GIST, jist, _n._ the main point or pith of a matter. [From an old French proverb, 'I know where the hare _lies_'--_i.e._ I know the main point--O.
Fr. _gist_ (Fr. _git_)--O. Fr. _gesir_ (Fr. _gesir_), to lie--L.
GITTERN, git'ern, _n._ a kind of guitar, a cithern.--_v.i._ to play on the gittern. [Most prob. Old Dut. _ghiterne_--L. _cithara_--Gr. _kithara_. See GUITAR.]
GIUST, j[=oo]st, _n._ (_Spens._). Same as JOUST.
GIUSTO, j[=u]s't[=o], _adj._ (_mus._) suitable, regular. [It.,--L.
GIVE, giv, _v.t._ to bestow: to impart: to yield: to grant: to permit: to afford: to furnish: to pay or render, as thanks: to pronounce, as a decision: to show, as a result: to apply, as one's self: to allow or admit.--_v.i._ to yield to pressure: to begin to melt: to grow soft: to open, or give an opening or view, to lead (with _upon_, _on_, _into_):--_pr.p._ giv'ing; _pa.t._ g[=a]ve; _pa.p._ given (giv'n).--_p.adj._ GIV'EN, bestowed: specified: addicted, disposed to: admitted, supposed.--_ns._ GIV'ER, one who gives or bestows; GIV'ING, the act of bestowing: (_Shak._) an alleging of what is not real.--GIVE AND TAKE, to give and get fairly, fair measure on both sides; GIVE BIRTH TO, to bring forth: to originate; GIVE CHASE, to pursue; GIVE EAR, to listen; GIVE FORTH, to emit, to publish; GIVE GROUND, place, to give way, to yield; GIVE IN TO, to yield assent or obedience to; GIVE IT TO ONE (_coll._), to scold or beat anybody severely; GIVE LINE, HEAD, REIN, &c., to give more liberty or scope--the metaphor from angling and driving; GIVE ONE'S SELF AWAY, to betray one's secret by a slip of the tongue, &c.; GIVE OUT, to report, to emit; GIVE OVER, to cease; GIVE THE LIE TO, to charge openly with falsehood; GIVE TONGUE, to bark; GIVE UP, to abandon; GIVE WAY, to fall back, to yield, to withdraw: to begin rowing--usually as a command to a crew. [A.S. _giefan_; Goth. _giban_, Ger. _geben_.]
GIVES, j[=i]vz, _n._ Same as GYVES.
GIZZ, giz, _n._ (_Scot._) the face.
GIZZARD, giz'ard, _n._ the muscular stomach of a bird. [M. E. _giser_--O.
Fr. _gezier_--L. _gigerium_, only in pl. _gigeria_, cooked entrails of poultry.]
GIZZEN, giz'n, _v.i._ (_Scot._) to shrink from dryness so as to leak: to wither.--_adj._ leaky.
GLABROUS, gl[=a]'brus, _adj._ smooth: having no hairs or any unevenness.--_adj._ GL[=A]'BR[=A]TE, smooth, glabrous. [L. _glaber_, smooth.]
GLACe, gla-s[=a]', _adj._ iced: glossy, lustrous, esp. of a thin silk material. [Fr.]
GLACIAL, gl[=a]'shi-al, _adj._ icy: frozen: pertaining to ice or its action, esp. to glaciers.--_ns._ GL[=A]'CIALIST, one who attributes the phenomena of the drift in geology to the action of glaciers; GL[=A]CI[=A]'TION, the act of freezing: ice: the process of becoming covered with glaciers. [Fr.,--L. _glacialis_--_glacies_, ice.]
GLACIER, gl[=a]'sh[=e]r, or glas'i-[.e]r, _n._ a field or, more properly, a slowly moving river of ice, such as is found in the hollows and on the slopes of lofty mountains. [Fr.,--_glace_, ice--L. _glacies_, ice.]
GLACIS, gl[=a]'sis, or gla-s[=e]', _n._ a gentle slope: (_fort._) a smooth sloping bank. [Fr.,--O. Fr. _glacer_, to freeze--_glace_, ice.]
