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GLOSSY, glos'i, _adj._ smooth and shining: highly polished.--_adv._ GLOSS'ILY.--_n._ GLOSS'INESS.

GLOTTIS, glot'is, _n._ the opening of the larynx or entrance to the windpipe.--_adj._ GLOTT'AL; GLOTT'IC, pertaining to the tongue or to glottology. [Gr. _gl[=o]ttis_--_gl[=o]tta_, the tongue.]


GLOUT, glowt, _v.i._ to be sulky.--_n._ a sulky look, the sulks. [See GLOAT.]

GLOVE, gluv, _n._ a covering for the hand, with a sheath for each finger: a boxing-glove.--_v.t._ to cover with, or as with, a glove.--_adj._ GLOVED, covered with a glove.--_ns._ GLOVE'-FIGHT, a boxing-match in which the hands are gloved; GLOVE'-MON'EY, a gratuity given to servants, officers of a court, &c.; GLOV'ER, one who makes or sells gloves; GLOVE'-SHIELD, a shield worn by a knight on the left-hand gauntlet to parry blows; GLOVE'-STRETCH'ER, a scissors-shaped instrument for inserting into the fingers of gloves to stretch them.--HANDLE WITHOUT GLOVES, to treat with vigour or with scant ceremony; THROW DOWN, TAKE UP, THE GLOVE, to offer, or to accept, a challenge. [A.S. _glof_; cf. Scot. _loof_, Ice. _lofi_, palm.]

GLOW, gl[=o], _v.i._ to shine with an intense heat: to feel great heat of body: to be flushed: to feel the heat of passion: to be ardent.--_n._ shining or white heat: unusual warmth: brightness of colour: vehemence of passion.--_p.adj._ GLOW'ING, shining with intense light, white with heat: ardent, fervent, fiery.--_adv._ GLOW'INGLY.--_ns._ GLOW'-LAMP, an incandescent lamp, usually electric; GLOW'-WORM, a name given to many beetles in the sub-family _Lampyrides_, having phosphorescent structures on the abdomen. [A.S. _glowan_, to glow; Ger. _gluhen_, Ice. _gloa_, to glow.]

GLOWER, glow'[.e]r, _v.i._ to stare frowningly: to scowl.--_n._ a fierce or threatening stare.

GLOXINIA, glok-sin'i-a, _n._ a genus of plants of the order _Gesneraceae_, almost stemless, with bright bell-shaped flowers. [From _Gloxin_, a German botanist.]

GLOZE, gl[=o]z, _v.i._ to give a false meaning to: to flatter: to wheedle: (_obs._) to comment.--_v.t._ to palliate by specious explanation.--_n._ (_obs._) an explanation.--_n._ GL[=O]'ZING, flattery, deceit. [See GLOSS (2).]

GLUCINUM, gl[=oo]-s[=i]'num, _n._ a white metal prepared from beryl--its oxide, GLUC[=I]'NA, white, tasteless, insoluble in water.--_adj._ GL[=U]'CIC, pertaining to sugar.--_ns._ GLUCIDE'--Saccharin (q.v.); GLUCOHae'MIA, the presence of an excessive quantity of glucose in the blood; GLUC[=O]SE', the peculiar kind of sugar in the juice of fruits: the sugar-syrup obtained by the conversion of starch into sugar by sulphuric acid--grape-sugar, &c.; GLU'COSIDE, any of those vegetable products which, on treatment with acids or alkalies, yield a sugar or some closely allied carbohydrate; GLUCOS[=U]R'IA, the presence of glucose in the urine. [Gr.

_glykys_, sweet.]

GLUE, gl[=oo], _n._ an adhesive substance obtained by boiling the skins, hoofs, &c. of animals.--_v.t._ to join with glue:--_pr.p._ glu'ing; _pa.p._ glued.--_ns._ GLUE'-POT, a vessel for melting glue; GLU'ER, one who cements with glue.--_adj._ GLU'EY, containing glue: sticky: viscous.--_n._ GLU'EYNESS.--_adj._ GLU'ISH, having the nature of glue.--_n._ MARINE'-GLUE, not a glue, but a cementing composition, used in shipbuilding, for paying seams in ships' decks after being caulked. [Fr. _glu_--Low L. _glus_, _glutis_--_glu[)e]re_, to draw together.]

