GROWL, growl, _v.i._ to utter a deep, murmuring sound like a dog: to grumble surlily.--_v.t._ to express by growling.--_n._ a murmuring, snarling sound, as of an angry dog.--_ns._ GROWL'ER, one who growls: a fish of the Perch family, abundant in North American rivers, so named from the sound it emits: (_slang_) a four-wheeled cab: (_Amer._) a jug or pitcher used for carrying beer; GROWL'ING, grumbling, snarling: a rumbling sound.--_adv._ GROWL'INGLY. [Dut. _grollen_, to grumble; allied to Gr.
_gryllizein_, to grunt.]
GROYNE, groin, _n._ a wooden breakwater. [GROIN.]
GRUB, grub, _v.i._ to dig in the dirt: to be occupied meanly: (_slang_) to eat.--_v.t._ to dig or root out of the ground (generally followed by up): (_slang_) to supply with victuals:--_pr.p._ grub'bing; _pa.p._ grubbed.--_n._ the larva of the beetle, moth, &c.: (_slang_) something to eat.--_n._ GRUB'BER, he who, or that which, grubs: an agricultural implement for grubbing out weeds, &c., or for clearing and stirring up the soil, with obliquely placed _tines_ or teeth set in a frame and moved forward on wheels.--_v.i._ and _v.t._ GRUB'BLE, to grope.--_n._ GRUB'-STREET, a street in London inhabited by booksellers' hacks and shabby writers generally.--_adj._ applied to any mean literary production. [Prob.
A.S. _grapian_, to grope.]
GRUDGE, gruj, _v.t._ to murmur at: to look upon with envy: to give or take unwillingly.--_v.i._ to show discontent.--_n._ secret enmity or envy: an old cause of quarrel.--_adjs._ GRUDGE'FUL (_Spens._), full of grudge, envious; GRUDG'ING, given to grudge.--_adv._ GRUDG'INGLY, unwillingly. [M.
E. _grochen_, _grucchen_--O. Fr. _grocer_, _groucer_, from an imitative root seen in Gr. _gry_, the grunt of a pig; also in _growl_, _grunt_.]
GRUEL, gr[=oo]'el, _n._ a thin food made by boiling oatmeal in water. [O.
Fr. _gruel_ (Fr. _gruau_), groats--Low L. _grutellum_, dim. of _grutum_, meal--Old Low Ger. _grut_, groats, A.S. _grut_.]
GRUESOME, gr[=oo]'sum, _adj._ horrible: fearful: dismal, depressing.--_vs.i._ GRUE, GREW, to shudder: to feel horror or repulsiveness. [Scand.; Dan. _gru_, horror, with suff. _-som_; cf. Dut.
_gruwzaam_, Ger. _grausam_.]
GRUFF, gruf, _adj._ rough, stern, or abrupt in manner: churlish.--_adv._ GRUFF'LY.--_n._ GRUFF'NESS. [Dut. _grof_; cog. with Sw. _grof_, Ger.
GRUM, grum, _adj._ morose: surly: deep in the throat, as a sound.--_adv._ GRUM'LY.--_n._ GRUM'NESS. [A.S. _grom_; cf. Dan. _grum_.]
GRUMBLE, grum'bl, _v.i._ to murmur with discontent: to growl: to rumble.--_n._ the act of grumbling.--_ns._ GRUM'BLER; GRUMBLET[=O]'NIAN, one of the country party as opposed to the court party, after 1689.--_adv._ GRUM'BLINGLY. [Old Dut. _grommelen_, freq. of _grommen_ to mutter.]
GRUME, gr[=oo]m, _n._ a thick consistence of fluid: a clot, as of blood.--_adjs._ GRUM'OUS, GRUM'OSE, thick: clotted. [O. Fr. _grume_, a bunch (Fr. _grumeau_, a clot)--L. _grumus_, a little heap.]
GRUMPH, grumf, _n._ (_Scot._) a grunt.--_v.i._ to grunt.--_n._ GRUMPH'IE, a sow.
