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GYRE, j[=i]r, _n._ a circular motion.--_n._ GY'RA, the richly embroidered border of a robe:--_pl._ GY'Rae.--_adjs._ GY'RAL, whirling, rotating; GYROID'AL, spiral in arrangement or movement. [L. _gyrus_--Gr. _gyros_, a ring, round.]

GYRE-CARLIN, g[=i]r-kar'lin, _n._ (_Scot._) a witch. [Ice. _ggr_, a witch, _karlinna_, a carline.]


GYROMANCY, j[=i]'ro-man-si, _n._ divination by walking in a circle till dizziness caused a fall towards one direction or another. [Gr. _gyros_, a circle, _manteia_, divination.]

GYRON, GIRON, j[=i]'ron, _n._ (_her._) a bearing consisting of two straight lines drawn from any given part of the field and meeting in an acute angle in the fesse-point.--_adjs._ GYRONNET'TY, GYRON'NY, GIRON'NY. [Fr., acc. to Skeat, from the Old High Ger. _gerun_, accus. of _gero_, a spear, _ger_; cf. A.S. _gar_, a spear.]

GYROSCOPE, j[=i]'ro-sk[=o]p, _n._ an instrument for the exhibition of various properties of rotation, and the composition of rotations.--_adj._ GYROSCOP'IC. [Gr. _gyros_, a circle, _skopein_, to see.]

GYROSE, j[=i]'r[=o]s, _adj._ (_bot._) turned round like a crook.

GYROSTAT, j[=i]'r[=o]-stat, _n._ an instrument contrived for illustrating the dynamics of rotating rigid bodies.--_adj._ GYROSTAT'IC. [Gr. _gyros_, round, _statikos_, static.]

GYRUS, j[=i]'rus, _n._ one of the rounded edges into which the surface of the cerebral hemisphere is divided by the fissures or sulci. [Gr. _gyros_, a circle.]

GYTE, g[=i]t, _adj._ (_Scot._) crazy, mad.

GYTE, g[=i]t, _n._ (_Scot._) a child: a first year's boy at Edinburgh High School. [Prob. a corr. of _get_, offspring.]

GYTRASH, g[=i]'trash, _n._ (_prov._) a ghost.

GYVE, j[=i]v, _v.t._ to GYVES, shackles, fetters. [M. E.

_gives_, _gyves._ Of Celt. origin; cf. W. _gefyn_, Ir. _geimheal._]

H the eighth letter in our alphabet, its sound that of a strongly-marked continuous guttural, produced at the back of the palate, not existing in English, but heard in the Scotch _loch_ and the German _lachen_. In Old English _h_ was a guttural, or throat sound, but it gradually softened down to a spirant, and has now become almost a vowel: (_chem._) a symbol denoting hydrogen: in medieval Roman notation=200, [=H]=200,000.

HA, ha, _interj._ denoting surprise, joy, or grief; and, when repeated, laughter: in continued speech, often an involuntary sound expressive of hesitation. [Imit.]

HA', haw, _n._ (_Scot._) hall.

HAAF, haf, _n._ a deep-sea fishing-ground off the coast of Shetland.--_n._ HAAF'-FISH'ING, deep-sea fishing, as for cod. [Ice. _haf_, sea.]

HAAR, har, _n._ (_Scot._) a fog.

HABBLE, hab'l, _v.t._ (_Scot._) to perplex.--_v.i._ to stutter or stammer.--_n._ a perplexity, a squabble. [_Hobble_.]

HABEAS-CORPUS (_ad subjiciendum_), h[=a]'be-as-kor'pus, _n._ a writ to a jailer to produce the body of one detained in prison, and to state the reasons of such detention.--_n._ HABEN'DUM, the clause in a deed beginning 'habendum et tenendum' ('to have and to hold'), which determines the interest or estate granted by the deed. [L., lit. 'have the body,' from L.

_hab[=e]re_, to have, and _corpus_, the body.]

HABENARIA, hab-[=e]-n[=a]'ri-a, _n._ a genus of tuberous orchidaceous plants. [L. _habena_, a thong.]

HABERDASHER, hab'[.e]r-dash-[.e]r, _n._ a seller of small-wares, as ribbons, tape, &c.--_n._ HAB'ERDASHERY, goods sold by a haberdasher. [O.

Fr. _hapertas_; ety. dub.; not Ice.]

HABERDINE, ha-ber-d[=i]n', _n._ (_obs._) dried salt cod. [Old Dut.

_abberdaan_, also _labberdaen_; prob. from Le _Labourd_, or _Lapurdum_ (Bayonne).]

HABERGEON, ha-b[.e]r'je-un, _n._ a piece of armour to defend the neck and breast. [Fr. _haubergeon_, dim. of O. Fr. _hauberc_.]

HABILE, hab'il, _adj._ (_obs._) able, capable. [Fr.,--L. _habilis._ See ABLE.]

HABILIMENT, ha-bil'i-ment, _n._ a garment: (_pl._) clothing, dress.--_adjs._ HAB'ILABLE (_Carlyle_), capable of being clothed; HABIL'ATORY, having reference to dressing. [Fr. _habillement_--_habiller_, to dress--L. _habilis_, fit, ready--_hab[=e]re_.]

HABILITATION, ha-bil-i-t[=a]'shun, _n._ (_Bacon_) qualification: (_U.S._) the act of supplying money to work a mine.--_n._ HABILIT[=A]'TOR, one who does so.--_v.i._ HABIL'ITATE, to acquire certain necessary qualifications, esp. for the office of teacher in a German university (Ger. _habilitiren_).