GLAD, glad, _adj._ pleased: cheerful: bright: giving pleasure.--_v.t._ to make glad:--_pr.p._ glad'ding; _pa.p._ glad'ded.--_v.t._ GLAD'DEN, to make glad: to cheer: to animate.--_adj._ GLAD'FUL (_Spens._).--_n._ GLAD'FULNESS.--_adv._ GLAD'LY.--_n._ GLAD'NESS.--_adj._ GLAD'SOME, glad: joyous: gay.--_adv._ GLAD'SOMELY.--_n._ GLAD'SOMENESS. [A.S. _glaed_; Ger.
_glatt_, smooth, Ice. _glar_, bright, Dan. _glad_.]
GLADE, gl[=a]d, _n._ an open space in a wood.--_adj._ GL[=A]'DY, having glades. [Scand.; Ice. _glar_, bright, Norw. _glette_, a clear spot among clouds.]
GLADIATOR, glad'i-[=a]-tor, _n._ in ancient Rome, a professional combatant with men or beasts in the arena.--_adjs._ GLAD'I[=A]TE, sword-shaped; GLADIAT[=O]'RIAL, GLADI[=A]'TORY, GLADIAT[=O]'RIAN.--_ns._ GLAD'IATORSHIP; GL[=A]'DIUS, the cuttle-bone or pen of a cuttle-fish. [L., a swordsman--_gladius_, a sword.]
GLADIOLE, glad'i-[=o]l, GLADIOLUS, gla-d[=i]'o-lus, glad-i-[=o]'lus, _n._ the plant sword-lily:--_pl._ GLAD[=I]'OL[=I]. [L. _gladiolus_, dim. of _gladius_.]
GLADSTONE, glad'ston, _n._ a four-wheeled two-seated carriage with driver's seat and dickey: a kind of light travelling-bag, opening wide. [From the great statesman, W. E. _Gladstone_ (1809-98).]
GLAGOLITIC, glag-o-lit'ik, _adj._ of or pertaining to _Glagol_, an ancient Slavonic alphabet, apparently derived from the cursive Greek of the 9th century, only used in the liturgical books of the Dalmatian Slavs. [Old Bulgarian _glagolu_, a word.]
GLAIKIT, gl[=a]k'it, _adj._ (_Scot._) giddy, foolish.--_ns._ GLAIK, a deception, a quick glance; GLAIK'ITNESS, levity.--FLING THE GLAIKS IN FOLK'S EEN (_Scot._), to throw dust in people's eyes. [See GLEEK.]
GLAIR, gl[=a]r, _n._ the clear part of an egg used as varnish: any viscous, transparent substance: mud.--_v.t._ to varnish with white of eggs.--_adjs._ GLAIR'Y, GLAIR'EOUS, GL[=A]R'EOUS. [Fr. _glaire_--Low L. _clara ovi_, white of egg--L. _clarus_, clear.]
GLAIVE, gl[=a]v, _n._ a weapon like a halberd, fixed on a long shaft, its edge on the outer curve.--Also GLAVE. [O. Fr. _glaive_--L. _gladius_, a sword.]
GLAMOUR, glam'[.e]r, _n._ the supposed influence of a charm on the eyes, making them see things as fairer than they are: fascination: enchantment.
[Merely a corruption of _gramarye_ or _grammar_, meaning grammar, then magic.]
GLANCE, glans, _n._ a sudden shoot of light: a darting of the eye: a momentary view: a term applied to minerals exhibiting a pseudo-metallic lustre.--_v.i._ to dart a ray of light or splendour: to snatch a momentary view: to fly off obliquely: to make a passing allusion.--_v.t._ to dart suddenly or obliquely: to hint.--_n._ GLANCE'-COAL, any hard coal, like anthracite, so called from its metallic lustre.--_adv._ GLANC'INGLY. [From a Teut. root seen in Sw. _glans_, Dut. _glans_, Ger. _glanz_, lustre, and allied to Eng. _glint_.]
