HEART'EDLY.--_ns._ HALF'-HEART'EDNESS; HALF'-HOLIDAY, half of a working day for recreation; HALF'-KIR'TLE, a kind of jacket worn by women in the 16th and 17th centuries; HALF'-LENGTH, a portrait or photograph showing the upper part of the body.--_adj._ of half-length.--_ns._ HALF'LING, a half-grown person, between a boy and a man; HALF'-MAST, the position of a flag lowered half-way down, in respect for the dead or in signal of distress; HALF'-MEAS'URE, any means inadequate for the end proposed; HALF'-MOON, the moon at the quarters when but half of it is illuminated: anything semicircular; HALF'-MOURN'ING, a mourning costume less than deep or full mournings.--_adj._ HALF'-N[=A]'KED, as nearly naked as clothed.--_ns._ HALF'-NOTE (_mus._), a minim, being one-half of a semibreve or whole note; HALF'-ONE (_golf_), a handicap of one stroke every second hole; HALF'-PAY, reduced pay, as of naval or military officers when not in active service.--_adj._ receiving half-pay.--_ns._ HALFPENNY (h[=a]'pen-i), a copper coin worth half a penny: the value of half a penny: (_Shak._) anything very small:--_pl._ HALFPENCE (h[=a]'pens); HALF'PENNYWORTH, the worth or value of a halfpenny; HALF'-PIKE, a pike with a shaft only half the length of the ordinary; HALF'-PRICE, a reduced charge of admission, &c.--_adj._ at half the usual prices.--_adj._ HALF'-ROUND (_Milt._), semicircular.--_ns._ HALF'-ROY'AL, a special kind of millboard or pasteboard; HALF'-SHELL, one-half of a bivalve, as in oysters 'on the half-shell.'--_adj._ HALF'-SIGHT'ED, short-sighted.--_n._ HALF'-SOV'EREIGN, an English gold coin, worth ten shillings.--_adj._ HALF'-STARVED, having insufficient food.--_ns._ HALF'-SUIT, the body armour of the 17th century; HALF'-SWORD (_Shak._), fight within half a sword's length: close fight; HALF'-TIDE, the tide half-way between flood and ebb.--_adj._ left dry at half-tide.--_ns._ HALF'-TIM'ER, one who works only half the usual time, esp. a pupil in an elementary school allowed to be absent half the school-day at some employment; HALF'-TINT, an intermediate tint; HALF'-T[=I]'TLE, a short title of a book at the head of the first page of the text, or a title of any subdivision of a book when printed in a full page; HALF'-TRUTH, a statement conveying only part of the truth.--_adv._ HALF'-WAY, at half the way or distance: imperfectly.--_adj._ equally distant from two points.--_adjs._ HALF'-WIT'TED, weak in intellect; HALF'-YEAR'LY, occurring at every half-year or twice in a year.--_adv._ twice in a year.--_n._ BETT'ER-HALF, a wife.--HALF-SEAS-OVER, half-drunk.--NOT HALF, to a very slight extent: (_slang_) not at all.--CRY HALVES, to claim a half-share; GO HALVES, to share equally with a person.
[A.S. _healf_ (Ger. _halb_, Dan. _halv_); original meaning 'side.']
HALIBUT, hal'i-but, _n._ the largest kind of flat-fishes, in form more elongated than the flounder or the turbot.--Also HOL'IBUT. [M. E. _hali_, holy, and _butte_, a flounder, plaice, the fish being much eaten on fast or holy days; cf. Dut. _heilbot_, Ger. _heilbutt_.]
HALICORE, hal-ik'o-ri, _n._ a dugong.
HALIDOM, hal'i-dom, _n._ (_Spens._) holiness--used chiefly as an oath.
[A.S. _halig_, holy, and affix _-dom_.]
HALIEUTICS, hal-i-[=u]'tiks, _n._ a treatise on fishes or fishing.
[L.,--Gr.,_--hals_, the sea.]
HALIOTIS, hal-i-[=o]'tis, _n._ a genus of univalve shells, the ear-shells, supplying mother-of-pearl.--_adj._ HAL'IOTOID. [Gr. _hals_, sea, _ous_, _[=o]tis_, ear.]
HALITUS, hal'i-tus, _n._ a vapour.--_adj._ HALIT'UOUS. [L.]
HALL, hawl, _n._ a large room or passage at the entrance of a house: a large chamber for public business--for meetings, or for the sale of particular goods: an edifice in which courts of justice are held: a manor-house: the main building of a college, and in some cases, as at Oxford and Cambridge, the specific name of a college itself: an unendowed college: a licensed residence for students: the great room in which the students dine together--hence also the dinner itself: a place for special professional education, or for conferring professional degrees or licenses, as a Divinity Hall, Apothecaries' Hall.--_ns._ HALL'AGE, toll paid for goods sold in a hall; HALL'-DOOR, the front door of a house.--A HALL! A HALL! a cry at a mask or the like for room for the dance, &c.; BACHELOR'S HALL, a place free from the restraining presence of a wife; LIBERTY HALL, a place where every one can do as he pleases. [A.S. _heall_; Dut. _hal_, Ice.
HALLAN, hal'an, _n._ (_Scot._) a partition to keep out the cold between the door of a cottage and the fireplace.--_n._ HALLANSH[=A]K'ER, a sturdy beggar.