GLUM, glum, _adj._ frowning: sullen: gloomy.--_adv._ GLUM'LY.--_n._ GLUM'NESS.--_adj._ GLUMP'ISH, GLUMPS, the sulks.--_adj._ GLUMP'Y, sulky. [M. E. _glomben_, _glommen_, to frown: prob. related to Sw.

_glomma_, Low Ger. _glummen_.]

GLUME, gl[=oo]m, _n._ a term applied to certain bracts in grasses and sedges.--_adjs._ GLUM[=A]'CEOUS, GLU'MAL, GLUMIF'EROUS, GLU'MOSE, GLU'MOUS.

[L. _gluma_, husk--_glub[)e]re_, to peel off bark.]

GLUT, glut, _v.t._ to swallow greedily: to feast to satiety: to supply in excess:--_pr.p._ glut'ting; _pa.p._ glut'ted.--_n._ an over-supply: anything that obstructs the passage. [L. _glut[=i]re_, to swallow.]

GLUTaeUS, GLUTEUS, gl[=oo]-t[=e]'us, _n._ one of the natal or buttock muscles.--_adjs._ GLUT[=E]'AL, GLUT[=E]'AN. [Gr. _gloutos_, the rump.]

GLUTEN, gl[=oo]'ten, _n._ the nitrogenous part of the flour of wheat and other grains, insoluble in water.--_ns._ GLU'TIN, GL[=I]'ADIN, the separable viscid constituent of wheat-gluten, soluble in alcohol. [L.

_gluten_, the same as _glus_. See GLUE.]

GLUTINATE, gl[=oo]'tin-[=a]t, _v.t._ to unite, as with glue.--_n._ GLUTIN[=A]'TION.--_adj._ GLU'TINATIVE, having the quality of cementing: tenacious.--_ns._ GLUTINOS'ITY, GLU'TINOUSNESS.--_adj._ GLU'TINOUS, gluey: tenacious: (_bot._) covered, as a leaf, with slimy moisture. [L.

_glutin[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_.]

GLUTTON, glut'n, _n._ one who eats to excess: a popular name of the wolverine, a carnivorous quadruped of the weasel family.--_v.i._ GLUTT'ONISE, to eat to excess, like a glutton.--_adjs._ GLUTT'ONOUS, GLUTT'ONISH, given to, or consisting in, gluttony.--_adv._ GLUTT'ONOUSLY.--_n._ GLUTT'ONY, excess in eating. [Fr. _glouton_--L.

_gluton-em_--_glutt[=i]re_, to devour.]

GLYCERINE, glis'[.e]r-in, _n._ a colourless, viscid, neutral, inodorous fluid, of a sweet taste, soluble in water and alcohol. [Fr.,--Gr.

_glykeros_--_glykys_, sweet.]

GLYCOCOLL, gl[=i]'k[=o]-kol, _n._ amido-acetic acid, a crystalline solid of sweetish taste, very soluble in water, a product of various processes of decomposition of animal matters.--Also GLY'CIN. [Formed from Gr. _glykys_, sweet, _kolla_, glue.]

GLYCOGEN, gl[=i]'k[=o]-jen, _n._ animal starch, a substance first discovered by Claude Bernard in the human liver--when pure, a white, amorphous, tasteless powder, insoluble in alcohol. [Formed from Gr.

_glykys_, sweet, _gen[=e]s_, producing.]

GLYCOL, gl[=i]'kol, _n._ the type of a class of artificial compounds forming chemically a link between alcohol and glycerine. [Formed from _glyc_(erine) and (alcoh)_ol_.]

GLYCONIC, gl[=i]-kon'ik, _adj._ and _n._ of or pertaining to the ancient Greek poet _Glycon_, or the verse attributed to him, consisting of four feet--one a dactyl, the others trochees.