GLAND, gland, _n._ a secreting structure, which in various ways alters the material brought to it by the blood, extracting and excreting waste products as in the kidneys, or manufacturing valuable by-products, such as the glycogen and bile of the liver: (_bot._) a small cellular spot which secretes oil or aroma.--_adjs._ GLANDIF'EROUS, bearing acorns or nuts; GLAND'IFORM, resembling a gland: nut-shaped; GLAND'[=U]LAR, GLAND'[=U]LOUS, containing, consisting of, or pertaining to glands.--_n._ GLAND'[=U]LE, a small gland.--_adj._ GLAND[=U]LIF'EROUS. [F. _glande_--L. _glans_, _glandis_, an acorn.]
GLANDERS, gland'[.e]rz, _n._ a malignant, contagious, and fatal disease of the horse or ass, showing itself esp. on the mucous membrane of the nose, upon the lungs, and on the lymphatic system.--_adj._ GLAND'ERED, affected with glanders.
GLARE, gl[=a]r, _n._ a clear, dazzling light: overpowering lustre: a piercing look.--_v.i._ to shine with a clear, dazzling light: to be ostentatiously splendid: to look with piercing eyes.--_adj._ GLAR'ING, bright and dazzling: barefaced: notorious.--_adv._ GLAR'INGLY.--_n._ GLAR'INGNESS. [Perh. from A.S. _glaer_, a pellucid substance, amber.]
GLAREOUS. See GLAIR.
GLASS, glas, _n._ a combination of silica with some alkali or alkaline earth, such as lime, &c., used for window panes, mirrors, lenses, &c.: anything made of glass, esp. a drinking-vessel, a mirror, &c.: the quantity of liquid a glass holds: any fused substance like glass, with a vitreous fracture: (_pl._) spectacles.--_adj._ made of glass.--_v.t._ to case in glass.--_ns._ GLASS'-BLOW'ER, one who blows and fashions glass; GLASS'-BLOW'ING, the process of making glass, by taking a mass of glass reduced by heat to a viscid state, and inflating it; GLASS'-COACH, a coach for hire having glazed windows; GLASS'-CRAB, the larval form of rock lobsters, &c., but formerly regarded as adults, and made into a genus or even family; GLASS'-CUT'TER; GLASS'-CUT'TING, the act or process of cutting, shaping, and ornamenting the surface of glass.--_adj._ GLASS'-FACED (_Shak._), reflecting the sentiments of another, as in a mirror.--_n._ GLASS'FUL, the contents of a glass.--_adj._ GLASS'-GAZ'ING (_Shak._), addicted to viewing one's self in a mirror.--_ns._ GLASS'-GRIND'ING, the ornamenting of glass by rubbing with sand, emery, &c.; GLASS'-HOUSE, a glass manufactory: a house made of glass.--_adv._ GLASS'ILY.--_n._ GLASS'INESS.--_adj._ GLASS'-LIKE.--_ns._ GLASS'-PAINT'ING, the art of producing pictures on glass by means of staining it chemically; GLASS'-P[=A]'PER, paper coated with finely pounded glass, and used like sand-paper; GLASS'-SOAP, an oxide of manganese and other substances used by glass-blowers to remove colouring from glass; GLASS'WARE, articles made of glass; GLASS'-WORK, articles made of glass; GLASS'WORT, a plant so called from its yielding soda, used in making glass.--_adjs._ GLASS'Y, made of or like glass; GLASS'Y-HEAD'ED (_Tenn._), having a bald, shining head.--_ns._ CUT'-GLASS, flint-glass shaped or ornamented by cutting or grinding on a wheel; GROUND'-GLASS, any glass that has been depolished by a sand-blast, grinding, or etching with acids, so as to destroy its transparency; PLATE'-GLASS, glass cast in large thick plates.--LIVE IN A GLASS HOUSE=to be open to attack or retort.--MUSICAL GLASSES (see HARMONICA).--WATER, or SOLUBLE, GLASS, the soluble silicate of soda or of potash formed when silica is fused with an excess of alkali, used for hardening artificial stone, as a cement, and for rendering calico, &c., uninflammable. [A.S.
_glaes_; Dut., Ger., and Sw. _glas_; cog. with _glow_, _gleam_, _glance_, _glare_.]