GRUMPY, grum'pi, _adj._ surly: dissatisfied: melancholic.--_adv._ GRUM'PILY. [_Grumble_.]
GRUNDY, grund'i, MRS, the invisible _censor morum_ who is frequently appealed to in the phrase, 'But what will Mrs Grundy say?' in Thomas Morton's play, _Speed the Plough_ (1800).
GRUNT, grunt, _v.i._ to make a sound like a pig: to utter guttural sounds.--_n._ a short, guttural sound, as of a hog.--_ns._ GRUNT'ER; GRUNT'ING.--_adv._ GRUNT'INGLY. [M. E. _grunten_--A.S. _grunian_; cf. Ger.
_grunzen_, L._ grunn[=i]re_; all imit.]
GRUTCH, gruch, _v.t._ or _v.i._ (_Spens._) to grudge.
GRUYeRE, gr[=oo]-y[=a]r', _n._ a famous whole-milk cheese, made at _Gruyere_ and many other places in the canton of Freiburg, Switzerland.
GRYDE, gr[=i]d, _v.i._ (_Spens._) to gride.
GRYFON, GRYPHON, grif'on, _n._ obsolete forms of _griffin_.--Also GRYPE.
GRYPOSIS, gri-p[=o]'sis, _n._ a curvature, esp. of the nails.
GRYSIE, gr[=i]z'i, _adj._ (_Spens._) grisly: squalid: moist.
GUACHARO, gwa'cha-r[=o], _n._ the oil-bird, a South American nocturnal frugivorous goatsucker. [Sp.]
GUACHO, gwa'k[=o], _n._ a tropical American climbing composite: the medicinal substance in the leaves.
GUAIACUM, gw[=a]'ya-kum, _n._ a genus of trees in the West Indies, that yield a greenish resin used in medicine. [Sp. _guayaco_, from a Haytian word.]
GUAN, gwan, _n._ the yacou, a South American genus of large arboreal game-birds, giving loud cries.
GUANACO, gwa-na'ko, _n._ a cameloid ruminant widely spread in South America.
GUANO, gwa'n[=o], _n._ the long-accumulated excrement of certain sea-fowl, found on certain coasts and islands, esp. about South America, much used for manure.--_adj._ GUANIF'EROUS.--_n._ GUa'NIN, a yellowish-white, amorphous substance, a constituent of guano, also of the liver and pancreas of mammals. [Sp. _guano_, or _huano_, from Peruv. _huanu_, dung.]
GUARANA, gwa-ra'na, _n._ a paste prepared from the pounded seeds of _Paullinia sorbilis_, a climbing Brazilian shrub, made in round or oblong cakes--_Guarana Bread_.
GUARANTEE, gar-an-t[=e]', GUARANTY, gar'an-ti, _n._ a warrant or surety: a contract to see performed what another has undertaken: the person who makes such a contract, one responsible for the performance of some action, the truth of some statement, &c.--_v.t._ to undertake that another shall perform certain engagements: to make sure:--_pr.p._ guarantee'ing; _pa.p._ guaranteed'.--_n._ GUAR'ANTOR, one who makes a guaranty.--GUARANTEE ASSOCIATIONS, joint-stock companies on the insurance principle, which become security for the integrity of cashiers, &c. [O. Fr. _garantie_, pa.p. of _garantir_, to warrant--_garant_, warrant. See WARRANT.]