GLYPH, glif, _n._ (_archit._) an ornamental channel or fluting, usually vertical.--_adjs._ GLYPH'IC; GLYPHOGRAPH'IC.--_ns._ GLYPHOG'RAPHY, a process of taking a raised copy of a drawing by electrotype; GLYPH'OGRAPH, a plate formed by this process.--_adj._ GLYP'TIC, pertaining to carving on stone, &c.: (_min._) GLYP'TICS, the art of engraving, esp. on precious stones.--_adj._ GLYPTOGRAPH'IC.--_ns._ GLYPTOG'RAPHY, the art of engraving on precious stones; GLYPTOTH[=E]'CA, a place for keeping sculpture. [Gr. _glyph[=e]_--_glyphein_, to carve.]

GLYPTODON, glip'to-don, _n._ a gigantic fossil armadillo of South America with fluted teeth. [Gr. _glyptos_, carved, _odous_, _odontos_, tooth.]

GMELINA, mel'i-na, _n._ a genus of verbenaceous trees. [From Samuel Gottlieb _Gmelin_ (1744-74).]

GNAPHALIUM, na-f[=a]'li-um, _n._ a genus of composite herbs of the aster family, the cudweed or everlasting. [L.,--Gr. _gnaphalion_, a downy plant.]

GNAR, nar, _v.i._ to snarl or growl.--Also GNARR, KNAR, GNARL. [From a Teut. root found in Ger. _knurren_, Dan. _knurre_, to growl; formed from the sound.]

GNARL, narl, _n._ a twisted knot in wood.--_adj._ GNARLED, knotty, twisted.

[From a Teut. root, as in Ger. _knurren_, Dan. _knort_, a knot, gnarl, and prob. akin to _gnarl_ in the sense of pressing close together.]

GNASH, nash, _v.t._ to strike the teeth together in rage or pain.--_v.i._ to grind the teeth.--_n._ a sudden snap.--_adv._ GNASH'INGLY. [M. E.

_gnasten_--Sw. _knastra_, to crash; cf. Ger. _knastern_, Dan. _knaske_.]

GNAT, nat, _n._ a genus of dipterous insects of numerous species, esp.

abundant in marshy districts--the female lives on the blood of animals.--_n._ GNAT'LING. [A.S. _gnaet_; Ice. _gnata_, to clash.]

GNATHIC, nath'ik, _adj._ of the jaws--also GN[=A]'THAL.--_ns._ GNATH'ISM, the classification of mankind based on measurements of the jaw; GNATH[=I]'TIS, inflammation of the cheek or upper jaw; GNATHOPLAST'Y, the formation of a cheek by plastic surgery; GNATHOP'ODA, the xiphosura: the arthropoda. [Gr. _gnathos_, the jaw.]

GNATHONIC, -AL, na-thon'ik, -al, _adj._ flattering. [From _Gnatho_, a character in Terence's _Eunuchus_--Gr. _gnathos_, the jaw.]

GNAW, naw, _v.t._ to bite so as to make a noise with the teeth: to bite off by degrees: to corrode or wear away: to bite in agony or rage: (_fig._) to torment.--_v.i._ to use the teeth in biting.--_n._ GNAW'ER, a rodent. [A.S.

_gnagan_; cf. Dut. _knagen_, Ice. _naga_, prov. Eng. _nag_, to tease.]

GNEISS, n[=i]s, _n._ (_geol._) a species of stratified rock composed of quartz, feldspar, and mica.--_adjs._ GNEISS'OID, having some of the characters of gneiss; GNEISS'OSE, having the structure of gneiss. [Ger.

_gneiss_, a miners' word of unknown origin.]

GNOME, n[=o]m, _n._ a pithy and sententious saying, generally in verse, embodying some moral sentiment or precept.--GNOMIC POETS, a class of writers of this form in Greek literature. [Gr. _gn[=o]m[=e]_, an opinion--_gn[=o]nai_, _gign[=o]skein_, to know.]

GNOME, n[=o]m, _n._ a sprite guarding the inner parts of the earth and its treasures: a dwarf or goblin. [Fr.,--a word traced by Littre to Paracelsus, and perh. formed from Gr. _gn[=o]m[=e]_, intelligence.]

GNOMON, n[=o]'mon, _n._ the pin of a dial, whose shadow points to the hour: the index of the hour-circle of a globe: (_geom._) the name given to the sum of any three of the parts of a rectangle when divided into four parts by cross-lines parallel to its sides: interpreter, as in Bengel's _Gnomon Novi Testamenti_.--_adjs._ GNOMON'IC, -AL, pertaining to the art of dialling.--_adv._ GNOMON'ICALLY.--_ns._ GNOMON'ICS, the art of dialling; GNOMONOL'OGY, a treatise on dialling. [Gr. _gn[=o]m[=o]n_, an interpreter--_gn[=o]nai_, to know.]

