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GURGLE, gur'gl, _v.i._ to flow in an irregular noisy current: to make a bubbling sound. [Through an It. _gorgogliare_, from _gorgo_--L. _gurges_.]


GURLY, gur'li, _adj._ (_obs._) fierce, stormy.

GURNARD, gur'nard, _n._ a genus of fishes having the body rounded, tapering, and covered with small scales, an angular head, the eyes near the summit, and the teeth small and very numerous--(_obs._) GUR'NET. [From O.

Fr. _grongnard_--_grogner_, to grunt--L. _grunn[=i]re_, to grunt.]

GURRAH, gur'a, _n._ a coarse Indian muslin.

GURRY, gur'i, _n._ fish-offal.

GURU, g[=oo]'r[=oo], _n._ a spiritual teacher, any venerable person.--Also GOO'ROO. [Hind.--Sans.]

GUSH, gush, _v.i._ to flow out with violence or copiously: to be effusive, or highly sentimental.--_n._ that which flows out: a violent issue of a fluid.--_n._ GUSH'ER, an oil-well not needing to be pumped.--_adj._ GUSH'ING, rushing forth with violence, as a liquid: flowing copiously: effusive.--_adv._ GUSH'INGLY.--_adj._ GUSH'Y, effusively sentimental.

[Scand.; Ice. _gusa_, _gjosa_; Dut. _gudsen_. See GEYSER.]

GUSSET, gus'et, _n._ the piece of cloth in a shirt which covers the armpit: an angular piece of cloth inserted in a garment to strengthen some part of it.--_v.t._ to make with a gusset: to insert a gusset into. [O. Fr.

_gousset_--_gousse_--It. _guscio_, a pod, husk.]

GUST, gust, _n._ a sudden blast of wind: a violent burst of passion.--_adjs._ GUST'FUL, GUST'Y, stormy: irritable.--_n._ GUST'INESS.

[Ice. _gustr_, blast.]

GUST, gust, _n._ sense of pleasure of tasting: relish: gratification.--_n._ GUST[=A]'TION, the act of tasting: the sense of taste.--_adjs._ GUST'[=A]TIVE, GUS'T[=A]TORY, of or pertaining to gustation.--_n._ GUST'O, taste: zest. [L. _gustus_, taste; cf. Gr. _geuein_, to make to taste.]

GUT, gut, _n._ the alimentary canal: intestines prepared for violin-strings, &c. (gut for angling, see SILKWORM-GUT): (_pl._) the bowels.--_v.t._ to take out the bowels of: to plunder:--_pr.p._ gut'ting; _pa.p._ gut'ted.--_n._ GUT'-SCRAP'ER, a fiddler.--_v.t._ and _v.i._ GUT'TLE, to eat greedily. [A.S. _gut_, _geotan_, to pour; prov. Eng. _gut_, Ger. _gosse_, a drain.]

GUTTA, gut'a, _n._ a drop: one of the small drop-like ornaments on the under side of the mutules and regulae of the Doric entablature: a small round colour-spot:--_pl._ GUTT'ae.--_adjs._ GUTT'ATE, -D, containing drops: spotted. [L.]

GUTTA-PERCHA, gut'a-p[.e]rch'a, _n._ the solidified juice of various trees in the Malayan Islands. [Malay _gatah_, _guttah_, gum, _percha_, the tree producing it.]

GUTTER, gut'[.e]r, _n._ a channel at the eaves of a roof for conveying away water: a channel for water: (_print._) one of a number of pieces of wood or metal, grooved in the centre, used to separate the pages of type in a form: (_pl._) mud, dirt (_Scot._).--_v.t._ to cut or form into small hollows.--_v.i._ to become hollowed: to run down in drops, as a candle.--_ns._ GUTT'ER-BLOOD, a low-born person; GUTT'ER-SNIPE, a neglected child, a street Arab.--_adj._ GUTTIF'EROUS, exuding gum or resin. [O. Fr.

_goutiere_--_goute_--L. _gutta_, a drop.]

GUTTURAL, gut'ur-al, _adj._ pertaining to the throat: formed in the throat: harsh or rasping in sound.--_n._ (_gram._) a letter pronounced in the throat or the back part of the mouth (_k_, _c_ hard, _q_, _g_, _ng_).--_v.t._ GUTT'URALISE, GUTT'URISE, to form (a sound) in the throat.--_adv._ GUTT'URALLY.--_n._ GUTT'URALNESS. [Fr.,--L. _guttur_, the throat.]

GUY, g[=i], _n._ (_naut._) a rope to steady any suspended weight.--_v.t._ to keep in position by a guy. [Sp. _guia_, a guide.]

GUY, g[=i], _n._ an effigy of _Guy_ Fawkes, dressed up grotesquely on the anniversary of the Gunpowder Plot (5th Nov.): an odd figure.

GUZZLE, guz'l, _v.i._ to eat and drink with haste and greediness.--_v.t._ to swallow with exceeding relish.--_n._ GUZZ'LER. [O. Fr. (_des-_) _gouziller_, to swallow down; _gosier_, the throat.]

GWINIAD, gwin'i-ad, _n._ a fresh-water fish of about 10 or 12 inches in length, found in some of the lakes of Wales and Cumberland--the _Fresh-water Herring_. [W.,--_gwyn_, white.]

GYGIS, j[=i]'jis, _n._ a genus of small terns, white, with black bill, long-pointed wings, and a slightly forked tail. [Gr. _gyg[=e]s_, a water-bird.]

GYMKHANA, jim-ka'na, _n._ a place of public resort for athletic games, &c., also a meeting for such sports. [A factitious word, according to Yule-Burnell, prob. based on _gend-kh[=a]na_ ('ball-house'), the usual Hind. name for an English racket-court.]