GUARD, gard, _v.t._ to ward, watch, or take care of: to protect from danger or attack: to protect the edge of, as by an ornamental border.--_v.i._ to watch: to be wary.--_n._ that which guards from danger: a man or body of men stationed to protect: one who has charge of a coach or railway-train: state of caution: posture of defence: part of the hilt of a sword: a watch-chain: (_pl._) troops attached to the person of a sovereign: (_cricket_) the pads which protect the legs from swift balls.--_adj._ GUARD'ABLE.--_n._ GUARD'AGE (_Shak._), wardship.--_adjs._ GUARD'ANT (_her._), having the face turned towards the beholder; GUARD'ED, wary: cautious: uttered with caution.--_adv._ GUARD'EDLY.--_ns._ GUARD'EDNESS; GUARD'HOUSE, GUARD'ROOM, a house or room for the accommodation of a guard of soldiers, where defaulters are confined; GUARD'IAN, one who guards or takes care of: (_law_) one who has the care of an orphan minor.--_adj._ protecting.--_n._ GUARD'IANSHIP.--_adj._ GUARD'LESS, without a guard: defenceless.--_ns._ GUARD'SHIP, a ship of war that superintends marine affairs in a harbour and protects it: (_Swift_) guardianship; GUARDS'MAN, a soldier of the guards.--GUARDIAN ANGEL, an angel supposed to watch over a particular person: a person specially devoted to the interests of another.--MOUNT GUARD, to go on guard-duty; ON, or OFF, ONE'S GUARD, on the watch, or the opposite; RUN THE GUARD, to get past a guard or sentinel without detection. [O. Fr. _garder_--Old High Ger. _warten_; A.S.
_weardian_, Eng. _ward_.]
GUARISH, g[=a]r'ish, _v.t._ (_Spens._) to heal. [O. Fr. _guarir_ (Fr.
_guerir_), to heal.]
GUAVA, gwa'va, _n._ a genus of trees and shrubs of tropical America, with yellow, pear-shaped fruit made into jelly. [Sp. _guayaba_--Braz.]
GUBBINS, gub'ins, _n.pl._ a half-savage race in Devonshire, described by the pastoral poet William Browne and by Fuller in his _Worthies_.
GUBERNATION, g[=u]-b[.e]r-n[=a]'shun, _n._ government, rule.--_adj._ GUBERNAT[=O]'RIAL. [L. _gubern[=a]re_, govern.]
GUDDLE, gud'l _v.t._ (_Scot._) to catch fish with the hands by groping under the stones or banks of a stream.
GUDGEON, guj'un, _n._ a genus of small, carp-like fishes common in the fresh waters of Europe--easily caught: a person easily cheated.--_adj._ foolish.--_v.t._ to impose on, cheat. [O. Fr. _goujon_--L. _gobion-em_--Gr.
_k[=o]bios_. See GOBY.]
GUDGEON, guj'un, _n._ the bearing of a shaft, esp. when made of a separate piece: a metallic journal-piece let into the end of a wooden shaft: a pin.
[O. Fr. _goujon_, the pin of a pulley.]
GUE, g[=u], _n._ a rude kind of violin used in Shetland.
GUEBRE, GUEBER, g[=e]'b[.e]r, _n._ a follower of the ancient Persian religion as reformed by Zoroaster. [Pers. _gabr_; see GIAOUR; cf. Ar.
GUELDER-ROSE, gel'd[.e]r-r[=o]z, _n._ a species of _Viburnum_ with large white ball-shaped flowers--also called _Snowball-tree_. [From _Gueldres_ in Holland.]
GUELF, GUELPH, gwelf, _n._ one of a papal and popular party in Italy in the Middle Ages which was opposed to the emperors.--_adj._ GUELF'IC, belonging to the Guelfs, in modern times the royal family of Hanover and England.
[The party names _Guelf_ and _Ghibelline_ are from _Welf_ and _Waiblingen_, two families which in the 12th century were at the head of two rival parties in the German Empire.]
GUERDON, g[.e]r'dun, _n._ a reward or recompense.--_v.t._ to reward. [O.
Fr. _guerdon_, _guerredon_ (It. _guidardone_)--Low L. _widerdonum_, corr.
from Old High Ger. _widarlon_ (A.S. _wierlean_)--_wider_ (A.S. _wier_), against, and _lon_ (A.S. _lean_), reward; or more prob. the latter part of the word is from L. _donum_, a gift.]
GUEREZA, ger'e-za, _n._ a large, long-haired, black-and-white African monkey, with a bushy tail.