GLASSITE, glas'[=i]t, _n._ one of a religious sect founded by John _Glas_ (1695-1773), a minister of the Church of Scotland, who was deposed in 1730 for maintaining that a congregation with its eldership is, in its discipline, subject to no jurisdiction but that of Jesus Christ. The sect is now better known as the Sandemanians, from the name of Glas's son-in-law.
GLASWEGIAN, glas-w[=e]j'i-an, _n._ and _adj._ a native or citizen of _Glasgow_.
GLAUBERITE, glaw'ber-[=i]t, _n._ a grayish-white mineral, a compound of the sulphates of sodium and calcium, found chiefly in rock-salt. [From the German Johann Rudolf _Glauber_, 1604-68.]
GLAUBER-SALT. See SALT.
GLAUCOMA, glawk-[=o]'ma, _n._ an insidious disease of the eye, marked by increased tension within the eyeball, growing dimness of vision, and an excavation of the papilla of the optic nerve--also GLAUC[=O]'SIS.--_adj._ GLAUCOM'ATOUS. [See GLAUCOUS.]
GLAUCONITE, glaw'k[=o]-n[=i]t, _n._ the mineral, a silicate of iron, which gives a green colour to some of the beds of the greensand strata, whence their name.--_adj._ GLAUCONIT'IC. [Fr.,--Gr. _glaukos_, bluish-green.]
GLAUCOUS, glaw'kus, _adj._ sea-green: grayish-blue: (_bot._) covered with a fine green bloom.--_n._ GLAUCES'CENCE.--_adj._ GLAUCES'CENT, somewhat glaucous. [L. _glaucus_, bluish--Gr. _glaukos_, blue or gray.]
GLAUCUS, glaw'kus, _n._ a genus of Gasteropods, in the warmer parts of the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. [Gr. _glaukos_, a fish--_glaukos_, bluish-green.]
GLAUM, glam, _v.i._ and _v.t._ (_Scot._) to grasp eagerly (with _at_).
GLAUR, glar, a Scotch form of _glair_.
GLAUX, glaks, _n._ a genus of _Primulaceae_, called also _Sea milkwort_ and _Black saltwort_, common along sea-coasts of northern Europe--formerly used in soda-making. [L.,--Gr. _glaux_, milk-vetch.]
GLAVE. See GLAIVE.
GLAZE, gl[=a]z, _v.t._ to furnish or set with glass: to cover with a thin surface of glass or something glassy: to give a glassy surface to.--_n._ the glassy coating put upon pottery: any shining exterior.--_ns._ GL[=A]Z'ER, a workman who glazes pottery, paper, &c.; GL[=A]'ZIER, one who sets glass in window-frames, &c. (for _glazer_; like _law-y-er_ for _law-er_); GL[=A]Z'ING, the act or art of setting glass: the art of covering with a vitreous substance: (_paint._) semi-transparent colours put thinly over others to modify the effect. [M. E. _glasen_--_glas_, glass.]
GLEAM, gl[=e]m, _v.i._ to glow or shine: to flash.--_n._ a small stream of light: a beam: brightness.--_n._ GLEAM'ING, a sudden shoot of light.--_adj._ GLEAM'Y, casting beams or rays of light. [A.S. _gl['ae]m_, gleam, brightness (see GLIMMER); akin to _glass_, _glow_.]
GLEAN, gl[=e]n, _v.t._ to gather in handfuls after the reapers: to collect (what is thinly scattered).--_v.i._ to gather the corn left by a reaper.--_n._ that which is gleaned: the act of gleaning.--_ns._ GLEAN'ER; GLEAN'ING. [O. Fr. _glener_ (Fr. _glaner_), through Low L. _glen[=a]re_, _glena_, from Teut.]
GLEBE, gl[=e]b, _n._ the land belonging to a parish church or ecclesiastical benefice: (_mining_) a piece of earth containing ore: (_arch._) turf.--ADJS. GLEB'OUS, GLEB'Y, cloddy, turfy. [Fr.,--L. _gleba_, a clod.]
GLEDE, gl[=e]d, _n._ (_B._) the common kite, a rapacious bird. [A.S.