GNOSTIC, nos'tik, _n._ (_theol._) one of a sect in the beginning of the Christian era which maintained that knowledge (_gn[=o]sis_) and not faith (_pistis_) was the way of salvation, allegorised away the great facts of Christ's person and work, and represented individual life as the result of a process of emanation from the original essence.--_adj._ having knowledge: knowing, cunning: pertaining to the Gnostics.--_ns._ GN[=O]'SIS, knowledge: mystical knowledge; GNOS'TICISM, the eclectic doctrines of the Gnostics.

[Gr. _gn[=o]stikos_, good at knowing--_gign[=o]skein_, to know.]

GNU, n[=u], _n._ a genus of antelopes native to South Africa, of which the best-known species has characters of the ox, buffalo, and horse.


GO, g[=o], _v.i._ to pass from one place to another: to be in motion: to proceed: to walk: to depart from: to lead in any direction: to extend: to tend: to be about to do: to pass in report: to pass, as in payment: to be accounted in value: to happen in a particular way: to turn out: to fare: to give way:--_pr.p._ g[=o]'ing; _pa.t._ went; _pa.p._ gone (gon).--_n._ affair, matter, as in 'a pretty go:' fashion, as in 'all the go:' energy, activity.--_adj._ GO'-AHEAD', dashing, energetic.--_ns._ GO'-BETWEEN', G[=O]'ER-BETWEEN' (_Shak._), one who is agent between two parties; GO'-BY, escape by artifice: evasion: any intentional disregard: in coursing, the act of passing by or ahead in motion.--_adj._ GO-TO-MEET'ING (_coll._), used of clothes, good and fit for public use.--GO ABOUT (_B._), to set one's self about: to seek: to endeavour; GO ABOUT ONE'S BUSINESS, to attend to one's duties: to be off; GO ABROAD, to go to a foreign country: to leave one's house; GO AGAINST, to invade: to be repugnant to; GO ASIDE, to err: to withdraw, retire; GO AT, to attack; GO BEYOND (_B._), to overreach; GO DOWN, to sink, decline: to be believed or accepted; GO FAR, to last long; GO FOR, to pass for: to attack: to take up a line of policy; GO FOR NOTHING, to have no value; GO HARD WITH, to be in real difficulty or danger; GO IN AND OUT, to come and go freely; GO IN FOR, to be in favour of: to aim after; GO IN UNTO, to have sexual intercourse with; GO IT, to act in a striking or dashing manner--often in _imperative_ by way of encouragement; GO OFF, to leave: to die: to explode: to fade; GO ON, to proceed; GO ONE BETTER, to take a bet and add another more to it: to excel another in fitness for some purpose; GO ONE'S WAY, to depart; GO OUT, to become extinct or expire; GO OVER, to study, to examine; GO THE WHOLE HOG, to go to the fullest extent; GO THROUGH, to perform thoroughly, to accomplish; GO THROUGH FIRE AND WATER, to undertake any trouble or risks for one's end (from the usage in ancient ordeals); GO TO, come now (a kind of interjection, like the L. _agedum_, the Gr. [Greek: age nun]); GO TO PIECES, to break up entirely, to be dismembered; GO TO THE WALL, to be pushed aside, passed by; GO UNDER, to be called by some title or character: to be overwhelmed or ruined, to die; GO WELL, to prosper; GO WITH, to accompany: to agree, accord; GO WITHOUT SAYING, to be plainly self-evident (Fr. _Cela va sans dire_).--GREAT GO, a degree examination, compared with LITTLE GO, a preliminary examination in the university of Cambridge; LET GO, to release, to quit hold of; NO GO, not possible: of no use. [A.S.

_gan_, contr. for _gangan_, to go; cf. Ger. _gehen_, Dut. _gaan_.]

GOAD, g[=o]d, _n._ a sharp-pointed stick, often shod with iron, for driving oxen: a stimulus.--_v.t._ to drive with a goad: to urge forward. [A.S.

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