GYMNASIUM, jim-n[=a]'zi-um, _n._ a school for gymnastics: a school for the higher branches of literature and science: (_orig._) a public place or building where the Greek youths exercised themselves, with running and wrestling grounds, baths, and halls for conversation:--_pl._ GYMN[=A]'SIA.--_adj._ GYMN[=A]'SIAL.--_n._ GYMN[=A]'SIAST.--_adj._ GYMN[=A]'SIC.--_n._ GYM'NAST, one who teaches or practises gymnastics.--_adjs._ GYMNAS'TIC, -AL, pertaining to athletic exercises: athletic, vigorous.--_adv._ GYMNAS' used as _sing_.

GYMNAS'TICS, athletic exercises, devised to strengthen the muscles and bones, esp. those of the upper half of the body: the art of performing athletic exercises.--_adj._ GYM'NIC (_Milt._). [L.,--Gr.

_gymnasion_--_gymnazein_, _gymnos_, naked.]

GYMNOCARPOUS, jim-no-kar'pus, _adj._ (_bot._) having the fruit naked, or not invested with a receptacle. [Gr. _gymnos_, naked, _karpos_, fruit.]

GYMNOCITTA, jim-no-sit'a, _n._ a genus of crow-like American jays with naked nostrils. [Gr. _gymnos_, naked, _kitta_, _kissa_, a jay.]

GYMNOCLADUS, jim-nok'lad-us, _n._ a genus of North American trees, the pods slightly aperient. [Gr. _gymnos_, naked, _klados_, a branch.]

GYMNOGYNOUS, jim-noj'i-nus, _adj._ (_bot._) having a naked ovary. [Gr.

_gymnos_, naked, _gyn[=e]_, female.]

GYMNORHINAL, jim-n[=o]-r[=i]'nal, _adj._ having the nostrils bare or unfeathered, as certain jays and auks. [Gr. _gymnos_, naked, _hris_, _hrin-os_, the nose.]

GYMNOSOPHIST, jim-nos'of-ist, _n._ the name given by the Greeks to those ancient Hindu philosophers who wore little or no clothing, and lived solitarily in mystical contemplation.--_n._ GYMNOS'OPHY. [Gr. _gymnos_, naked, _sophos_, wise.]

GYMNOSPERM, jim'n[=o]-sp[.e]rm, _n._ one of the lower or more primitive group of seed plants--also GYM'NOGEN.--_adj._ GYMNOSPER'MOUS (_bot._), having the seeds unenclosed in a capsule.--_n._ GYM'NOSPORE, a naked spore.

[Gr. _gymnos_, naked, _sperma_, seed.]

GYMNOTUS, jim-n[=o]'tus, _n._ the most powerful of the electric fishes, occurring in the fresh waters of Brazil and Guiana.--Also _Electric eel_.

[Formed from Gr. _gymnos_, naked, _n[=o]tos_, the back.]

GYNaeCEUM, GYNECIUM, jin-[=e]-s[=e]'um, _n._ an apartment in a large house exclusively appropriated to women. [Gr. _gyn[=e]_, a woman, _oikos_, a house.]

GYNANDRIA, ji-nan'dri-a, _n._ a Linnaean class of plants, in which the stamens are united with the pistil.--_n._ GYNAN'DER, a plant of the gynandria: a masculine woman.--_adjs._ GYNAN'DRIAN, GYNAN'DROUS. [Gr.

_gyn[=e]_, a female, _an[=e]r_, _andros_, a man.]

GYNARCHY, jin'ar-ki, _n._ government by a female. [Gr. _gyn[=e]_, a woman, _arch[=e]_, rule.]

GYNECIAN, GYNaeCIAN, ji-n[=e]'shi-an, _adj._ relating to women.--_adjs._ GYN[=E]'CIC, GYNae'CIC, pertaining to women's diseases.--_n._ GYNOE'CIUM, the collective pistils of a flower.

GYNECOCRACY, jin-[=e]-kok'ra-si, _n._ government by women--also GYNOC'RACY.--_adj._ GYNECRAT'IC. [Gr. _gyn[=e]_, a woman, _kratein_, to rule.]

GYNECOLOGY, GYNaeCOLOGY, jin-[=e]-kol'-o-ji, _n._ that branch of medicine which treats of the diseases and affections peculiar to woman and her physical organism.--_adj._ GYNECOLOG'ICAL.--_n._ GYNECOL'OGIST. [Gr.

_gyn[=e]_, a woman, _legein_, to speak.]

GYNEOLATRY, j[=i]n[=e]-ol'at-ri, _n._ excessive worship of woman. [Gr.

_gyn[=e]_, a woman, _latreia_, worship.]

GYNOPHORE, jin'o-f[=o]r, _n._ (_bot._) an elongation or internode of the receptacle of a flower.

GYP, jip, _n._ a male servant who attends to college rooms at Cambridge.

[Perh. a contr. from _gypsy_; hardly from Gr. _gyps_, a vulture.]

GYPSUM, jip'sum, _n._ a valuable mineral of a comparatively soft kind, burned in kilns, and afterwards ground to a fine powder, called _plaster of Paris_.--_adjs._ GYP'SEOUS, of or resembling gypsum; GYPSIF'EROUS, producing or containing gypsum. [L.,--Gr. _gypsos_, chalk.]


GYRATE, j[=i]'r[=a]t, _v.i._ to whirl round a central point: to move round.--_adj._ (_bot._) winding round.--_n._ GYR[=A]'TION, act of whirling round a central point: a spiral motion.--_adjs._ GY'RATORY, GYR[=A]'TIONAL, moving in a circle. [L. _gyr[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_, to move in a circle.]

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