[Low L. _habilitation -em_--L. _habilis_, able.]

HABILITY, ha-bil'i-ti, _n._ an obsolete form of _ability_.

HABIT, hab'it, _n._ ordinary course of conduct: tendency to perform certain actions: general condition or tendency, as of the body: practice: custom: outward appearance: dress, esp. any official or customary costume: a garment, esp. a tight-fitting dress, with a skirt, worn by ladies on horseback.--_v.t._ to dress:--_pr.p._ hab'iting; _pa.p._ hab'ited.--_adj._ HAB'ITED, clothed, dressed.--_ns._ HAB'IT-MAK'ER, one who makes women's riding-habits; HAB'IT-SHIRT, a thin muslin or lace under-garment worn by women on the neck and shoulders, under the dress.--_adj._ HABIT'[=U]AL, formed or acquired by frequent use: customary.--_adv._ HABIT'[=U]ALLY.--_v.t._ HABIT'[=U][=A]TE, to cause to acquire a habit: to accustom.--_ns._ HABIT[=U][=A]'TION; HAB'IT[=U]DE, tendency from acquiring a habit: usual manner; HABITUe (hab-it'[=u]-[=a]), a habitual frequenter of any place of entertainment, &c.--HABIT AND REPUTE, a phrase in Scotch law to denote something so notorious that it affords strong and generally conclusive evidence of the facts to which it refers; HABIT OF BODY, the general condition of the body as outwardly apparent: any constitutional tendency or weakness. [Fr.,--L. _habitus_, state, dress--_hab[=e]re_, to have.]

HABITABLE, hab'it-a-bl, _adj._ that may be dwelt in.--_ns._ HABITABIL'ITY, HAB'ITABLENESS.--_adv._ HAB'ITABLY.--_ns._ HAB'ITANT, an inhabitant; HAB'ITAT, the natural abode or locality of an animal or plant: place of abode generally; HABIT[=A]'TION, act of inhabiting: a dwelling or residence: a group, lodge, company, as of the so-called 'Primrose League.'

[Fr.,--L. _habitabilis_--_habit[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_, to inhabit, freq. of _hab[=e]re_, to have.]

HABLE, h[=a]'bl, _adj._ (_Spens._). Same as HABILE.

HACHEL, hach'el, _n._ (_Scot._) a sloven.

HACHURE, hash'[=u]r, _n._ Same as HATCHING.

HACIENDA, as-i-en'da, _n._ an estate or establishment. [Sp.,--L.

_facienda_, things to be done, _fac[)e]re_, to do.]

HACK, hak, _v.t._ to cut: to chop or mangle: to notch: to kick (another) at football.--_n._ a cut made by hacking: a kick on the shin.--_n._ HACK'ING, the operation of picking a worn grindstone, &c., with a hack-hammer.--_adj._ short and interrupted, as a broken, troublesome cough.--_n._ HACK'-LOG, a chopping-block. [A.S. _haccian_, in composition _to-haccian_; cf. Dut. _hakken_, Ger. _hacken._]

HACK, hak, _n._ a horse kept for hire, esp. a poor one: any person overworked on hire: a literary drudge.--_adj._ hired, mercenary: used up.--_v.t._ to offer for hire: to use roughly.--_n._ HACK'-WORK, literary drudgery for which a person is hired by a publisher, as making dictionaries, &c. [Contr. of _hackney_.]

HACK, hak, _n._ a grated frame, as a rack for feeding cattle, a place for drying bricks, &c. [_Hatch_.]

HACKBERRY, hak'ber-i, _n._ an American tree, allied to the elm. [See HAGBERRY.]

HACKBUT, hak'but, _n._ an arquebuse--also HAG'BUT.--_n._ HACKBUTEER'. [O.

Fr. _haquebute_, from Dut. _haakbus._ See ARQUEBUSE.]

HACKEE, hak'[=e], _n._ the United States chipmuck or ground-squirrel.


HACKERY, hak'er-i, _n._ a native bullock-cart. [Hind. _chhakr[=a]_, a cart.]

HACKLE, hak'l, _n._ an instrument with iron teeth for sorting hemp or flax: any flimsy substance unspun: a feather in a cock's neck: part of the dressing of a fly-hook used by anglers.--_v.t._ to dress with a hackle, as flax: to tear rudely asunder.--_n._ HACK'LER, a flax-dresser, heckler.--_adj._ HACK'LY, rough and broken, as if hacked or chopped: (_min._) covered with sharp points. [Cf. Dut. _hekel_, Ger. _hechel_.]

HACKLET, hak'let, _n._ a kind of sea-bird, prob. the shear-water--also HAG'LET.--The HAGDEN is the Greater Shear-water (_Puffinus major_).

HACKNEY, hak'ni, _n._ a horse for general use, esp. for hire: (_obs._) a person hired for any mean work.--_v.t._ to carry in a hackney-coach: to use much: to make commonplace.--_adjs._ HACK'NEY, HACK'NEYED, let out for hire: devoted to common use: much used.--_ns._ HACK'NEY-COACH, a coach let out for hire; HACK'NEY-COACH'MAN; HACK'NEYMAN, one who keeps hackney horses.

[O. Fr. _haquenee_, an ambling nag; further history unknown.]

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